Questions tagged [van-der-waals-behavior]

Questions with substantial discussion on the behavior of real gases using the van der Waals model (as opposed to just calculations with the van der Waals equation, or a casual reference to the van der Waals model).

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Why is my P-T gradient decreasing for increasing radius of spheres when it should be increasing? [closed]

Why is my P-T gradient decreasing for increasing radius of spheres when it should be increasing? I'm simulating some hard sphere collisions with $Radius_{container}=10,$ and varying pressure and ...
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40 views

What happens when $V=Nb$ in the Van der Waals equation (divergent)?

The VdW equation: $$\left(P+a\left(\frac{N^2}{V^2}\right) \right)\left(V-Nb\right)=Nk_BT$$ when the intermolecular forces are zero $a=0$, so $P=\frac{Nk_BT}{V-Nb}$ which diverges at $V=Nb$ for fixed ...
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Should there be a better explanation on Van Der Waals force? [duplicate]

The explanation on how Van der Waals force forms is this: Van der Waals forces consist of induced, temporary dipoles between neighbouring molecules. These are caused by constantly shifting electron ...
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118 views

Is a/b > 1 mol/L for a and b in the van der Waals equation?

We know that the van der Waals equation for real gases is $$\left(p + \frac{an^2}{V^2}\right)(V-nb) = nRT.$$ Is $a > b$ always in this equation? In my textbook $a > b$ for gases like $\ce{He},$ $...
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Are spontaneous/induced dipoles the same as van der Waals forces?

I am puzzled by the names of dipoles. What is the difference among permanent dipoles, spontaneous dipoles, van der Waals forces, and intermolecular forces? Does "The intermolecular force" ...
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50 views

About Real Gas and Ideal Gas - Select the correct statement(s):

Select the correct statement(s): At Boyle's temperature a real gas behaves like an ideal gas at low pressure. Above critical conditions, a real gas behaves like an ideal gas. At high pressure van der ...
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156 views

Why London Dispersion force is attractive not repulsive

The London Dispersion force is caused by the formation of temporary dipoles in the electron cloud of neutral atoms that attract each other. Why is this only attractive? Why don't the like poles repel,...
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71 views

When do repulsive forces in a gas actually become dominant?

We say that repulsive forces become dominant when Z>1 (i.e. Vobserved > Vtheoretical). But when the difference between Vobserved and Vtheoretical is less than b, shouldn't attractive forces ...
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1answer
89 views

Intermolecular interaction Van Der Waals

In the empirical demonstration of the Van der Waals equation at Khan Academy, they made a demonstration of the real volume, for example, it was said that it has to be larger than the ideal volume, ...
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51 views

Why is the concentration term in van der Waals correction for ideal gas squared? [duplicate]

In van der Waals correction for ideal gas equation, the pressure term has a correction where concentration term is squared. I saw derivations for this and they say that the concentration is squared ...
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112 views

interconverting Van Der Waal's equation for real gases from number of molecules to density

I want to ask a question about Van Der Waal's equation for real gases. I was shown the following formula for real gases (VDW) which accounts for the liquification of water vapour which is not possible ...
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Student Question regarding molecular van der Waals volume and Polarizability

I would like to request a crosscheck of my understandings regarding molecular van der Waals volume and polarizability. Please have a look through my statements about these 2 concepts below and point ...
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42 views

Does scotch tape only use van der Waals forces? [closed]

Does it also make use of covalent bonds to stick to surfaces?
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660 views

What is the value of isothermal compressibility of a van der Waals gas at critical point?

For a van der Waals gas, isothermal compressibility is $$\kappa=\frac{V^2(V-nb)^2}{nRTV^3-2an^2(V-nb)^2}$$ If one substitutes the values of critical temperature and volume in this formula, isothermal ...
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Chemicals to increase surface tension of water

I want to increase the surface tension of water by 1.2 - 2 times. How about adding one or more chemical substances to the water that can possibily increase its surface tension by the desired amount? ...
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1answer
104 views

Deviation from ideal gas law curves

So I was reading through my textbook on deviations from an ideal gas, and they had plotted a curve of experimental PV/nRT against the pressure. They talk a lot about why the volume is really smaller ...
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618 views

Compressibility factor (Z) of a real gas [closed]

I was wondering whether the compressibility factor of a real gas (given by $Z = V_{\mathrm{real}}/V_{\mathrm{ideal}}$) is supposed to be measured while keeping pressure constant? I was attempting to ...
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158 views

Why is it experimentally difficult to accurately find the critical volume of a real gas?

I was reading up on the derivation of the values of various critical state functions( $\ce{Vc}$, $\ce{pc}$ and $\ce{Tc}$) from the Van der Waals equation (Physical Chemistry by G.W. Castellan). There, ...
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816 views

Finding (∂U/∂V )T = n^2a/V^2 for a van der Waals gas [closed]

$\displaystyle dU = \left(\frac{\partial U}{\partial T}\right)_V dT + \left(\frac{\partial U}{\partial V}\right)_T dV \to dU = C_v dT - C_v\left(\frac{\partial T}{\partial V}\right)_U dV$ Not sure ...
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2k views

How are the Van der Waals constants a and b related to each other?

I know that the constant $a$ represents the attractive forces between the molecules while the constant $b$ represents the size/repulsion between them. Does that mean that $a$ and $b$ are "...
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1answer
34k views

Calculating Compressibility factor from the Van der Waals' Gas equation

So this problem has been bugging me for a long time. According to Wikipedia the compressibility factor $Z$ is defined as the ratio of the volume occupied by a real gas divided by the volume occupied ...
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1answer
1k views

Validity of van der Waals equation [duplicate]

Van der Waals had stated that at high pressure, pressure exerted by ideal gas on the walls of container is more than real gas. However in this graph, one can clearly see that, the at high pressure ...
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2answers
4k views

Are van der Waals coefficients independent of temperature?

In the van der Waals equation for real gases, the coefficients $a$ and $b$ are used as respective correction terms for pressure and volume in the ideal gas equation. I want to know whether the van ...
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2answers
5k views

Van der Waals real gas equation

Van der Waals corrected the ideal gas equation for real gases and gave the following equation: $$\left(p+\frac{an²}{V^2}\right)\left(V-nb\right)=nRT$$ I’m very confused about one aspect of this ...
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1answer
4k views

How are van der Waals parameters determined experimentally?

If the ideal gas law $PV=nRT$ is not enough, as a second approximation the van der Waals equation $$\left(P+a\frac{n^2}{V}\right)\left(V-nb\right)=nRT$$ is applied. The constants $a$ and $b$ are van ...
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3k views

Does the van der Waals equation remain valid when repulsive intermolecular forces dominate?

The van der Waals equation for a real gas is: $$RT =\left(p+\frac{a}{V_\mathrm{m}^2}\right)(V_\mathrm{m}-b)$$ We have understood this formula by saying that $a$ is the term which is for force of ...
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3answers
3k views

High pressure modification to the van der Waals equation

I get that a gas behaves non-ideally under high pressure and low temperature conditions. At high pressures, the density of a gas increases and attraction forces operate among molecules due to short ...