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Actually one s orbital and three p "mix" together, hybridize to form four sp3 orbitals. Maybe this could help:


The 2s and 2p orbitals are close to one another in energy. In the case of a single hydrogen atom, these states are in fact the same in energy, although you would not see a hydrogen atom with an electron in the 2p orbital unless it had been excited by light or a collison. Because these orbitals are close in energy, the hybridization concept promotes the ...

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