Questions tagged [salt]

Use this tag for questions relating to salts and their properties.

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3
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0answers
28 views

Out of KCl, CaCl2, MgCl2, NaCl, which causes the greatest corrosion rate of iron and why?

I know that salts act as an electrolyte in a redox process and rusting of iron, where iron loses electrons and oxidizes, and oxygen gains electrons and reduces. I did an experiment with KCl, NaCl, ...
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0answers
17 views

Is there a term for a gel-like substance with a higher concentration of salinity than EO water?

I am writing a story about a planet that is covered in water but the water is closer to a gel-like substance with a higher concentration of salinity than EO water. I just wanted to know if that was a ...
-3
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0answers
60 views

Why does an alkaline salt and acid not make hydrogen gas [closed]

Why does an alkaline salt and acid in solution form CO2 and water? Rather than hydrogen gas and an unchanged negative ion? Doesn’t happen, but is easy to work out without knowing anything empirically: ...
6
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1answer
62 views

Why does the specific conductivity against concentration curve for NaCl curve more than KCl?

I understand why KCl has a higher specific conductivity than NaCl.. but I dont understand why the curvature is more significant for NaCl (KCl is a straight line). Ive provided a picture of this here, ...
0
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1answer
58 views

NaCl electrolysis with copper electrodes

Considering the aqueous $\ce{NaCl}$ is already concentrated. If we were to use copper electrodes instead of inert graphite electrodes: Would copper react with the evolved chlorine gas to give $\ce{...
-1
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1answer
29 views

Would adding a water soluble salt (e.g. NaCl) affect a water sensitive reaction?

Let's take for example a reaction that would benefit from having less water in it, ester formation from alcohol and acid. We know that the equilibrium can be shifted to the right (ester formation) if ...
-1
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1answer
24 views

Why do we need weak or strong acids to displace the anions of other weak acids from salts?

I have already looked at Why does a strong acid displace salt of weak acid? but I couldn't understand the answer and the analogy there. And I mean the above question in the following context : $\ce{...
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0answers
29 views

How is molar mass of salt related to the concentration of a salt solution

I need to make a $\pu{10mL}$ $\pu{700ppm}$ salt solution. I know that $\ce{NaCl}$ will ionize into $\ce{Na+}$ and $\ce{Cl-}$ ions in water. Should I use the molar mass of $\ce{NaCl}$ ($\pu{58.44 g/mol}...
0
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0answers
34 views

How do I go about calculating the enthalpy of a solution with an unknown salt?

I have the $\Delta T$, I have the specific heat of the calorimeter, I have known weights/mass. I know the salt is lithium-based. What steps do I take to calculate the enthalpy of the solution so I can ...
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2answers
95 views

How is NaOH a base? [closed]

Firstly, how is $NaOH$ created? My teacher said that before it is $NaOH$, it is $NaO^-$. $$NaO^- + H_2O = NaOH + OH^-$$ If so, that means that $NaO^-$ is a base, which would make $NaOH$ it's conjugate ...
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9 views

How can I wet etch Nickel Chloride (NiCl/NiCl2) off a GaN sample

Apologies in advance for what may be a basic chemistry question - I'm asking from the point of view of microlithography. I have a Gallium Nitride sample which I have etched in a Ar/Cl plasma with a ...
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0answers
30 views

Are all ions bases/acids or their conjugate forms?

If one has a cation, is that always an acid or a conjugate acid? If one has an anion, is that always a base or conjugate base? If not, can you mention any of these ions? Also, if not every ion needs ...
0
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16 views

Salting out worsens extraction efficiency

I'm currently writing a thesis about using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction DLLME for extracting nitramines from aqueous solutions. We've been using octan-1-ol as the extractant and HPLC for ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Effect of magnetism on dissolved Na+ and Cl- ions in water

Suppose we have put some salt in water. My state of knowledge is, that a hydration envelope is formed from the oxygen side of the water molecules on the Na+-Ions and one another from the hydrogen side ...
3
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0answers
18 views

Aluminum Battery with PAC setup : Rapid voltage drop problem after a charge

I am a retired man and seek for activity. I dont have background in chemistry but I want to learn an aluminum battery..the known problem is my aluminum metal get eaten and also corrosion even if using ...
2
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1answer
144 views

Order of solubility of sodium halides and potassium iodide

Order the following ionic compounds in decreasing order according to their ease to dissolve in water. a) NaBr; b) KI; c) NaF; d) NaCl. d > a > b > c a > b > c > d b > c > d &...
1
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1answer
118 views

Can someone explain why the electrical conductivity of magnesium chloride decreases with increasing concentration?

I was under the impression that the electrical conductivity should increase initially, then begin to plateau, then fall past the saturation point for strong electrolytes. However, from this, I see ...
0
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1answer
72 views

How to differentiate hydrous and anhydrous compound? [closed]

For an experiment, my teacher gave me containers of hydrates and their corresponding anhydrous compounds, but I have a feeling that for one of the compounds she switched the hydrate and anhydrous ...
0
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1answer
45 views

When blue vitriol is dissolved in water [closed]

when CuSO4.5H2O is dissolved in water, what physical and chemical effects happens to its water of crystallization? While solving a stoichiometric problem the ques was that 1litre of CuSO4.5H2O was ...
0
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1answer
52 views

Calculating the density of a magnesium sulphate solution

I am trying to calculate the density of a magnesium sulphate solution and came across this paper which determines an equation from experiment to do that. However, I am having trouble understanding the ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Extracting other mineral from salt in evaporated seawater

I recently stumbled upon this news: Seawater contains 47 minerals and metals. Starting with the most abundant and proceeding to the least abundant, these are chloride, with a concentration of $\pu{18 ...
0
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1answer
79 views

What makes the enthalpy of hydration of calcium chloride dihydrate unique? [closed]

I have recently done an experiment in an attempt to find the relationship between the water ratio in a hydrate and the enthalpy of hydration, and my results showed a correlation, but an anomaly for ...
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1answer
20 views

Significance of enthalpy of hydration of salts [closed]

I've been researching for weeks but can't find anything on a real life process of hydration, as my experiment is determining the relationship between the enthalpy of hydration and different types of ...
0
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3answers
66 views

A problem regarding solubility and concentration

A solution is $\pu{0.10 M}$ $\ce{Ba(NO3)2}$ and $\pu{0.10 M}$ $\ce{Sr(NO3)2}$. If solid $\ce{Na2CrO4}$ is added to the solution, what is the $\ce{[Ba+]}$ when $\ce{SrCrO4}$ begins to precipitate? $\...
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1answer
56 views

Will a salt dissociate completely in water to give free ions?

I was reading salt hydrolysis of a salt made from strong acid and weak base. I came across the hydrolysis of $\ce{NH_4Cl}$. These reactions were mentioned $$\ce{NH_4Cl + H_2O<=>NH_3 + HCl \tag{...
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1answer
65 views

How does chromium behave in a carbonate solution? [closed]

I'm wondering how chromium (as a metal or as a salt) behaves in a concentrated carbonate solution. Will it form any, one or several carbonate specie(s)? Will the metal solubilize? How does it affect ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Monosodium Diphosphate (NaH3P2O7) Preparation

I looked on wikipedia for an answer but I couldn't even find a page for this salt, a subsequent google search didn't further enlighten me. Does any one know how monosodium diphosphate can be prepared?
12
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2answers
1k views

How to differentiate between iron and sodium flames?

According to my textbook, when a flame test of an iron salt is performed, it produces an orange, mostly yellow flame. Sodium salts also produce a yellow flame. As the colours of these two flames are ...
5
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2answers
732 views

What is happening when KCl burns in a bunsen flame? [closed]

I did the experiment to qualitatively observe the different colours given off by different salts when placed in a flame. But what is actually happening to the salt ? Take $\ce {KCl}$ for example. Does ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Why isn't auto ionisation of water considered when we find the pH during salt hydrolysis?

$\ce{H+}$ concentration from the auto-ionisation of water is $10^{-7}$ If we have $\ce{HA}$ as weak acid and $\ce{BOH}$ as weak base having $\mathrm pK_\mathrm{a} = 3.2$ and $\mathrm pK_\mathrm{b} =3....
0
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1answer
80 views

How are diazonium salts prepared without self coupling

While preparing diazonium salts, what prevents the freshly formed diazonium salt from reacting with the still unreacted amines left in the solution and perform diazo coupling? If this happened then ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Which salt is a surfactant and lowers the surface tension of the water? [closed]

I am doing my experiment on the surface tension of the water. How to show the decrease of surface tension of water with the increase in the concentration of salt? Is there any salt that lowers the ...
0
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2answers
58 views

How does the surface tension of water decrease with an increase in the concentration of NaCl?

Can anyone help me with the theory of surface tension? My chemistry experiment is related to the surface tension and concentration of NaCl. I am confused about my hypothesis. On the internet, I found ...
4
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1answer
186 views

Why is the test for sodium as dihydrogen antimonate so specific?

I have been attending lectures of salt analysis in my college. We are at group 6 cations or also known as group zero cations, namely $\ce{NH4^+}$, $\ce{K^+}$, $\ce{Na^+}$, $\ce{Mg^2+}$. The lecturer ...
2
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0answers
37 views

Why I get acidic solution at brine anode?

I have decomposed $\ce{NaCl}$ solution (brine) with electrolysis and yield $\ce{NaOH}$ at cathode, at anode I got acidic while expected was $\ce{NaClO}$ (alkaline) if it is $\ce{HOCl + HCl}$. Where ...
1
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0answers
51 views

What happens when you burn salt in paraffin

My 9 year-old son and I tried to do some extremely amateur flame testing... We lit a paraffin burner [a little tin of paraffin jelly that came with a marshmallow 'smores' kit!] and sprinkled on about ...
2
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0answers
35 views

How to calculate the pH of solutions of amphoteric salts? [duplicate]

I've been trying to understand how to calculate the pH of solutions of amphoteric salts, but I just can't figure it out. So, I've seen that it is commonly explained like this (example for a solution ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Alkoxide metathesis

I am attempting a synthesis for acetylacetone. The preparation I wish to carry out is described on orgsynth by condensation of acetone and ethyl acetate with a base catalyst. The problem for me is ...
5
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0answers
49 views

What acids, solvents is lithium-6 fluoride soluble in (other than HF)?

$\ce{LiF}$ is quite insoluble in water, and I'm trying to use some water-soluble acid or solvent to dissolve $\ce{^6LiF}$ (95% enriched) in. I'm not a chemistry person, I'm a radiation detection ...
0
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1answer
226 views

Are there any tasteless edible salts? [closed]

I saw on Youtube a video where caffeine was extracted from Red Bull using dichloromethane. However, due to dichloromethane tendency to form emulsions with liquid, an inefficient method was used to mix ...
-3
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1answer
299 views

Reaction Of Carbonic Acid With NaCl [duplicate]

I was just wondering if it was possible for anyone to specify what reaction conditions are required for the reaction between $\ce{H2CO3}$ (Carbonic Acid) and $\ce{NaCl}$ (Sodium chloride)? Does this ...
1
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1answer
60 views

How to write the formula of a mixed metal salt?

I suppose the formula of the Sulphate salt of Sodium & Potassium is $\ce{KNaSO4}$ as the Pubchem site says so. So, is there any rule that in the formulae such mixed metal salts we need to write ...
0
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1answer
80 views

How do I calculate the humidity inside sealed containers containing mixing salts?

At $\pu{25 ^\circ C}$: saturated Magnesium chloride $\ce{MgCl2}$ keeps humidity 33% inside sealed containers. saturated Sodium chloride $\ce{NaCl}$ keeps humidity 75% inside sealed containers. I ...
0
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1answer
25 views

How does pressure influence the dehydration of salts?

It's well known that the boiling point of a substance increases with pressure. I was wondering if something similar happens with hydrated salts and the temperature at which they dehydrate. I mean, if ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Why does Sodium Hydrogen Sulfate (Sodium Bisulfate) produce moisture?

In my chemistry lab, I have a vial of Sodium Hydrogen Sulfate (Sodium Bisulfate). I've noticed that when I take a spoonful using a spatula, the spatula gets covered in many tiny droplets, and the lid ...
4
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1answer
273 views

Can ionic compounds dissolved in organic solvent conduct electricity?

Ionic compounds dissolved in water, as an aqueous solution, can conduct electricity. Can they conduct electricity if they are dissolved in organic solvent?
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2answers
175 views

Can separated and purified substances be obtained from a chromatogram?

I am studying chemistry, and I am learning about chromatography. But I am confused about how chromatography is used to ‘separate and purify’ substances. I have learnt about chromatography paper, ...
0
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2answers
2k views

Salt Bridges/Porous Disks

I am slightly confused about the concept of a salt bridge/porous disk. I understand that these are necessary in a galvanic cell since there is a charge buildup and the salt bridge and porous disks ...
0
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2answers
708 views

Remove only salt from salt water

I have a bottle of salt water I collected on a local beach. I want to see what is in it, apart from water and salt. If I boil the whole bottle and wait for it to evaporate, mostly salt will remain. I ...
2
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1answer
174 views

Why is brine solution more effective than granular salt in melting ice on a surface?

Why is a brine solution consisting of a small fraction of salt in water, more effective in melting ice on a surface, than just pure salt?