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Assuming you don't know what's inert pair effect. Inert pair effect is usually observed in P block elements. Basically higher oxidation states stability decreases down the group. The reason is if you write the electronic configurations you will see that the distance between participating s and p orbitals increases.....and hence s orbitals cannot participate ...

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TLDR: There is no exact generalized reaction. The reaction depends on type of interhalogen compound(value of n) and the nature of metal halides(ionic or covalent) $\ce{XX^{'}}$ form Let us take iodine monochloride($\ce{ICl}$). If it is reacted with ionic chloride like $\ce{KCl}$, it will form $\ce{ICl2-}$ ion. $$\ce{MCl + ICl -> M+ICl2-, (M=K, Rb)}$$ ...

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All interhalogen compounds are prepared by direct combination of elements, and where more than one product is possible, the outcome of the reaction is controlled by temperature and relative proportions of the halogens. For example, reactions of $\ce{F2}$ with the later halogens at ambient temperature and pressure give $\ce{ClF, BrF3}$, or $\ce{IF5}$, but ...

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