Questions tagged [equipment]

Questions regarding the equipment used in labs (such as flasks, tubes etc.), their operation and maintenance.

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5
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2answers
405 views

Is there a simple way to distinguish grades of purity for copper metal?

Is there a simple way to distinguish different grades of fine copper purity (on a trace metal basis) that can be carried out in a small lab? Specifically, I would like to be able to differentiate 4N, ...
0
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2answers
64 views

Can stainless steel be electrically insulated with (oven-dried) Sodium Silicate Solution?

Can I electrically insulate stainless steel by painting Sodium Silicate solution on it and heating it to 200C for 30min or so? The solution should be conductive, and I've been told (to be verified) ...
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1answer
24 views

Will Sodium Polyacrylate (SAP) absorb the gas from liquid ammonia?

I'm considering using sodium polyacrylate grains to absorb spills of a relatively strong Ammonium Hydroxide solution. Will the SAP (super absorbent polymer) only absorb the water, and in effect make ...
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0answers
29 views

Gas reaction change takes about 15 min to appear in QMS signal. What would be a probable cause besides dead volume?

The outlet gas flow rate is about 100 mL/min as measured before entering the QMS line. The dead volume is very low, yet it takes 15 min to see a stable signal when following the masses of interest. ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Microfiltration for saturated solutions of highly hygroscopic compounds?

Is it possible to pass saturated solutions of compounds with very high solubility through filters with small pores (e.g. passing a saturated aqueous ZnCl2 solution at 90C through a 2mcm glassfiber ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Does adding NH3 to an HCl solution facilitate the dissolution of aluminum compounds?

If we compare the two solutions hereafter, which one would better leach/dissolve aluminum metal/compounds present at/near the inner surface of the glass: Solution A: $10\,\%\, \ce{HCl + H2O}$ Solution ...
2
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0answers
61 views

Appropriate ways to remove aluminum from the surface of glass?

I'm looking for a way to treat the surface of borosilicate glassware such that it won't contaminate solutions of puriss reagents in conditions that pure $\ce{SiO2}$ wouldn't, yet keep the bulk ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Trial by fire: Safely heating sand without it agglomerating?

Wikipidia quotes a melting point of 1713C for sand. I went on the beach to get some sand. I assume it's a mix of all kinds of stuff. The finality is to prepare a big pile of clean sand to use as ...
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1answer
25 views

How does functionalized activated charcoal work?

If I understand correctly it is possible to trap stuff inside activated charcoal pores to give it specific retention properties (by exposing it to functionalizing compounds while heated to open up the ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Can I engrave borosilicate glassware without compromising its structural integrity?

Can I use a pen engraver (the kind that's like a tattoo gun with a diamond tip) to engrave my initials on labware without compromising it? I am in a lab space with a shared acid wash, and my glassware ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Is it better to use a smaller, more accurate measuring cylinder several times or a larger, less accurate one for the same volume?

I need to measure out 70 ml of liquid. I have a 10 ml measuring cylinder with a maximum uncertainty of 0.1 ml and a 100 ml measuring cylinder with a maximum uncertainty of 1 ml. I've calculated that ...
7
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2answers
1k views

How to identify a blow-out pipette?

Is my pipette a blow-out pipette? I suspect that it is a blow-out pipette, though the double lines aren't rings. My guess is it is a TC blow-out pipette. It's a big 50 mL pipette, longer than my arm. ...
7
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1answer
224 views

What is the purpose of this glassware?

I have seen these small test tube looking doohickeys being supplied from many chinese suppliers, but never with any description as to what they are for. They almost invariably have the description &...
2
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0answers
48 views

Does mercury react with polycarbonate?

Looking around at various material compatibility charts, they seem quite divided on the compatibility of metallic mercury and polycarbonate. Some sources (here, here, or here) indicate that ...
0
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0answers
98 views

What is the product of ammonia reacting with silicone?

I used a soft silicone hose to carry ammonia at ~70 °C. I was surprised to later find the hose had hardened. A quick materials compatibility search for silicone had given me a lot of info but an "...
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0answers
30 views

HDPE vs PP for storing pure aldehydes

I know both HDPE and PP have at least some degree of resistance to aldehydes, esters and aliphatic hydrocarbons. I am concerned however about minute contamination over time of pure samples and so I ...
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1answer
34 views

Any plastic for long term storage of Puriss. Ethanol?

I'm being offered to share some puriss Ethanol. Can I store it long term in any plastic container without the slightest contamination/reaction from the plastic? I have HDPE, PET, but I could buy ...
4
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1answer
364 views

Safest way to conduct a reaction with bromine under reflux conditions

I am conducting an electrophilic aromatic bromination reaction according to literature. The substrate and intended substitution pattern do not matter, but the reported procedure requires the dropwise ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Reduction by Activated Carbon

Does reduction by carbon itself occur when filtration is performed using activated carbon? Is it part of the central mechanisms involved in activated carbon filtration? One of the specificities of all ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Experience with PTFE tubing & glass connectors?

I'm wondering which PTFE tubing size to get to connect to normal 10mm OD glass connectors. For a silicon hose I would take an ID of 8-9mm as it is flexible but I think PTFE is quite rigid. Anyone has ...
1
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0answers
107 views

What has happened with the pH-meter?

The glass sensor has became red inside like something melted. I stored it in a liquid with pH that mentioned in the manual. What is that and why could that happen, how often that happens with pH-...
9
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2answers
765 views

Sintered vs perforated plate Büchner funnels

I just bought a sintered-glass style Büchner funnel for some vacuum filtration tasks. There's two issues I'm having with it: Filter material, especially activated charcoal, ends up stuck in the glass ...
1
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1answer
333 views

when using glass to glass stoppers, is it best to have them dry or use lubricant?

I have some glass flasks that have glass stoppers. It’s basically the typical glass stopper with the frosted tip which fits into a glass opening. Basically think of a typical glass volumetric flask. i ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Affordable, non-contaminating flexible tubing for common acids

Which tubing material is affordable, flexible, widely available, and suited for transporting very pure acids ("puriss." products) in their most concentrated form without contaminating them? ...
7
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1answer
157 views

What kind of filter can remove zeolite dust from ethanol?

I only really have high school level knowledge of chemistry, and also I don't really own any lab equipment. I'm using 3A zeolite molecular sieves to dry ethanol (and sometimes isopropanol) and they ...
1
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0answers
37 views

Is the width of a Soxhlet Condenser Inherent to its Function?

Soxhlet extractors are often coupled to a specifically designed condenser with a very large lower joint. Is this inherent to it's function as a condenser in the apparatus or only because the Soxhlet ...
0
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2answers
62 views

Confused Reading of Pressure on Vacuum Gauge [closed]

I have a gauge used to measure vacuum but I'm a bit confused as the measurements state "Hg" (I would have supposed inches of mercury except it goes to -30) and "Bar" going to minus ...
0
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1answer
225 views

What the difference in data if calibrate pH-meter with 2 and 3 solutions? [closed]

pH-meter (12 bucks one) can be calibrated with 2 different solutions (let's say 4.0 and 6.86), but as an option 3 can be used (4.0, 6.86 and 9.18). If I use 2 instead of 3, what error I'm going to get....
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0answers
55 views

Which Additives May be Present in Cellulose Filter Paper? [closed]

I'm wondering what, other than cellulose, might be contained in filter paper (the kind routinely used in Buchner filters / normal funnels). A search here on Chemistry Stackexchange shows that at least ...
0
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0answers
30 views

Compact way to regulate 3000psi (200bar) down to 30psi (2bar)?

This was originally posted on the Lego page, and closed because it's not actually about Lego itself. I thought I'd give them a chance first, in case someone had done this already and had some ...
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0answers
84 views

Looking for advice regarding a larger scale soxhlet extraction

I have successfully completed a few soxhlet extractions at a much smaller scale using a soxhlet extractor with ~200ml capacity. With that, I was able to extract from ~100g of pre-powdered, sonicated ...
0
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1answer
238 views

can i use an isobutane stove (like jetboil) or butane blowtorch with borosilicate glass?

I don't have a bunsen burner, but have a camping stove (similar to https://www.amazon.com/Stansport-183-B-Isobutane-Backpack-Stove/dp/B004EPWM5S) and a blow torch. I'd like to do some distillation ...
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2answers
70 views

cheap anti-fog agent!

What are some safe and widely available alternatives to specifically formulated anti-fog sprays/treatments? Specifically for use on glasses, goggles, and face shields.
0
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1answer
40 views

Can a spectrometer be used to figure out spice ratios in a sauce?

There is a really good sauce that a local restaurant makes. I have had trouble recreating it, but have gotten somewhat close. I had the following idea: I could take an "image" of the sauce's color ...
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0answers
42 views

Mercury bulb on spirit thermometer?

I recently broke a Quickfit distillation thermometer and the bulb had liquid metal in it. I assumed it's mercury and acted accordingly. However, the column looks like spirit filled (blue liquid). Has ...
1
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0answers
34 views

Reason for rounded fitting at the top end of Allihn Condenser

I am purchasing an essential oil distillation setup. The Allihn Condenser at the top end, and the attached glassware, are rounded. It is supposedly 24/40. I have never seen this. If one of them broke, ...
-1
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1answer
75 views

Type of equipment to measure exact amounts of liquid

I have to sample $\pu{10mL}$ of liquid hundreds of times a day at work. We use a $\pu{10mL}$ syringe to do so, but it takes a lot of time as they often allow more than $\pu{10mL}$ to be drawn in (i.e....
10
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1answer
3k views

What is the scientific term to describe the operation of a bong?

What is the scientific term for the separation of dust particles from air by suction through a specialized flask in a way similar to the operation of a bong? The thing that led me to this was a ...
1
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4answers
124 views

Will ground glass joints relieve pressure non-catastrophically?

I need to heat a fluid for seven days at a time. The fluid goes in round bottom flask that is suspended in a water bath. The test fluid will decompose and generate a small amount of gas over time. ...
0
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0answers
49 views

BOD5 respirometric method

I operate in a wastewater treatment plant laboratory and I use respirometric method for BOD5 measurement (hach direct plus). Recently I am obtaining high value for BOD (biological oxygen demand) for ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Permanent storage container with electrode for electroplating

I'm not a chemist at all but I am looking for a specific type of container which I'm sure must exist but I don't know it's name. We want to store non-toxic (non-cyanide) gold solution for ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Gold Plating on Glass?

I am considering labware options to handle NaOH solutions at ~150 °C. One appealing idea would be to coat my current glassware with gold. I've read different sources mentioning the possibility without ...
2
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0answers
73 views

NaOH vs Polypropylene

This source lists polypropylene as suitable for use with NaOH. However, this paper seems to demonstrate that NaOH slowly degrades polypropylene (even at fairly moderate temperatures). Does anyone ...
3
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1answer
174 views

Labware to handle hot aqueous NaOH

This question regarding appropriate handling of hot concentrated aqueous $\ce{NaOH}$ - with particular concern for avoiding dissolution of borosilicate glassware and contamination of the $\ce{NaOH}$ ...
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0answers
255 views

Highly concentrated NaOH solution at high temperature vs borosilicate glassware and cellulose?

I've read here on stack-exchange that NaOH will react with glass through the following reaction: 4 NaOH + SiO2 ⤑ Na4SiO4 + 2 H2O I would like to briefly heat a highly concentrated NaOH solution to ...
1
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1answer
140 views

Order of internal pressure resistance to expect from laboratory glassware?

I have a need to use more pressure differential than can be afforded by vacuum vs atmospheric pressure alone, and so I've come to consider using pressurised laboratory glassware for part of my setup. ...
0
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1answer
530 views

What kind of metal drums are used to store Hydrochloric Acid?

I would expect Hydrochloric Acid to be stored exclusively in glass or plastic containers, but I was surprised to find Honeywell offers it for sale in 30Kg metal drums (Link). I think Hydrochloric ...
7
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0answers
41 views

Identifying Name/Purpose of piece of ellipsoid glassware with internal tube?

I recently went to a market in Southern France and found this little piece of equipment for sale along with a whole bunch of other chemistry things. the guy had no idea what it was for or where he'd ...
1
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2answers
773 views

Glass joint stuck in flask

I am doing distillation using system of glassware including a flask and a glass joint. Recently I've faced a problem: the glass joint stuck in the flask. I tried to remove it but it broke and hurted ...
17
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5answers
4k views

Why isn't pressure filtration popular compared to vacuum filtration?

I want to build a DIY vacuum filtration apparatus with a bike pump but it's very difficult to find one the could be easily converted into a vacuum pump. This prompted an idea to simply build a reverse ...

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