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For questions about the thermodynamical state function entropy, commonly understood as a measure of disorder.

2
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The entropy function is of the form $S(T,p,n) = n\, s(T,p)$, where $s(T,P)$ is the entropy per mole. The surrounding is always much, much larger than the system. Hence, for the surrounding, $n$ is …
answered Dec 24 '15 by higgsss
4
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Whatever one observes (whether it is a liquid, a gas, or a mixture thereof) is the state of maximum entropy for the particular values of the internal energy and volume the system currently has. As OP … noted, this is a consequence of the second law of thermodynamics. According to this law, a system with a fixed internal energy self-adjusts its free parameters in such a way that the entropy is …
answered Dec 25 '15 by higgsss