Questions tagged [salt]

Use this tag for questions relating to salts and their properties.

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16 views

The reaction of magnesium malate with hydrochloric acid [closed]

I'd like to know the reaction of magnesium malate with hydrochloric acid. I couldn't find it on the internet and I'm worrying that ingesting mag. malate will neutralize my stomach acidity.
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23 views

How do I prepare the saturated salt (NaCl) solution of density 1.6 g/cm3? [closed]

I wanted to make saturated salt solution of density 1.6 g/cc in 1L. if i consider that 1g/cc = 1 g/ml then for 1.6 g/cc i need 1.6 g/ml so for 1L I need 1.6 kgs or 1600g of NaCl??? This is very weird. ...
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49 views

Attempting to make Rochelle salt but obtained paste

I was attempting to make Rochelle salt by adding sodium carbonate to a mixture of cream of tartar and water, but ended up with a solid paste. I kept the cream of tartar/water mix boiling the whole ...
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Slowing down the reaction of Liquid sodium glass with Calcium chloride

I d'like use Calcium chloride as hardener of liquid glass to make fireproof cement. In this way: $\ce{CaCl2 + Na2O(SiO2)_{\mathrm{{n}}}-> 2NaCl + CaO(SiO2)_{\mathrm{n}}}\downarrow$ But reaction ...
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1answer
38 views

Displacement of salts due to higher solubility

I was wondering why mixtures of salts in the same solution precipitate excactly in order of their solubilities. Imagine a solution with NaCl, NaBr, NaI in equal moles. If AgNO₃ solution is now added ...
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2answers
103 views

Isn't hydrogen chloride a salt, because it is an ionic compound? [closed]

So I just learned in chemistry that salts are ionic compounds. Shouldn't, $\ce{H+Cl-}$ be a salt since hydrogen ion has positive charge and chloride ion has negative charge? If $\ce{HCl}$ is a salt ...
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1answer
32 views

Why is the enthalpy of solution of hydrated calcium chloride positive?

My book says that the enthalpy of solution of anhydrous calcium chloride is negative because it produces hydrated calcium chloride. But when hydrated calcium chloride is dissolved in water, the ...
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39 views

Why is the reaction between calcium oxide and silicon dioxide neutralization? [closed]

I get that calcium oxide is a basic oxide and silicon dioxide is acidic. However by definition, neutralization is "when an acid and a base react to form water and a salt and involves the ...
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1answer
102 views

I mix table salt and baking soda with water to make mouth rinse, and leave them for several days. It started to form precipitation, and a bad odor [closed]

I mixed 2 spoons of baking soda with 1 spoon of salt and mixed them with water (but not mixing totally) and left them for several days. At first I saw some bubble but the water was clear, but then it ...
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1answer
74 views

Lithium Oxide Colour

According to Chemistry LibreText: Lithium is the lightest of all metals and is named from the Greek work for stone (lithos). It is the first member of the Alkali Metal family. It is less dense than ...
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1answer
124 views

Ferrous chloride solution coming out purple rather than green?

I've got some steel wool in hydrochloric acid to attempt to make ferrous chloride and the whole solution has turned purple. From everything I've seen it's supposed to be green. I have no idea what's ...
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269 views

Can chemical composition be determined from elemental composition?

I have the energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy results from a sample of salt that I produced by collecting and processing ocean water by filtering, boiling, evaporating, and additional steps to try ...
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45 views

Corrosive potential of molten ionic salt

I was looking at this video about fourth generation of nuclear reactors and one of developing concepts is molten salt reactor (MSR) where melted ionic salt replaces water as coolant and also acts as a ...
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1answer
99 views

Nomenclature of Colors of precipitates and solutions

I have just started learning salt analysis in inorganic chemistry. In it i came across the names of colors of various precipitates and solutions. Why do they have prefixes such as "scarlet" ...
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60 views

InChI issue with organic salts, inconsistent approach?

I am wondering why there is the following inconsistency in InChI: penicillin G vs. penicillin G potassium salt uses the /p layer to drop a proton but chloramine-T vs. tosylchloramide drops an H from ...
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1answer
46 views

Rock salt as a green, non-electrical dehumidifier?

Has anyone tried using rock salt as a dehumidifier? Ive read a few DIY bits on it. I live in Georgia and its swampy and humid. I have a couple small dehumidifiers but I'm looking for some green and ...
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1answer
70 views

Do superoxide salts of heavier alkali metals contradict the principle that lattice energy depends inversely on cation-anion distance?

I have a very basic understanding of quantitative lattice energy calculations: I only know that the lattice energy is directly proportional to the product of charges on the ions and inversely ...
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1answer
76 views

Qualitative analysis of the anionic part of a salt using it's soda extract [closed]

While testing for anions using dilute $\ce{H2SO4}$, we prefer using the soda extract for tests rather than the actual salt. But we don’t use it for tests of carbonates, bicarbonates and sulphites. Why ...
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1answer
51 views

Salt solubility and solvent dissociation

A textbook, describing a qualitative test for the $\ce{Al^3+}$ cation in which you use $\ce{NH4Cl}$ and $\ce{NH4OH}$ to precipitate $\ce{Al(OH)3}$, mentioned that the solubility of this precipitate ...
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1answer
77 views

On basic mercury salts

$\ce{HgCO3.3HgO}$ and $\ce{HgO.Hg(NH2)Cl}$ are called basic mercury carbonate and basic mercury amidochloride, respectively. I found this thread on the former; I've only seen the latter as the product ...
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52 views

Which salts give the sodium carbonate bead test?

Apart from the borax and the phosphate bead tests, there's also this one. It's done by heating the white bead of sodium carbonate and the salt with potassium nitrate; green and yellow colours ...
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34 views

Identification of salts observed in steam vaporiser

Recently I observed some precipitated salts in steam vaporizer after completion of vaporization. I am guessing that some of the white particles may be calcium carbonate ($\ce {CaCO3}$) formed from ...
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3answers
1k views

Why is sea salt coarse?

What makes sea salt coarser than other salt? I have tried checking online but no one seems to discuss this. It seems that the grain of sea salt is larger, but I don't understand since the salt is ...
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1answer
81 views

Ought I add salt to water bottles, if I'm putting the bottles in front of a fan to improvise an air conditioner?

Is this advice correct? Are they alluding to Freezing Point Depression? Adding salt to tap water lowers the Crystalloid's freezing point. Pour 3 tbsp (51 g) of salt into each of your 3 plastic water ...
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160 views

Why is magnesium sulfate more soluble in water than that of strontium and calcium sulfates?

Magnesium sulfate is soluble in water. Its solubility is $\pu{26.9 g}/\pu{100 mL}$ at $\pu{0 ^\circ C}$ $(\pu{35.1 g}/\pu{100 mL}$ at $\pu{20 ^\circ C})$.[1] However, both calcium sulfate $(\pu{0.21 g}...
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197 views

Why Heating of certain salts like Lead salts produce crackling sound?

I recently discovered that heating of certain salts produces crackling sound and that is called Decrepitation. But I couldn’t figure out the reason why that happens moreover I couldn’t find anything ...
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65 views

Can potassium carbonate be used to calibrate hygrometers?

Context: In the process of trying to calibrate a number of hygrometers, with Sensirion MEMS electronic sensors, I came across the method of using wet salt: an airtight container will stabilize at a ...
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38 views

Out of KCl, CaCl2, MgCl2, NaCl, which causes the greatest corrosion rate of iron and why?

I know that salts act as an electrolyte in a redox process and rusting of iron, where iron loses electrons and oxidizes, and oxygen gains electrons and reduces. I did an experiment with KCl, NaCl, ...
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466 views

Why does the specific conductivity against concentration curve for NaCl curve more than KCl?

I understand why KCl has a higher specific conductivity than NaCl.. but I dont understand why the curvature is more significant for NaCl (KCl is a straight line). Ive provided a picture of this here, ...
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1answer
911 views

NaCl electrolysis with copper electrodes

Considering the aqueous $\ce{NaCl}$ is already concentrated. If we were to use copper electrodes instead of inert graphite electrodes: Would copper react with the evolved chlorine gas to give $\ce{...
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1answer
30 views

Would adding a water soluble salt (e.g. NaCl) affect a water sensitive reaction?

Let's take for example a reaction that would benefit from having less water in it, ester formation from alcohol and acid. We know that the equilibrium can be shifted to the right (ester formation) if ...
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1answer
43 views

Why do we need weak or strong acids to displace the anions of other weak acids from salts?

I have already looked at Why does a strong acid displace salt of weak acid? but I couldn't understand the answer and the analogy there. And I mean the above question in the following context : $\ce{...
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109 views

How do I go about calculating the enthalpy of a solution with an unknown salt?

I have the $\Delta T$, I have the specific heat of the calorimeter, I have known weights/mass. I know the salt is lithium-based. What steps do I take to calculate the enthalpy of the solution so I can ...
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2answers
168 views

How is NaOH a base? [closed]

Firstly, how is $NaOH$ created? My teacher said that before it is $NaOH$, it is $NaO^-$. $$NaO^- + H_2O = NaOH + OH^-$$ If so, that means that $NaO^-$ is a base, which would make $NaOH$ it's conjugate ...
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How can I wet etch Nickel Chloride (NiCl/NiCl2) off a GaN sample

Apologies in advance for what may be a basic chemistry question - I'm asking from the point of view of microlithography. I have a Gallium Nitride sample which I have etched in a Ar/Cl plasma with a ...
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18 views

Salting out worsens extraction efficiency

I'm currently writing a thesis about using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction DLLME for extracting nitramines from aqueous solutions. We've been using octan-1-ol as the extractant and HPLC for ...
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1answer
115 views

Effect of magnetism on dissolved Na+ and Cl- ions in water

Suppose we have put some salt in water. My state of knowledge is, that a hydration envelope is formed from the oxygen side of the water molecules on the Na+-Ions and one another from the hydrogen side ...
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1answer
104 views

How to read mutual solubility curves of salts with a common ion?

Came across a few graphs that represent the mutual solubility of two compounds in a solvent, for e.g., solubility of $\ce{KCl}$, and $\ce{NaCl}$ in $\ce{H2O}$. On these particular graphs, I can see $x$...
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Aluminum Battery with PAC setup : Rapid voltage drop problem after a charge

I am a retired man and seek for activity. I dont have background in chemistry but I want to learn an aluminum battery..the known problem is my aluminum metal get eaten and also corrosion even if using ...
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1answer
454 views

Order of solubility of sodium halides and potassium iodide

Order the following ionic compounds in decreasing order according to their ease to dissolve in water. a) NaBr; b) KI; c) NaF; d) NaCl. d > a > b > c a > b > c > d b > c > d &...
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259 views

Can someone explain why the electrical conductivity of magnesium chloride decreases with increasing concentration?

I was under the impression that the electrical conductivity should increase initially, then begin to plateau, then fall past the saturation point for strong electrolytes. However, from this, I see ...
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1answer
136 views

How to differentiate hydrous and anhydrous compound? [closed]

For an experiment, my teacher gave me containers of hydrates and their corresponding anhydrous compounds, but I have a feeling that for one of the compounds she switched the hydrate and anhydrous ...
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1answer
185 views

When blue vitriol is dissolved in water [closed]

when CuSO4.5H2O is dissolved in water, what physical and chemical effects happens to its water of crystallization? While solving a stoichiometric problem the ques was that 1litre of CuSO4.5H2O was ...
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63 views

Calculating the density of a magnesium sulphate solution

I am trying to calculate the density of a magnesium sulphate solution and came across this paper which determines an equation from experiment to do that. However, I am having trouble understanding the ...
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1answer
70 views

Extracting other mineral from salt in evaporated seawater

I recently stumbled upon this news: Seawater contains 47 minerals and metals. Starting with the most abundant and proceeding to the least abundant, these are chloride, with a concentration of $\pu{18 ...
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1answer
123 views

What makes the enthalpy of hydration of calcium chloride dihydrate unique? [closed]

I have recently done an experiment in an attempt to find the relationship between the water ratio in a hydrate and the enthalpy of hydration, and my results showed a correlation, but an anomaly for ...
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1answer
24 views

Significance of enthalpy of hydration of salts [closed]

I've been researching for weeks but can't find anything on a real life process of hydration, as my experiment is determining the relationship between the enthalpy of hydration and different types of ...
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3answers
68 views

A problem regarding solubility and concentration

A solution is $\pu{0.10 M}$ $\ce{Ba(NO3)2}$ and $\pu{0.10 M}$ $\ce{Sr(NO3)2}$. If solid $\ce{Na2CrO4}$ is added to the solution, what is the $\ce{[Ba+]}$ when $\ce{SrCrO4}$ begins to precipitate? $\...
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1answer
145 views

Will a salt dissociate completely in water to give free ions?

I was reading salt hydrolysis of a salt made from strong acid and weak base. I came across the hydrolysis of $\ce{NH_4Cl}$. These reactions were mentioned $$\ce{NH_4Cl + H_2O<=>NH_3 + HCl \tag{...
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1answer
202 views

How does chromium behave in a carbonate solution? [closed]

I'm wondering how chromium (as a metal or as a salt) behaves in a concentrated carbonate solution. Will it form any, one or several carbonate specie(s)? Will the metal solubilize? How does it affect ...