Questions tagged [hydrocarbons]

Hydrocarbons are compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon atoms. This tag should be applied when a saturated or an unsaturated hydrocarbon is the main focus. For aromatic hydrocarbons, use [tag:aromatic-compounds] instead. For halohydrocarbons or other functional derivatives, use [tag:halides] or other relevant tags instead.

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8
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1answer
141 views

What is the most acidic neutral hydrocarbon?

This is a question I've been thinking about quite frequently. I had seen that this hydrocarbon has a low $\mathrm pK_\mathrm a$ with reference to the highlighted H-atom Loss of the central gives ...
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37 views

How much CO2 is emitted by burning coal to produce 1 kWh of energy

I'm a little embarrassed to ask this question at this stage of the climate game but, in searching, I seem to get contradictory answers. For example, here: https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.php?id=73&...
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1answer
34 views

What does a gasoline fuel contain [closed]

I would like to ask you a quetsion about hydrocarbons and gasoline. If you mix a octane with ethanol, what kind of bonds would you gate as in how will the atoms react. Can you in someway explain it ...
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28 views

How can a conjugated system of open hydrocarbon chains have delocalization?

If conjugated systems have delocalized electrons, and delocalization takes place when there are two possible structures how come I can only find one for conjugated systems of chained hydrocarbons like ...
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1answer
54 views

Can sulfuric acid attack a hydrocarbon/paraffin? Under what conditions? [closed]

Sulfuric acid can attack benzene and other hydrocarbons (when mixed with hydrogen peroxide). Also, chlorine gas and bromine can replace hydrogen(s) in hydrocarbons like methane, ethane, propane,butane ...
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50 views

Coupling reaction with reagent Na / Dry Ether

The following question was asked on myPAT website: I started with the solution by assuming Wurtz reaction would take place. And hence, I came with the product shown in option A. I knew that ...
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1answer
41 views

More use of pentane(+hexane+..) when compared with methane? [closed]

Methane is one of most cleaner of vehicle fuels when compared with other hydrocarbons. It can be easily and continuously produced in form of biogas in biodigestors working on farm and animal wastes. ...
5
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1answer
375 views

Chain with double bond or triple bond

In this hydrocarbon there can be two main chains: one with two double bonds and one with a double and a triple bond Both main chains contain seven carbon atoms. Which will be considered correct and ...
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1answer
44 views

Why carbon monoxide reacts with hydrogen to give different products in the presence of different catalysts

My books says how carbon monoxide will react with hydrogen to give different products with different catalysts, but how exactly do different catalysts yield different products. Do they provide ...
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17 views

Carbon-Carbon Chain stabilities [duplicate]

While learning about Carbon and its Compounds in a class 10 coaching, I suggested a structure for some isomers. It contained a connection of two consecutive carbons connected by double bonds. The ...
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23 views

How would you order alkyl groups of this compound numerically? [closed]

If akyl groups are ordered alphabetically and ethyl comes before methyl, would this compound be called 2-ethyl-3,4 dimethyl pentane? Since that would be less than 4-ethyl-2,3 dimethyl pentane, correct?...
5
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1answer
101 views

Role of THF in oxymercuration of alkenes

I am trying to self learn solomon's organic chemistry book, but there is no explanation over why we should use THF in oxymercuration. After a quick search I found out that THF help stabilize in ...
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1answer
204 views

Does benzene react with steam to create an alcohol?

Benzene has a molecular formula of $\ce{C6H6},$ right? Surely it has some alkene-like properties because of the double bonds, so can it undergo a hydration reaction to create alcohol?
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2answers
67 views

Which reaction is useful to prepare odd number of hydrocarbons?

Which reaction is useful to prepare odd number of hydrocarbons: Wurtz reaction Kolbe electrolysis Corey–House synthesis Oxymercuration Wurtz reaction produces even products except if we take ...
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2answers
73 views

Rate law of the reaction of propane with oxygen

In class, I have a demonstration where I light a bubble filled with propane. As I add oxygen, the bubbles combust faster and more quickly. I have already balanced out the chemical reaction like so: $$...
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1answer
72 views

How to remove wash anthracene oil/creostae oil from stainless steel tanker?

I once loaded anthracene oil/creosate Oil in my stainless steel tanker and I had to transport it to some factory. The material was inside the tanker for throughout the journey that was of around 8 ...
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45 views

Ozonolysis of 1,2,3,4,5,8‐hexahydronaphthalene

Consider 1,2,3,4,5,8‐hexahydronaphthalene: If one equivalent of ozone is added, then which double bond will undergo ozonolysis? If it attacks the more electron rich one, then unstable 10 membered ...
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13 views

Does Hydroboration oxidation always give Anti-Markonikov product? [duplicate]

Consider the case of pent-2-ene, what will happen if we make this compound undergo hydroboration oxidation? I tried this by checking stability of partial positive charge developing on the carbon in ...
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2answers
682 views

400–430 degrees Celsius heated bath

I want to perform a reaction which needs the temperature to be maintained between 400–430 °C. Since it's the only practical solution, I opted for a heated bath. I'm looking for a hydrocarbon fraction/...
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2answers
107 views

Why are triple covalent carbon to carbon bonds drawn linearly in skeletal structure? [duplicate]

In the link see that cyclic C-C structure with a triple covalent bond is drawn with an angle, probably the only way to draw it but why is it drawn linearly in non-cyclic and not like single or double ...
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1answer
542 views

Naming ester as a substituent to carboxylic acid

Can carboxylic acid functional group -COOH and ester's functional group R-COO-R' be in one structure? If yes, carboxylic acid will be the parent chain and ester will be the substituent as c.a. is ...
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1answer
244 views

Based on their respective number of degrees of freedom, what's the most efficient fuel; hydrogen or gasoline?

The reaction of octane's combustion is: $$\ce{2 C8H18 + 25 O2 -> 18 H2O + 16 CO2}$$ I am asked for computing the number of degrees of freedom of the octane given that its specific heat is $\pu{...
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58 views

Resonating structures of (pentan‐2‐ylidene)oxidanium

Draw resonating strictures of the following compound: In this molecule there are two π-components, but they are not conjugated. According to me, as there is no conjugation, it should not have a ...
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2answers
227 views

Size of hydrocarbons and boiling point

Increasing the contract surface area between hydrocarbons raises boiling point, so hexane should have a higher boiling point than propane. This doesn't really make sense to me. What is the difference ...
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1answer
114 views

Sulphonation of benzene

Will nitrobenzene and benzene have the same rate towards sulphonation reaction, since the formation of sigma complex is not the RDS of this reaction?
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1answer
41 views

Does there exist a dye that will primarily bind with water in a water/oil emulsion?

I'm wondering if there exists a type of dye that will bind primarily with water when introduced to a water/oil emulsion. That way if the water is centrifuged to the bottom of the vial, it will be dyed ...
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1answer
71 views

What are “O-hydrocarbons”? A pharma translator's question (Russian to English, “О-углеводороды”)

A translator colleague is translating from Russian a plan for study of a number of leachable and extractable substances (pharmacology). This Russian text mentions one particular class of chemicals ...
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1answer
184 views

Which of the two structures is more stable?

Which of the two structures is more stable? As far as I know, alkenes with a greater number of hyperconjugating structures are more stable. Hyperconjugation has a greater stabilizing effect ...
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2answers
437 views

Stability of alkadienes

Which of the following is the most stable? (i) Conjugated alkadiene $(\ce{CH2=CH-CH=CH2})$ (ii) Isolated alkadiene $(\ce{CH2=CH-CH2-CH=CH2})$ (iii) Cumulated alkadiene $(\ce{CH2=C=CH2})$ (...
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0answers
43 views

Relationship between structure and shock sensitivity for branched vs straight hydrocarbons and ammonium ions

In p. 137 of John D. Clark's Ignition! (in the new edition), Clark reports an interesting observation regarding the shock sensitivity of different isomers of alkyls and ammonium salts. Specifically, ...
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2answers
1k views

How to convert but-2-ene to but-1-ene? [closed]

How can we convert but-2-ene to but-1-ene? Is it even possible, since but-2-ene is the more stable one.
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25 views

3D printing of alumina

I want to print a structure of alumina, and the 3D printer that I am using is an extrusion-based printer. So I need your help in knowing that what composition (binders and deflocculant) of alumina ...
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2answers
1k views

Why total heat of hydrogenation of 1,3-cyclohexadiene is more than that of benzene?

I'm told that heat of hydrogenation (HOH) is directly proportional to number of π bonds and inversely proportional to stability. So, is the aromaticity responsible for this? Also, what is the general ...
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1answer
695 views

Which will be the major monochlorination product? [closed]

Which of these compounds represents the major monochlorination isomer formed in the following reaction? According to selectivity theory, the answer should be (c). However, the given answer is (...
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1answer
612 views

ICHO Synthesis Problem 2018

I've several doubts about this ICHO synthesis problem, which was a part of the preparatory problem package of 2018 (so yes, it's not a part of an ongoing contest) Before sharing the answer given, I'...
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1answer
139 views

Expanded structure formula and Lewis dot structure, whats the difference?

I am teaching my self the basics of chemistry and I have done lewis dot structure before. Right now I am going into carbon chemistry which often use structure formulas to represent compounds. There is ...
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1answer
156 views

Hydrogenation of 1-hexene with Raney nickel

For my high school senior chemistry project, I need to create and perform a lab. I've chosen to do the hydrogenation of 1-hexene with the catalyst of Raney nickel. I'm struggling because I'm not ...
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0answers
80 views

Atomic carbon in rocket exhaust

Inspired by this article, I've been looking at using metallic hydrogen as a rocket fuel using CEARUN. I'm looking at diluting the atomic hydrogen with liquid methane to reduce the chamber temperature ...
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1answer
119 views

Determination of molecular formula of hydrocarbons by combustion analysis

So, I've this question in my textbook: $\pu{20 mL}$ of unknown gaseous hydrocarbon reacts with excess oxygen gas. It decreases by $\pu{30 mL}$ upon cooling down. It decreases farther $\pu{40 mL}$ ...
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1answer
39 views

Can hydrides react with hydrocarbons? And why?

I have read there exist so called "magic" (super strong) acids which can provide a proton to saturated hydrocarbons, producing cation and hydrogen molecule. Can hydrides act in the same manner (pick a ...
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4answers
209 views

Why is petrol also called octane?

Why do people commonly use octane as a synonym for petrol (gasoline)? Isn't petrol a mixture of hydrocarbon distillates--not a pure substance?
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1answer
89 views

Why are there distortions in electron cloud in molecules? How does increase surface area amplify these distortions?

In the physical properties of hydrocarbons,it is said that branched hydrocarbons have relatively less boiling point than it's linear form. From what I have learnt is that it is due to the increase in ...
5
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1answer
353 views

Why does benzene have 3 π–π* transitions in the UV range, but ethene, butadiene, and hexatriene each have only 1?

Are the π and π* orbitals of benzene much closer together in energy which allows for multiple transitions? Why is this not the case for hexatriene if they both contain the same number of pi bonds?
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Organic reduction of alkene

Can Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen Method be used to reduce alkyne or alkene. If so do they produce syn addition or anti addition product. ?
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1answer
78 views

Can the inverse of a micelle be formed with non-polar solvents?

A micelle is formed due to the clustering of soap molecules wherein the interior of the cluster is formed by the hydrophobic end and the ionic ends are on the surface of the cluster. So, if a non-...
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0answers
225 views

Does silicon have catenation property?

We know that there are countless organic compounds of carbon chain because of carbon's catenation. Silicon also is in the same group of carbon. Does it also have the catenation property? If not, why?
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1answer
590 views

Why can't terminal alkynes take part in Birch reduction?

According to my book terminal alkynes are not observed in Birch reduction.Why is this so? The only property I know about them is that they are slightly acidic. Does this have something to do with it? ...
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47 views

Why can't a quaternary carbon product be obtained by alkane isomerization in presence of AlCl3 and HCl?

This question actually deals with the reaction in another question: Isomerisation of alkanes under Lewis acidic conditions. I have a further doubt, regarding this reaction my book says that a ...
5
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1answer
2k views

What is the correct name of 3-isopropyl-4-methylhexane?

In the branched alkane shown above, I've been told that 3-isopropyl-4-methylhexane is supposedly the correct name. However, in the alternative numbering scheme on the right, the parent chain is still ...
3
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1answer
1k views

What is the mechanism of alkane combustion?

I understand that combustion of hydrocarbons (such as alkanes) produces energy by breaking bonds: $$\ce{C_nH_{2n} + $\frac{3n}{2}$ O2 -> nCO2 + n H2O}$$ And I can find dozens of explanations of ...