Questions tagged [home-experiment]

For questions about a small-scale experiment which can be undertaken with reagents readily available around the house, while observing standard laboratory safety principles and practices. Do not confuse this tag with [everyday-chemistry] or [food-chemistry].

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Can shop-bought caustic soda be used to measure titratable acidity of wines?

When making wines, it's occasionally necessary to measure the wine's 'titratable acidity' (TA). To do this, a 0.1N solution of NaOH is titrated with a wine sample. 0.1N NaOH solution can be purchased, ...
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3 votes
2 answers
162 views

Why is my battery of galvanic cells not enough to power a lamp rated for a lower voltage than the battery provides?

I made a series of 12 galvanic cells with saltwater as an electrolyte and zinc and copper as electrodes. It produces 8.8 V, but it can't even light a 2.5 V bulb (the bulb can be lit by a 1.5 V source)....
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2 votes
0 answers
44 views

Connect glass tubes to a graham condenser

I am currently making a syphon coffee maker such as this one: However, I find that all the silicon tubing used on this image between the condenser and the boiling flask / between the condenser and ...
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2 votes
0 answers
85 views

How can I heat up a separatory flask?

I currently am working on a vacuum brewing system for coffee (which is not super useful but pretty cool I have to say) such as this one (image). However I wondered if there was a way of pouring the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
44 views

Old sodium hydroxide based drain cleaner become stony and brown, not hydrosoluble anymore

My drain was clogged and I used an old sodium hydroxide based drain cleaner to free it. The cleaner was quite old and inside it was brownish and monolithic, not a bunch of small white spheres anymore. ...
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  • 121
0 votes
2 answers
62 views

Inhibitors reaction at home

For a school science project, my teacher asked me to find a reaction that can be slowed down with an inhibitor and film it at home/lab at school. He told not to use lemon on an apple or anything ...
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0 answers
68 views

Can I use Ethanol in place of Isopropyl Alcohol in the DNA Isolation Experiment?

I am performing an experiment on the DNA isolation of strawberries. This article, asks us to use Isopropyl alcohol. I do not have Isopropyl alcohol at the moment so would it be alright if I use ...
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0 votes
1 answer
121 views

Impurities in household baking soda

For a long time, I have been using store bought baking soda (with sodium bicarbonate as the sole ingredient listed) as the sodium bicarbonate in my (qualitative) home experiments, but recently I ...
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1 vote
0 answers
40 views

Relative Humidity inside a thermally insulated chamber for a NACL solution

I ran an experiment, where I had to measure the relative humidity of a thermally insulated chamber containing NaCl solution. I have read from a few papers, that the relative humidity of a NaCl ...
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0 votes
1 answer
46 views

HCl labeled 31.45% concentration (20° Baume) [closed]

Just bought a standard concentration of HCl solution. The 31.45% is weight-by-weight & not weight-by-volume, correct?
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  • 292
7 votes
5 answers
2k views

How can I roughly measure a fraction of a gram?

My son got a crystal making kit (from a relative) and it lists seed crystal weights of 0.5g for a small crystal solution and 0.75 g for a large crystal solution. The trouble is I (his father) don't ...
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3 votes
2 answers
120 views

Producing hydrogen sulfide—difficult to do much?

When I was young (nearly sixty years ago), my "chemistry set" taught me how to heat sulfur and candle wax to stink up the house.  It had no warning that hydrogen sulfide is toxic and ...
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  • 169
1 vote
1 answer
81 views

Suppressing flammable foam formation in electrolysis

I often use electrolysis to remove rust and other junk off of steel parts. My general setup is: Electrolyte: Sodium bicarbonate + distilled water. Anode: Plain carbon steel Cathode: Carbon steel, ...
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-4 votes
1 answer
63 views

Spilled denat. alcohol (5% methanol) [closed]

I spilled a small amount of denatured alcohol (~3ml) on my skin and table while prepping microscope slides for springtails. The bottle says its 95% ethanol, with unspecified amounts of isopropanol and ...
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1 vote
1 answer
35 views

Can large, sticky, sodium polyacrylate crystals be coated in a powder to facilitate handling?

I am separating a larger container of sodium polyacrylate crystals into smaller containers for student experiments. Commonly known as "Deco Cubes" and used by florists in decorations and ...
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1 vote
0 answers
57 views

Is shampoo or soap a better emulsifier? [closed]

Made homemade shampoo using: Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) Glycerin 95% ethanol Sodium stearate Made homemade soap using: 20% sodium hydroxide Vegetable oil 95% ethanol 20% sodium chloride ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Converting dissolved chromates to solids for disposal

I have 4 liters of electrolysis waste that was used to process stainless steel cathodes. About half of it was oxalic acid based and the other half was sodium bicarbonate based (currently stored ...
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  • 1,102
1 vote
1 answer
175 views

Can ferrous ions exist in an acidic solution?

Can Fe2+ ions exist in an acidic solution or will they always pick up available protons and become Fe3+? My hunch is they can't exist but I'm not really sure. If the latter, does that mean that ...
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2 votes
0 answers
100 views

What factors have the greatest effects on the yield from steam distillation of ginger?

I have a modest home lab setup that I use primarily for steam distillation of plant matter to extract essential oils. My yields are typically at or below the low end of estimates given by different ...
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3 votes
0 answers
152 views

Understanding electrolysis w/ oxalic acid electrolyte, iron electrodes

I've been experimenting with electrolysis for rust removal, electroplating, de-plating, etc. Right now I have a rust removal setup with carbon steel electrodes and a solution of oxalic acid in ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
68 views

Attempting to make Rochelle salt but obtained paste

I was attempting to make Rochelle salt by adding sodium carbonate to a mixture of cream of tartar and water, but ended up with a solid paste. I kept the cream of tartar/water mix boiling the whole ...
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0 votes
0 answers
24 views

How to make my water destillery most effective?

I got a destillery for water with a capacity of 10l and a get the most of a spiral cooler in a 1l cooling pot mounted on top. I'm happy with the efficiency, however there's always room for improvement ...
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11 votes
2 answers
147 views

Peak in beer freezing temperature plot

I left an open beer in the freezer while monitoring its temperature. The first minutes works as expected. But after the plateau, at about −8 °C, a peak appeared: I thought it was an artefact because ...
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  • 181
-1 votes
1 answer
310 views

Reaction between sodium hydroxide and silicon dioxide [duplicate]

I was trying to make sodium silicate according to the following reaction: $\ce{SiO2 + 2NaOH -> Na2SiO3 + H2O}$ I used colloidal silica available as an intestinal adsorbent since reaction with ...
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0 votes
1 answer
118 views

Sodium acetate stoichiometry from baking soda and vinegar

I want to make sodium acetate from sodium bicarbonate and vinegar. I'm a bit stumped at calculating amounts of each reagent. I'm starting with 8% acetic acid vinegar. I was going to add, to 1 L of the ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
83 views

For home chemistry purposes can you treat sodium percarbonate as sodium peroxide?

It is easy to find home chemistry experiments for sodium peroxide but not so much sodium percarbonate. Industrially sodium percarbonate is used a sodium peroxide source- it is close enough to used as ...
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1 vote
0 answers
104 views

How do I get calcium citrate to precipitate in experiment on extraction of citric acid from juice?

I was planning to extract citric acid from mango juice by first using Aspergillus niger fungus by fermentation to convert the mango juice to citric acid, then extracting by first adding sodium ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
222 views

Heating NaOH solutions

I am trying to determine the best heat at which to use an NaOH solution to clean a textile fiber. This is being done, carefully, in Asian villages. The raw material is ribbons of bark peeled from a ...
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2 votes
1 answer
104 views

Looking for a compound that when mixed with sugar will burn when a drop of water is added

Years ago, I watched a Johnny Carson episode where a guest on the show mixed a compound with ordinary table sugar and added a drop of water and the mixture burst into flames. I went and bought the ...
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2 votes
0 answers
140 views

What is an effective preservative for guar gum slime?

I am attempting to find an effective preservative for guar gum slime. I am using typical recipes: A borax solution of 4%, a guar gum solution of 5% using distilled water, and a mix ratio of 20:1 (guar ...
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1 vote
0 answers
68 views

How to melt and roll silver chloride into sheets

I want to make silver chloride cathodes for a magnesium salt water battery. Are there any tips on how to proceed? I hope to melt the silver chloride in a covered ceramic crucible in an electric ...
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1 vote
1 answer
54 views

How to evolve hydrogen from aluminum when the household drain cleaner is safe to use on aluminum?

I live in Japan. I would like to evolve hydrogen to demonstrate to my son buoyant balloons (we have helium aerosol cans here which barely fill one balloon). There are drain cleaners here with low ...
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1 vote
3 answers
185 views

Safe chemical reactions to start a campfire [closed]

I'm looking for a way to start a small fire electronically with widely available chemicals. It would be great if they are safe to use with metals (not necessarily). But the biggest requirement is that ...
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2 votes
0 answers
74 views

Is there a known value for the molar extinction (absorption) coefficient for amylose and amylopectin iodine complexes?

I am doing a colorimetry experiment with starch, and have a theoretical model based on Beer's law. To solve it, I need a known value for the molar extinction coefficients of amylose and amylopectin ...
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1 vote
1 answer
75 views

Should I be worried about the waste from "sugar rockets" and other potassium nitrate fireworks?

"Sugar rockets" or sparklers made of metal fillings, potassium nitrate and some carbon compound are easily made, and there is a lot of tutorials and videos on the internet suggesting them as ...
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1 vote
0 answers
77 views

Chemically producing sodium metal from magnesium

Anyone with experience making sodium metal ($\ce{Na}$) with the following process? Reactants: $\pu{14 g}$ magnesium powder, $\pu{20 g}$ sodium hydroxide; Catalysts: $1$ to $\pu{2 g}$ menthol crystals; ...
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1 vote
0 answers
57 views

Can I use silica gel to perform column chromatography at home?

While this question has been asked and answered, it may indicate that a column chromatography qualitatively is possible. At home, is it possible after collecting silica gels from small bags of them ...
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0 votes
1 answer
45 views

Making carbon powder using fireplace and weak acid

I am doing a little home experiment trying to make as pure carbon powder as I can. I plan to then used it to eat up oxygen from a container where I want to try to melt aluminum. My process was ...
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0 votes
0 answers
180 views

Could you use All-Purpose Flour as a model rocket fuel?

I'm building a model rocket, and I'm trying to find a good fuel. I've done a lot of research and I know about r-candy and the aluminum-ammonium fuel, but I was wondering, before I made any of these, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
409 views

Can you make R-Candy without heating the propellant mix?

I'm wondering if there's any way you can make "Rocket Candy" (or R-candy) fuel without cooking it. I'm building a model rocket that I'm hoping will get about 3 km on my first build (It's not ...
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1 vote
1 answer
81 views

Why does Cody use Litharge? [closed]

In many of the precious metal refining videos Cody (Cody's Lab) takes the sample with the precious metal and puts Litharge into it. After heating it in the furnace, while pouring it out the molten ...
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2 votes
0 answers
212 views

Hydrogen peroxide and potassium iodide reactions

What is the explanation for the two possible reactions of $\ce{H2O2}$ with $\ce{KI}$ in acid media (iodide-catalyzed decomposition of hydrogen peroxide or iodide oxidation by hydrogen peroxide) and ...
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2 votes
0 answers
58 views

Ethanol and water resistant adhesives

I need an adhesive that can bind to ABS plastic but is highly resistant to ethanol, isopropanol, and water. It's for use in an environment where it will spend a significant amount of time soaking in &...
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  • 1,102
0 votes
1 answer
140 views

Catalyst and Inhibitors home experiments

My teacher assigned me a science experience involving catalysts and inhibitors at home. I think I understand the principle of it, but I fail to find possible experiments that I can do at home with a ...
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0 votes
0 answers
66 views

How to measure purity of nitrogen gas in a "homemade" way?

Is there any indicator or a way of measuring purity of nitrogen? The lab-way of doing things is out of my reach and I was thinking about a DIY way. I want to decrease oxidising atmosphere in a ...
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  • 111
-1 votes
2 answers
238 views

Electrolysis of copper chloride in solution of Vinegar + H2O2 + NaCl after copper etching

I did copper etching (to make a PCB) using a solution of vinegar + H202 + NaCl and now I need to dispose the solution. There is no waste collection for this kind of stuff where I live, so after some ...
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0 votes
1 answer
118 views

Phosphoric acid spill cleanup

While working with some rust converter (MSDS, ~20% phosphoric acid by weight), a sequence of events that would make Rube Goldberg proud led to me spilling about 500mL of it all over the place. Yes I ...
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  • 1,102
13 votes
2 answers
2k views

Cleaning with vinegar and sodium bicarbonate

Mixing sodium bicarbonate with vinegar (and sometimes adding dishwasher detergent) is quite a common tip on the internet. But I have never understood the reason. I saw there was a question about using ...
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  • 241
-1 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is there a safe way to neutralize bleach at home [closed]

I don't want to simply replace one hazardous chemical with another. The bleach is stubbornly clinging to my shower walls and I feel its effects every time I take a shower. Ascorbic acid seems like the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
91 views

Is this calculation of the amount of required hydrogen gas correct?

I was a bit hesitant to post this question for it may appear like a "homework help" type of question. But upon rethinking it felt like a genuine question. I was studying stoichiometry with ...
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