# Questions tagged [buffer]

Use for questions regarding solutions containing a mixture of a strong acid and weak base or vice versa.

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### Dihydrogenphosphate and hydrogenphosphate buffer solution

I have just come across a problem involving a buffer solution comprising of dihydrogenphosphate ions and hydrogen phosphate ions, which asks how the mixture of these two ions can function as a buffer ...
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### Sodium Citrate / Sodium Phosphate Buffer Calculations

I'm trying to work through the calculations of a specific paper (linked here / below) but, my numbers are way off and I can't get them to match for the life of me. I need to make the same buffer but ...
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### What is the math behind the formula for the concentration of the strong titrant when calculating theoretical buffer capacity of a diprotic system?

I have a question related to finding the theoretical buffer capacity of a diprotic system, specifically about the formula for the concentration of the strong titrant. In this post: What is the formula ...
1 vote
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### Exact calculation of pH of diprotic acid plus strong base

Another post has an excellent "exact" calculation for the [H+] (or pH) of a generic diprotic acid dissociating in water. Combining acid dissociation constants to determine pH of diprotic ...
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### pH and degree of dissociation of drugs

I have a doubt, i hope not so stupid. Suppose we consider a buffer solution of acetic acid/acetate at pH = pKa = 4.76 and we add aspirin (pKa = 3.5): given that the pH of the solution is higher than ...
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### What is the charge of amino acid in alkaline conditions?

This problem refers to the protein buffer in a living system. "If the blood pH becomes alkaline, there is a release of a proton from the $\ce{NH3+}$ ion, which takes the $\ce{NH2}$ form." I ...
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### Does temperature affect ionic strength?

Hello I apologize if this is a dumb question but if I have a phosphate buffer made up of Na2HPO4 and NaH2PO4 and I gradually increase the temperature (lets say 10,20,30,40,50) what would happen to the ...
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### Measuring [A-]/[HA-] with Buffer and Indicator

I'm very confused on how to calculate the [A-]/[HA] value, given the fact that my dilution series uses buffers at various pH values with the same indicator (supplied at the same concentration to each ...
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### Why doesn't the volume of NH3 = 325 ml in this problem? [closed]

I'm struggling with the problem below, and don't understand why A buffer solution with pH = 9.0 is to be prepared from a 0.2 M ammonia solution and a 0.15 M $\ce{HCl}$ solution. The sum of the molar ...
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### Why does "bis-tris propane" have two pKa values?

Wikipedia gives two pKa values for "Bis-tris propane". What about bis-tris-propane gives this compound two pKa values where other compounds have only one? How am I to choose which pKa value ...
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### How to calculate the buffer capacity for polyprotic acids? specifically H2PO4 --- HPO42- + H30+

as the title says. Is b= amount of OH-/ H3O divided by volume of buffer x change in pH wrong to use with polyprotic acids? Can I calculate the buffering capacity of a sodium phosphate buffer made up ...
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### Calculating acid volumes needed

I collect water quality samples used for irrigation. The samples are sent to a lab to measure $\ce{Ca^{2+}, Mg^{2+}, CO3^{2-}, HCO3^-}$, pH, and total dissolved solids. I need to use acid to prevent ...
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### What happens when you add a weak acid to a solution buffered at a pH of 8.0?

There are a lot of textbook examples showing what happens to the pH of a buffered solution when you add strong acids and strong bases. Searching for an example calculation where you add weak acids or ...
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### Will the solid formed after dehydration of a disodium hydrogen phosphate + sodium hydroxide solution be hygroscopic at STP?

Given a solution consisting of disodium hydrogen phosphate + sodium hydroxide (approaching a pH of 12), will the solid formed after dehydration of the solution be hygroscopic at STP? Which salts are ...
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### A method to create NH3-NH4Cl buffer solution using titration method

My aim is to create a basic buffer solution. I know that to create a basic buffer solution, we need a strong acid and weak base. In my case I have chosen $\ce{NH3}$ and $\ce{NH4Cl}$. Using titration, ...