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Questions tagged [alloy]

For questions about alloys.

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18 views

Separation of Al-Si alloys without electrolysis

Can pure (or roughly pure) $\ce{Al}$ be somehow thermally, chemically, or physically separated from the $\ce{Si}$ contained in an $\ce{Al-Si}$ alloy? How? Approximately what purity of Aluminum can be ...
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1answer
56 views

What materials are resistant to hot chlorine?

I'm looking to do an experiment involving hot chlorine gas (900 Celsius), however at the moment the only material I'm aware of that could cope with this is Hastelloy's C-22 alloy. What other ...
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Phase Diagram-Fe-C, and TTT: Hardness Scale

So far I know that the Hardess scale of these materials is this: Martensite> Bainite> Perlite > Cementite> Ferrite Where is Austenite along this scale? I know that Cementite is harder than Austenite....
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1answer
246 views

What would happen if I combined this polymer and this metal (assuming I can) [closed]

So let me explain, I recently found out about a material called sorbothane (which is a polymer). Now, sorbothane is special because not only does it highly efficiently absorb shock, but also highly ...
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191 views

Eutectic Phase Diagram of Al-Si Analysis

Hello, How can I know from this phase diagram: 1. The composition of the alloy Al-Si that allows precipitation to occure? 2. The range of temperatures where the Al-Si is soluble? 3. The range of ...
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36 views

Nanoparticle Alloys (Gold-Silver) not forming

I have synthesised what I thought were gold-silver alloys at various different compositions. The UV/vis data showed that nanoparticles alloys with a majority of the composition made from gold had one ...
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1answer
50 views

Substitute molten salt bath with temperature range from 400–500 °C

I'm looking for a suitable substitute for a $\ce{NaNO2/KNO3}$ salt bath (for quite obvious reasons due to the other applications of the latter chemical). The salt mixture needs to have around 400 to ...
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1answer
238 views

Is the flint used in disposable lighters toxic?

Especially the sparks that result when using them. I heard this from a friend and can't seem to find an answer on Google.
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2answers
83 views

How is it that earth's inner core is still solid?

Earth's inner core is made up of an alloy of Iron and Nickel. The important note here is that it is solid. The temperature at the inner core is about $5,763K = 5,490\text{ degrees C}$. Now the ...
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323 views

Find alloy composition by density

I have a square piece of metal from a processor heat sink that looks a lot like copper. I'm trying to find the alloy composition but I'm not sure how. I happen to have both a digital caliper and a ...
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1answer
217 views

Which karat gold is harder, 24 kt or 18 kt?

$\pu{24 kt}$ gold indicates that $24/24$ part of it, i.e. $100\%$ of it is gold. $\pu{18 kt}$ indicates that $18/24$ part of it is gold. As gold is a soft element, I reckoned that $\pu{18 kt}$ gold ...
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148 views

What are metal zip tags and belt buckles made of?

Metal zipper tags and belt buckles melt very easily and can be melted by heating it in the stove for 5 minutes. But other metals like aluminium refuse to melt even after hours. If you leave it ...
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2answers
295 views

Boric Acid and Brass Alloy

Can someone explain why boric acid prevents zinc from vapourizing out of the brass alloy when it is being melted? What is the actual chemistry occurring and why? Thanks
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1answer
78 views

How does bismuth's lone pair affect its properties as a metal and alloy?

Bismuth is really the only metal to exhibit a lone pair in its outermost shell, this means that it and its salts should be a Lewis base. As bismuth can act as a Lewis base, how does this affect its ...
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1answer
42 views

How would ceramic coating inside the reactor affect heat transfer? [closed]

With the ceramic coating, would I be able to get its internal temperature raise upto 520. I would like to get a reactor fabricated for plastic pyrolysis. The temperature would maintained around 520C. ...
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1answer
54 views

What is the reason behind the 2% increase in silver metal composition just after melting the raw silver alloy (55% silver)? [closed]

I determined the silver composition from an alloy obtained from a jeweler to be 55% and wanted to extract silver out of it. However, upon melting around 5 kgs of alloy, the silver composition went up ...
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2answers
471 views

Brass Instrument: Dezincification or just scrubbed off?

I do own a brass instrument (a trombone). The lacquer is damaged. I asked how to deal with it here. Now I learned that the brass contains zinc, and there is a corrosion process called "...
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1answer
43 views

Which is the suitable process for ball milling?

Why do we mainly choose the wet ball milling process in spite of dry ball milling process? Both processes are used to make a homogeneous mixture of different compounds.
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49 views

Structural entity for the tattoo resembling spine surgery involving 6AL-4V ELI alloy

I have very little background in chemistry, so forgive me if I sound ridiculous and uneducated. I want to have a tattoo designed in honor if my spine surgery that I had. I think that molecular ...
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1answer
69 views

Why did my milled powders catch fire?

I milled a small amount of the sample ($75\%$ Al, $15\%$ Cu, $10\%$ Ni) mixed with toluene for 5 hours after which I set it on butter paper to dry. Then after 13 minutes I switched on the fan in the ...
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47 views

Iron-platinum refining

If I have an iron-platinum alloy, can I put this into a solution of $\ce{HCl}$ to dissolve the iron, leaving a $\ce{Pt}$ precipitate? I know that Fe dissolves in $\ce{HCl}$ to form $\ce{FeCl2}$ and $\...
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2answers
3k views

Does cold bluing steel prevent rust?

I've recently purchased a Damascus knife and am patiently awaiting it's arrival in the mail. I have been researching the potential care and maintenance habits for this craftsman blade, hoping to keep ...
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2answers
2k views

What does “René” mean in René alloys?

René alloys are nickel-based super alloys (René 41, René 88, René N5 etc. etc.). But how did it get the name René? Is it an acronym or contraction of other terms? It was created by Earl Ross and the ...
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2k views

How do foundries prevent zinc from boiling away when alloyed with Aluminum?

How do foundries prevent lower boiling point metals such as zinc from boiling away when alloyed in a furnace with higher boiling point metals such as aluminum?
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94 views

Why don't alloys self-galvanically corrode?

Total chemistry newbie here (so this may be a fairly obvious question). With that said, I've had a niggling question that I can't quite resolve myself; Given that galvanic corrosion is driven by the ...
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1answer
84 views

Are there non-brittle silicon-based alloys? [closed]

Requirements: Silicon part is greater than 50% Has plasticity comparable to iron.
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1answer
220 views

Why are there two vertical axes in the iron-carbon diagram? [closed]

More precisely, why do we have two axes that represent the same parameter, which is temperature?
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138 views

Very fast brass oxidation

I work for a company that manufactures pyrotechnics for the oil and gas industry, and we have been having an odd phenomenon occur. One part, a brass tube with a copper clip filled with black powder, ...
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1answer
339 views

How can I find the eutectic point of gallium and aluminum?

I've been interested in liquid metals for a while, but I've stayed away from mercury for obvious health reasons. I have a sample of gallium and I've seen a liquid metal mixture of gallium and aluminum....
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1k views

Density of Interstitial compounds

I have read in my textbook (not very reliable) that density of interstitial compounds is lesser than parent compound. But how can this be true? We add atoms to the lattice voids, so density should ...
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1answer
38 views

Cell walls in lath martensite - Meaning

What does cell walls mean in the context of lath martensite? Are they grain boundaries? Quote (page 66 Structure and properties of engineering alloys - Smith): In the lath martensite of low-carbon ...
14
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1answer
805 views

Can a small amount of scandium be added to gold, platinum or palladium to create a wedding ring?

The number 21 has a special meaning to us, so we would like to make wedding rings with some scandium in it (element 21). I know scandium can be alloyed with aluminium or titanium, but can it also be ...
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1answer
464 views

Measuring lead content in pewter

I've bought pewter at the thrift store and I want to try casting metal. This pewter may contain toxic metals. A ready-made testing kit I've found cost €25 for each sample. In comparison pewter of ...
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1answer
214 views

Reasons for existence of eutectic point for alloy systems

Why does a eutectic point exist for a system of alloy ? Why is it that there is such a definite ratio of composition at which this occurs ?
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1answer
8k views

How to separate alloys?

How do you separate metal alloys into their constituent elements, especially industrially? I don't think you can always use melting points, because alloys, depending on the composition (looking at ...
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1answer
204 views

Composites of Immiscible Solids - Aluminum and Lead Example

The $\ce{Al}$-$\ce{Pb}$ (aluminium-lead) phase diagram clearly depicts that when cooled from the liquid state, aluminium and lead are not miscible in the solid state, i.e. the crystal structure of ...
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1answer
111 views

How soluble is uranium in molten iron?

As I know, uranium and iron simply aren't mixable, which means there are no U-Fe alloys. The Google says, uranium is insoluble in molten iron. But, if something is "insoluble", it actually means only ...
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431 views

Why does Devarda's alloy include copper?

Devarda's alloy is used in the detection of nitrates. However, judging by the reaction equation, only aluminium plays the role of reducer: $$\ce{3NaNO3 + 8Al + 5NaOH + 18H2O -> 8Na[Al(OH)4] + 3NH3(...
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6k views

Difference in properties between a substitutional and an interstitial alloy? [closed]

What I know is, that in a substitutional alloy, the atoms of the solute metal take positions normally occupied by the solvent metal atoms, as they are more or less the same size. In an interstitial ...
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52 views

If I have an alloy of two materials, will I have a chemical reaction between the two materials

I have always been told that an alloy is a mixture without chemical interference between the materials, but if I look at highly doped silicon (doped with Aluminum via ion implantation and then lattice ...
3
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1answer
476 views

To extend the life of a cartridge razor blade, should the blade be stored in oil or alcohol?

I've read varied recommendations about extending the life of a razor blade. Some say should stick the blade in oil when not in use, others say in alcohol, others say in a bowl of rice or silica gel. ...
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1answer
3k views

How to check purity of mercury metal

Mercury is a very good solvent for many metals. We have mercury metal available, how do we check for its purity? Is there some kind of test available to verify its purity? And, more helpfully, which ...
2
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1answer
182 views

Identify what alloy of metal tool

The title is more general than my particular question, in particular I bought a "allen key" and it broke after doing a lot of force with it trying to turn a hard screw. In order to get a harder tool I ...
3
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64 views

Is it possible, given a target temperature, to create an alloy that melts at precisely that temperature?

Assuming the target melting points are between the melting points of mercury and tungsten, is it possible, given a target temperature, to create an alloy (or compound) composition that has a direct (...
2
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1answer
92 views

Product of lead and tin alloying

It is common knowledge that tin melts at $449.5~\rm^{\circ}F$ and Lead at $621.5\rm~^\circ F$, and that when these are melted together you simply have an alloy. What happens, or what product occurs, ...
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1answer
1k views

Why doesn't my stainless steel Thermos get really really hot?

Why doesn't my stainless steel Thermos get really really hot? Seems like a fairly straightforward question. A few notes: I was looking and found (obviously different values because steel is an alloy)...
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2answers
1k views

Miscibility of Molten Metals

While reading about the size of atoms and ions of the Group 1 elements in the textbook "Concise Inorganic Chemistry" by JD Lee, I came across this line: The Li+ is much smaller than the other ions. ...
2
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1answer
168 views

Alloys/metallurgy : promising elements for for Sn-based solders

I am trying to research potential modifications to lead-free solders (intended to be used in electronics). Base alloy is eutectic $\ce{Bi_{58}Sn_{42}}$, and I am going to add various combinations of a ...
2
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0answers
62 views

Generating Precipitation Diagrams with CompuTherm Pandat

I am trying to develop precipitation diagrams for an Ag-Cu-Sn alloy to figure out the kinetics involved using the CompuTherm Pandat Software (Demo Version). The precipitation diagrams need the ...
8
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1answer
452 views

Ag-Sn-Cu Phase diagram to formulate homogenization temperature / duration

I am working on Ag-Sn-Cu alloy phase diagram to figure out the best temperature / duration to homogenize the alloy (annealing). The %age of elements in the alloy are Ag - 40 % Cu - 27.8 % Sn - 32.2 % ...