# Questions tagged [biochemistry]

This tag is for questions concerning biochemical methods (e.g. electrophoresis) or those concerning biochemical mechanisms or research. Do not use this tag if your question is merely about compounds often used in areas related to biochemistry or associated with these. These may fall under organic chemistry or the appropriate compound’s functional groups’ tags.

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### Which human protein is the most expensive energetically for the human body to create? [closed]

The human body contains between 80,000 and 400,000 different kinds of proteins. Which protein or class of proteins requires the most energy to produce?
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### How is it possible to extract DNA without destroying it? [closed]

How is it possible that all the chemical reactions necessary to break down a cell in order to extract DNA don't break down the DNA as well? I suppose another way of asking the question is what makes ...
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### How to find the reaction rate in an enzyme reaction?

First time posting questions here, so let me know if I need to edit anything. I need to decide $dC/dt$ and $dP/dt$ when the reaction is like this, where I only know we must have 2 substrates $S$ to ...
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### In sourdough bread baking what do the wild yeast and bacteria not eat during dough fermentation and why?

I bake bread using a sourdough starter. The starter is a culture of lactobacillus and some kind of yeast. They apparently eat the sugars or carbohydrates in the dough during fermentation but when I ...
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### Does anyone know what program was used to make this molecular structure picture? [closed]

I am a quantum chemistry beginer, and this picture color scheme is classic. I wonder how to make such pictures by myself.
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### How ph affects aesculune fluorescence?

I am facing a ween problem. I am trying to find out, how would look like the graph for fluroscence of aesculine (intensity of fluoroscence on Y axis and pH on X axis). I know, that increasing the pH ...
613 views

### Can sugars dissolve in liquid ammonia?

Can monosaccharides and disaccharides dissolve in liquid ammonia due to hydrogen bond formation? My rationale is that these sugars may be able to form hydrogen bond with ammonia ($\ce{NH3}$).
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### Biological activity of the isotopes of the same element

I have a question regarding biological activity of different isotopes of the same elements, notably $\ce{^206Pb}$ and $\ce{^208Pb}$. Lead is known to be toxic, such that it can replace calcium from ...
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### Differences in AChE inhibition kinetics between paraoxon and methyl paraoxon

According to literature, dimethyl paraoxon has a reaction rate constant for the aging (spontaneous dealkylation) of acetylcholinesterase of $\pu{0.186 h-1}$, a spontaneous reactivation rate constant ...
55 views

### Haworth structures of sucrose and lactose

The haworth structures of lactose and sucrose is My question is regarding the glyosidic linkage, in lactose it is represented as a zig zag and in sucrose it is a "V". What does that mean. ...
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### Differences in AChE inhibition kinetics between VX and VR

According to the referenced paper, VR has an AChE inhibition reaction rate constant almost 4 times that of VX. Interestingly, its reaction rate constant for aging of the enzyme is less than that of VX,...
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### Why does denaturation of albumen protein cause pH of solution to increase?

I'm interested in the denaturation of proteins by alcohols, specifically by ethanol. I have devised a simple experiment in which I inject solutions of ethanol (of variable concentrations) into ...
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### Structure-Activity Relationship of Chlormephos and Parathion

According to the book "The Chemistry of Organophosphorus Pesticides", the insecticide Chlormephos (S-(chloromethyl) O,O-diethyl phosphorodithioate) has an oral LD50 in rats of 7 mg/k. ...
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### Why is there a mirror image effect in the absorbance and fluorescence spectra?

I've read some answers online but I still can't seem to understand the mirror image effect. Why is the highest energy absorption (v" = 0 to v' = 4) the lowest energy fluorescence (v' = 4 to v&...
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### How can DI water inhibit peroxidase activity?

I'm troubleshooting an IHC staining issue, and according to Thermo-Fischer's website, "Deionized water can sometimes contain peroxidase inhibitors that can significantly impair enzyme activity.&...
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### Which electrons are in HOMO in a peptide bond?

We've recently studied the absorption of UV light by polypeptides, and found that the peptide bonds itself absorhs UV light at around 210nm. I'm confused about what feature causes this to happen.
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### How do point mutations affect complementary base-pairing and widths of the nucleotide pairs?

Point mutations are divided into two categories: transitions and transversions. Since point mutations only occur during DNA replication (an integral process of both mitosis and meiosis), the mutated ...
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### Depicting a mechanism of peptide bond formation with protonated and deprotonated amino group

I've noticed that some textbooks and video lectures use an amino acid wherein the amino group has two hydrogens, and others use an amino acid with three hydrogens in the amino group (in the formation ...
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### Is selenite (hydrous calcium sulfate) dangerous when you grind it up?

I was wondering about the safety of a specific mineral, Selenite. From my research, I have read that selenite is the crystalline form of gypsum, which is hydrous calcium sulfate. I was wondering if I ...
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### Entropy of Dissolution of Hydrocarbons

Here is what I think I know: The entropy of dissolution reactions increases as methylene groups are added (i.e. butanol has higher entropy of dissolution than propanol). Also, acyclic saturated ...
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### Why is Chlormephos highly toxic despite requiring metabolic activation?

According to the book "The Chemistry of Organophosphorus Pesticides", the insecticide Chlormephos (S-(chloromethyl) O,O-diethyl phosphorodithioate) has an oral LD50 in rats of 7 mg/kg. For ...
64 views

### Are all protein tetramers considered to be “dimers of dimers”?

Is every tetramer thought to be a dimer of dimers? Because even if every subunit is unique in structure, it could be a heterodimer of heterodimers? Or is the term "dimer of dimers" reserved ...
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### Right conductivity of protein sample for Protein A purification of human IgG?

A sample from a cell culture has some IgG and this is to be purified using protein A chromatography. Based on the chromatography handbook from GE-Healthcare/Cytiva, the protein sample should have &...
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### Can soap make an liposome around virsuses?

I have read that soap does not kill bacteria and viruses, but it rather removes them, that is, it strips them off the skin sort of speak by forming micelles around them, which are then rinsed off. But ...
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### Why polysaccharides are not considered as lipids? [closed]

It is mentioned in my textbook that all lipids have one common trait which defines them :they are insoluble in water;they are hydropohic. I want to ask ,since polysaccharides are also insoluble in ...