Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [precipitation]

For questions related to the chemical reactions and processes that result in a chemical reaching its solid phase.

0
votes
0answers
39 views

Why does Mg(HCO₃)₂ on heating gives Mg(OH)₂? [duplicate]

Normally, bicarbonates on heating forms carbonates. Why does Mg not give this too? In a reference book I am referring to, it is given that it is due to high solubility product of Mg(OH)₂ compared to ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

How to find the concentration of barium ions in a mixture of barium sulfate and barium thiosulfate?

I have a hard time with selective precipitation problem. A mixture of $\ce{BaSO4}$ and $\ce{BaS2O3}$ is shaken with pure water until a saturated solution is formed. Both solids remain in excess. ...
4
votes
3answers
95 views

CaSO4 precipitate in mixture of Na2SO4 and CaCl2 solutions

I have been stuck on a chemistry problem for a long time now and if anyone here can help me I would be eternally grateful. 40. Du tillsätter $\pu{100 ml}$ $\pu{0,01 M}$ $\ce{Na2SO4}$-lösning i $\pu{...
-1
votes
0answers
56 views

Why does lead chloride not precipitate from a lead chlorate solution with KCl?

$$\ce{Pb(ClO_4)_2(aq) +2KCl(aq) -> PbCl_2(s) + 2KClO_4}$$ A chemist mixes a dilute solution of lead perchlorate with a dilute solution of potassium chloride to precipitate lead(II) chloride ($K_\...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Cleaning a stubborn Electrospray residue

I have an electrospray ionization capillary tip that sprays into a chamber that contains some circuit boards. An aqueous CsI sample is apparently causing a white residue to build up on these boards ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Precipitation of Cu2+ and Pb2+ ions

Hi chemistry enthusiasts! I am working on my scholarship exam practice. I believe this exam assumes high school + first year university knowledge although the standard may be varied across the world. ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Are precipitations exothermic and/or endothermic?

Should be an easy one. I'm fumbling a concept. I've read precipitations are exothermic. Is this accurate? Why would there be no endothermic precipitation reactions?
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Making hard water

Does anyone know how to make hard water with a hardness of 200+ ppm in terms of $\ce{CaCO3}$? I live in Seattle and we have very soft water and we need hard water for testing purposes. Obviously you ...
0
votes
2answers
21 views

Influence of pH on precipitate crystallite sizes?

It's normally assumed that a higher pH of solution would slow nucleation rates and hence lead to larger crystal formation. I've found literature that it is due to solid-liquid inter-facial tension. ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Eutectic Phase Diagram of Al-Si Analysis

Hello, How can I know from this phase diagram: 1. The composition of the alloy Al-Si that allows precipitation to occure? 2. The range of temperatures where the Al-Si is soluble? 3. The range of ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

How to convert soluble colorless [HgI₄]²⁻ back to insoluble red HgI₂? [closed]

When a solution contains $\ce{Hg^2+}$ and $\ce{I-}$, depend on the concentration ratio of $\ce{Hg^2+}$ and $\ce{I-}$, the following reactions can happen: $$\ce{Hg^2+ + 2 I- ⟶ \underset{insoluble red ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

how can I predict the rate of water ions precipitation on a surface?

Consider a titanium pot that contains 1kg water with the following ions: $[Ca^{2+}]=22000$ ppm, $[Mg^{2+}]=1500$ ppm,$[Sr^{2+}]=791$ ppm,$[Na^{1+}]=48000$ ppm,$[Cl^{1-}]=120000$ ppm,$[SO_4^{2-}]=...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Precipitation of AgCl from the tap water solution of the group 2 chloride

I had this question about an experiment where the group 2 chloride was dissolved in distilled water and excess $\ce{AgNO3}$ was added to the solution to form $\ce{AgCl}$ precipitate. One of the sub-...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Is the water in an aqueous solution undergoing a reaction considered part of the system or surroundings?

System: In chemistry, a system is a chemical reaction. A system operates within its surroundings. Energy can move between the two. Surroundings: The environment around a particular chemical reaction....
1
vote
4answers
281 views

How to get a precise answer to a textbook precipitation problem?

This question concerns a textbook problem* on precipitation. Briefly, there are $2\cdot10^{-4}$ of Mn$^{2+}$ and Cu$^{2+}$ ions in a liter of solution with $0.003$ M HClO$_4$. This solution is then ...
-1
votes
1answer
37 views

How to distinguish between iron and nickel based on the mass of precipitate formed with sodium hydroxide?

For the reactions shown below, we added $\pu{5.00 mL}$ of $\pu{0.0390 M}$ $\ce{NaOH}$ to a test tube containing one of the two cations $\ce{Ni^2+}$ or $\ce{Fe^3+}$ and recovered $\pu{0.00695 g}$ of ...
1
vote
1answer
455 views

Precipitation titration with Volhard method

In the Vollhard method Chloride is precipitated from a solution using escess silver ions. $$\ce{Ag+_{(aq)} + Cl-_{(aq)} -> AgCl_{(s)}}$$ After precipitation the solution is filtered and ammonium ...
4
votes
1answer
205 views

Mathematical explanation of blank titration in Mohr method for argentometry

In my book it is written that in order to minimize systematic error in Mohr method for argentometry it is a common procedure to conduct a blank titration with $ \mathrm{Ag^+} $ against a $\mathrm{CrO_{...
-1
votes
1answer
891 views

Why do aluminum, magnesium, and calcium form white precipitate when mix with sodium hydroxide?

Why do aluminum, magnesium, and calcium form white precipitate when mix with sodium hydroxide? Shouldn't there be no reaction? Because sodium is more reactive than all of those element, it should be ...
1
vote
1answer
250 views

Precipitation of CaCl2 and FeCl3 in Na2CO3 [closed]

Why does $\ce{CaCl2}$ gives precipitation of $\ce{CaCO3}$ when $\ce{Na2CO3}$ is added, but $\ce{FeCl3}$ does not give the precipitation of $\ce{Fe2(CO3)3}$ in $\ce{Na_2CO_3}$ ?
-2
votes
1answer
119 views

Amonium perchlorate [closed]

I want to make amonium perchlorate, having amonium chlorate. If I have a solution of sodium chlorate and I add amonium chlorate, will precipitate into amonium perchlorate? Or it is with a solution of ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Volume of NaOH needed to precipitate copper(II) but not calcium

I have $\ce{NaOH}: C = \pu{0.1M}, V_{\ce{NaOH}}$ that I want to progressively add in a solution (in water) of: $$\begin{align} \ce{Cu^{2+}}&: \pu{0.01M}; & K_\mathrm{sp} &= 10^{-18.6} \\ \...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Is it absolutely necessary to use centrifuge to separate ethylene glycol from precipitate?

I've been trying to synthesize intermetallics of $\ce{XY}$ type using transition metal salts and main group element salts. For my system, EG, DEG, and TEG are good solvents. However, because of them ...
0
votes
1answer
364 views

Hydrolysis of transition metals' halides?

So, it's a relatively common known solubility rule that any hydroxide with a cation not in the first two groups is basically insoluble. So supposing we have a transition or post-transition metal $M$ ...
-1
votes
1answer
102 views

Determine concentration of phosphate after copper(II) oxalate is precipitated

Solution with $\ce{Na3PO4}$ with $\pu{0.02 M}$ concentration and $\ce{Na2C2O4}$ with $\pu{0.03 M}$ concentration. I add excess $\ce{Cu(NO3)2}$ very carefully – tiny amounts. What will be my $\ce{PO4^...
7
votes
3answers
950 views

How much calcium hydroxide will precipitate after addition of sodium hydroxide into saturated calcium hydroxide solution?

Below was question 34 in the USNCO 2017 exam: If $\pu{0.10 mol}$ of solid $\ce{NaOH}$ is added to $\pu{1.00 L}$ of a saturated solution of $\ce{Ca(OH)2}$ $(K_\mathrm{sp} = \pu{8.0 \times 10^-6})$, ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Why exactly does precipitation occur?

In a solution, we have ions floating around but when we have a precipitate, they're arranged as they would be in a solid. This conversion should cause a decrement in the entropy of the system and ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

How dried up detergent water led to precipitation of snowflake like shapes?

I forgot to drain the water off the bucket (after cleaning stain from a piece of clothing with detergent) and left it for few days. After few days when I needed it back, I found these glittery very ...
-1
votes
1answer
47 views

Can i calculate the solution of the problem in more simple way?

and i got a serious question. During my exercises at home, i found that im struggling a lot while solving simple problem`s like this one: I have an aquatic substance with 0.100 M of $\ce{Mg(NO3)2}$ ...
4
votes
1answer
280 views

Aluminium sulphate solubility as function of the pH

earlier I asked about how to know the aluminium sulfate solubility as function of the ph (see the previous question here). I found this diagram on the page 57 of Rubin, A. J., & Hayden, P. L. (...
0
votes
1answer
729 views

Ethanol discolored yellow when stored with a rubber stopper. Forming fine white precipitate when added to water

I stored some Klean-Strip denatured alcohol in a test tube and capped it with a rubber stopper. I did this in preparation for a chemistry demonstration. When I opened my kit a few days later at the ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Anti-Solvent Precipitation Of Lycopene

I have a question about anti-solvent precipitation in organic chemistry: Is it possible to precipitate lycopene or other carotenes using this method? I have been extracting carotenes like lycopene ...
-1
votes
1answer
76 views

Calcium-containing acidic solution

I want to prepare an acidic solution containing Ca ions. I thought about dissolving calcium sulphate, acetate or phosphate in $\pu{2 M}$ $\ce{H2SO4}$ or $\ce{H3PO4}$ solutions, but it seems that $\ce{...
10
votes
1answer
349 views

Reaction of barium peroxide forming barium carbonate

I stumbled across this reaction: $$\ce{BaO2 + H2CO3 -> BaCO3 + H2O2}$$ This reaction seems quite similar to the variant with sulfuric acid $$\ce{BaO2 + H2SO4 -> BaSO4 + H2O2}$$ which is well ...
5
votes
2answers
7k views

How does boiling water affect its hardness?

Does boiling water reduce its hardness, or on the contrary, increase it? It seems there are ambivalent phenomena at play here: boiling will evaporate pure water, thus increasing the concentration of ...
0
votes
3answers
77 views

Finding ions in water samples

So for a school chemistry assignment I was given 5 water samples and a bunch of different reagents to help me find out what was in the solutions. I'm stuck on two. The first one had a pH of 7 and ...
4
votes
2answers
219 views

Finding sulfate contamination in crystallized silver nitrate

What is the best way to check for a small amount of sulfate contamination (if any) in silver nitrate? Usually, I would use dilute barium chloride to precipitate out the resulting insoluble white ...
5
votes
1answer
475 views

Which calcium salt is good enough to make calcium benzoate?

This question is inspired from the following questions: Reaction of citric acid and calcium chloride Precipitation of citric acid by CaCl2 and Ca(OH)2? The answer to the 1st question says that ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How can you make magnesium carbonate?

I am trying to start my own gym company that sells gym chalk however I have not been able to find a good process for making good magnesium carbonate. I have tried mixing equal amounts of magnesium ...
-1
votes
1answer
10k views

Does sodium carbonate form a precipiate with iron (III) chloride? [closed]

Students were asked to determine a compound that could be combined with an iron (III) chloride ($\ce{FeCl3}$) solution to react and form a precipitate. A student chose sodium carbonate ($\ce{Na2CO3}$)....
0
votes
1answer
446 views

Precipitation reaction stoichiometry?

I have a question where I do not understand the final step to solve...here it is: What will be the Strontium ion concentration remaining after 30.0 mL of 0.10 M Na2SO4 solution are added to 70.0 mL ...
0
votes
1answer
252 views

How to determine the amount of barium in a sample of contaminated water?

Here is the assignment I have: You are working for Matrix Pro - a company involved in analytical assessment and method development for the clean-up of contaminated waters. You received water ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

Turn Solution to hcl salt [closed]

I have a liquid mixture in a bottle containing different substances dissolved from their salt forms (i.e. lidocaine hydrochloride, anhydrous caffeine). These compounds are dissolved in distilled water....
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to remove sulfuric acid from sample

I have problem with my experiment. My experiment is acid hydrolysis of ethyl benzoate. The acid that I used is sulfuric acid. My problem is when I get the precipitate (impure benzoic acid) I have to ...
1
vote
1answer
9k views

What is the yellow precipitate formed from reacting diamminsilver fluoride and potassium iodide?

These two compounds, silver diamine fluoride and potassium iodide (actually a solution called Lugol’s solution), are being used together in dentistry. When combined they form a yellow precipitate. I ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

What reactions occur when mixing copper sulfate and sodium hydroxide?

I tried reacting copper sulfate with sodium hydroxide to get copper hydroxide, which should precipitate, according to the following equation: $$\ce{2NaOH + CuSO4 -> Cu(OH)2(s) + Na2SO4}$$ I ...
3
votes
1answer
972 views

Does gold always become gold chloride when dissolved with HCl and an oxidizer and can it always be precipitated with sodium metabisulfate?

I tried to extract gold from computer parts by STRIPPING the gold using $\ce{HCl}$ and $\ce{H2O2}$ by dissolving the copper & nickel underneath but i added FAR too much $\ce{H2O2}$ by a stupid ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

How to know when dissolution is complete?

In a given solubility equilibrium, I know that if $ Q >K_s$, then the salt will precipitate until $ Q =K_s$. If $ Q <K_s$, however, would the precipitate dissolve until $ Q =K_s$ too?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to determine the minimum pH at which iron(III) hydroxide dissolves completely?

Knowing $K_\mathrm{s} = 6\cdot10^{-38}$ for $\ce{Fe(OH)3}$ in neutral solutions, calculate the minimum pH of an acidic solution in order to completely dissolve $\pu{10 mg}$ of $\ce{Fe(OH)3}$. Data: $V ...
0
votes
1answer
924 views

How to determine sulfate ions in a solution by precipitation? [closed]

For example I am given an unidentified solution and am told that it may or may not contain sulfate ions. How can I confirm or deny the presence of sulfate in this solution?