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There are many types of magnetic properties, including ferromagnetism, paramagnetism, diamagnetism, antiferromagnetism, ferrimagnetism, superparamagnetism, metamagnetism, spin glasses, and helimagnetism. Many of these are too weak to cause any noticeable interaction with a magnet. The type of everyday magnetism you're thinking of, which nickel has, is ...


21

None of the US coins are magnetic (ferromagnetic), except for the 1943 Lincoln penny (Steel Cents, made in steel and zinc to save copper for ammunition during wartime), which are considered magnetic. Almost all of those coins other than Steel Cents are made with higher percentage of copper ($\ce{Cu}$) and lower percentages of other metals such as nickel ($\...


11

I believe GATE is a university entrance exam in India, so they will not expect you to solve an extremely complicated equation to predict ferromagnetism or to memorize an infinite list of substances. Sadly, there is some element of rote memorization still lingering like a pest in the educational testing system. Good news for you is that relatively few ...


9

Don't use a mixture, just use pure Hg. Chill to 4.2 K, conveniently reached with liquid He, and all magnetic fields are excluded. Levitate on a magnet, sans yogi. Mercury in a static magnetic field, with direct current, forms a simple homopolar electric motor, creating a vortex. A safer way (sans neurotoxic Hg) to demonstrate a homopolar motor requires just ...


8

The observation that oxygen did not seem to strictly follow Curie's law (where $1/\chi$ is linear with temperature) has been known since Kammerlingh Onnes pointed it out in the 1910's. By the late 1920's, it was known that diluting the liquid with nitrogen preserved Curie's law, suggesting that it took oxygen in close proximity to other oxygen to be the ...


6

I always suggest students to try Google Scholar (scholar.google.com) when a simple Google search fails. I just searched three keywords : alkali metals ammonia solutions and the third result is highly relevant. When your book talks about "in concentrated solution", it means more alkali metal in liquid ammonia. This paper, which you should search in Google ...


6

Historically, the term ferromagnetism was used for any material that could exhibit spontaneous magnetization: a net magnetic moment in the absence of an external magnetic field (Wikipedia). However, in 1948, Louis Néel showed that there are two levels of magnetic alignment that result in this behavior (Ref.1): One is ferromagnetism in the strict sense, ...


5

For currents in biological systems the magnetic field is minuscule, and likely has no physiological effect. That said, magnetoencephalography is based on measuring the tiny magnetic fields created when nerves fire. Detection requires an incredibly sensitive detector, a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID), to detect the location of the ...


4

If the compound is really nickel(IV), then there are only two choices: a high-spin $\mathrm d^6$ or a low-spin $\mathrm d^6$ configuration, corresponding either to 4 or 0 unpaired electrons. As higher oxidation states make low-spin configurations more likely (due to the lower energy of metal orbitals which means the energy is more similar to the ...


1

OK, those who say magnetic fields have no effect can buy a relatively inexpensive Magnetizer (as I once did) and try performing a controlled experiment (as I attempted) with the rusting of iron. There is some apparent evidence that alignment of magnetic fields can promote radical activity. This UK study on the effect of a magnetizer in reducing the amount of ...


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