Questions tagged [buffer]

Use for questions regarding solutions containing a mixture of a strong acid and weak base or vice versa.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

How could I make a buffer solution if I only had weak base NH3 and HCL? [closed]

As of now, I believe the way to do it is to completely react the $\ce{HCl}$ with $\ce{NH3}$ so that all is left is $\ce{NH3}$ and its conjugate acid $\ce{NH4+}$. However, I don't know how to proceed ...
-3
votes
0answers
13 views

Base/acid for adjusting phosphate and ammonium buffer salts?

To adjust pH of a phosphate buffer salt (like NaH2PO4), I was told to use phosporic acid (as an acid) but what do you use if you need to raise the pH? Does the choice of the base matter? Same question ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Given initial moles of weak acid, find moles of conjugate base to be added to get a final pH (volume unknown)

I am preparing notes on buffers and I came across this problem on a website: Given 10.0 mmol of a weak acid HA with $\textrm{p}K_a =5$, how many mmol of NaA needs to be added to have a final $\textrm{...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Calculating the pH of a 'buffer' solution?

Question: Determine the $\mathrm{pH}$ of the solution resulting when $\pu{100 cm^3}$ of $\pu{0.50 mol dm-3}$ $\ce{CH2ClCOOH}$ is mixed with $\pu{200 cm^3}$ of $\pu{0.10 mol dm-3}$ $\ce{NaOH}$. The ...
8
votes
2answers
315 views

How to (numerically) model a phosphoric acid titration curve

I've been learning how to simulate a 1M phosphoric acid titration curve using numerical methods in R. So far has this has been the best curve: Notice how it flattens out (artificially) towards the ...
-2
votes
1answer
53 views

Is mixture of ammonium hydroxide and ammonium nitrate a buffer solution? [closed]

Is a mixture of $\ce{NH4OH}$ and $\ce{NH4NO3}$ a buffer solution? I have seen some examples with $\ce{NH4OH}$ and $\ce{NH4Cl}$ but never $\ce{NH4NO3}$.
-1
votes
1answer
40 views

How to calculate how much weak acid would dissociate in water?

So I know water has a pH of 7. If we add 0.1 mol of a strong acid inside 1 liter of water, it WILL fully dissociate into 0.1 mol of A- and 0.1 mol of H+ thus making the pH of the solution 1. But what ...
-4
votes
1answer
89 views

How to calculate pH of an CH3COOH solution? [closed]

please, does anyone know, how to properly (with calculation procedure) calcutate $\mathrm{pH}$ of an $\ce{CH3COOH}$, when you know only: -$\ce{CH3COOH}$ is 8% (water solution) -density of $\ce{...
-2
votes
1answer
307 views

Preparation of a HCN/NaCN buffer that has a pH of 9.8 and an osmotic pressure of 1.35 atm at 298 K

You are asked to prepare $\pu{2.0 L}$ of a $\ce{HCN/NaCN}$ buffer that has a $\mathrm{pH}$ of $9.8$ and an osmotic pressure of $\pu{1.35 atm}$ at $\pu{298 K}$. What masses of $\ce{HCN}$ and $\ce{NaCN}$...
5
votes
0answers
116 views

What pH value of 1M sodium crotonate solution supposed to be?

I need to prepare the $\pu{1M}$ solution of sodium crotonate, however, I don't have one in lab, but I do have sodium hydroxide and crotonic acid. Thus, I calculated that for $\pu{100 mL}$ of $\pu{1M}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Question regarding chemical equilibrium when adding a salt to acid solution

Having read the following was wondering something: $$\mathrm {p}K_\mathrm{a} = -\log\frac{[\ce{H+}]_\mathrm{eq}[\ce{A-}]_\mathrm{eq}}{[\ce{HA}]_\mathrm{eq}} $$ $$\ce{HA <=> H+ + A-}$$ $$\mathrm{...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Confusion regarding the mechanism of acidic/basic buffer solutions

While learning about acidic and basic buffer solutions we were told that they can resist pH change if we add small amounts of acid or base by neutralizing the $\ce{H+}$/$\ce{OH-}$ ions from the added ...
3
votes
1answer
242 views

Preparation of ammonium acetate buffer for HPLC

Buffer solutions are typically prepared by dissolving an appropriate salt in water and then adjusting the $\mathrm{pH}$ to the desired position by addition of the conjugate acid or base. For example, ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Finding final pH of the buffer solution without applying Henderson equation

A is beaker with $\pu{0.1 M}$ $\pu{25 cm^3}$ solution of $\ce{NH3}.$ B is beaker with $\pu{0.1 M}$ $\pu{5 cm^3}$ $\ce{HCl}.$ Now the solution of A and B is mixed. What will be the final $\mathrm{pH}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
254 views

How to change pH of CuSO4?

I'm currently very desperate to know this. I'm doing an experiment about adsorption/chelation of Cu ions in CuSO4 using banana peels using the UV-Visible spectroscopy. How do I change the pH of 0.1M ...
-2
votes
2answers
192 views

Why is sodium bicarbonate added to lower the pH? [closed]

I use salicylaldehyde, chloroacetic acid and sodium hydroxide for the synthesis of o-formylphenoxyacetic acid. In the procedure it is written that after the reaction I need to add sodium bicarbonate ...
-1
votes
1answer
67 views

When is a buffer solution considered efficient?

By this I mean what is the rigorous definition of a buffer solution? I know that a buffer is a solution able to resist changes of $\mathrm{pH}$, but how much resistance to $\mathrm{pH}$ does a ...
1
vote
0answers
234 views

Which is more effective at raising pH, Tums or baking soda?

Chemical buffers like Tums (calcium carbonate) and bases like baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) are both used medically to reduce acidity in the stomach to ease heartburn symptoms. I'm curious which is ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Calculating ratio of conjugate base and acid when pH and pKa are given

Buffer solutions are used by biological mammalian systems to maintain the $\mathrm{pH}$ of blood plasma within a narrow range. In these systems, the compound from which this solution is obtained is $\...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Finding new pH after adding potassium hydroxide to citrate buffer

Calculate the $\mathrm{pH}$ change of citrate buffer containing $\pu{10.26 mmol}$ of citric acid and $\pu{6.98 mmol}$ citrate caused by adding $\pu{4.72 mmol}$ of potassium hydroxide. $\mathrm{p}K_\...
0
votes
1answer
938 views

How to calculate bicarbonate and carbonate from total alkalinity [closed]

It's been a long time since I did my chemistry classes and I'm currently trying to analyze groundwater samples for hydrogeology purposes. I would like to evaluate carbonate and bicarbonate ...
-1
votes
2answers
48 views

Creating a buffer with with a target pH and given weak base?

I need to create a $100\textrm{mL}$ buffer of $\textrm{pH = 9.20}$ with ammonia and ammonium chloride such that $\textrm{pH = }9.20\pm0.50$ with $20\textrm{mL}$ of $0.2\textrm{M } \ce{NaOH}/\ce{HCl}$. ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

How to determine the pH of citrate buffer system

I used this table (http://microscopy.berkeley.edu/Resources/instruction/buffers.html) to make a citrate buffer system. The Pka value is 6.4, and I multiplied the solution by ten to make a larger batch....
4
votes
3answers
829 views

Am I understanding buffering capacity against strong acid/base correctly?

I just want to make sure I'm understanding buffering capacity correctly. I've been working on this problem: Suppose you have an acetic acid buffer, $\mathrm{p}K_\mathrm{a} = 4.74$, at the ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Why does Calcium (specifically Calcium Carbonate) inhibit the Citrate buffer system?

Is it because citrate chelates calcium and then is unable to react with other chemicals being added? If so can someone explain this reaction to me, or if not provide what the reason is? If anyone has ...
1
vote
0answers
200 views

Stable physiological buffer to make NAD+ solution

I was wondering what would be the most stable physiological buffer for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), for potential storage as frozen aliquots - 6 months stability or around there would be ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Is contribution to pH by an acid or base always greater than salt hydrolysis?

I was solving a titration question and the reaction I came to was this: $$ \begin{array}{lcccc} \ce{&BOH(aq) &+ &HCl(aq) -> &BC(aq) &+ &H2O(l) }\\ \text{Initial} & x &...
2
votes
2answers
275 views

Can I make a buffer with a weak acid without adding it's conjugated base, when the desired pH of the solution is exactly the pKa of the weak acid?

An acid will be 50% dissociated when the solution it's in have a pH equal to the acid pKa ('afirmation 1', for later reference). We also know that a good buffer solution have equal concentrations of ...
-3
votes
1answer
62 views

Preparation of Ca/PO4/acetate solution

EDIT: This is not a homework problem and we need this for an exploratory study on teeth demineralization. There is further work planned around this activity, which may not be relevant to the question. ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Solubility Product and Buffers

The ionization constant of benzoic acid is $6.46 \times 10^{-5}$ and solubility product for silver benzoate is $2.5 \times 10^{-13}$. How many times silver benzoate is more soluble in a buffer of $\...
3
votes
3answers
7k views

Finding is the concentration of H⁺ in a benzoate buffer solution after adding HCl

Q: A buffer with a $\mathrm{pH}$ of 4.44 contains $\pu{0.21 M}$ of sodium benzoate and $\pu{0.12 M}$ of benzoic acid. What is the concentration of $\ce{[H+]}$ in the solution after the addition of $\...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

How many moles NH4Cl must be added to NH3 to create buffer with pH=9?

How many moles of $\ce{NH4Cl}$ must be added to $\pu{2.0 L}$ of $\pu{0.10 M}$ $\ce{NH3}$ to form a buffer with $\mathrm{pH}=9$? Assume the addition does not change the volume of the solution ...