Questions tagged [water]

For questions relating to water (H₂O), specifically its structure, properties, and uses in chemistry. For questions not about water but rather about solutions in water, use tags [aqueous-solution] or [solubility] instead.

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1answer
219 views

What is exposed in the surface tension of water?

(I guess) I understand the covalent bonding of water and the hydrogen bonding of water between two different molecules, but I would like to know which part is the part that that exposes itself to the ...
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1answer
947 views

Evaporation Rate of Water

In AP Chem we did a lab investigating the relationship between vapor pressure and water temperature. The relationship is linear and as the vapor pressure approaches atmospheric pressure, it begins to ...
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2answers
835 views

Is water "hardness" dependent more on calcium or magnesium?

If one sample of water has a certain concentration (g/L) of calcium ions, and another sample as that same concentration of magnesium ions, will one solution have a greater "hardness than the other"? ...
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2answers
7k views

O-H infrared band dependence of alcohol concentration in water

With regard to IR spectroscopy, how would the O-H band change as an alcohol solution was diluted with water? I am referring to any alcohol, but for the sake of example we can use ethanol. I think ...
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5answers
9k views

Does the electrolysis of water produce chlorine gas?

http://orbitingfrog.com/2014/11/02/electrolysis-of-water-with-pencils-and-a-9v-battery/ This article seems to indicate that "a small amount of Chlorine may be produced as you [perform electrolysis on ...
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0answers
393 views

Possible Method for Testing Ammonia (and Nitrite/Nitrate) Concentration in Water

I am designing an automated system testing device for my high school's aquaponics club. We need to test for a number of ion concentrations, including ammonia and nitrite/nitrate. In my research, the ...
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1answer
448 views

Salt + Sodium Bicarbonate releasing water in carpet

I had some fleas issues so I read about putting salt and sodium bicarbonate in the carpet and in the edges with the purpose to reduce the humidity and dehydrate eggs and larvae. After few days, the ...
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1answer
918 views

Determination of hardness of water using EDTA

Finding hardness of water by using EDTA. For determining permanent hardness we take the sample of about $\pu{50 mL}$ and then add Eriochrome Black T (EBT) indicator that results in wine red color due ...
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1answer
2k views

Reaction of potassium with water

In general, when we put potassium into water, it will produce potassium hydroxide and hydrogen: $\ce{2K + 2H2O ⟶2KOH + H2}$ However isn't the following reaction also possible? $\ce{2K + H2O ⟶K2O + ...
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2answers
1k views

Ionic Product of Water

Why is the ionic product for water ($K_\text{w}$) temperature dependent? The concentration of $\ce{H+}$ and $\ce{OH-}$ ions in pure water is $[\ce{H+}] = [\ce{OH-}] = 1.0\times 10^{-7}\ \mathrm{mol/l}$...
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0answers
608 views

Interaction between Ozone and Carbon Dioxide

We are trying to predict what will happen when carbon dioxide gas is introduced into a contact chamber that serves as an ozone contact chamber. These contact chambers presently oxidize compounds found ...
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1answer
548 views

Why is the ionic product for water $10^{-14}$? [closed]

Why is the reference value of $K_w=10^{-14}\ \mathrm{M}^2$, such that $[\ce{H+}]= 10^{-7}\ \mathrm{M}$ and $[\ce{OH^-}]= 10^{-7}\ \mathrm{M}$ for pure water at $20\ ^\circ \mathrm{C}$? For example, ...
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2answers
865 views

Electrolysis of sodium chloride solution [closed]

I am trying to understand electrolysis. My question is: when electrolysis is done with a NaCl solution I have learnt that sodium metal is not formed. Why is this?
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1answer
7k views

Best Settings for Electrolysis of water

I want to electrolyze water as a personal project, but I have found conflicting power recommendations on google. Some sources recommended a higher voltage, claiming that higher amps will just destroy ...
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2answers
2k views

Can caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) be used to dissolve urine odour?

I have an area of artificial grass at home in the back garden and during the summer months, the area emits a smell which I can only think is from the dog's urine when he pees all year long. The smell ...
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1answer
2k views

How to calculate bicarbonate and carbonate from total alkalinity [closed]

It's been a long time since I did my chemistry classes and I'm currently trying to analyze groundwater samples for hydrogeology purposes. I would like to evaluate carbonate and bicarbonate ...
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2answers
7k views

Is there a chemical that when added to water makes the water flash evaporate?

Im wondering if there is a chemical that you can add to water that will make it evaporate extremely fast, either by raising the temperature of the mix or some other method.
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2answers
88 views

Why is the ionic product of water $K_w$ the same in acid, water, and alkali? [duplicate]

Seen on the web: The concentration of [H+] and [OH−] both vary based on the the composition (acid/alkaline) of the solution, but the remarkable thing is that their product does not. When [H+] goes ...
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1answer
828 views

In the production of vinegar, where does water come from?

In the production of vinegar, where does the water come from? I have heard that vinegar production involves these two reactions.. $$\ce{C2H6O {(ethanol)} + NAD+ -> C2H4O {(acetaldehyde)} + NADH + ...
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1answer
164 views

Would distilling a sodium fluoride solution generate hydrogen fluoride to any noticeable extent?

If you have a solution of NaF, and you boil it (to get pure water by distillation) can the fluoride ions in water separate from sodium ions and combine with hydrogen ions to form HF? ...

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