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In chloroform, there are three electron withdrawing groups ($\ce{Cl}$) which are able to stabilize a negative charge. Thus, the first step is the deprotonation of chloroform, typically with concentrated lye: $$ \ce{CHCl3 + NaOH <=>[H2O] CCl^-_3 + H2O} $$ The second step is the loss of $\ce{Cl^-}$ to yield $\ce{NaCl}$ and dichlorocarben, $\ce{^{..}CCl2}...


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As andselisk states in the comments, it is adenine. [OP] I suspect it is fake. No, it is as real as water and the stars. What makes this a little bit complicated is how to draw it, specifically on which nitrogen (N) to put the hydrogen (H). The structure shown is the 9H adenine tautomer, supposedly the most stable tautomer. Source: ACS Omega 2021, 6, 29, ...


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Have you ever heard of explosions? Explosions are chemical reactions of solid or liquid substances which produce a huge amount of gas in less than one second. For example, nitroglycerin is a liquid with the formula $\ce{C3H5N3O9}$, which makes dynamite. One mole of nitroglycerin weighs $227$ g and has a volume $142$ mL. The explosion corresponds to an ...


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It seems like you're wondering how the products can have a greater volume than the reactants without violating conservation of mass. So: In a chemical reaction, the number of atoms is conserved. That preserves conservation of mass. But, as you can see from your balanced chemical equation, the number of molecules isn't conserved: There are more molecules on ...


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Generally, the process of turning $\ce{HX}$ into $\ce{H+}$ and $\ce{X^-}$ can be broken into 2 hypothetical steps [...] Indeed, this process is slightly simplified because acidities are typically measured in solution, whereas your thermodynamic cycle only deals with gas-phase energetics. However, in the present case, it's actually enough to look at gas-...


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Here is a bigger chunk of the periodic table with acid dissociation constants of the hydrides: Source: Libretexts The authors claim that the two factors are electronegativity (how much of a positive partial charge the hydrogen has in the covalent bond) and bond strength (expressed as estimated homolytic cleavage energy). There is no strong anomaly for the ...


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The sum of the $\mathrm{p}K_\mathrm{b}$ value of a base and the $\mathrm{p}K_\mathrm{a}$ value of its conjugate acid is a constant (at a constant temperature), and is equal to $\mathrm{p}K_\mathrm{w}$ (which is $14$ at room temperature). The more stable the conjugate acid, the higher the $\mathrm{p}K_\mathrm{a}$ of the conjugate acid $\implies$ lower $\...


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