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This is a summary of the equations to use to calculate phase transitions. The Clapeyron equation $\displaystyle p_2-p_1=\frac{\Delta H}{\Delta V}\ln\left( \frac{T_2}{T_1} \right)$ is used for a solid-liquid transition. The changes in enthalpy and volume relate therefore to changes occurring in fusion. The Clausius-Clapeyron equation describes solid-vapour ...


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Just like any sweeping statements made by the General Chemistry textbooks, this statement is also not completely true. When you work at pressure extremes, as in modern day chromatography, such as 1000 or higher bar, large molecules can change their shape, in that case, one can see a change in retention factors which sort of indicates a change in equilibrium ...


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Why should decrease when it does decrease ? The gas with liquid vapour, previously in equilibrium with liquid, with suddenly increased pressure: Vapour gets over-saturated and condenses until the saturated vapour pressure is reached again. Gas starts dissolving and gas partial pressure decreases, until the new equilibrium between its partial pressure and ...


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1) If you induce a sudden chance in pressure you will indeed take the system out of equilibrium. Lets consider a closed recipient containing some liquid and some gas above. If you suddenly inject more gas into the recipient, the gas pressure is initially going to raise fast and then going to decrease slowly while part of the gas is dissolving, until the ...


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