# Tag Info

Accepted

### What is the difference between ∆G and ∆G°?

Short answer Does it need to be at $25~^\circ\mathrm{C}$? No. $\Delta_\mathrm{r} G^\circ$ can be defined at any temperature you wish to define it at, since the standard state does not ...
Accepted

### Why does water evaporate spontaneously at room temperature despite ΔG > 0?

Standard Gibbs free energy of formation of liquid water at 298 K is −237.17 kJ/mol and that of water vapour is −228.57 kJ/mol. Therefore, $$\ce{H2O(l)->H2O(g)}~~\Delta G=8.43~\mathrm{kJ/mol}$$ ...

### Can single molecules of C and O2 react in isolation, and if so how will momentum be conserved?

$\ce{C + O2}$ is awfully complicated, so let's just pretend you've asked this: In a single act of the reaction $\ce{H. + H .-> H2}$, how is momentum conserved? That's a legitimate concern all right....
Accepted

### Which equilibrium constant is appropriate to use?

As noted in this previous question, the correct definition of the equilibrium constant $K$ depends on activities. If you are interested in the derivation of the equation $\Delta G^\circ = -RT \ln K$ (...

### Why is entropy favorable?

Thermodynamics. The second law of thermodynamics states that entropy always increases in an isolated system. This is taken as a fundamental postulate---we simply accept this statement as a fact ...
Accepted

### What is non-expansion work?

Pressure-Volume work is a type of mechanical work . There are also non-mechanical forms of work where in pressure and volume terms are not involved . The most famous example is electrical work . The ...
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### Why proton concentration is divided by 10⁻⁷?

The textbook is precisely correct. The equilibrium constant $K$ which the logarithm is taken of is dimensionless, and includes activities or fugacities, and not concentrations and pressures. In ...

### Is there a reason for the mathematical form of the equilibrium constant?

The answer is both. The formula for the equilibrium constant was first observed experimentally (that is, it's empirical) for many many reactions. Then it was justified theoretically in terms of what ...

### What is the difference between enthalpy of formation and Gibbs free energy of formation?

Gibbs free energy is not more "precise." The two are different but complementary. Enthalpy and Gibbs Free Energy indicate different things. Enthalpy can tell you about the relative stabilities of the ...

### Where to find data for Gibbs energy, enthalpy, and entropy?

NIST is the best place to turn for lots of data. However, more easily parsed, smaller datasets are available in a couple of other locations. The CHNOSz package in ...