Questions tagged [environmental-chemistry]

For questions regarding chemicals and chemical processes that act on and interact within environmental systems.

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Is there an effective way to reduce the plastic smell in a new refrigerator?

I just bought a new top-freezer refrigerator from a respected home appliance manufacturer. The freezer, in particular, has an overwhelming plastic smell. Plastic odors are sufficiently common in new ...
theorist's user avatar
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Proper batch adsorption mechanism for heavy metals

I'm a college student with scope on environmental science, specifically the adsorption of heavy metals in aquatic media. Currently, I suffered from serious issue of batch adsorption mechanism, which ...
Muhammad Ihsan's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is it possible to filter CO2? [closed]

I'm diving into the world of chemistry here, pondering a concept that might sound a bit out there. Can we actually filter out CO2 from a car's exhaust pipe and store it until it's safe to handle? This ...
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What common plastic types would be most compatible with pool water?

What thin-film plastic types are most compatible with typical pool water (pH 7.2, normally 5ppm chlorine but up to 15ppm on occasion) in full sun? I'm finding that most standard film materials degrade ...
rdtsc's user avatar
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Why are HFOs like R-1234yf considered okay (for now) but PFAs are under attack? Don't they both contain strong Carbon-Fluorine bonds? [closed]

The popular (and professional) press is awash with alarms about some so-called 'forever' chemicals, the PFAs... The older, ozone-destroying CFCs and HCFCs, as well as global-warming-inducing HFCs, and ...
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Consequences of Nitrate fertilisers

Consider the following multiple choice. What is the environmental consequences of the uncontrolled use of nitrate fertilisers? The choices are. A. Acid rain B. Low oxygen levels in streams C. Ozone ...
Charles Dickens's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why are sulfites often ignored in soil studies?

From a document on soil chemistry that I am reading: The acid-base potential of a soil takes soil pH, total sulfur (sulfides and sulfates), and neutralization potential into account to determine the ...
Al Lelopath's user avatar
5 votes
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Will charcoal (carbon) oxidize in the air?

Wikipedia — Carbon sequestration claims that burying charcoal into the soil offsets $\ce{CO2}$ and thus reduces the greenhouse effect: In the soil, the biochar carbon is unavailable for oxidation to $...
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Burning Plastic: can it be done without harmful pollution? [closed]

Can plastic be melted, incinerated or recycled without emitting harmful gases and CO2? Specifically, can this be done without releasing gases harmful to humans? This question pertains to the melting ...
Nick's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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How is there still iron on earth? [closed]

Iron rusts and the earth is pretty old, so how is it that there is still iron left that has not oxidized(/rusted)? I tried looking it up, and the amount of iron on earth is mind boggling, but is that ...
user2962533's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
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Why does the ozone layer deplete faster in winter months over the poles?

Why is the depletion of the ozone layer greater in the winter months over polar regions? Is it because there is more release of $\ce{NO_x}$ due to the increased use of fossil fuels in heating which ...
Yitian Chen's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
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Effect of coal and natural gas burning on particulate matter pollution

I sometimes hear people talking about how we should replace coal burning plants with natural gas ones, to alleviate the case of particulate matter pollution. What exactly is the difference between ...
Jono94's user avatar
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Are solid fuels with calorific values >= 10,000 kcal/kg (42 MJ/kg) physically possible?

I have seen laboratory documentation from a reputable lab in southeast Asia that a company has achieved a solid fuel product made from landfill material with a high heating calorific value ($CV$) of ...
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How can combusted methane from landfill samples be quantified?

Background: For my studies I'm wanting and attempting to make a landfill greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) model that predicts the amount of greenhouse gas equivalent emissions ($GHG_\mathrm{eq}$ [tonnes/...
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A new green method for purifying acetylene with the help of Zeolite molecular sieve

I'm investigating for a green method for purification of acetylene in order to reduce the environmental impacts in manufacturing plants. In the current method mercuric chloride is used in the ...
Reza Koohpaee's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
169 views

Could fluorinated gases be removed from the atmosphere? [closed]

Background Among all the discussion of 'greenhouse gas removal' (GGR) to aid climate change mitigation, almost all is concerned with removal of carbon dioxide. There are one or two mentions of ...
Cedric Knight's user avatar
2 votes
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Sampling Groundwater for CFCs

Possibly stupid question from a non chemist (field hydrologist). I am trying to sample groundwater for CFCs for the purpose of age dating water. I am planning on sampling with a peristaltic pump (such ...
user126082's user avatar
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1 answer
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How do I quantify the carbonate system and its pH speciation?

I did Environmental Water Chemistry as part of my undergraduate course where we quantified pH-speciation for the full carbonate system and I got it right according to my tutor. My speciation profile ...
Hendrix13's user avatar
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1 answer
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What chemical reactions takes place in purifying acetylene?

Acetylene produced by water on calcium carbide method contain several impurity compound, that are harmful for welding or other purposes of acetylene and needs to be absorbed from the gas mixture ...
Reza Koohpaee's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
64 views

What chemical mechanisms or parameters altered during the usage of buffered extractant for leachability of a soil or sediment?

Toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) is an extraction method to simulate a soil or sediment leaching. The method employed two extraction fluids - one is a buffered solution of acetic acid ...
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Environmental properties of chemicals

I am trying to collect the environmental properties (GWP and ODP) of several chemicals. However, I am experiencing some problems with retrieving these properties for some fluids. For example, I cannot ...
elias's user avatar
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Why is Nylon-2,6 biodegradable but Nylon-6,6 isn't?

Both have similar functional groups so what causes Nylon 2,6 to be biodegradable while Nylon 6,6 is not?
Hridai Khurana's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
55 views

Why doesn't limestone layer on house walls (now dust) flow off when it rains due to dissolved carbon dioxide?

What happens to the limestone layer formed on house walls after whitewashing? Why does it not flow off when it rains, as rainwater contains $\ce{CO2}$? That will covert $\ce{CaCO3}$ into calcium ...
Anshika singh's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
204 views

Is Sulfur or Sulfur Dioxide harmful to the environment? [closed]

I'm studying the impact/effects of greenhouse gases/pollution on the environment. I found that sulfur dioxide has harmful effects , but I read here that "pollutants like sulfur actually keep our ...
adibak's user avatar
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Effect of short lived chemicals on global warming exceeding effect of carbon dioxide

From Wikipedia: Global Warming Potential GWP values and lifetimes: Nitrous oxide lasts about 121 years in the atmosphere, causes about 280 times as much warming over 20 years, but about 300 times as ...
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Understanding Pourbaix diagram

I am recently taking courses in environmental chemistry and I was introduced to Pourbaix diagram. I was taught that the lines in the Pourbaix diagrams are equilibrium lines. Lets take as an example ...
Anton's user avatar
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Use of powder of kernel of tamarind seeds for water purification

In the chapter Environmental Chemistry in our textbook it's given that Powder of Kernel of Tamarind seeds can be used for water treatment as a substitute for alum. But if I understand correctly, alum ...
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2 votes
2 answers
1k views

CO2 Catalytic Converter

We all know how CO2, as a greenhouse gas affects the climate and causes global warming. I was thinking of a small device, which could be attached to the exhaust pipe of an automobile. It could convert ...
Math_Whiz's user avatar
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1 answer
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Any examples of reactions where simpler molecules are combined into more complex ones and are endothermic at the same time? [closed]

Can you name examples of reactions that are endothermic and simple molecules are combined into more complex ones at the same time? Like what plants do they take heat and sunlight and they synthetize ...
AverageJoe's user avatar
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2 answers
593 views

Electrolysis of copper chloride in solution of Vinegar + H2O2 + NaCl after copper etching

I did copper etching (to make a PCB) using a solution of vinegar + H202 + NaCl and now I need to dispose the solution. There is no waste collection for this kind of stuff where I live, so after some ...
some_user's user avatar
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Why doesn't fluorine harm the ozone layer the way chlorine and bromine do? [closed]

I don't understand the chemistry here: fluorine is a halogen too. I read that fluorine in the atmosphere readily forms HF, which is (somewhat) stable and doesn't catalytically break down ozone. But, ...
Kurt Hikes's user avatar
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Carbon Sequestration For Indoor Farming

First the backstory: We've begun growing mushrooms (currently Enoki, Lion's Mane and Blue Oysters if anyone is curious) for the sake of eating and maybe potentially selling someday soon. My partner ...
Noki's user avatar
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Unsure whether this classification of Volatile Organic Compound and/or Particulate Matter is correct

I am asking on behalf of a friend so please bear with me! Instructions: For each chemical, classify whether it is a VOC (Volatile Organic Compound) and/or PM (Particulate Matter 2.5 or Particulate ...
Constantly confused's user avatar
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99 views

Spraying difluoroethane into an enclosed space

I'm working on developing physics lab activities that my students can do at home during the covid quarantines. For an activity involving waves and thermodynamics, I came up with an experiment at home ...
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2 votes
0 answers
70 views

The pH of a drop of water containing ammonia

Presented with the following equations: What would the $\mathrm{pH}$ of a drop of water be, while in equilibrium with $\ce{NH3(g)}$ at a concentration of $\pu{150 ppb}$? $$\ce{NH3_{(g)} + H2O_{(l)} &...
Ellie's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
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SARS-CoV-2 virus floating in the air in *aerosols* for up to 3 hours [closed]

I have a question related to SARS-CoV-2 virus spreaded in the air. This Straits Time article from March 18 describes a new study: The tests show that when the virus is carried by the droplets ...
I likeThatMeow's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
51 views

Ozone layer: why shouldn’t there be holes at the poles? [closed]

Just read "What property allows ozone to absorb uv light" together with excellent answers. The driver here, i.e. the source of both the short and long wave UV, is of course sunlight. This is notably ...
Mick Stupp's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
568 views

How can methane absorb infrared light within wide range of frequency but CO2 can't?

Methane is one of the most potent greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere.I saw a lot of answers related to it but lacks de facto exegesis to it.
Auberron's user avatar
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Removing or hiding (white) magnesium carbonate residues on natural rock surfaces

As noted in this question, magnesium carbonate is often used by rock climbers to help mitigate the effect of sweating whilst climbing. While this is not a major issue on artificial walls, the residue ...
geordie's user avatar
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Why doesn't natural gas combustion release only one-sixth as much carbon dioxide as coal burning?

Burning hydrogen releases a little more energy than burning carbon, correct? And methane is CH4, but coal is mostly C, correct? So shouldn't burning pure carbon release five times the CO2 (Assuming ...
Kurt Hikes's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Solvents and Enzymes

I was reading recently about environmental remediation being done, using an esterase to break down / neutralize cocaine that had contaminated waterways in Europe. Are there similar enzymes that can be ...
chris's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
239 views

Removing PTFE marks on glass bottles after using magnetic stir bars

I am using magnetic stir bars to agitate solutions for 4 weeks at a time. I have noticed at the bottom of the glass bottles that white marks have accumulated where the stir bar spins. Even with ...
patawatt's user avatar
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Problem in terms of pC-pH plotting

I recently confronted a mission to plot a pC-pH graph('p' stands for the p-value notation, and 'C' stands for the concentration of a species), which meets the conditions below: Plot the pC-pH graph ...
PenPoint's user avatar
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Mobility of Cations in the Environment

I have recently performed an experiment in which I tested the affects of phytotoxic cations on the rate of germination of the common navy bean. I did this out of curiosity, as I have recently been ...
Eli Jones's user avatar
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2 answers
755 views

Calculate the concentration in milimoles per litre (mM) of a solution that is 20% H2SO4 by mass and that has a density of 1.198 g/L

Calculate the concentration in milimoles per litre ($\pu{mM}$) of a solution that is $\pu{20\%} \ce{H2SO4}$ by mass and that has a density of $\pu{1.198 g/L}$. For the answer, please provide two ...
Angela Honola's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
177 views

How dangerous is an industrial scale styrene spill?

A few years ago a cisterna truck full of styrene crushed on the road near a small town nearby, spilling 4 tons of the chemical. It apparently has caused a small ecological catastrophe killing fish in ...
Nikolai Frolov's user avatar
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266 views

Is it environmental to throw ordinary keys in the regular household trash?

I have several keys on my chain that I do not need any more, so I'm thinking about throwing them away, but I'm not sure if it is okay to throw away in the regular household trash. I looked it up to ...
Don_S's user avatar
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4 votes
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Can hydrogen plasma reduce carbon dioxide?

There are several studies describing usage of hydrogen plasma to reduce metal oxides. This is not yet widely adopted in industry, but it is of interest for environmental reasons (such as described in ...
Tomáš Zato's user avatar
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Reaction of electromagnetic radiations with the air pollutants [closed]

My friends, who are working on an IoT based technology project, explained their idea to me which is roughly like reducing air pollution by converting pollutants to oxygen ($\ce{O2}$) in any reaction, ...
vandana singh's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
160 views

Effect of rain on water and soil samples contaminated by petroleum [closed]

I am about to perform research on the impact of petroleum fire disaster on the soil and water sources within the region of disaster, using heavy metals and total petroleum hydrocarbons as impact ...
Godwin Onyinyechi's user avatar