Questions tagged [everyday-chemistry]

Applications of chemistry to reagents, reactions and processes of everyday life. Use this tag for question on chemistry in an out-of-laboratory/class context. DO NOT use this tag merely because the question is about simple chemistry.

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20 views

Synthetize - theoretically [on hold]

How do you theoretically synthetize cyclopentanone --> 1 --> 2 --> 3 --> 4 -->5 --> 3-ethyl-N-methyl-cyclohexanamine (in 5 steps)? Storks reaction?
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Foaming agent and ssoap [closed]

What is the formula for just the foam in shaving cream or hair mousse and what is the formula for a soap that could be added to it?
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What causes a binder (like silicone resins) to inhibit the proper evaporation of water from curing grout? [on hold]

While investigating various tile grouts, I read, "What is a polymer in grout?These grouts are water-based and use polyurethane, acrylic polymer, and/or silicone resin for the binder, in place of ...
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How to remove the foggy discoloration in polycarbonate tubes caused by acetone?

Unknowing that the tubes used in the centrifuge are made of polycarbonate, I cleaned them with acetone. Following, a white smoky discolouration appeared and the tubes turned opaque. Is there any way ...
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How does sticker residue interact with sunscreen? [closed]

I've tried it myself and it works like a miracle. That nasty residue that sticks to the bottom of plates, glasses, etc, you just spread some sunscreen onto it, wait a couple of minutes and then rub it ...
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1answer
29 views

Emulsifier for water, been oil [closed]

I am trying to blend neem oil and water and I'm wondering what the best emulsifier would be 10% neem oil 90% water thank you
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3answers
4k views

Why is it considered acid rain with pH <5.6?

I recently read in a book that rain is considered acid rain if the pH falls below 5.6. However a substance is acidic when the pH is below 7; so why is the boundary for acid rain 5.6? I was thinking ...
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1answer
46 views

Reaction of sulphur with calcium carbonate

Can sulphur react with calcium carbonate to form sulphur trioxide and calcium carbide, as the energy of 3(S=O) is greater than ((C=O) +2(C-O))? EDIT: i forgot to say that this is in an oxygen-free ...
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1answer
35 views

Dissolvant for the black spots around the rear mirror of the front window of my car

I make pictures for Mapillary. I would like to place my dashcam as high as possible, but those black spots get in the way. Scraping them off does not work. But I can feel their relief. If no one has ...
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1answer
26 views

What ratio of bicarb to sugarcane juice with a pH level of 4.5-5.5 to neutralize pH level? [closed]

I am thinking of adding baking soda to sugarcane juice to eliminate the fruity acid that is present. The pH of sugarcane juice ranges from 4.5-5.5. I wonder how much baking soda should I incorporate ...
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1answer
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Producing soap from sodium carbonate and oil

Can we get soap by mixing $\ce{Na2CO3}$ from seaweeds with oil? I am not good at chemistry and saw this in an anime Dr. Stone, so I just wanted to know if it is true or not.
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Non-chlorine bleach vs. hydrogen peroxide 3% soln from pharmacy: Disinfecting gravity water filter system

I'm seeking to disinfect a Platypus gravity water filter made with hollow fibers. My main concern is to address any mold / mildew that may have developed inside the hollow fiber filter due to long ...
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what does the mixture between urine and dishwater cause? [closed]

I have built an rv from a short school bus. I ran a hose from the "toilet" to a tank in the back to drain the toilet. We wash our dishes in a basin on the counter and dump the dishwater into the ...
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1answer
42 views

Reverse washing soda buildup on stainless steel

In a home brewing project, I use washing soda (Na2CO3) to remove labels and glue from previously used bottles. In doing this, my flip-top bottles (which have a stainless steel flip top arm) often get ...
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Are there any gases that can not be turned into liquid, or liquids that can not be frozen solid?

My son points out that some solids can not be melted (because they combust, for example). He wonders if there are any liquids that can not be frozen, or gases that can not be liquified.
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1answer
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Is there any bad side effects for using calcium chloride to replace a running dehumidifier?

My dehumidifier costs to much to run, so I’m thinking about using calcium chloride to keep my basement dry(er) ALSO, this may keep my mouse problem to a minimum... my questions are -Will this be ...
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1answer
55 views

Can we tell if a compound is explosive by just looking at its chemical structure?

If I showed you a compound's chemical structure will you be able to tell if it can be used as an explosive or we can only know that by conducting chemical experiments?
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2answers
118 views

Potassium carbonate vs. Potassium hydroxide in Wood Ash

I'm trying to get more concrete information about the chemical process of creating soap from wood ash. What I’m confused about: Many soap-making materials say that you create potassium hydroxide ...
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1answer
53 views

How to oxidize tantalum? [closed]

I am interested in learning how to oxidize tantalum. I have seen some tantalum rings that the sellers say is a permanent smokey blackish color. But I've spoken to some people that say tantalum cannot ...
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1answer
75 views

Polyethylene glycol [closed]

I used a product on my family containing 90 percent Polyethylene glycol. Now I’m reading how Polyethylene glycol can be contaminated with ethylene oxide and also the lower the weight the higher the ...
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About Smoke Grenades and Sugar Rockets

The most common formula for smoke grenades and sugar rocket fuel is $60\%\ \ce{KNO3}$ (potassium nitrate) and $40\%\ \ce{C12H22O11}$ (sugar). This is a 3:2 ratio, but I've also seen 2:1 and 5:3 with ...
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1answer
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How can I figure out if my store bought chlorine is the percentage it says it is?

Chlorine is an important part of maintaining any pool. I've read horror stories of people buying chlorine from pool stores or big box stores and the chlorine being ineffective. If stored long enough ...
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natural staining on wood from human skin

I have a question about the dark staining that occurs on my wooden spectacle frames where they rub constantly with my skin around the ears and nose. Can anyone tell me what is causing this? And could ...
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3answers
97 views

How dangerous is superglue? [closed]

A long time ago, when I used to make plastic models with glue, I never wore white gloves when gluing together the pieces, so I often got a lot of superglue on my hands. The superglue, which was very ...
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2answers
103 views

How to dissolve calcium sulfate fast?

I would like to dissolve $\ce{CaSO4}$ in a hardened condition (e.g. gypsum board) as fast as possible. I have seen in posts about $\ce{CaSO3}$ that vinegar and sulfamic acid are able to dissolve it. ...
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3answers
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How much salt (or any other substance one can find in a kitchen) do I need to add to make water boil at 104 °C? [closed]

I've seen some formulas around in other questions and Google searches, but my chemistry is pretty much dead so I have no clue where to find the relevant values to calculate it myself. I just need to ...
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1answer
54 views

Why is the pH level of carbonation loss decreasing then increases afterwards?

We have done an experiment of the titration of unsealed sprite soda to find the amount of carbonic acid being loss on various duration (0 to 1 hour), due to decrease pressure. The calculation was to ...
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229 views

Why do nitrile gloves turn yellow from sweaty hands?

When I take off my nitrile gloves after some hours in the lab, the inside of them has turned yellow. This happens especially in the regions around joints. I suspect this is due to a reaction between ...
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How to effectively get rid of 2-propanol acetate vapors and smell

I need to get rid of 2-propanol acetate vapors and its smell and need some chemistry help. Some possibilities I came up with: soap and water to rinse surfaces because soap might help increase its ...
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1answer
33 views

Consumer choice; harmful environmental aspects of polyethylene vs polypropylene [closed]

What is the difference between polyethylene and polypropylene in terms of their aspects which are harmful to the environment during manufacture and disposal.
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What kind of chemical reaction happens when combining Tahini and Date syrup?

While both Tahini and Date syrup are quite thin, when mixed together they form a paste-like substance that is very delicious, and quite thick. But what kind of chemical reaction leads to such sudden ...
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1answer
1k views

Using a gas stove instead of Bunsen burner for a flame test?

In all chemistry labs we use the Bunsen burner. What's the difference between it and a good old gas stove used in home? Can the stove also be used to get positive flame tests for some cations (like $\...
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1answer
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How does energy and speed affect sub-atomic particles (protons, neutrons, electrons) in an electric field [closed]

(Source: https://gyazo.com/a4d5beed3272a7ca793dd8e2f7e8be3c) I am having trouble understanding the problem above. Why does it matter if the particles are held at constant energy or speed? How does ...
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1answer
63 views

What (simple) household chemicals react with oxygen?

I'm interested in making a small "preservation chamber" that I can basically use to store objects without the presence of oxygen. I have a resealable stainless steel canister and the plan is pretty ...
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1answer
59 views

Electrolytes are ionic compounds that conduct electricity [closed]

Electrolytes are ionic compounds that conduct electricity, or the flow of charged particles, when dissolved in water. This occurs via the separated ions acting as those charged particles, or charge ...
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1answer
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1answer
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When it rains, it puddles. Spilled salt cycles between wet and dry with humidity. Is this akin to a phase change?

I have some spilled un-iodized table salt (NaCl). It is very humid where I live, and when it gets very humid for a few days, the salt absorbs so much water that it becomes a puddle of (probably) ...
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1answer
32 views

Formaldehyde safety levels

I've obtained a simple air quality analyzer which measures several items, formaldehyde concentration among them. While I cannot vouch for its correctness, I found the values measured during the last ...
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0answers
25 views

Sound or light reversible super glue possible?

Sorry if this is a stupid question and help me to improve it. Super glue is meant to be quick and mostly universal but we can stick to ceramics and/ or wood. Imagine you put parts with the glue ...
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0answers
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Why chewing gum gets hardened after drinking water

Basic question, please don't say temperature change, because i've tried, and it never gets back to same elasticity! There must be some other chemistry at work. Even with luke warm water or room ...
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0answers
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What type of acid (and how much) needed to generate Chlorine Dioxide gas when added to Sodium Chlorite (for odor removal)?

I have several lbs of Sodium Chlorite (flakes), which I would like to use to generate Chlorine Dioxide gas in order to remove odors from rooms, autos, boats, etc. There are commercial products sold ...
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2answers
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Does the main washing effect of soap come from foam?

I am curious if the main cleaning effect of soap comes from its foam (or, maybe, it is just a by-product). Here are some points, that might clarify what I mean: Does foam sort of "carry" dirt and ...
3
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3answers
96 views

What defines a discharged battery?

In the case of an AA Alkaline battery, what actually happens inside the battery once it is fully discharged? What components of the battery change as we use it?
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Definition of ionisation energy

My lecturer has defined ionization energy or ionization potential of a species A as the molar internal energy change, ΔU, for the reaction: $\ce{A (g) -> A+ (g) + e-}$ at $\pu{0 K}$, with reactants ...
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Adding apple cider vinegar to a solid DIY deodorant

If I wanted to add a bit of apple cider vinegar to my oil based deodorant, to increase antimicrobial properties, would this cause me to need a preservative? My deodorant is not water based, so I don't ...
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2answers
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Scientific Reason for Salt Solution Gaining Volume

A little background to this question: my mom placed a glass with salt and enough water to just cover the salt in a room to "absorb negative energy" out of the room at her office. It obviously "worked"....
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1answer
66 views

Is it safe to boil carbonated water in a kettle? [closed]

Isn't it dangerous to boil carbonated water in a kettle? Whenever I boil water in my kettle, I close its lid. Does this close lid constitute 'under pressure' (and so danger) emboldened beneath? ...
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2answers
75 views

What happens when mixing elemental mercury with sodium hypochlorite solution [closed]

Say you spilled elemental mercury from a thermometer and used household bleach on it, what would be the reaction if any?
7
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1answer
115 views

Sunglasses that darken in sunlight

I have seen several of my (rich) friends and teachers having glasses that are colorless indoors, but take up a darker shade when exposed to sunlight. Upon searching for the chemistry of this, I did ...