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1

The nonlinearity of volumetric additions can be addressed theoretically. However, in practice, calculating how much material is needed to fill 1000 500 mL bottles containing 50% water 45% alcohol 5% oils (% by weight), can be addressed for one formulation by making a small batch and determining specific gravity. In practice, making the theoretical amount of ...


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Mixtures are never linear. Mixing $50$ mL water + $50$ mL ethanol gives a $96$ mL mixture. The masses are additive, but not the volumes. I agree the discrepancy is not huge. If you can tolerate a $10$% error, you may consider that the volumes are additive. Anyway take care of the fact that, usually percentage are indicated in mass, not in volume.


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