Questions tagged [liquids]

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2answers
65 views

What is intermolecular distance in water? [closed]

I am wondering what is an average intermolecular distance in liquid water (say under normal pressure and room temperature). I need just order of magnitude. A reference would be helpful.
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1answer
46 views

How does solutions of two liquids work? [closed]

I'll start by establishing my potentially flawed understanding of solutions: A solution is a completely homogenous mixture. That means that the two (or more) substances are evenly distributed ...
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1answer
43 views

Low viscosity, low surface tension liquid for volume measurement

General Case This question concerns the general problem of accurate volume measurement of a given object. Among other techniques, that of liquid displacement is sometimes used for this purpose. In ...
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1answer
52 views

I need help finding several immiscible liquids [closed]

I am trying to fill a vial with as many immiscible liquids as possible so that they form many separate layers. I want to do this as a way to visualise how liquids with different refractive indexes ...
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1answer
64 views

How can CO2 exist in two different phases?

Given a container of $\ce{CO2}$ at a pressure of 100 bar and 295 K, I check the chart below and find: I'm within the liquid region I'm before the critical point (304 K) My question then is, why can ...
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0answers
25 views

Carbonated Beverage Phenomenon [duplicate]

I've seen this phenomenon a couple of times--I actually saw it happen this night. When a carbonated beverage is poured into a cup or glass, many tiny bubbles of carbon dioxide form on the bottom of ...
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0answers
140 views

Finding the reduced pressure to distill a solution containing 0.4 g of naphthalene in 25 g of chloroform at 50 °C

Chloroform boils at $\pu{62 ^\circ C}$. For a solution containing $\pu{0.4 g}$ of naphthalene in $\pu{25 g}$ of chloroform, the boiling point is elevated by $\pu{0.45 K}$, to avoid any decomposition ...
3
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0answers
111 views

What are the least dense fluids?

This question left me wondering what other very light (condensed) fluids could exist, at any environmental condition. Obvious candidates for the list are (at their Bp./1 bar) LH2 (0.07 g/ml) LHe (0....
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1answer
50 views

Is it possible to manipulate some specific atoms of a liquid metal by dint of the magnetic field, electric field, etc?

Let's deem, we have a liquid metal that is multicomponent, for example, type A, B, and C. Is it possible that we single out the type A and put them in a specific shape, for example, a circle? Let me ...
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0answers
29 views

The minima of minimum boiling azeotropes

This is a very basic doubt, so I'll be really brief about it. The discussion I raise is particularly about minimum boiling azeotropes but it's understood that whatever I ask is about the general ...
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2answers
122 views

Can we determine pH of liquid at home without pH-meter or litmus paper? [closed]

Are there alternative ways to determine $\mathrm{pH}$ of a liquid without using $\mathrm{pH}$-meter or litmus paper? In case if we didn't cook the liquid ourselves and don't know concentration of acid ...
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1answer
87 views

Chemicals to increase surface tension of water

I want to increase the surface tension of water by 1.2 - 2 times. How about adding one or more chemical substances to the water that can possibily increase its surface tension by the desired amount? ...
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2answers
41 views

Water color additive that will maintain color when water is a thin film

I'm producing thin sheets of liquid (50 to 100 microns) from a nozzle and trying to photograph them. I think it would help if I could color the water. However, typically as water becomes more of a ...
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1answer
32 views

How to transfer Gel into liquid [closed]

We’ll know there are few easy method to make liquid into gel form But whats the method for reverse it To transfer gel into liquid form
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2answers
77 views

What happens with the boiling point of a liquid in a vacuum [closed]

This may be a silly question, but when I was reading my chemistry textbook, there was this following statement: "A liquid boils when its vapor pressure equals the external pressure acting on the ...
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0answers
40 views

Liquid neon freezer?

Liquid nitrogen is approximately -330 degrees Fahrenheit. Liquid neon is approximately -413 degrees Fahrenheit. I want to know about if this type of freezer is easily possible in practice and if such ...
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1answer
66 views

Effect of pressure on viscosity of liquids and gases [closed]

My textbook says the following on viscosity and pressure: increase in pressure decreases the viscosity of water but for other liquids it increases. Viscosity of gases does not change much No ...
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0answers
143 views

How much electron hybridization and bonding occurs in liquid helium?

Helium is the only element which does not freeze at atmospheric pressure, and only forms a liquid at around 4 Kelvin due to weak van der Waals forces. I'm interested in knowing roughly how much ...
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2answers
36 views

What are some other gases that liquify at around the same temperature as ammonia? [closed]

I am looking for gases that have a liquefication that falls within or on the edges of the liquefication range of Ammonia. I am mainly looking for gases that are comprised mainly of Carbon, Nitrogen, ...
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1answer
60 views

Is there any non-toxic and non-solvable-in-air liquid? [closed]

I want to heat the air with non-aqueous, non-toxic and non-solvable-in-air liquid (with very low relative pressure in air). Is there any such liquid exists? It would be great if the boiling point of ...
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0answers
38 views

Water replacement for pressure-testing [closed]

Due to circumstance, our Data Centre build has some delays and it currently looks like we're going to have to perform a hydrostatic test of our sprinkler system with live computers in it. As I have ...
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0answers
48 views

Liquid alternative to alcohol to lower density of water

I am trying to create a suspension of polypropylene particles in a water based liquid. I want the density of the liquid to be more than or equal to the density of polypropylene (855 - 946 kg/m3) so ...
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1answer
110 views

What happens when a super-critical fluid is compressed?

Suppose that I have some substance with a critical temperature of 20°C. That means above that temperature, the substance exists neither as a gas nor a liquid, but instead as a super-critical fluid. ...
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3answers
2k views

Are all volatile liquids combustible?

I realized that liquids like petrol, kerosene and even perfumes are combustible when they are volatile. Could that be the reason why water is not combustible is because it is not volatile? Are ...
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0answers
42 views

Which DFT functional is best for predicting macroscopic properties of molecular liquids?

Which DFT functional (KS-DFT, to be more specific) performs best at predicting macroscopic properties (density, surface tension, boiling point, relative permittivity etc.) of molecular liquids (...
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1answer
52 views

Boiling point elevation and liquid solutions

$\pu{1 L}$ of an aqueous solution of urea having density $\pu{1.06 g mL-1}$ is found to have elevation in boiling point $\Delta T_\mathrm{b} = \pu{0.5 °C}.$ If the temperature of this solution is ...
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3answers
1k views

What do the horizontal lines in a P-V phase diagram mean?

I have been studying phase diagrams of pure substances, and for a substance such as carbon dioxide for example, it's diagram looks something like this: The horizontal lines in the liquid phase puzzle ...
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1answer
161 views

Why does bromine increase the viscosity of olive oil? [closed]

Does bromine bond to the carbon in unsaturated fatty acids and break the double bonds between oxygen and carbon? Does this increase the viscosity of olive oil? Could someone give an elaborated ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the least dense liquid under normal conditions?

What is the least dense liquid under normal conditions, room temperature, one atmosphere of pressure, doesn't combust upon contact with air, also wouldn't kill a human just for being in the same room ...
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2answers
504 views

What happens when mixing elemental mercury with sodium hypochlorite solution [closed]

Say you spilled elemental mercury from a thermometer and used household bleach on it, what would be the reaction if any?
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2answers
460 views

Liquid Versus Aqueous States? [closed]

I am studying ionic equations and have encountered the statement of the phase of matter in the equation since ionic substances tend to react differently based on their phase. I know that (l) state ...
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2answers
994 views

Can a stoichiometric mixture of oxygen and methane exist as a liquid at standard pressure and some (low) temperature?

This answer to the question Pre-mixing cryogenic fuels and using only one fuel tank written by a non-chemist (me) begins with: At STP: LOX's boiling point is 90.19 K Methane's freezing point is 90....
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3answers
3k views

Why does increase in pressure cause a increase in boiling point [closed]

When we increase the atomospheric pressure pressure above the solution , the boiling point of a solution increases. Why does this happen?
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1answer
552 views

Is sodium hypochlorite 100% concentrate possible?

Popular bleaching brands like Clorox contain liquid sodium hypochlorite in small concentrations, ranging from 5-12.5% (is this a mass/volume, mass/mass, or volume/volume concentrate?). Is it possible ...
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1answer
228 views

Model of an ideal liquid in chemistry

In chemistry there are ideal models/concepts of ideal crystal, ideal gas and even ideal solution, but there is no model/concept of ideal liquid. In physics (fluid dynamics, to be precise) there is a ...
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4answers
1k views

Ionic compound having highest solubility in water

Which ionic compound has highest solubility in water? I can find CsBr having highest solubility with 1230 g/L at 25 °C. Note: compounds like ethanol are soluble to any extent in water, but they are ...
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0answers
20 views

Explanation of phase changing/solid and liquid water existing in the same container at same temp [closed]

I was trying to explain to a friend the other day why when ice and water are in the same container, the water is 32 degrees Fahrenheit or 0 celcius, but not frozen, because the ambient temp is above ...
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1answer
948 views

Properties of azeotropes

Consider two liquids with vapour pressures in pure form being ${P^o}_A$ and ${P^o}_B$. ${P^o}_B >{P^o}_A$ which implies liquid B is more volatile. If the liquids formed an ideal solution, then a ...