I am puzzled by the names of dipoles.

What is the difference among permanent dipoles, spontaneous dipoles, van der Waals forces, and intermolecular forces?

Does "The intermolecular force" imply van der Waals and dipole forces?

  • $\begingroup$ Induced dipoles are created by external electrostatic field. Permanent ones do not need such a field. // The van der Waals forces are usually described as a combination of the London dispersion forces between "instantaneously induced dipoles", Debye forces between permanent dipoles and induced dipoles, and the Keesom force between permanent molecular dipoles whose rotational orientations are dynamically averaged over time. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Van_der_Waals_force $\endgroup$
    – Poutnik
    Aug 28, 2021 at 15:47
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ So, as dipoles are not forces, they cannot be the same as the vdW forces.. $\endgroup$
    – Poutnik
    Aug 28, 2021 at 17:38


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