Questions tagged [titration]

A laboratory method to determine the concentration of an analyte in solution. The solution volume plays a key role in the analysis.

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16 views

Mass percent of FeO and Fe2O3 [closed]

A mixture of FeO and Fe2O3 is reacted with acidified KMnO4 solution (0.2278M and 100ml of which was used). The solution then was treated with zinc dust which converted all the Fe+3 to Fe+2 ion . This ...
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22 views

Measure ethanol volume fraction in a beverage [closed]

Given a sample of an alcoholic beverage (be it beer, wine, etc..), what are possible methods to find out the ABV (alcohol by volume) of it with moderate accuracy? As fas as I know, some methods exist ...
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43 views

Estimation of Sodium Hydroxide

Why is estimation of sodium hydroxide more accurate with oxalic acid rather than with sulfuric acid or any other strong acid?
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23 views

Iodometric Titration: Would iodine react with sucrose as well?

I'm currently planning to do a lab experiment about the effect of sugar addition (sucrose) to orange juice on Vitamin C (ascorbic acid), also finding the degradation rate and activation energy ...
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45 views

Why is high molar molar mass a requirement of good primary standards for volumetric analysis? [closed]

I have been taught that using primary standards with a relatively high molar mass will reduce the error between the equivalence point and the end point during titration. However, I am unsure as to why ...
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52 views

What is the relation between volume strength and normality of H2O2? [closed]

I have been told that: $$\text{equivalent weight of }\ce{H2O2} =\text{molecular weight of } \ce{H2O2}$$ as it's $n$-factor is $1$ (from balanced equation). But in my book it's given that: ...
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31 views

What is the role of various additives in a titration of vitamin C with N-bromosuccinimide

In a titration to determine the amount of vitamin C in an orange juice sample, the following were mixed with water: oxalic acid potassium iodide starch acetic acid Then, the mixture was titrated ...
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152 views

I have a solution of citric acid, tartaric acid, water and glucose. How do I find the concentration of the citric acid present in the solution?

If I try to find the concentration of citric acid through back titration or reverse titration, the base I would use, like NaOH, would react with both acids to form sodium citrate and sodium tartrate, ...
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184 views

Is chromate a suitable indicator for the titration of Ag⁺ with Cl⁻?

To titrate $\ce{Cl-}$ with $\ce{Ag+}$ we use chromate $\ce{CrO4^2-}$ as an indicator. The titration reaction is: $$\ce{Ag+ + Cl- <=> AgCl}\tag{R1}$$ $$K_1 = \frac{1}{K_\mathrm{sp}(\ce{AgCl})} =...
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140 views

Equivalence point vs inflection point in the titration curve of a weak acid

Let's suppose we want to titrate a solution containing an unknown monoprotic and weak acid. We use a strong base, such as $\ce{NaOH}$. When the number (and moles) of hydroxide ions coming directly ...
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61 views

Phenolphthalein and methyl orange end points comparison [closed]

In determining the solubility constant for Ca(OH)2, how does phenolphthalein end point compare with the methyl orange end points?
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How can you use indicator titration to determine the pH of a complex solution like ocean water if at all

Could you measure the pH of ocean water by using a strong acid-weak base titration? I was thinking that you could set up a standard titration with ocean water as the "unknown", and drip the known HCl ...
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58 views

Acid-base titration: Unknown base in burette or flask?

While finding the concentration of $\ce{NaOH}$ via titration with $\pu{0.05M}$ Oxalic acid solution (in our lab) we put NaOH in the burette whereas added phenolphthalein to oxalic acid in titration ...
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64 views

When disolving a iron pill for titration, why do I use sulfuric acid instead of nitric or hydrochloric acid?

In a titration to decide the iron content of a pill we dissolved the iron in sulfuric acid and then titrated it with cerium(IV) sulfate. But I just wondered what's wrong with using nitric and ...
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52 views

Winkler's method in the absence of iodide

I'm currently doing an IB chemistry individual investigation on the effect of adding bleach to water on the water's dissolved oxygen content. I've used Winkler's method for this and I'm just wondering ...
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Factors affecting hardness of water - EDTA titration

I am thinking of doing a project involving EDTA complexometric titration to determine the hardness of the water. I am not sure if the pH will affect the hardness of the water. If it did, I would ...
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194 views

Titration/ Separating Soluble Salts/ NaHSO4

When performing titration between NaOH and H2SO4, both Na2SO4 and NaHSO4 are formed (both are soluble in water), is there any method to obtain crystals of NaHSO4? (Maybe by separating two soluble ...
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Calculating the solubility of aspirin in water

I am trying to investigate the relationship between the solubility of aspirin in water with the relationship to some variables. In my investigation, I seem to be stuck with the calculation of finding ...
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1answer
57 views

Why do strong polyprotic acids not dissociate completely, whereas strong bases with multiple (OH)- groups do?

$\ce{H2SO4}$ is a strong acid, which follows the reaction $$\ce{H2SO4 -> HSO4- + H+}$$ Not $$\ce{H2SO4 -> SO4^2- + 2 H+}$$ However, $$\ce{Ba(OH)2 -> Ba^2+ + 2OH-}$$ Is there a reason why ...
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106 views

Redox Titration in investigating change of Iron in Avocado [closed]

I'm trying to investigate the change in iron in an avocado as it ripens. I'm planning on using redox titration but still a bit unsure of how to carry out the investigation (method). Do you have any ...
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202 views

Application of Nernst Equation in Potentiometric titration of Fe2+ with Ce4+

It is well Known that to find $E_{cell}$ during titration of $Fe^{2+}$ with $Ce^{4+}$ we consider 3 domains: Before Equivalance point , $E_+ = E_{Fe^{3+}/Fe^{2+}}^o+\frac{RT}{nF}log\frac{[Fe^{3+}]}{...
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Determining the composition of basic copper sulfate by titrimetry

A colleague shared an undergraduate level classical gravimetry/titrimetry experiment on determining the stoichiometry of basic copper sulfate. I am looking for a reference for this type of experiment. ...
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What are the limitations of the Hendersson-Hasselbalch equation?

Our instructor told us that prior to the equivalence point, the $\mathrm{pH}$ of a solution is dependent on the HH equation. However, when I tried practicing for polyprotic acid titration, I came upon ...
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53 views

How a titration curve is affected when a poorly soluble salt is formed?

Suppose that I have $\pu{100 mL}$ solution of strong acid, $\ce{HA}$, at $\pu{0.10 mol L^{-1}}$. This solution is titrated with a strong base solution, $\ce{BOH}$, at $\pu{0.10 mol L^{-1}}$. Suppose ...
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How to prevent creation of piranha solution when conducting hydrogen peroxide titration?

I'm testing the activity of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) under different conditions by measuring the change in concentration of hydrogen peroxide substrate after a given amount of time. To stop the ...
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270 views

How to derive the conductivity titration curve which accounts for salt formation

I derived an equation that gave me the volume of base required to get a certain $\mathrm{pH}$: In a titration between a weak acid $\ce{HA}$ and weak base $\ce{B}$ (adding base into acid solution) the ...
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Using concentrated sulfuric or nitric acid during titration of permanganate with oxalic acid

During titration of $\ce{KMnO4}$ with $\ce{H2C2O4}$, can we use concentrated $\ce{H2SO4}$ or $\ce{HNO3}$ instead of bench sulfuric acid?
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71 views

Titration of barium(II) hydroxide by hydrochloric acid

$\pu{25 ml}$ of $\pu{0.024 M}$ $\ce{HCl}$ is titrated into a volumetric flask which initially contains $\pu{45 ml}$ of $\pu{0.034 M}$ $\ce{Ba(OH)2}$. Calculate the $\mathrm{pH}$. This is how I ...
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48 views

Evaluate indicator choice (phenolphthalein)

A student wishes to find the concentration of a $\pu{50 mL}$ solution of acetic acid $(K_\mathrm{a} = \pu{1.8e-5}).$ He performs a titration using a solution of $\pu{0.2 M}$ sodium hydroxide. The ...
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Why is the titratable acidity of my wine going down as it ages and oxidises?

I am currently studying chemistry in grade 12 studies and I have come across a halt in my investigation. The experiment was to see how the increase in ethanol would lead to a more acidic wine, ...
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706 views

Titration of aspirin

I have performed an experiment to test how temperature affects how fast aspirin dissolves by titrating solutions at various time intervals. According to this website, aspirin reacts with water as such:...
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55 views

Redox titration or iron(II)

The concentration of $\ce{Fe^2+(aq)}$ can be determined by a redox titration using A. $\ce{KBr}$ B. $\ce{SnCl2}$ C. $\ce{KMnO4}$ (basic) D. $\ce{KBrO3}$ (acidic) Can anyone please ...
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219 views

Calculating pH when weak base is added to an strong acid

$\ce{NH3}$ solution of $\pu{0.1 mol dm-3}$ is being added to a $\pu{25.0 cm3}$ of $\pu{0.1 mol dm-3}$ $\ce{HCl}$ solution. Calculate the pH of the solution when volume of added $\ce{NH3}$ solution is $...
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46 views

Neutralisation Reaction Confusion

What will happen when $\pu{1 mol}$ of $\ce{H2SO4}$ reacts with $\pu{1 mol}$ of $\ce{NaOH}$? Will $\pu{1 mol}$ each of $\ce{NaHSO4}$ and water be formed? Or will $\pu{0.5 mol}$ of $\ce{H2SO4}$ will ...
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783 views

How to calculate the equivalent mass of Na2S2O3? [closed]

Let us consider the following reaction $$\ce{I2 + 2 Na2S2O3 -> 2 NaI + Na2S4O6}$$ Now, in order to calculate the equivalent mass of $\ce{Na2S2O3}$, first I need to calculate it's $n$-factor which ...
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61 views

Finding molarity of hyposulfite solution used in titration

$\pu{0.1 g}$ of $\ce{KIO3}$ is treated with excess $\ce{KI}$ solution. The liberated iodine required $\pu{44 ml}$ of $x$ molar hypo solution. Calculate the value of $x$. I have used the equivalent ...
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2k views

How to calculate the equivalent weight of KMnO4?

Let us consider the following reaction $$\ce{2 KMnO4 + 16 HCl → 2 KCl + 2 MnCl2 + 8 H2O + 5 Cl2}$$ Now, in order to calculate the equivalent mass of $\ce{KMnO4}$, first I need to calculate it's $n$-...
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37 views

pKa and equivalence point [closed]

I was doing a titration and using $\ce{NaOH}$ as the titrant. The analyte was a weak acid with a $\mathrm{p}K_\mathrm{a}$ of 4.90. Today I want to use another acid with a $\mathrm{p}K_\mathrm{a}$ of 4....
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150 views

Calculating the ph of an unknown solution by measuring the precipitate [closed]

You have an unknown metal hydroxide, but no meters or indicators. You have lead (II) nitrate, which is soluble in it, and lead (II) hydroxide that is insoluble in it. You take one liter of the unknown ...
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43 views

Calculating pH of weak base and strong acid: Why is K(a) not required?

Question: 35mL of 1.5M $\ce{HCN}$, a weak acid(K(a)= $6.2*10^{-10}$) is mixed with 25mL of 2.5M $\ce{KOH}$. Calculate the pH of final solution. The solution given in my textbook is as follows:- $\ce{...
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39 views

Could this solution be resolved by titration?

I have a mixture of $\ce{NH_4NO_3}$ and $\ce{NH_3}$ at $\ce{pH}$ of about 13. It is possible to determine the concentration of both on them by acid-base titration? I was told it's possible, and that ...
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190 views

pKa value of an indicator

Can we deduce the actual value of $\mathrm{p}K_\mathrm{a}$ of an indicator if the $\mathrm{pH}$ range has been given? I know that $\mathrm{pH}$ range is physically the range of values over which an ...
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78 views

pH After titration

$\pu{50mL}$ $\ce{SO2}$ titrated with $\pu{0.1M}$ of $\ce{KBrO4}$ with reaction: $$\ce{KBrO4 + 4SO2 + H2O -> 4H2SO4 + KBr}$$ The equivalent point is reached when the volume of $\ce{KBrO4}$ is ...
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155 views

Can sodium carbonate-sodium bicarbonate buffer be used for EDTA titration of calcium?

I am planning to measure general/total hardness (calcium and magnesium) of aquarium water using EDTA titration with Eriochrome Black T indicator. From what I understand, the unknown solution must be ...
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66 views

Diluting a sample of weak base before titration. What happens to equivalence point pH of diluted vs undiluted?

A student titrated a 10.00 mL of 0.20 M methylamine ($\ce{CH3NH2}$) and determined that 10.00 mL of $\ce{HCl}$ was needed to reach the equivalence point. If you diluted your original sample of ...
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90 views

Why do we assume 100% ionization for acetic acid (a weak acid)? [closed]

This is about a titration. The base titrant used is sodium hydroxide.
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50 views

Predicting Glycine-HCl's multiple equivalence points

I have currently completed a titration curve for glycine-HCl (2omL @ 0.1M, therefore 2.0mmol) where I have the known pH at each interval of added NaOH (adding 4mL each interval of 1.0M then measure pH)...
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49 views

Reference Books on Electrolysis and Chemical Titration process [closed]

I'm in a General Chemistry course in college. We have laboratory, and then we are supposed to make a report on what we did, etc. I'm not entirely sure what the last laboratory was about, but it was ...
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How can a titration help me figure out the effect of rosmarinic acid on amylase activity?

So with my limited knowledge of rosmarinic acid, I am aware that it is an non-competitive inhibitor and can inhibit the enzyme, amylase. When starch is added to a solution of already mixed rosmarinic ...
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133 views

Percent Dissociated from Titration Curve

Question 818 references the titration curve. Answer is A because $\ce{H+}$ conc $= 10^{-4}$. This is conc of dissociated acid. The conc of the undissociated acid is the original concentration minus ...