Here is an interpretation I came up for it, so suppose you have the molecule $\ce{CH4}$, then we can think of this as a vector as $\langle 1,4 \rangle$ where the $1$ stands for number of carbons and \$...

Actually you need concept of coupled differential equations but I suppose you can do a 'trick' to avoid it: $$\frac{dA}{dt} =- a A + b B$$ $$- \frac{dB}{dt} = - aA + bB$$ Are the form of the two ...

Observe that there is no nucleophile give in the mercuration step and recall that the three-membered mercury ring intermediate is very reactive. Hence, this is suggestive that the oxygen would attack ...

Here is an alternate method for one central atom molecules which I found in JD LEE adapted by Sudarshan Guha ed 2021. Motivation: This method assumes that all the corner atoms have complete octet. ...

Basically, a bomb calorimeter consists of a small cup to contain the sample, oxygen, a stainless steel bomb, water, a stirrer, a thermometer, the dewar or insulating container (to prevent heat flow ...

Now, first of all does it hold for a mixture of immiscible liquids ? From Wikipedia on Raoult's law, it states that the partial pressure of each component of an ideal mixture of liquids is equal to ...

Depending on the constraints you impose on the system, there are different criteria for spontaneity, however, the commonly running theme is that it is related to minimizing some state function. For ...

Disclaimer: The below discussion only holds to be completely true for reversible processes and for ideal gases. I think the problem is you're thinking of it the wrong way, that is, you first think ...

In a constant volume bomb-calorimeter, we can make chemical reactions take place. If we let chemical reactions freely take place in it, then the total internal energy change is zero. This is due to ...

Entropy change for the system between two points can be determined simply from plugging the final and initial states into the state equation of entropy. The fundamental idea is that entropy change ...

Imagine you are doing a process which takes 'n' steps. Label the steps : 1,2,3..n, now consider the time it takes to do step 1 , step -2 and so on. Now, wouldn't you agree that the time taken to ...

As a purely mathematical definition, a first order reaction is one in which the rate is directly proportional to concentration of reactants. The thing you should look for is physical examples of this. ...

There is band structure formed in the metallic lattice in the crystals of d and f block elements due to partially filled orbitals. But as you move along the periodic table to 'Zn' , you will find ...

I finally found a practical answer on Quora, the reason of difference in energy levels is due to something known as s-p mixing and it occurs for diatomic molecules having less than or equal to 14 ...

I found this exact point discussed indirectly in JD LEE's inorganic chemistry 5th ed in page 110. In it, the author discusses the CO molecule system where for C it's on order and O it's another, the ...

An interpation of the implicit derivative by the marginal rate of substiution makes this clear Marginal rate of substitution In economics, when the level set R(x, y) = 0 is an indifference curve for ...

If it attacks the carbonyl carbon, then you form an unstable tetrahedral intermediate with a negative formal charge on the oxygen. Unless you treat the compound with water so that the oxygen can ...

I think the reaction as you told will be very inefficient. To explain why, I quote the paragraph from page-905 of David R Klein's Organic Chemistry (*): "The pH of the solution is an important ...

Here is a better definition: The rate law of a reaction is the quantity which when scaled by the stoichiometric coefficient of reactant/ product (with sign) gives the rate at which that particular ...

I asked this question way long back and with a lot more reading, I think I've come up with more specific points to answer this question. the most interesting part is that the wave orbitals are ...

The most simplest explanation I can give is this: Enthalpy is the measure of energy contained in a system plus the energy required to assemble it. So, The measure of energy contained in a system is it'...

In these three-membered ring reactions, it's an SN2 substitution reaction that happens. Hence, there is an inversion of the configuration associated. Edit: Perhaps the mechanism is more complicated ...