6

Unlike lithium tetrafluoroborate $\ce{LiBF4},$ sodium tetrachloroaluminate $\ce{NaAlCl4}$ doesn't decompose upon melting, and doesn't show any signs of decomposition or phase transition up to approx. $\pu{800 °C}$ [1, p. 688]: FIGURE 3. Calculated $(\ce{NaCl + AlCl3})$ phase diagram at $\pu{0.1 MPa}$ (dotted lines are liquid–liquid miscibility gap ...


4

You have to evaluate shortcomings as compared to something. You can make a list and say "but InChI doesn't represent X" where X is ranging around mixtures Markush groups polymers from repeat units reactions toasters The point is: so what? All representations have some limitations. But limitations aren't shortcomings unless you have a different ...


4

Generally, personal protective equipment (PPE) is the last measure. First the employer has to check whether the risks to safety and health can be avoided (e.g. by replacing the toxic substances with substances that are not toxic). After that, the risks must be limited by technical means or collective protection or by measures, methods and procedures of work ...


3

I think it generally means that the average oxidation state of the metallic element in the oxide is higher or lower. You can also say that the mass percentage of oxygen in the oxide is higher or lower.


3

The reaction you wrote down is wrong on two counts. The reactant is not a hypothetical tetraaqua complex and the product is not a hypothetical tetraammin complex. The correct reaction is as shown below: $$\ce{[Cu(H2O)6]^2+ (aq) + 4 NH3 (aq) <=> [Cu(NH3)4(H2O)2]^2+ (aq) + 4 H2O (l)}\tag{1}$$ Note that I have used an equilibrium arrow here: the ...


1

Apparently you believe that $\ce{NaOH}$ may be an independent molecule. It is not in this case. $\ce{NaOH}$ does not exist in a solution. $\ce{NaOH}$ does not exist in the solid state either. $\ce{NaOH}$ does not exist in the solid state as a molecular compound. In the solid state, it is made of a huge pile of $\ce{Na+}$ and $\ce{OH-}$ ions, exactly like a ...


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