Questions tagged [plastics]

For questions relating to the structures, properties, production methods and potential hazards of polymer materials commonly known as plastics

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2
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0answers
29 views

Maximum lifetime of plastic on earth

If humans disappeared today, and aliens visited in the future, for how long would plastic be detectable on the planet, using known or plausible technology. I'm mostly interested in accidental ...
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37 views

What chemical or material could attract plastic?

I'm looking for a material that is affordable, around the 100 USD per kilogram. I'm thinking of a chemical that kind of attracts plastic like a magnet. Microplastics is the type of plastic that I'm ...
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20 views

How can I know the composition of a gas pocket entrapped in a plastic sheet? [on hold]

I have a 1 mm thick plastic sheet, the plastic is not opaque. Some gas pockets, I would say some bubbles, are inside the sheet; the size of the bubbles is about 1 mm. What methods are available to ...
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1answer
52 views

What chemical could dissolve low-density polyethylene?

What chemical could dissolve plastic aside from acetone? Preferably, low-cost and environmentally friendly. Any suggestions would be helpful. I'm targeting for thin plastic (low-density polyethylene)....
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0answers
21 views

Which transparent plastic to use for electrolysis of dilute sulphuric acid

I plan to do an experiment which involves the electrolysis of dilute sulfuric acid (1 M or 1 mol/L). I would like to carry it out in a long transparent plastic container (easier to handle and clean). ...
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1answer
30 views

Would the mixture of Latex Rubber and the Squid's chitin make a biodegradable plastic?

I don't know much of Chemistry but I put the chemical structures of each. Thank you!
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5 views

What is it mean by Grade in thermoplastics?

I have seen some thermoplastics of the same type categorized by its grade .. What does it mean by that? What does it means the word grade in this context? Is it just a name for slightly differences ...
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0answers
33 views

What was the process that created a plastic-looking material from the jam leftovers? [closed]

I was making apricot jam using fresh apricots and gelling sugar. All went well except I burnt it. Some of the solid parts sank to the bottom and stuck there. After putting the good stuff in jars, I ...
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2answers
33 views

Are any commercial plastics made from biomass/plant matter?

Are any commercial plastics made from plant matter currently. I expect it can be done in a lab but I am wondering about cost competitive tonnage quantities.
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0answers
24 views

What determines 3D printing material compatibility?

3D printing, specifically the type common for consumers FDM or FFF, involves laying down thin (typically 0.1 to 0.2mm) layers of molten plastic. Modern consumer printers can use various filaments: PLA,...
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1answer
158 views

Does melting HDPE plastic produce toxic fumes? (melting, not burning)

● The question isn't about burning HDPE but melting it at the proper temperature. (At 120 to 180°C depending on it's density, it becomes gooey. According to the source below the "extrusion" ...
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1answer
43 views

Suitable coating material for protection of sensors

I'm building a moisture/temperature sensor for outdoor use in soil. It uses capacitive sensing for moisture and an NTC thermistor for the temperature. It's going to be used for vegetables so food ...
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26 views

How do we know if a newly developed chemical compound has any taste or is tasteless?

I was reading this about polystyrene, which says: "Polystyrene is an odorless, tasteless, rigid thermoplastic", and got hung up on "tasteless". I searched Chemistry.SE for "tasteless" and found this ...
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1answer
36 views

Spraying aluminium hydroxide nanoparticles onto PLA as fire retardant?

Several scientific papers study FR-PLA (fire resistant PLA) in which Aluminium Hydroxide nanoparticles are melt blended into the PLA (example source: Advances in Flame Retardant Poly(Lactic Acid). ...
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26 views

Solving Polyester but no chromed steel [closed]

In short I'm looking for an acid that can solve a polyester, fiberglass composite. However it cannot damage steel. First of all i like to say that i'm not a chemist. I work in a plastic moulding ...
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1answer
26 views

what is the basic idea for making bioplastic? [closed]

I have the following questions about making bioplastics: Why is only lactic acid used in making bioplastic? Are there any other methods used in making bioplastic without converting starch into lactic ...
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1answer
67 views

What kind of plastic is (really) safe to store vegetable oil?

Storing colza or olive oil in a plastic bottle might be risky since the oil can leach out phthalates and BPA (and others molecules?). Some manufacturers sell "phthalates and BPA free bottles", but ...
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1answer
102 views

Why do bubbles form on the side of a plastic bottle?

I have a plastic bottle filled with drinking water where only one side of the bottle has air bubbles. I know that water is not pure and there are dissolved gases, and my theory is that there are small ...
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1answer
46 views

Specific kind of plastic that won't make fabrics smell?

I store various fabrics (clothing, cloths, linens, etc.) in RubberMaid RoughNeck plastic bins. It seems to work fine for a while, but given enough years, the contents take on a strong chemical smell. ...
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1answer
25 views

Polycarbonate resistance to acids

If polycarbonate plastic is a polar material with ester bond linkages which usually hydrolyze in acids, why is it resistant to both weak and strong acids (as polar substances)?
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1answer
27 views

Thermoplastic & Thermoset adhesives:

I have a question that is bothering me since few weeks. I'm not a chemist, nor I have any experience with polymers theory, but: Epoxy - is defined on Wikipedia as a thermoset polymer as a process of ...
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2answers
1k views

Is epoxy resin plastic?

Is epoxy resin a plastic ? For clarity when I say plastic I mean of the same ilk as all the single use plastics we (should) be trying to reduce the use of.
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2answers
1k views

Why is polyethylene not called polymethylene?

I understand that the monomer that polymerises to give polyethylene is an ethylene, but after polymerisation, the smallest repeating monomer in polyethylene seems to be a methyl and not an ethyl. So ...
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2answers
135 views

Which is the cheapest plastic that retains its structure at 85 °C or higher temperature?

In an academic project, I need to protect some electronics components from heat (around 85 °C). I am searching for both a cheap plastic film and a cheap plastic to be used in a injection molding ...
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2answers
48 views

Why is it so hard to turn plastics into something useful or decompose it? [closed]

Even after so many years, why haven't we yet come up with a solution to the plastic problem ? Why are plastics so hard to decompose via chemical or physical processes into something harmless or ...
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1answer
5k views

Would 99,9% Isopropyl alcohol damage plastic of Bratz doll boxes?

I am a Bratz doll collector for quite some time now. I collect them boxed, most of the boxes and packagings are mint enough for me but I also have a few older ones which are quite dirty. I’ve read ...
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1answer
81 views

Can nitrogen dioxide react with plastics of any kind? [closed]

I have searched a lot on the internet but couldn't find any helpful thing. My question is that can nitrogen dioxide react with plastics of any kind?
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0answers
740 views

Conversion of a permeability value from barrer to SI unit

I have done a permeability experiment on LDPE in the presence of air. At $\pu{30^\circ C}$, the permeability was found to be 1.846 barrer. Now I am trying to apply this permeability value to a ...
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2answers
100 views

Good Alternative for Plasticized PVC [closed]

In my current job we use gloveboxes, but unlike most we use disposable PVC bags on the entry ports instead of fixed gloves. The bags have an O ring which is stretched onto a spigot proud of the ...
2
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1answer
71 views

Is it possible to melt HDPE to a point where it has similar viscosity to engine oil?

I have a few pieces of HDPE that I want to melt and cast into a cube of around $\pu{5 cm}$ each side, similar to what one would do with cast resin. I tried putting it into an oven and heating it to $...
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2answers
1k views

Is polylactic acid (PLA) soluble in ethylacetate?

I'm searching for polylactic acid (that used in 3D printing) solvent, that is less toxic. It's used to postprocessing to polish object. Dichloroethane is toxic, acetone and dichloromethane less, but ...
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0answers
76 views

UV-Vis and Polylactid Acid (PLA) [closed]

I am trying to use UV-VIS for a 3D printed ~4mm PLA design. However I keep running into a problem because the polymer is not showing detectable under the UV-VIS. Does anyone have any suggestions that ...
3
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1answer
706 views

What type of polyester is most commonly used for clothing?

Many polymers have the name of the monomer in their names, e.g. polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, polystyrene etc. But the ester in polyester refers to a group of chemicals (having an ...
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2answers
610 views

How do I heat my borosilicate reflux column?

I am gonna use a ceramic tape heater, but cannot wrap it around evenly. Is the glass column gonna be okay? I am running some tests on plastic pyrolysis. I am using the reflux condenser to make the ...
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2answers
227 views

Is HDPE affected by long term exposure to methanol?

For at least several years I'be been storing various chloride solutions with methanol as a solute in Nalgene containers, which I believe are made from high density polyethylene (HDP). But recently ...
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0answers
82 views

Near melting thermoplastic material accumulates in the sharper corners. What is this phenomenon?

I have a part made of a thermoplastic material. When I heat it up and cool it down, the dimension of the part changes non-uniformly. Somehow the melted material tries to fill the sharper corners. So ...
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3answers
62 views

Converting plastic back to bio-degradable substances [closed]

I have read that every plastic ever made still exists. Plastic must be made of some substances that are biodegradable. Even if they aren't, why can't we change their form? Why can't we change plastic ...
7
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4answers
12k views

How to dissolve PLA (polylactic acid)?

I'm a maker and I've been interested in 3d printing for years. I have found a technique for dissolve the PLA supports in a model printed in 3D in HIPS I have printed the model in HIPS and the ...
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0answers
51 views

Rubbery surfaces degrading over time

I can think of 4 products I have with rubberized plastic surfaces on them that have degraded over time. (IKEA scissors and kitchen knife, Logitech wireless mouse, Rocketfish wireless keyboard.) The ...
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2answers
5k views

Is bamboo based plastic less likely to leak chemicals?

Some plastics have been known to leak plasticizers (bisphenol and phthalates) into the food they contain, especially when heated. Because such compounds are suspected of being endocrine disruptors it ...
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0answers
90 views

How do colour pigments chemically work? [closed]

How do color pigments colour the plastics? Is there any chemical reaction, molecular association, or physical reaction? What kind of bonding mechanism is there between pigment molecules and plastics? ...
5
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1answer
265 views

Why are plastics lipophilic?

My wife prepares lunch for me every morning. After eating it on my desk, I typically wash the lunchbox and utensils in the company's kitchen. I have noticed that it is very difficult to remove the ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Why does sunlight cause plastics to become a faded blue color?

Due to the UV absorption, I knew that the plastics can be easily affected, especially PP. But is it normal that the change is always into faded blue from white color? and Why? Because I made an ...
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0answers
117 views

fatty acid vs polyethylene

Both fatty acid and polyethylene are made (mostly) of carbons with hydrogens with a very similar configuration, yet, their properties are very different. What am I missing?
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0answers
69 views

Plastic enclosure - what is that smell?

I have a Raspeberry Pi in a small plastic enclosure. The whole thing smells intensely of some chemical I normally associate with burned electronics. It is quite choking. Any ideas what it might be? ...
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0answers
93 views

Is Jell-O flavored plastic?

Per this article, "Gelatin is a thermoreversible, cold-setting polymer." Further, Jell-O is flavored gelatin. Is the phrase "thermoreversible, cold-setting polymer" equivalent to the term "plastic?" ...
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5answers
16k views

Repairing acetone damage and discoloration to plastic

I used acetone on the back of my monitor to get rid of old stickers from LED strips. However it severely damaged my monitor. Anyway to undo this or repair it?
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1answer
8k views

What makes ABS plastic turn yellow?

If you owned old kitchen appliances or old computer you might notice that they the once cream white plastic become increasingly yellow, old and disgusting. I have read that UV lighting can damage ...
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1answer
568 views

Degrading Bakelite

I'm aware of the fact that Bakelite is a thermosetting polymer, and is infusible. But what happens if you keep on heating a Bakelite piece to ridiculously high temperatures. I'm pretty sure it would ...
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2answers
58 views

Chemical compatibility

I'm an electrical engineer trying to understand a failure in a plastic part that I'm working with. I am using a plastic called polysulfone- and the data sheet has a lot of words ending in "amine" ...