Questions tagged [buffer]

Use for questions regarding solutions containing a mixture of a strong acid and weak base or vice versa.

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1answer
147 views

Finding final pH of the buffer solution without applying Henderson equation

A is beaker with $\pu{0.1 M}$ $\pu{25 cm^3}$ solution of $\ce{NH3}.$ B is beaker with $\pu{0.1 M}$ $\pu{5 cm^3}$ $\ce{HCl}.$ Now the solution of A and B is mixed. What will be the final $\mathrm{pH}$ ...
0
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1answer
61 views

How to change pH of CuSO4?

I'm currently very desperate to know this. I'm doing an experiment about adsorption/chelation of Cu ions in CuSO4 using banana peels using the UV-Visible spectroscopy. How do I change the pH of 0.1M ...
-2
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2answers
130 views

Why is sodium bicarbonate added to lower the pH? [closed]

I use salicylaldehyde, chloroacetic acid and sodium hydroxide for the synthesis of o-formylphenoxyacetic acid. In the procedure it is written that after the reaction I need to add sodium bicarbonate ...
-1
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1answer
55 views

When is a buffer solution considered efficient?

By this I mean what is the rigorous definition of a buffer solution? I know that a buffer is a solution able to resist changes of $\mathrm{pH}$, but how much resistance to $\mathrm{pH}$ does a ...
1
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0answers
30 views

Which is more effective at raising pH, Tums or baking soda?

Chemical buffers like Tums (calcium carbonate) and bases like baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) are both used medically to reduce acidity in the stomach to ease heartburn symptoms. I'm curious which is ...
0
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2answers
292 views

Calculating ratio of conjugate base and acid when pH and pKa are given

Buffer solutions are used by biological mammalian systems to maintain the $\mathrm{pH}$ of blood plasma within a narrow range. In these systems, the compound from which this solution is obtained is $\...
2
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1answer
46 views

Finding new pH after adding potassium hydroxide to citrate buffer

Calculate the $\mathrm{pH}$ change of citrate buffer containing $\pu{10.26 mmol}$ of citric acid and $\pu{6.98 mmol}$ citrate caused by adding $\pu{4.72 mmol}$ of potassium hydroxide. $\mathrm{p}K_\...
0
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1answer
249 views

How to calculate bicarbonate and carbonate from total alkalinity [closed]

It's been a long time since I did my chemistry classes and I'm currently trying to analyze groundwater samples for hydrogeology purposes. I would like to evaluate carbonate and bicarbonate ...
-1
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2answers
41 views

Creating a buffer with with a target pH and given weak base?

I need to create a $100\textrm{mL}$ buffer of $\textrm{pH = 9.20}$ with ammonia and ammonium chloride such that $\textrm{pH = }9.20\pm0.50$ with $20\textrm{mL}$ of $0.2\textrm{M } \ce{NaOH}/\ce{HCl}$. ...
2
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0answers
48 views

How to determine the pH of citrate buffer system

I used this table (http://microscopy.berkeley.edu/Resources/instruction/buffers.html) to make a citrate buffer system. The Pka value is 6.4, and I multiplied the solution by ten to make a larger batch....
5
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3answers
527 views

Am I understanding buffering capacity against strong acid/base correctly?

I just want to make sure I'm understanding buffering capacity correctly. I've been working on this problem: Suppose you have an acetic acid buffer, $\mathrm{p}K_\mathrm{a} = 4.74$, at the ...
1
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1answer
33 views

Why does Calcium (specifically Calcium Carbonate) inhibit the Citrate buffer system?

Is it because citrate chelates calcium and then is unable to react with other chemicals being added? If so can someone explain this reaction to me, or if not provide what the reason is? If anyone has ...
0
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0answers
19 views

How to find the molar concentration of two compounds mixed together in a buffer solution having the Kb and its Ph [duplicate]

Calculate how many milliliters of a $\pu{8.00 \times 10^{−1} M}$ solution of $\ce{NH3}$ and how many milliliters of a $\pu{7.80 \times 10^{−1} M}$ solution of $\ce{NH4Cl}$ are needed to get to a liter ...
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0answers
94 views

Stable physiological buffer to make NAD+ solution

I was wondering what would be the most stable physiological buffer for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), for potential storage as frozen aliquots - 6 months stability or around there would be ...
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0answers
47 views

Is contribution to pH by an acid or base always greater than salt hydrolysis?

I was solving a titration question and the reaction I came to was this: $$ \begin{array}{lcccc} \ce{&BOH(aq) &+ &HCl(aq) -> &BC(aq) &+ &H2O(l) }\\ \text{Initial} & x &...
2
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2answers
136 views

Can I make a buffer with a weak acid without adding it's conjugated base, when the desired pH of the solution is exactly the pKa of the weak acid?

An acid will be 50% dissociated when the solution it's in have a pH equal to the acid pKa ('afirmation 1', for later reference). We also know that a good buffer solution have equal concentrations of ...
-3
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1answer
61 views

Preparation of Ca/PO4/acetate solution

EDIT: This is not a homework problem and we need this for an exploratory study on teeth demineralization. There is further work planned around this activity, which may not be relevant to the question. ...
5
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3answers
3k views

Solubility Product and Buffers

The ionization constant of benzoic acid is $6.46 \times 10^{-5}$ and solubility product for silver benzoate is $2.5 \times 10^{-13}$. How many times silver benzoate is more soluble in a buffer of $\...
3
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3answers
6k views

Finding is the concentration of H⁺ in a benzoate buffer solution after adding HCl

Q: A buffer with a $\mathrm{pH}$ of 4.44 contains $\pu{0.21 M}$ of sodium benzoate and $\pu{0.12 M}$ of benzoic acid. What is the concentration of $\ce{[H+]}$ in the solution after the addition of $\...
2
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1answer
3k views

How many moles NH4Cl must be added to NH3 to create buffer with pH=9?

How many moles of $\ce{NH4Cl}$ must be added to $\pu{2.0 L}$ of $\pu{0.10 M}$ $\ce{NH3}$ to form a buffer with $\mathrm{pH}=9$? Assume the addition does not change the volume of the solution ...