Questions tagged [metal]

For questions about metals in general and their physical or chemical properties. For characteristic properties and reactions of d and f block metals specifically, use the [transition-metals] and [rare-earth-elements] tags respectively instead.

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1answer
34 views

Aluminum powder from aluminum sulfate?

I recently did the experiment where you drop a piece of iron in an aqueous solution of copper sulfate. After a while, the piece of iron gets coated with a fluffy coating of copper that can be dried ...
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Will Polyurethane foam cause my lapel pins to corrode over a long period of time? [closed]

I have a collection of lapel pins (made in the late 80's to mid 90's) that I plan to preserve forever. My plan is to store my pins in a small 2"x 2" acrylic containers with a Polyurethane ...
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1answer
25 views

Is Cu stable as Cu(H2O)2+ for determination on MP-AES?

I have an unknown sample of mineral which I need to dissolve in nitric acid. I need to analyze $\ce{Cu}$ from it on MP-AES. Do I need to add $\pu{1ml}$ of $\ce{HCl}$ to stabilize $\ce{Cu}$, or it is ...
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1answer
33 views

What are coexistent metals?

In ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2018, 6 (10), 12542–12561, I saw the term "coexistent metals", but I could not find a definition for that on the Internet. So what does it mean? Karapinar et ...
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1answer
24 views

rust caused by salt solution & stainless steel

I am not a chemist and I could really use some help for a practical case. I am fermenting vegetables (cabbage, onions, carrots, etc.). I recently switched from glass and ceramic vessels to stainless ...
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1answer
64 views

Can a metallic bond with a sea of electrons form inside the human body? [closed]

I’m interested if atoms or ions can for a metallic bond inside the human body? I’m talking about a metallic bond as described here: https://www.britannica.com/science/metallic-bond So I’m thinking of ...
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1answer
67 views

Is it possible for already charged metal ions to form a metallic bond? [closed]

I would like to know if it is possible for already charged metal ions to become part of a metallic bond. I was thinking of a possible metallic bond formation with other already charged metal ions or a ...
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1answer
32 views

In metallic bonding, what causes a metal to lose its outer electrons and become an ion? [duplicate]

In metallic bonding, what causes a metal to lose its outer electrons and become an ion? I am trying to understand metallic bonding, atoms and ions.
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1answer
71 views

Why aren't solid pure transition metals colourful?

I understand that the compounds of transition metal are colourful because of the appropriate energy gap between different d orbitals. But why aren't they also colourful in their solid pure state? For ...
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0answers
31 views

Zinc salt with a very high relative aqueous solubility?

Zinc bromide, iodide, and chloride are highly soluble in water, both in absolute terms, and relative to other metals. I think however that there is a zinc compound with even higher relative aqueous ...
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What is the difference between stability constant, formation constant, and successive stability constant?

I want to know what about the difference of stability constant, equilibrium constant of formation (formation constant), and successive stability constant in terms of metal-ligand complex reaction. I ...
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0answers
63 views

Why is gold even golden? [duplicate]

Bulk gold has a very characteristic warm yellow shine to it, whereas almost all other metals have a grey or silvery color. Where does this come from? I have heard that this property arises from ...
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1answer
45 views

What is the influence of glass type on silver mirror making?

I'm considering the reaction wherein ionic silver (from the dissolved nitrate) is reduced by glucose in the presence of NaOH and forms a metalic silver layer on glass. Reading through several topics ...
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36 views

In Na extraction, is Ca2+ of CaCl2 reduced in addition to Na+ of NaCl in electrolysis

In Na extraction from $\ce{NaCl}$, $\ce{CaCl2}$ is added in electrolysis to lower the melting point of the mixture to about $\pu{750 ^\circ C}$. But doesn't $\ce{Ca^2+}$ cation compete with the $\ce{...
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1answer
277 views

Do we have some “rule of thumb” to estimate the miscibility of metals?

For example, for ordinary fluids, we have polar and apolar ones. The "rule of thumb" is that polar fluids mix with each other, and also apolar fluids mix with each other, but polar fluids ...
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1answer
149 views

Does there exist a black coloured metal?

Most of the metals are just painted/coated black. Does there exist a black coloured metal, either natural or artificial, such that even when we scratch it, it will still remain black?
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1answer
42 views

Is it possible to manipulate some specific atoms of a liquid metal by dint of the magnetic field, electric field, etc?

Let's deem, we have a liquid metal that is multicomponent, for example, type A, B, and C. Is it possible that we single out the type A and put them in a specific shape, for example, a circle? Let me ...
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3answers
4k views

How toxic chemically is plutonium (Pu), neglecting the radioactive damage?

In Rhodes' The Making of the Atomic Bomb, he says that, while Pu is not that radioactive (which is surprising -- maybe he means compared with radium and some other elements), it is very toxic. I would ...
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19 views

Can metal matrix composites be alloyed after their creation?

I've done a little research on metal matrix composites (MMCs), purely for fun and out of interest. Different types of metal powders are combined with reinforcement materials, to produce a reinforced ...
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0answers
31 views

Will a dangerous amount of lead leach into soil from a galvanised corrugated steel raised bed? [closed]

I have searched, found similar questions but none answer my specific need. I have built a raised garden bed to grow vegetables (ironically due to a high lead content in our garden soil - planning to ...
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2answers
34 views

If acid releases proton then how can a proton react with another proton to form hydrogen gas? [duplicate]

As we know that acid releases proton (H+ ion) when dipped in water hydrogen has a proton and electron only . To form H+ hydrogen releases 1 electron and it becomes proton. But when Acid reacts with ...
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1answer
76 views

The dissociation of hydrogen on UO2 and PuO2 surfaces: Homolytic or heterolytic?

I have seen that $\ce{H2}$ can dissociate on a metal-oxide surface by two methods: Heterolytically, forming a proton-$\ce{O}$ bond ($\ce{OH}$ group) and a hydride-metal bond ($\ce{M-H}$) on a metal-...
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2answers
161 views

Why is Na+ reduced instead of H+ in the electrolysis of dilute NaCl(aq) with Mercury cathode?

In a class of electrolysis, my instructor told me that Hg forms Na-Hg in the electrolysis of dilute NaCl aqueous solution. For this reason, sodium cations are reduced in the cathode instead of ...
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0answers
40 views

Do all metals expand on heating? [duplicate]

This question came up when I was reading about substances with negative thermal expansion. The article by Takenaka [1] gives a good list of materials displaying negative thermal expansion. I noticed ...
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2answers
89 views

Copper acetate solution turning clear

I made a solution of copper acetate using 5% Acetic acid 3%hydrogen peroxide and copper wire and copper pipe and it had produced a blue solution of copper acetate. I left it over night to continue ...
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1answer
40 views

What makes metals malleable and ductile? [closed]

Two well-known Physical Properties of metals is that they are malleable and dutile I was just wondering about what causes metals to be malleable and/or ductile and non-metals to be brittle? What ...
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2answers
99 views

Do all metal salts in aqueous solution contain metal aquo complexes?

I know that nickel nitrate in aqueous solution contains the metal aquo complex ion $\ce{[Ni(H2O)6]^2+}$. But do all metal salts in aqueous solution contain such complex ions? If not, on what factors ...
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1answer
32 views

Are inner transition metals also part of the transition group? [closed]

My book doesn't say anything about this and leaves it ambiguous. The periodic table they gave colored the inner transition metals as "transition metals". So, are inner transition metals also part of ...
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4answers
508 views

If you placed silver metal into silver nitrate, would a reaction occur? [closed]

thinking about oxidation and reduction, what happens to the silver metal and the silver ions?
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3answers
687 views

Which is the most reactive metal: Caesium or Francium? [duplicate]

I searched on Wikipedia for reactivity series but it showed me Caesium as the most reactive metal. I know and have studied that reactivity increases as we go down the first group. Then shouldn’t it be ...
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0answers
45 views

Importance of concentration of gold in gold parting

I read following lines about gold parting: Gold is not attacked by $\ce{H2SO4}$ or $\ce{HNO3}$, but copper and silver dissolve in them, when concentration of gold is less than $30\%$. If however, ...
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2answers
62 views

Identifying Copper Purity At Home [closed]

Are there any ways to figure out if the copper foil and mesh I have are pure, as-close-to 100% copper as possible (and as advertised)?
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2answers
361 views

Will galvanic corrosion happen on a ring made of gold and bronze?

I have recently got a custom-made ring from a jeweler. It’s made from a byzantine-period bronze ring enveloped in a gold bangle. The bronze ring is “glued” onto the gold ring through some kind of ...
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0answers
65 views

Is strontium more metallic than sodium? If yes then why?

I got an MCQ in my examination, "Which one of the following is more metallic?" and the options were Sr, Na, Be or Aluminium. I know that sodium is more metallic than Be or Al but my mind stuck on ...
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3answers
931 views

Do metals form covalent bonds besides ionic and cordinate bond? [closed]

My chemistry textbook says that metals form ionic or cordinate bonds whereas non metals form covalent bonds. But in another textbook I read that Lithium, Beryllium, Aluminium, Chromium, Manganese etc, ...
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1answer
89 views

How can sodium be reduced in the Castner–Kellner process?

In the Castner–Kellner process, why is sodium amalgam formed instead of hydrogen gas at the cathode? If we electrolyse brine solution, then it will liberate hydrogen at cathode, not sodium, because $\...
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1answer
200 views

How is red oxide of copper converted into black oxide & vice versa? [closed]

I can't really find any information about it. Any help would be appreciated.
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1answer
75 views

Surface energy for different crystallographic planes

For a given crystal structure, say body centred cubic, on what factors does surface energy of each plane depend? A basic approach considers the atomic density on each crystallographic plane, the ...
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0answers
20 views

Black substances covering Aluminum Electrode

I have use two aluminum pieces as electrodes to electrolys salt (NaCl) water. After the experiment, I found that wherever electricity flows, the electrode will be covered in some blackish substances. ...
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2answers
32 views

What can I use to remove print from hard surfaces?

I have a lot of profile products with the logotype of the company handing them out printed on them. In some situations I don't like to show these logos. However, it is stupid to bin working products ...
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1answer
348 views

Does pure iron not rust?

In my school science textbook, written more than twenty years ago, it said that pure iron does not rust. Accompanying was a photograph of an ancient iron statue situated outside, which had not rusted. ...
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1answer
75 views

Why does the rusting process start from the bent/squeezed portion of iron?

I have noticed that the rusting of iron starts from the squeezed or bent parts of iron piece. I want to know what is the peculiar reason for the observation that rusting starts from bent or irregular ...
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0answers
23 views

Is fluorinated steel corrosion resistant from normal oxidation?

I've recently learned of a compound named Chlorine trifluoride a powerful fluorinating agent. The common way to store it seems to be in regular steel drums where it flash oxidizes the inside of the ...
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1answer
221 views

Need of refining aluminium and Hoope vs Hall–Héroult processes

Recently I was taught how aluminium is commercially extracted. The ore is first concentrated by leaching either by Bayer's process for red bauxite (impurity: $\ce{Fe2O3}$) or by Serpeck's process for ...
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1answer
43 views

Why is the cathode of a lithium-ion battery metallic, which is the opposite of most other batteries? [closed]

In most types of batteries, primary and secondary, the metallic electrode is the anode, and a non-metal acts as cathode. Or a pure metal is the anode, and the cathode is a metal oxide. Why is the ...
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1answer
319 views

Aluminium Oxide as Dehydrating agent

According to this paper on dehydration by $\ce{Al2O3}$, Dehydroxylation causes a surface defects as Lewis acidic centers (unsaturated $\ce{Al^3+}$ ions) and basic Lewis centers ($\ce{O^2-}$ ions) ...
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26 views

Dissolving plastic resin without damaging aluminium surface

I have an aluminium surface covered with some plastic, which I intend to dissolve in order to clean the surface. On the note for the plastic I have applied, it says that it contains the following: 2-...
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3answers
252 views

Obtaining mercury from mercury(II) nitrate

I was thinking about obtaining mercury from mercury(II) nitrate. Is it possible? I've tried putting chunks of Fe into it, I've got the logic from the voltaic table (where Fe is on the left side of Hg, ...
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1answer
73 views

Why does the displacement reaction of zinc in copper(II) sulfate solution result in dark metallic copper?

It is commonly known that when zinc metal is placed in a solution of copper(II) sulfate, a displacement reaction occurs, and elemental copper is deposited onto the decomposing zinc metal. A practical ...
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1answer
55 views

Metal nail reaction in wall filler

Please help explain what is happening to this nail. It has been in this wall filler for a good few months. The substance being excreted was rising up forming these stalagmites, with a liquid forming ...

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