Questions tagged [units]

For questions about the definition and usage of units of measurement.

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6
votes
1answer
1k views

Units of mass on the atomic scale

what are the systems of recording atomic masses and their units? I know that the nucleon number is the number of protons and neutrons I also know that the mass number on the periodic table is the ...
34
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6answers
4k views

May I treat units (e.g. joules, grams, etc.) in equations as variables?

Suppose I have two units, Tonks, $T$, and Borks, $B$, as well as the equation $\frac{50T}{20B}=x$. May I manipulate the equation as though $T$ and $B$ were the kinds of symbols that we learned to ...
12
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2answers
12k views

What is the correct unit for the equilibrium constant?

I have the following equation $$K_a = \dfrac{c\alpha^2}{1-\alpha},$$ with units $c= \pu{mol/cm^3}$ and $\alpha$ is the same. I'm not sure how to get the correct units for $K_a$. What I have come up ...
15
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3answers
3k views

Where does the label ‘Dq’ to denote the field split in coordination compounds come from?

As established in a previous question, coordination compounds typically have a field split between the $\mathrm{t_{2g}}$ and the $\mathrm{e_g}$ d-orbitals.[1] This energy difference can be explained ...
15
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1answer
3k views

Is 1 ppb equal to 1 μg/kg?

In an article I recently submitted, a reviewer asked that I provide a concentration in μg/kg instead of ppb (parts per billion), and mentions that the later is not correct. I am not a chemist, and I ...
8
votes
1answer
824 views

Effects of Changing Avogadro's Constant

The Avogadro project suggests that we redefine the Avogadro constant to be equal to our best known estimate, $N_\mathrm{A} = 6.02214179 \times 10^{23}$, and redefine the kilogram based on the Avogadro ...
-1
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3answers
8k views

What are the units of Kc and Kp?

They are both equilibrium constants as far as I know. Kc is in terms of molarity and Kp is in terms of pressure. Also both of them are ratios of respective quantities [ ratio of molarity(s) in Kc and ...
-1
votes
1answer
18k views

What does the unit M stand for? [closed]

What does $\mathrm{M}$ signify in this pH calculation? To me, it just seems to be a random variable. For example: $\ce{[H+]} = 1.0\times10^{-7}~\mathrm{M}$ I am not sure what the $\mathrm{M}$ is ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Why a specific temperature for value of 1 calorie?

Everything in chemistry often comes with a strong reason and facts behind it, but I stuck in definition of $1$ calorie. My reference book define one calorie as amount of heat required to raise the ...
2
votes
2answers
657 views

What are the units that measure free energy?

Is it $\pu{kJ/mol}$? I have done problems and I always end up with these units, but is this correct?
1
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2answers
986 views

How do I convert salinity measured in mg/L Cl into parts per thousand as NaCl?

I have collected water data using a refractometer that records salinity in ‰ (parts per thousand) as $\ce{NaCl}$. I want to compare my data to other data but every journal article I read has the ...
0
votes
1answer
942 views

Molarity to Percent, Mole Fraction, Molality

I have a series of questions similar to the following. I want to make sure I do this correct before I do the others. I am in need of a hint. ...
14
votes
1answer
31k views

What is the difference between the units 'torr' and 'mm of Hg'?

According to present definition torr and mm of Hg differ though slightly. I am still confused over it. Can someone write an explicit answer differentiating between them and the reason for ...
14
votes
2answers
810 views

Is zero-point vibrational energy an intensive or extensive property?

The zero-point vibrational energy (ZPVE) is the non-zero amount of non-electronic energy that molecules have even at zero kelvin and is purely quantum mechanical in nature. For a molecule with $c$ ...
9
votes
3answers
4k views

Can Rydberg constant be in joules?

In my textbook (Chemistry Part - I for Class XI published by NCERT), there is an equation for the energy of an electron in an energy state: $$E_n = -R_\mathrm H\left(\frac{1}{n^2}\right)$$ and there ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Units in modified Arrhenius equation?

The modified Arrhenius equation is used to express the rate constant in a chemical mechanism model I'm working with. The equations is as follows: $$k_\mathrm{f} = A\times T^b\times\exp\left(-\frac{E_\...
5
votes
3answers
7k views

How to retrieve Dalton value from m/z value?

As I understand, Dalton (Da) is the standard way for representing mass unit. As for $m/z$, which is a specific notation for mass spectrometry, quoting for wikipedia: This notation eases data ...
5
votes
2answers
615 views

What are the units of P and V when R is expressed in terms of J/(mol K)?

I have learnt the ideal gas equation $PV=nRT$. However, I have some doubts regarding the units of the quantities in this equation. When we take the gas constant $R=8.314\ \mathrm{J\ mol^{-1}\ K^{-1}}...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Is the kilogram still consistent with the old definition?

My old understanding was that a gram is the amount of mass in a cubic centimeter of water. But then I recently learned that the second was redefined to be some 9 billion cycles of a Caesium atom. ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

How is sulfuric acid with a concentration of 12 M also 72% w/w?

According to LabChem, $12~\mathrm{M}$ of $\ce{H2SO4}$ is $72~\mathrm{w/w\%}$. When I try to convert $12~\mathrm{M}$ of $\ce{H2SO4}$ to $\mathrm{w/w\%}$ I get $117\%$ which is obviously wrong. $$\...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Do all conversion factors have an infinite number of significant figures?

I believe conversion factors have an infinite number of significant figures. They should be exact values; but not all of them are, are they? I looked at a pdf document (via the Internet Archive) and ...
3
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1answer
5k views

When was the amu renamed the dalton? [closed]

I taught chemistry for 30 years and never encountered the unit until I saw it on a juice bottle!
0
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1answer
86 views

Why is gas pressure measured in mmHg?

Pressure can be measured in $\pu{mmHg}$ which is equal to the pressure exerted by a “column of mercury” of a height expressed in $\pu{mm},$ at $\pu{0 °C}$ under Earth’s normal gravity. Does the ...
0
votes
2answers
807 views

How are lowercase k and uppercase K used in general chemistry courses? [closed]

Where do lowercase k and uppercase K make appearances in general chemistry, and what do they signify?
-3
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1answer
1k views

Why does Avogadro's number have the value it has? [duplicate]

As I was learning about Avogadro's number and I was wondering why is Avogadro's number equal to $6.02214\cdot 10^{23}$? I mean, how did chemists come up with this particular number?