Questions tagged [plastics]

For questions relating to the structures, properties, production methods and potential hazards of polymer materials commonly known as plastics

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18 views

Will toluene vapors damage a mirror made from PETG?

I'm working on a project for work and trying to avoid using an acrylic mirror because I know that doesn't hold up well against toluene, but I'm wondering if a mirror made out of PETG would?
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2answers
66 views

Fumes by Melting Aluminium Soda Cans [closed]

I am planning to melt and cast aluminium from soda cans. I went to quora page that deals with "burning" aluminium can, which can release toxic gases as the cans are coated with plastic inner lining. ...
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1answer
35 views

Is corovin Polypropylene or flat polyester?

I'm wanting to know what material 'corovin' is as described on some duvet covers. Googling it, some places say it is just another name for 'Polypropylene' while other places say it is 'flat polyester'...
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1answer
436 views

What type of plastic (PET, HDPE etc.) is appropriate to store alcohol based hand sanitizer? [closed]

I’ve been tasked with distributing hand sanitizer to public safety staff from a bulk supply in gallon jugs. I need a portable squeeze bottle, but I’m having trouble determining what type of plastic (...
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17 views

Siloxane permeable to oxygen but not water

I want to purchase a siloxane plastic that is permeable to air but not to water. Any suggestions for what I should ask for, or are all waterproof silicon plastics permeable to air? Thanks.
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23 views

At what temperature does a polyester release toxic gases?

I've bought a "Shrinky Dinks" printable sheets and now I'm feeling unsure about using it since I've read that heating polyester materials may be very harmful for health, and the final purpose of this ...
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2answers
234 views

Would ABS plastic degrade in a dishwasher?

I printed an object with a 3D printer and I used a roll of light green ABS plastic filament. I would like to use the dishwasher to clean it. The temperature would be kept below 70°C, well below the ...
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3answers
594 views

Acetone-resistant clear plastic

Is there a plastic that's clear, acetone resistant, and ideally sold in sheet stock that's ~1/8" or 1/4" thick? Both acrylic and polycarbonate are out, they turn cloudy on contact with acetone. I ...
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2answers
27 views

What can I use to remove print from hard surfaces?

I have a lot of profile products with the logotype of the company handing them out printed on them. In some situations I don't like to show these logos. However, it is stupid to bin working products ...
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1answer
47 views

Does clove oil/eugenol interact with nylon type plastics?

So I am aware that the eugenol in clove oil readily melts #6 type plastic (polystyrene). Polypropylene has a higher resistance, while HDPE type plastics seem to have the highest resistance. My main ...
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20 views

PP05 plastic “not dishwasher safe” but does not deform? Leaching chemicals? [closed]

It's plastic shaker cups, they came with instructions saying they are not dishwasher safe but they did not deform in the dishwasher. Does this mean it's probably unsafe to clean them using the ...
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18 views

Can triethylene glycol be used to remove polypropylene from the die during the glycol bath process?

We use the glycol bath die cleaning process in order to clean our die which are used to extrude materials from PBT and PET. Can triethylene glycol be used in order to clean a die containing ...
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25 views

Dissolving plastic resin without damaging aluminium surface

I have an aluminium surface covered with some plastic, which I intend to dissolve in order to clean the surface. On the note for the plastic I have applied, it says that it contains the following: 2-...
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201 views

What does it mean “polyester doesn't breathe”?

Often people say buy a cotton shirt because cotton "breathes" but polyester doesn't. (i.e. it makes you hot sweaty). What is the scientific meaning behind this? How does polyester trap the heat more ...
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14 views

Plastic bags broken down by soap fumes [closed]

I've searched online, but have not found anyone that has experienced the same. I have a 20 gallon plastic tub with a lid. In it keep plastic shopping bags. Also had a box of detergent in there. I ...
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2answers
123 views

Why aren't plastic bottles of coca cola full of microplastics?

My understanding is that disposable plastic water bottles should not be reused or used at all after some time, because the bottle will eventually leech microplastics into the water. Since coca cola is ...
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1answer
70 views

Is it possible to make micelles to pick up Microplastics from water?

I'd like to know if I could get micelles to pick up microplastics in water. I read that microplastics are sometimes charged, so can we make the lyophobic end to pick up microplastics, so that they can ...
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156 views

Is there a heatformed vinyl-like plastic that is hard as shellac when cold?

I recently started collecting shellac records, and got the idea of releasing my own music on 78rpm shellacs. But the exact formulas and techniques for making shellac records seems pretty much lost to ...
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87 views

How to dissolve PLA/PCL/PMMA?

I have a research about electrospun membrane synthesis where I dissolve PLA pellets in chloroform:methanol (3:1) for 3 hours and also PCL pellets in chloroform:methanol (3:1) for 3 hours too. Another ...
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1answer
63 views

Using an oxidizing agent to improve combustion of a fuel [closed]

If I were to add an oxidizing agent like dilute Potassium permanganate (aq) to a potential fuel such as plastics (polystyrene etc), would the combustion of this fuel be more complete ie: less sooty ...
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0answers
93 views

what are the cons of converting plastic to fuel

I have been trying to read how to fix plastic problems, there seems to be 3 outstanding solutions Re-use Recycle Decompose to Fuel Recycling is expensive, requires lots of water and the quality ...
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55 views

Maximum lifetime of plastic on earth

[EDITED] If humans disappeared today, and aliens visited in the future, for how long would plastic or other "obviously" non-natural polymers be detectable on the planet, using known or plausible ...
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22 views

How can I know the composition of a gas pocket entrapped in a plastic sheet? [closed]

I have a 1 mm thick plastic sheet, the plastic is not opaque. Some gas pockets, I would say some bubbles, are inside the sheet; the size of the bubbles is about 1 mm. What methods are available to ...
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1answer
140 views

What chemical could dissolve low-density polyethylene?

What chemical could dissolve plastic aside from acetone? Preferably, low-cost and environmentally friendly. Any suggestions would be helpful. I'm targeting for thin plastic (low-density polyethylene)....
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48 views

Which transparent plastic to use for electrolysis of dilute sulphuric acid

I plan to do an experiment which involves the electrolysis of dilute sulfuric acid (1 M or 1 mol/L). I would like to carry it out in a long transparent plastic container (easier to handle and clean). ...
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Would the mixture of Latex Rubber and the Squid's chitin make a biodegradable plastic?

I don't know much of Chemistry but I put the chemical structures of each. Thank you!
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12 views

What is it mean by Grade in thermoplastics?

I have seen some thermoplastics of the same type categorized by its grade .. What does it mean by that? What does it means the word grade in this context? Is it just a name for slightly differences ...
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35 views

What was the process that created a plastic-looking material from the jam leftovers? [closed]

I was making apricot jam using fresh apricots and gelling sugar. All went well except I burnt it. Some of the solid parts sank to the bottom and stuck there. After putting the good stuff in jars, I ...
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2answers
40 views

Are any commercial plastics made from biomass/plant matter?

Are any commercial plastics made from plant matter currently. I expect it can be done in a lab but I am wondering about cost competitive tonnage quantities.
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What determines 3D printing material compatibility?

3D printing, specifically the type common for consumers FDM or FFF, involves laying down thin (typically 0.1 to 0.2mm) layers of molten plastic. Modern consumer printers can use various filaments: PLA,...
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1answer
4k views

Does melting HDPE plastic produce toxic fumes? (melting, not burning)

● The question isn't about burning HDPE but melting it at the proper temperature. (At 120 to 180°C depending on it's density, it becomes gooey. According to the source below the "extrusion" ...
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1answer
132 views

Suitable coating material for protection of sensors

I'm building a moisture/temperature sensor for outdoor use in soil. It uses capacitive sensing for moisture and an NTC thermistor for the temperature. It's going to be used for vegetables so food ...
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0answers
36 views

How do we know if a newly developed chemical compound has any taste or is tasteless?

I was reading this about polystyrene, which says: "Polystyrene is an odorless, tasteless, rigid thermoplastic", and got hung up on "tasteless". I searched Chemistry.SE for "tasteless" and found this ...
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1answer
57 views

Spraying aluminium hydroxide nanoparticles onto PLA as fire retardant?

Several scientific papers study FR-PLA (fire resistant PLA) in which Aluminium Hydroxide nanoparticles are melt blended into the PLA (example source: Advances in Flame Retardant Poly(Lactic Acid). ...
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27 views

Solving Polyester but no chromed steel [closed]

In short I'm looking for an acid that can solve a polyester, fiberglass composite. However it cannot damage steel. First of all i like to say that i'm not a chemist. I work in a plastic moulding ...
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1answer
37 views

what is the basic idea for making bioplastic? [closed]

I have the following questions about making bioplastics: Why is only lactic acid used in making bioplastic? Are there any other methods used in making bioplastic without converting starch into lactic ...
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1answer
978 views

What kind of plastic is (really) safe to store vegetable oil?

Storing colza or olive oil in a plastic bottle might be risky since the oil can leach out phthalates and BPA (and others molecules?). Some manufacturers sell "phthalates and BPA free bottles", but ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do bubbles form on the side of a plastic bottle?

I have a plastic bottle filled with drinking water where only one side of the bottle has air bubbles. I know that water is not pure and there are dissolved gases, and my theory is that there are small ...
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1answer
78 views

Specific kind of plastic that won't make fabrics smell?

I store various fabrics (clothing, cloths, linens, etc.) in RubberMaid RoughNeck plastic bins. It seems to work fine for a while, but given enough years, the contents take on a strong chemical smell. ...
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1answer
56 views

Polycarbonate resistance to acids

If polycarbonate plastic is a polar material with ester bond linkages which usually hydrolyze in acids, why is it resistant to both weak and strong acids (as polar substances)?
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1answer
38 views

Thermoplastic & Thermoset adhesives:

I have a question that is bothering me since few weeks. I'm not a chemist, nor I have any experience with polymers theory, but: Epoxy - is defined on Wikipedia as a thermoset polymer as a process of ...
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2answers
3k views

Is epoxy resin plastic?

Is epoxy resin a plastic ? For clarity when I say plastic I mean of the same ilk as all the single use plastics we (should) be trying to reduce the use of.
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2k views

Why is polyethylene not called polymethylene?

I understand that the monomer that polymerises to give polyethylene is an ethylene, but after polymerisation, the smallest repeating monomer in polyethylene seems to be a methyl and not an ethyl. So ...
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2answers
770 views

Which is the cheapest plastic that retains its structure at 85 °C or higher temperature?

In an academic project, I need to protect some electronics components from heat (around 85 °C). I am searching for both a cheap plastic film and a cheap plastic to be used in a injection molding ...
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2answers
59 views

Why is it so hard to turn plastics into something useful or decompose it? [closed]

Even after so many years, why haven't we yet come up with a solution to the plastic problem ? Why are plastics so hard to decompose via chemical or physical processes into something harmless or ...
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1answer
9k views

Would 99,9% Isopropyl alcohol damage plastic of Bratz doll boxes?

I am a Bratz doll collector for quite some time now. I collect them boxed, most of the boxes and packagings are mint enough for me but I also have a few older ones which are quite dirty. I’ve read ...
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1answer
163 views

Can nitrogen dioxide react with plastics of any kind? [closed]

I have searched a lot on the internet but couldn't find any helpful thing. My question is that can nitrogen dioxide react with plastics of any kind?
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Conversion of a permeability value from barrer to SI unit

I have done a permeability experiment on LDPE in the presence of air. At $\pu{30^\circ C}$, the permeability was found to be 1.846 barrer. Now I am trying to apply this permeability value to a ...
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2answers
107 views

Good Alternative for Plasticized PVC [closed]

In my current job we use gloveboxes, but unlike most we use disposable PVC bags on the entry ports instead of fixed gloves. The bags have an O ring which is stretched onto a spigot proud of the ...
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1answer
104 views

Is it possible to melt HDPE to a point where it has similar viscosity to engine oil?

I have a few pieces of HDPE that I want to melt and cast into a cube of around $\pu{5 cm}$ each side, similar to what one would do with cast resin. I tried putting it into an oven and heating it to $...