Questions tagged [environmental-chemistry]

For questions regarding chemicals and chemical processes that act on and interact within environmental systems.

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1answer
48 views

Why doesn't limestone layer on house walls (now dust) flow off when it rains due to dissolved carbon dioxide?

What happens to the limestone layer formed on house walls after whitewashing? Why does it not flow off when it rains, as rainwater contains $\ce{CO2}$? That will covert $\ce{CaCO3}$ into calcium ...
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1answer
48 views

Is Sulfur or Sulfur Dioxide harmful to the environment? [closed]

I'm studying the impact/effects of greenhouse gases/pollution on the environment. I found that sulfur dioxide has harmful effects , but I read here that "pollutants like sulfur actually keep our ...
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0answers
43 views

Effect of short lived chemicals on global warming exceeding effect of carbon dioxide

From Wikipedia: Global Warming Potential GWP values and lifetimes: Nitrous oxide lasts about 121 years in the atmosphere, causes about 280 times as much warming over 20 years, but about 300 times as ...
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0answers
41 views

Understanding Pourbaix diagram

I am recently taking courses in environmental chemistry and I was introduced to Pourbaix diagram. I was taught that the lines in the Pourbaix diagrams are equilibrium lines. Lets take as an example ...
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0answers
43 views

Use of powder of kernel of tamarind seeds for water purification

In the chapter Environmental Chemistry in our textbook it's given that Powder of Kernel of Tamarind seeds can be used for water treatment as a substitute for alum. But if I understand correctly, alum ...
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2answers
184 views

CO2 Catalytic Converter

We all know how CO2, as a greenhouse gas affects the climate and causes global warming. I was thinking of a small device, which could be attached to the exhaust pipe of an automobile. It could convert ...
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1answer
102 views

Any examples of reactions where simpler molecules are combined into more complex ones and are endothermic at the same time? [closed]

Can you name examples of reactions that are endothermic and simple molecules are combined into more complex ones at the same time? Like what plants do they take heat and sunlight and they synthetize ...
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2answers
109 views

Electrolysis of copper chloride in solution of Vinegar + H2O2 + NaCl after copper etching

I did copper etching (to make a PCB) using a solution of vinegar + H202 + NaCl and now I need to dispose the solution. There is no waste collection for this kind of stuff where I live, so after some ...
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2answers
357 views

Why doesn't fluorine harm the ozone layer the way chlorine and bromine do? [closed]

I don't understand the chemistry here: fluorine is a halogen too. I read that fluorine in the atmosphere readily forms HF, which is (somewhat) stable and doesn't catalytically break down ozone. But, ...
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0answers
25 views

Carbon Sequestration For Indoor Farming

First the backstory: We've begun growing mushrooms (currently Enoki, Lion's Mane and Blue Oysters if anyone is curious) for the sake of eating and maybe potentially selling someday soon. My partner ...
2
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1answer
147 views

Unsure whether this classification of Volatile Organic Compound and/or Particulate Matter is correct

I am asking on behalf of a friend so please bear with me! Instructions: For each chemical, classify whether it is a VOC (Volatile Organic Compound) and/or PM (Particulate Matter 2.5 or Particulate ...
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0answers
61 views

Spraying difluoroethane into an enclosed space

I'm working on developing physics lab activities that my students can do at home during the covid quarantines. For an activity involving waves and thermodynamics, I came up with an experiment at home ...
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0answers
58 views

The pH of a drop of water containing ammonia

Presented with the following equations: What would the $\mathrm{pH}$ of a drop of water be, while in equilibrium with $\ce{NH3(g)}$ at a concentration of $\pu{150 ppb}$? $$\ce{NH3_{(g)} + H2O_{(l)} &...
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1answer
92 views

SARS-CoV-2 virus floating in the air in *aerosols* for up to 3 hours [closed]

I have a question related to SARS-CoV-2 virus spreaded in the air. This Straits Time article from March 18 describes a new study: The tests show that when the virus is carried by the droplets ...
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0answers
41 views

Ozone layer: why shouldn’t there be holes at the poles? [closed]

Just read "What property allows ozone to absorb uv light" together with excellent answers. The driver here, i.e. the source of both the short and long wave UV, is of course sunlight. This is notably ...
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1answer
155 views

How can methane absorb infrared light within wide range of frequency but CO2 can't?

Methane is one of the most potent greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere.I saw a lot of answers related to it but lacks de facto exegesis to it.
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0answers
26 views

Removing or hiding (white) magnesium carbonate residues on natural rock surfaces

As noted in this question, magnesium carbonate is often used by rock climbers to help mitigate the effect of sweating whilst climbing. While this is not a major issue on artificial walls, the residue ...
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2answers
61 views

Why doesn't natural gas combustion release only one-sixth as much carbon dioxide as coal burning?

Burning hydrogen releases a little more energy than burning carbon, correct? And methane is CH4, but coal is mostly C, correct? So shouldn't burning pure carbon release five times the CO2 (Assuming ...
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1answer
37 views

Solvents and Enzymes

I was reading recently about environmental remediation being done, using an esterase to break down / neutralize cocaine that had contaminated waterways in Europe. Are there similar enzymes that can be ...
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1answer
130 views

Removing PTFE marks on glass bottles after using magnetic stir bars

I am using magnetic stir bars to agitate solutions for 4 weeks at a time. I have noticed at the bottom of the glass bottles that white marks have accumulated where the stir bar spins. Even with ...
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0answers
21 views

Problem in terms of pC-pH plotting

I recently confronted a mission to plot a pC-pH graph('p' stands for the p-value notation, and 'C' stands for the concentration of a species), which meets the conditions below: Plot the pC-pH graph ...
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0answers
50 views

Mobility of Cations in the Environment

I have recently performed an experiment in which I tested the affects of phytotoxic cations on the rate of germination of the common navy bean. I did this out of curiosity, as I have recently been ...
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2answers
591 views

Calculate the concentration in milimoles per litre (mM) of a solution that is 20% H2SO4 by mass and that has a density of 1.198 g/L

Calculate the concentration in milimoles per litre ($\pu{mM}$) of a solution that is $\pu{20\%} \ce{H2SO4}$ by mass and that has a density of $\pu{1.198 g/L}$. For the answer, please provide two ...
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1answer
137 views

How dangerous is an industrial scale styrene spill?

A few years ago a cisterna truck full of styrene crushed on the road near a small town nearby, spilling 4 tons of the chemical. It apparently has caused a small ecological catastrophe killing fish in ...
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0answers
135 views

Is it environmental to throw ordinary keys in the regular household trash?

I have several keys on my chain that I do not need any more, so I'm thinking about throwing them away, but I'm not sure if it is okay to throw away in the regular household trash. I looked it up to ...
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0answers
58 views

Can hydrogen plasma reduce carbon dioxide?

There are several studies describing usage of hydrogen plasma to reduce metal oxides. This is not yet widely adopted in industry, but it is of interest for environmental reasons (such as desrcibed in ...
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0answers
31 views

Reaction of electromagnetic radiations with the air pollutants [closed]

My friends, who are working on an IoT based technology project, explained their idea to me which is roughly like reducing air pollution by converting pollutants to oxygen ($\ce{O2}$) in any reaction, ...
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1answer
110 views

Effect of rain on water and soil samples contaminated by petroleum [closed]

I am about to perform research on the impact of petroleum fire disaster on the soil and water sources within the region of disaster, using heavy metals and total petroleum hydrocarbons as impact ...
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1answer
919 views

Can Cl(g) cause quick rusting? [closed]

I'm actually digging in something that comes from Syria... How does Chlorine cause metal to get rusted? It's full of pictures of rockets (allegedly filled with chlorine gas) that are all rusted. In my ...
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1answer
292 views

how to control relative of Fe2+ and Fe3+ [closed]

hi how can I control relative of Fe2+ andFe3+ when we adding raw iron to acid solution To get the ratio 2:1
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1answer
1k views

What is K2O-nSiO2-xH2O?

In need of $\ce{K2SiO3}$ for my cucumber plants, I purchased a bag of potassium silicate. The molecular formula is $\ce{K2O-nSiO2-xH2O}$. Normally, my bags of fertilizer are easy to figure out. For ...
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2answers
1k views

DIY Brass Etching methods (safer etchants, waste, and disposal of)

I want to etch brass for making name plates etc. (Also for copper PCBs but brass is probably more complicated given the other metals). Several etchants commonly used, and I'm sure many more are ...
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0answers
60 views

How will a NPK 15-0-15 fertilizer affect this soil?

If the soil we have has pH 7,2 and we want to add this fertilizer which has 15-0-15 (NPK). What should the fertilizer contain in order for the pH to get reduced? I believe that $\ce{K+}$ ions should ...
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2answers
13k views

Difference in pH of water and rainwater

In my textbook (Olmsted and Williams 4th ed) it is given that pH of pure water is 7, pH of unpolluted rain water is between 5-6 and pH of acid rain is between 4-5. It is obvious that pH for acid ...
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0answers
39 views

(Why) is it difficult to liquidize the polluting exhaust of a vehicle? [closed]

Considering the hazardous effects of car and other vehicle exhaust when released into the atmosphere, I began wondering why we are not dominantly preventing the exhaust from entering into the ...
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2answers
1k views

Environmental effects of terephthalic acid [closed]

What are the effects of terephthalic acid on the environment? Especially oceans What would happen if the levels of terephthalic acid increased in the ocean? What would be a way to reduce the impact ...
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1answer
134 views

First Order Degradation Constant (λ)(d^-1)

Can you please tell me the First Order Degradation Constant (λ)($d^{-1}$) for 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene (mesitylene)? If you don't have this value, can you please tell me which VOC in 35 Illinois ...
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1answer
2k views

How to calculate the solubility of lead (II) carbonate in water, given that bicarbonate will also form?

Calculate the solubility of lead (II) carbonate, $\ce{PbCO3}$, ($K_{\mathrm{sp}} = 1.5 \times 10^{-15}$) in water, given that carbonate is a stronger base than water, so will also form bicarbonate. ...
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0answers
595 views

Does iron in water become visible when being heated?

I'm using ground water to provide my daily needs: Laundry, bath, toilet, ... I don't use it as drinking water, but I do cook with it. What I noticed is that when using the water cold it appears as ...
6
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1answer
137 views

Degradation of sulfuryl fluoride SO2F2

Recently, the houses next to us were fumigated with "Vikane", which apparently is $\ce{SO2F2}$. To my surprise, the gas was just pumped out in the atmosphere without further ado at the end of the ...
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5answers
4k views

How 'heavy' should an element be, to be a “Heavy Metal”?

I've come across the term "Heavy metals" innumerable times in articles, mostly pertaining to environmental issues. Is there a weight range (of sorts) against which an element (metal) is classified as ...
3
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4answers
207 views

Why is atmospheric composition compared by volume?

The composition of the Earth's atmosphere by its constituent gases (nitrogen, oxygen, argon...), is often given by percent volume. (See this Wikipedia page, for example). Why are these compositions ...
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1answer
147 views

Breaking Down PCB's in lakes

I was wondering if there is any natural process which breaks down PCBs (Polychlorinated biphenyl). This is an extremely harmful contaminant that was pumped into various lakes by chemical plants up ...
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1answer
282 views

Release of sulfur dioxide from odored fuel gases

Often, fuel gases such as butane and natural gas (methane) are mixed with some foul-smelling impurities such as thiols (mercaptans) and hydrogen sulfide. Presumably, anything containing sulfur would ...
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1answer
161 views

What chemicals cause the softer, less-raw taste of purified water sold in bottles?

I've seen the post, "What defines an element's taste?", but it doesn't answer my question. I took water that is supplied by the municipality corporation and put it through a gravity based water ...
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1answer
84 views

Why might PM2.5 concentration increase or stay the same when SO2 is reduced?

The question is in the title. I've made some research, but in every paper I found the correlation between $\ce{SO2}$ and $\mathrm{PM_{2.5}}$ is described as positive. Thus if $\ce{SO2}$ is reduced, $\...
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1answer
571 views

Coagulation with Ferric Chloride

I'm having a hard time understanding the use of coagulation wastewater treatment. I have read in literature that ferric chloride is used as a coagulant to remove COD, TSS and ammonia from landfill ...
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0answers
44 views

Ozone depletion distribution [closed]

I am working with ozone measurements from two different sites (one rural and one urban). I am looking at the distribution of hourly averaged concentrations in air. The first figure shows the ozone ...
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1answer
1k views

What molecule is mostly responsible for the smell of petrol/gasoline when I refill my car?

Is it benzene or is there another aromatic molecule in gasoline with "heavier scents"? Does anybody know of a scientific investigation to provide evidence for an answer?
3
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1answer
2k views

How does pH level change the concentration of dissolved oxygen (DO) in sea water?

I am planning to investigate the relationship between $\mathrm{pH}$ and dissolved oxygen. I would like to have a reason without taking in account the plants, animals and decomposer roles. I want to ...