Questions tagged [transition-metals]

For questions about the characteristic physical properties, chemical reactions, etc. of d-block elements, group 3-12, or their compounds. Do not use this tag if your questions is about general properties of metals, use [metal] instead. Also see [rare-earth-elements].

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Transition metals with closed shells

From wiki page about valence electrons: An atom with a closed shell of valence electrons (corresponding to an electron configuration $s^2p^6$ for main group elements or $d^{10}s^2p^6$ for transition ...
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Do antimicrobial abilities of copper boilers decrease over time?

As copper boilers age and develop oxide buildup, does this lessen the copper's antimicrobial abilities in killing bacteria? I was thinking since that coating would be on the copper, there would be ...
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Why does my drierite turn bright bright blue, instead of pink?

Drierite a brand name of a commonly-used, calcium sulfate-based dessicant in many chemistry labs. The lab I work in has a dessicator box we use to store hygroscopic materials. It isn't a a true dry ...
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How to refine manganese metal from manganese(IV) oxide found in batteries? [closed]

I opened up some lantern batteries, and inside there's $\ce{MnO2}$ powder, carbon rods, and zinc casings, and other stuff that I don't know what it is exactly. I scraped out $\ce{MnO2}$-containing ...
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Wittig reagent with metal–oxo bonds

Could you use the Wittig reagent to attack a metal–oxo bond and replace the oxygen with a carbene? Specifically, is it possible for the Wittig reagent to do σ-bond metathesis with an electrophilic ...
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How is the UV-visible spectra of carbonatotetraamminecobalt(III) nitrate interpreted?

In a laboratory practice I have done a characterization of the $\ce{[Co(NH3)4CO3]NO3}$ and obtained the following spectra: I don't know if the band between 300 nm and 400 nm can be due to the effect ...
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1answer
71 views

Can copper sulfate react with terpenes (such as limonene and terpinenes) at room temperature?

I am just wondering, can I make a metalorganic or organometallic complex of copper and limonene/terpinene/phellandrene in the form of lime oil? If so, what is the formula of the complex formed? I ...
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50 views

In metal complex electron counting, is the neutral or ionic formalism more correct?

I have been practicing finding total valence electron counts by both methods, and a few points have arisen that have confused me. 1) Which method gives the true d-electron count? From what I ...
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Why does bonding in T.M complexes get stronger down the group but bonding in p-block elements gets weaker?

In the p-block, it’s a well-known general trend that down the group, the homonuclear diatomic bond dissociation energies decrease (generally). E.g in group 14: C-C —> 607 kJ/mol Si-Si —> 327 kJ/...
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Tetrahedral complex and vibronic coupling or different rule for d-d transition?

I'm currently preparing a few slides for an upcoming talk in our group. I would like to mention some of the very basics regarding crystal field and ligand field theory as well, though this will not be ...
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Why is HgI2 a colored complex?

Why is $\ce{HgI2}$ a colored complex it has fully filled d-orbits. According to the book, one which has fully filled d-orbital has no color in transition elements. So, why is this compound colored?
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Geometry of the transition metal complex in solid dipotassium bis(oxalato) copper(II) tetrahydrate

I was thinking of the geometry of the transition metal complex in solid $\ce{K2[Cu(ox)2] · 4 H2O}$ solid around the $\ce{Cu(II)}$ ion. At first I thought square planar, but is it possible or is there ...
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KMno4 is the strongest oxidizing agent. So why does it tend do have +2 oxidation state with reaction with acids? [closed]

Manganese has an oxidation state of +7 in potassium permanganate. When reacted with sulphuric acid, how does it tend to have +2 oxidation state by forming $\ce{MnSO4}$ along other products ? In acid, ...
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Bonding in d10 metals such as Zn

I recently learned about the MO bonding model in metals, where many metal atoms form lots of orbitals close in energy that form bands. However, I can't understand the bonding in d10 metals. It seems ...
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Molecular orbital diagram for carbene-metal and carbodiphosphorane-metal interaction

I am interested in understanding how carbenes and carbodiphosphoranes interact differently with a transition metals. I would like to use qualitative molecular orbital theory arguments (with an ...
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Beer Lambert law when complex is tetragonal (Jahn-Teller elongated)

I wondered what modifications there would be to the Beer Lambert law to find the molar extinction coefficients for the solution if the solvent contained the ligands which bind to the metal centre of a ...
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2answers
104 views

Understanding the Jahn–Teller elongation and compression for octahedral complexes (stabilisation/destabilisation of d orbitals)

I am currently learning about Jahn–Teller effect. For elongation I wondered why the d orbitals with $z$ component are stabilised when the metal–ligand bonds are getting longer? I thought a longer bond ...
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1answer
58 views

How does chromium behave in a carbonate solution? [closed]

I'm wondering how chromium (as a metal or as a salt) behaves in a concentrated carbonate solution. Will it form any, one or several carbonate specie(s)? Will the metal solubilize? How does it affect ...
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1answer
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How to make anhydrous or monohydrate FeSO4 from heptahydrate form?

I need the anhydrous form of $\ce{FeSO4}$ (7720-78-7). I have $\ce{FeSO4.7H2O}$, is there anyway it can be converted to anhydrous form, or at least to monohydrate? Do you know where I can purchase it? ...
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1answer
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What compounds given can oxidize Mn(2+) to MnO4(-)? [closed]

$$\ce{Mn^2+ Solution ->[reagent 'A'] MnO4^-}$$ The reagent '$\ce{A}$' can be (A) $\ce{Pb2O3 + \text{conc.} HNO3}$ (B) $\ce{K2S2O8}$. (C) $\ce{(NH4)2S2O8}$ (D) $\ce{K2SO4}$ All of the options can ...
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Ionic radius for tetrahedral metal–ligand complexes

The ionic radii for metal–ligand complexes that are in an octahedral coordination are easy to find. I understand that when the $\mathrm{e_g}$ orbital is filled, the ionic radius increases because the ...
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Transition metal chalcogenides

According to wikipedia, a chalcogenide is a chemical compound consisting of at least one chalcogen anion and at least one more electropositive element. In the same sense does transition metal ...
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The quartic electronic state of octahedral Fe(III): How make crystal field splitting diagram?

Using simple arguments from crystal field theory, how do I rationalize the quartic state of octahedral Fe(III)? I am not able to in a logical way distribute the 5 d electrons in such a a way as to end ...
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115 views

How can an element have two outermost shells incomplete? [closed]

As I read my book, I saw its written that the Transition metals have two outermost shells incomplete. But , as I had read earlier, that shells are filled in stepwise manner. So how is this possible? ...
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Why aren't solid pure transition metals colourful?

I understand that the compounds of transition metal are colourful because of the appropriate energy gap between different d orbitals. But why aren't they also colourful in their solid pure state? For ...
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49 views

How can t2g orbital account for extra stability in absence of ligands?

I have read in a book that t2g orbitals sometimes account for stability in 3d block transition elements. For example, Chromium in 2+ oxidation state shows reducing properties because Chromium in 3+ ...
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1answer
82 views

Why does this ligand form 6-coordinate complexes with Transition elements and 8-coordinate complexes with Inner transition elements? [closed]

What change takes place in the denticity of this ligand if it is an inner-transition metal ion vs a common transition metal? Primarily, why does the ligand behaves differently with the two situations ...
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Liquid storage of transition metal oxides?

Transition metal oxides (TMOs) have a lot of interesting properties, from ferroelectricity to battery applications. Often times you can change the properties with only slight changes of oxygen ...
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98 views

Manganese oxide reacts with tin(IV) hydroxide?

I have a problem on my chemistry summer homework in which it asks me to predict the product of “solid Manganese-Oxide when it reacts with tin(IV)-hydroxide in aqueous solution”. My issue is that there ...
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1answer
83 views

Determination of spinel structure by CFSE

$\ce{CuFe2O4}$ has inverse spinel structure, but $\ce{ZnFe2O4}$ has normal spinel structure. Explain. I know that normal spinels have a structure like $\ce{(A^{II})^{tet}(B^{III})^{oct}_2O_4}$-like ...
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Are platinum metal whiskers very unusual?

Over 20 years ago I pulled my first set of platinum spark plugs out of a car because the engine was missing badly. Two of the six plugs each had one whisker in the gap between electrodes. One crossed ...
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What is the electron count in this nickel complex?

Our class has started learning about electron counting using the ionic method. I was having a little difficulty, especially when there are two metals in one complex, so I looked at Wikipedia for help. ...
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Octahedral Crystal Field Splitting Orbital Degeneracy

How are the $\mathrm{e_g}$ orbitals degenerate with each other? Note: This isn't a homework question. After the semester ended (I don't go to MIT), I ended up on MIT open course-ware to watch some ...
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Why are chelating ligands often used to treat poisoning by heavy metals (e.g. mercury, lead)?

Why are chelating ligands such as EDTA often used to treat poisoning by heavy metals (e.g., mercury, lead)? I have a vibe that it has something to do with the lone pairs of electrons that are able to ...
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1answer
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Octahedral Crystal Field Splitting Orbital Energy Levels [closed]

(image source) In the above diagram, where do the 3/5 and 2/5 come from? Also, how are the $\ce{e_g}$ orbitals degenerate with each other?
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Can aqua regia work with sources of chloride and nitrate other than hydrochloric acid and nitric acid?

According to Professor Poliakov and a question on Chemistry Stackexchange here, gold dissolves in aqua regia because the nitrate ion oxidizes the gold into $\ce{Au^3+}$, and the chloride bonds to the ...
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1answer
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Similarities between Co and Ni [closed]

Elements $\ce{Co}$ and $\ce{Ni}$ share many similar/same properties and usually if one of them is an example of some group (e.g., ferromagnetism, same possible oxidation states, packing fraction and ...
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1answer
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Nickel salts from hypochlorites

(JUST A HEADS UP I’m 15 years old and new to chemistry) So I was recently looking around the house looking for products that I can extract chemicals from and I found a bottle of cleaning Vinegar ( 5% ...
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1answer
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Are inner transition metals also part of the transition group? [closed]

My book doesn't say anything about this and leaves it ambiguous. The periodic table they gave colored the inner transition metals as "transition metals". So, are inner transition metals also part of ...
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1answer
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Order of filling electrons in Jahn-Teller energy diagram

When filling electrons in atomic or molecular orbitals we fill first the lower energy orbitals and then the higher, according to Pauli and Hund's rule. But this seem not to be the case when ...
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1answer
63 views

what catalyst to use for the reaction between AgNO3 and NaCl? [closed]

What is the best catalyst to use for the reaction between AgNO3 and NaCl that would result in a change in activation of energy so therefore more precipitate formed. Please give me the ways I can ...
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Why isn't the American nickel magnetic?

I never thought that modern American nickels actually contained nickel anymore. However, according to this wiki article, the coins actually do contain 25% nickel, the rest being copper. And yet, no US ...
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Effect of optical isomerism on colour of transition metal complexes

I know that different stereoisomers of a given transition metal complex (cis- and trans- forms) have different colours. But do different optical isomers (non-superimposable mirror images) have ...
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1answer
108 views

Does tris(ethylenediamine)iron(III) exhibit optical isomerism? [closed]

I'm studying 12th. In my book they mentioned that $\ce{[Co(en)3]^3+}$ exhibits optical isomerism. But in that same book, there is a question Which of this doesn't exhibit isomerism? and the ...
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2answers
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Indicators of Cu(I) or Cu(II)

We performed an experiment in class where we placed a piece of copper wire in a solution of silver nitrate, we were tasked with predicted the mass of copper that should react and the mass of silver ...
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What is d-orbital collapse?

When I was perusing the works of Schwarz on atomic structure, I came across the unfamiliar term of d-orbital collapse. He describes it as a variation in energetic sequence from group 1 to 3 elements ...
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1answer
90 views

Only valence shell electrons participate in bonding then how is Cr in H2CrO4 forming 6 covalent bonds although it has only 1 valence electron?

The structure of $\ce{H2CrO4}$ is as follows: Shell configuration of chromium is 2,8,13,1 i.e. it has only 1 valence electron and only valence electron participate in bonding but Chromium in the ...
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1answer
93 views

Fractional index in a chemical formula of metal oxide

I have just read an article in which they used $\ce{WO3}$ and $\ce{WO_{2.9}}$ as precursors, whose objective was to form $\ce{WS2}$, in an atmosphere of argon by CVD. In one boat there is the powder ...
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2answers
961 views

Why Zn has highest ionisation enthalpy in 3d series?

Zn which has the highest ionisation enthalpy in 3d series.The reason given in my textbook is: The value of zinc is higher because it represent ionisation from 4s level. This is not correct because ...
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1answer
786 views

Reorganization during ionisation for d block elements

This is a quote from my textbook: The irregular trend in the first ionisation enthalpy of 3d lmetals,can be accounted for by considering that the removal of one electron alters the relative ...

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