Let's start straight away. In [this](http://books.google.co.in/books?id=32RJvfgkJgwC&q=GaAs#v=snippet&q=GaAs&f=false) book on page 4 Gallium arsenide's bond structure is shown like this: ![image 1](http://i.imgur.com/HEKlQwu.png) $As$ is shown making $5$ covalent bonds. Recently I came across [this](http://books.google.ch/books?id=sDCNjgshAmoC&pg=PA65&lpg=PA65&dq=covalent+bonds+GaAs&source=bl&ots=p2M1Ohklcu&sig=pmYV1LpfsSwL9wwgJFJ_OBEw5bE&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=028oU4z2I9Kv7Aao5IGgCQ&ved=0CEwQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=covalent%20bonds%20GaAs&f=false) book. The bond structure of $GaAs$ is shown like this: ![image 2](http://i.imgur.com/uPb2Wgv.png). Here $As$ is shown to make $4$ covalent bonds. For sure one of the above quoted images is wrong. But which? > To how many $Ga$ atoms one $As$ atom is connected? Actually. Please explain your answer with established reference(s) and also give experimental proof in your answer that supports your answer.