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3

When two isolated atoms collide the total energy and momentum must remain with the two atoms so both are conserved overall. In fact in a reaction such as $\ce{H\cdot + H\cdot <=> H2}$ the hydrogen molecule only lasts for a few femtoseconds. This is because even though the bond is formed the atoms will still approach one another (total energy being ...

23

$\ce{C + O2}$ is awfully complicated, so let's just pretend you've asked this: In a single act of the reaction $\ce{H. + H .-> H2}$, how is momentum conserved? That's a legitimate concern all right. After all, we are taught that this reaction does happen instantly, once given a chance, and that's in fact true. Also, we know that it releases a lot of heat. ...

1

Let's take a numerical example. $0.2432$ $g$ magnesium metal ($0.01$ mol) is introduced into a calorimeter containing $50~ g$ HCl $1$ M. The chemical reaction will be $$\ce{Mg + 2 H^+ -> Mg^{2+} + H2}$$ The composition of the solution is changing between the beginning and the end of the reaction. There is an excess of HCl. But let's admit in first ...

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The calorimeter heat capacity is always taken into account. In real measurements, there are plotted temperature trends before and after action,so it can be eliminated.

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To get heat, you need to go the other way (add $O_2$ to $CO$). In steel mills, $CO$ is a waste byproduct of the blast furnaces that gets used as fuel. It gets burned in boilers and makes high pressure steam. The steam spins turbines and makes megawatts of electricity. It's not a great fuel compared to methane, but you can't beat the price.

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You’re looking at bond dissociation energies. They, however, do not give a good picture. A better place to start looking is the standard enthalpy of formation. The linked Wikipedia article provides an extensive list of compounds but only two matter: $\displaystyle\Delta_\mathrm fH^0 (\ce{CO}) = \pu{-110.525 kJ/mol}$ \$\displaystyle\Delta_\mathrm fH^0 (\ce{...

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Unfortunately, the question as stated is thermodynamically impossible. Let's look at the proposed reaction: $$\ce{CO2(g) -> CO(g) + O(g)}$$ This reaction is simply a bond dissociation (specifically, a carbon-oxygen covalent double bond is broken). We can look up the enthalpy change associated with it. From a table of values on Wikipedia, we find in the ...

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