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Questions tagged [combustion]

For questions about the combustion of an organic molecule or inorganic substance. Do not use this tag if your question is about the [stoichiometry] of a combustion reaction, or for the calculations of [thermodynamics] functions (like enthalpy change).

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STOICHIOMETRY/COMBUSTION PROBLEM [closed]

Heptanol has the formula C7H16O and can be combusted in the presence of oxygen. if 15g of heptanol is combusted in the presence of 23g of o2, how.many grams of water will be produced Hi! I really ...
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Gas reactions/Combustion [duplicate]

I have a project(not a school project, personal) where I am mixing Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen in a pressurized storage container. I am attempting to figure out that if those gases react/combust what ...
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Combustion and pyrolysis of sulfides and organosulfurs

Last week there was a huge fire in french chemical factory Lubrizol, we now know the main products that burnt, to simplify the discussion I extracted a few compounds: isobutyl and isobutene ...
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Why are wet things harder to ignite than dry things? [closed]

Specifically wood and paper and other hydrocarbons, but not necessarily excluding other things that burn. We all know wet wood is very hard to ignite. Wetness here refers to water. But why is that ...
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1answer
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Is it possible to blow out a candle flame using pure oxygen?

This sounds like a stupid question perhaps, but if a stream of pure $\ce{O2}$ was directed at the flame as a concentrated jet would it blow off the candle?
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Are all volatile liquids combustible?

I realized that liquids like petrol, kerosene and even perfumes are combustible when they are volatile. Could that be the reason why water is not combustible is because it is not volatile? Are ...
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1answer
42 views

Using an oxidizing agent to improve combustion of a fuel [closed]

If I were to add an oxidizing agent like dilute Potassium permanganate (aq) to a potential fuel such as plastics (polystyrene etc), would the combustion of this fuel be more complete ie: less sooty ...
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1answer
42 views

Combustion byproducts

I'm designing a system which will heat up water by burning natural gas which is commonly available. I would like to have a slow flame because water will need to reach 70 degrees C and stay there. ...
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What Is The Heat Of Combustion Of Diesel And How Do I Find It? [closed]

I need help in finding the heat of combustion of diesel, no where online can i find it, and my chemistry teacher does not know how to find it....
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How do you find the heat capacity ratio of combustion products?

For example, if gaseous oxygen $(O_2)$ and paraffin wax $(C_{32}H_{66})$ were to stoichiometrically combust at STP, how would one go about finding the heat capacity ratio ($\gamma={c_p \over c_v}$) of ...
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The phlogiston theory [closed]

I have looked this theory up on google and found that the theory is that when metal is burnt calx (metal oxide) and phlogiston is created (metal --> calx + phlogiston). Then I found out that ...
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Why doesn't natural gas combustion release only one-sixth as much carbon dioxide as coal burning?

Burning hydrogen releases a little more energy than burning carbon, correct? And methane is CH4, but coal is mostly C, correct? So shouldn't burning pure carbon release five times the CO2 (Assuming ...
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Will mixing hydrogen and oxygen without a spark result in combustion? [duplicate]

I plan to do the electrolysis of dilute sulphuric acid. This will produce hydrogen gas and oxygen gas at the anodes. I do not plan to collect these gases, but to simply let it form and release into ...
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How do fuel/oxidizer combustion mechanics change when the constituents are supercritical?

The problem to solve is this: I want to create a heat generator [or heat absorber] that functions at atmospheric pressure to the pressure at the bottom of the sea. It will be used to drive a Stirling ...
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1answer
39 views

Complete Combustion of Inorganic, Hydrogen Containing Covalent Compounds in the Atmosphere

From what I've seen in alkanes, their complete combustion creates carbon dioxide, which has carbon in its highest possible oxidation state. I've been wondering what complete combustion would look ...
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About Smoke Grenades and Sugar Rockets

The most common formula for smoke grenades and sugar rocket fuel is $60\%\ \ce{KNO3}$ (potassium nitrate) and $40\%\ \ce{C12H22O11}$ (sugar). This is a 3:2 ratio, but I've also seen 2:1 and 5:3 with ...
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2answers
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Rate law of the reaction of propane with oxygen

In class, I have a demonstration where I light a bubble filled with propane. As I add oxygen, the bubbles combust faster and more quickly. I have already balanced out the chemical reaction like so: $$...
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1answer
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How to capture the gas produced by combusting alcohols

I am burning various alcohols and am attempting to capture the carbon dioxide produced. I could burn the alcohols in a conical flask with a cork on the top, with a tube directing the gas into a gas ...
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2answers
100 views

Complete combustion of mixtures

I am working on my scholarship exam practice (around high school and first year university level). I could actually solve the problem below but my solution is pretty time consuming. It would be ...
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1answer
68 views

Heat and work of glucose combustion

$$\ce{C6H12O6(s) + 6 O2(g) -> 6 CO2(g) + 6 H2O(g)}$$ When looking at glucose combustion I found that the change in Gibbs free energy is greater than the change in enthalpy. If we assume the process ...
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237 views

Based on their respective number of degrees of freedom, what's the most efficient fuel; hydrogen or gasoline?

The reaction of octane's combustion is: $$\ce{2 C8H18 + 25 O2 -> 18 H2O + 16 CO2}$$ I am asked for computing the number of degrees of freedom of the octane given that its specific heat is $\pu{...
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1answer
174 views

Redox Combustion Reactions

Consider a combustion reaction like the complete combustion of ethane. Here is what I have for the complete combustion as well as the oxidation and reduction: $$\ce{\overset{-3}{C}_2\overset{+1}{H}_6 ...
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2answers
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When a candle burns, why does the top of wick glow if bottom of flame is hottest?

Totally an elementary question. Staring at a candle, it appears that the bottom of the wick is dark whereas the top glows. However the bottom of the flame (the blue) is the hottest. Is the reason ...
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Hydrogen peroxide and carbon as hybrid rocket propellant?

I was thinking that a hybrid rocket could be made using hydrogen peroxide and activated charcoal or some other carbon source. Step 1: Decompose hydrogen peroxide to steam and oxygen, as in a ...
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1answer
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Does oxyhydrogen require the presence of water to ignite?

I recently read a short story (fiction) where a major plot element was based on the expectation that a mixture of oxygen and hydrogen will not ignite unless some amount of water is present to get the ...
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375 views

Why is the auto ignition temperature of petrol higher than that of diesel? [closed]

I can't find any reasonable explanation please help.
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Percent hydrogen and carbon [closed]

A 1 g sample of an organic compound was burned in a combustion analyzer and yielded 1.42 g carbon dioxide and 0.872 g of water. Calculate the percent carbon and hydrogen in the sample. From the ...
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Dioxin synthesis in a rocket stove riser?

I'm building a rocket stove for cooking with a wok at the top of the riser. At the top of the riser I'm seeing temperatures of 500-700 deg C, and I believe at the bottom it's likely under 1000 deg C (...
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What would happen if you burned paper with a laser, in a vacuum?

If you hit a piece of paper with a powerful laser inside a vacuum, what would happen? It sounds like it should not "burn" and have a flame spread over the paper, as there is, of course, no oxygen. ...
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2answers
82 views

Flow rate of the fuel consisting of ethanol and water burning in air of a given flow rate

I hope that someone could give me some hints or tips on how to approach this question, even though these types of questions are usually closed off as homework. A burner is run by a fuel mixture of $...
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Is it possible to convert a combustion reaction directly into an electrochemical one?

I'm fairly inexperienced in chemistry so forgive me if this question is silly but, why is it not possible to convert a combustion reaction to an electrochemical one directly and harvest the electrical ...
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Atomic carbon in rocket exhaust

Inspired by this article, I've been looking at using metallic hydrogen as a rocket fuel using CEARUN. I'm looking at diluting the atomic hydrogen with liquid methane to reduce the chamber temperature ...
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1answer
185 views

Decomposition vs Combustion reaction

I'm balancing chemical equations, and I came across the following: $$\ce{O2 + C4H9NH2 -> CO2 + H2O + N2}\tag{unbalanced}$$ My initial reaction was that it is a combustion reaction. According to ...
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Carbon monoxide from activated charcoal filters

We use activated charcoal in air filters of the ventilation system to remove pollutant vapours from the exhaust air. Before the filters, the air is heated a bit to avoid condensation of water. ...
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What governs the amount of smoke produced by an extinguished match?

First Chemistry question, so apologies if this isn't quite in the spirit of this SE. I have noticed that when extinguishing a lit match by blowing it out, the amount of smoke produced can vary widely....
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Rate equation of a radical

Consider the following elementary reaction mechanism where both the forward and reverse reaction mechanism are important $$\ce{CO + O2<->[1] CO2 + O}$$ $$\ce{O + H2O<->[2] OH + OH}$$ ...
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1answer
224 views

What is the molar enthalpy? [closed]

In a practice test there's the question, 'Given that the combustion of.305g of glucose causes a raise of temperature of 6.30C of a caloromiter with total heat capacity C=755J/C and the molecular ...
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6answers
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Why does wood burn but not sugar?

Fundamentally, they're both carbohydrates, although the cellulose in wood is essentially polymerized glucose, which combined with its isomer fructose forms sucrose. So why does wood readily burn ...
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1answer
56 views

How could I produce/rig this flame-colour lottery?

Not sure if this is the wrong SE for this, happy to move it if not... In the Netflix TV series Sabrina, there is a scene where people take part in an appropriately-gothic-and-ominous lottery, which ...
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3answers
145 views

Combustion analysis methodology question

I am questioning the answer key of an exam question my chemistry professor has given, because I think there is a flaw in the methodology of the exam answer. I have worked out my solution using my ...
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1answer
45 views

Are there gases that spontaneously combust when mixed with oxygen? [closed]

Is there a known gas that would combust by there mere action of mixing with oxygen? So, we could put this hypothetical gas in a balloon, and if the balloon popped, it would combust and explode.
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Is flour or baking soda really suitable for extinguishing grease fires?

I think most have heard the advise that you should put flour (or baking soda) on a grease fire to absorb the oil before. While this is certainly better than using water, I'm skeptical. For starters ...
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130 views

Calorific value of a gas in combustion

The Wikipedia article on heat of combustion says: The calorific value [...] may be expressed with the quantities: energy/mole of fuel energy/mass of fuel energy/volume of the fuel ...
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1answer
140 views

How is the light from a fire emitted?

When you see a fire burning, you have wood (fuel) interacting with oxygen which (through a chemical reaction) gives off heat - and light. But the light appears to emit at some point well-away from ...
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1answer
836 views

What is the mechanism of alkane combustion?

I understand that combustion of hydrocarbons (such as alkanes) produces energy by breaking bonds: $$\ce{C_nH_{2n} + $\frac{3n}{2}$ O2 -> nCO2 + n H2O}$$ And I can find dozens of explanations of ...
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1answer
234 views

Is sodium “also known to turn purple and combust (like lithium),” when exposed to water?

I understand that indicator solutions can change color depending on pH, but the following statements in the Phys.org article Super cheap earth element to advance new battery tech to the industry has ...
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2answers
412 views

Do all flames require the same minimum concentration of oxygen to sustain themsleves?

Assume you have burned some substance A in an airtight container until the fire goes out due to insufficient oxygen. You then place some burning substance B in the container through an airlock. Are ...
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1answer
40 views

Carbon emission in absence of oxygen [closed]

When wood is pyrolysed in absence of air is $\ce{CO2}$ emitted. If yes why is it not combustible?
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1answer
71 views

What substances are hypergolic with liquid O2?

If something flammable is surrounded just by oxygen, I should see flame, right? The object would be even surrounded by more molecules than in the case of gas oxygen. On the youtube I see that people ...
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62 views

Does the ignition temperature of a substance decrease with the concentration of oxygen?

Is it possible for a substance to undergo combustion at a temperature lower than its ignition point if the concentration of oxygen increases?