Questions tagged [units]

For questions about the definition and usage of units of measurement.

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33 views

Why isn't entropy dimensionless?

The usual units are J/K, however the only reason temperature has different units than energy is because we didn't used to know temperature was just the average kinetic energy of atoms/molecules. ...
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87 views

Why does osmolarity take into account both penetrating and non-penetrating solutes?

According to Wikipedia: … osmolarity takes into account the total concentration of penetrating solutes and non-penetrating solutes, whereas tonicity takes into account the total concentration of non-...
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Are the newer measurements for STP commonly used in high school and university textbooks? If not, why?

I read a Wikipedia article that has the following quote: In chemistry, IUPAC changed the definition of standard temperature and pressure (STP) in 1982:[1][2] Until 1982, STP was defined as a ...
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Is the negative excess volume of ethanol/water the cause of my math error?

I have a binary mixture, say ethanol at $90\%wt$ ethanol, $10\%wt$ water. According to Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook 9th Ed., that mixture has a density of $0.81797g/cc$ (at $20^{\circ}C$). ...
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269 views

Regarding units of water potential and chemical potential

If water potential is nothing but the chemical potential of a given solution, then why do their units differ? If the unit for the latter is taken as 'Energy per molecule' (which makes sense to me ...
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Would 10.0 mL of water at 10 °C have the same mass as 10.0 mL of water at 25 °C? [closed]

I am reading a book and it gives the following answer: No, the density of water changes with temperature. 10.0 mL of water at 10 °C would have a higher mass than 10.0 mL of water at 25 °C because the ...
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6k views

How to convert ppm to g/m3?

I'm not very comfortable with chemistry and I need to convert $\ce{CH4}$ concentration values in $\pu{ppm}$ to $\pu{g/m3}$. Is that possible? I've already researched a bit and realised that for water ...
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176 views

Why are these two methods of converting from ppm to g/m3 equivalent?

I've found two methods to convert from $ppm$ to $g/m^3$. They both appear to give equivalent results, but I don't understand why. Can anyone join the dots for me and explain why they are equivalent ...
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3k views

How much is 1 mμg?

So I stumbled on a research paper by Okuda and Takedatsu [1] that uses mμg as a symbol for the mass unit. I couldn't find anything about this measure unit anywhere except a recommendation not to use ...
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57 views

Is 1% m/m the same as 1% w/w?

Hydrocortisone cream seems to be sold as 1% w/w, but my cream is 1% m/m, which is confusing. Are they the same units or the same concentrations?
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78 views

What is the 'electronic energy', in units of 'negative' hartrees, of a molecule?

On a NIST (National Institute for Standards and Technology) page on the molecular details of water and it's various isotopologues, I came across this: Electronic energy: -76.4089547246 hartree There ...
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764 views

Why do the units of rate constants change, and what does that physically mean?

Just to be clear, I do understand that the units of the rate constant k is selected to make the equation dimensionally consistent. That is not what I am asking. It should be the case that k 'means' ...
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95 views

What is the difference in mosM and mOsm units, if there is any at all?

I'm reading Agre's paper on aquaporins [1] and he uses a unit called "mosM" throughout the paper, for example: … ocytes were transferred from 200 mosM to 70 mosM modified Barth's buffer. I ...
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When multiple sources give the content of an ingredient my an unqualified percentage, can I safely assume this is by weight? Or; it's not a wart

I am trying to make a simple scented shampoo and body soap for my own use and for Christmas gifts. I statr with a base of 32 oz – (a bit under a kg) of a mild commercial castille soap (Dr. Bronner’s ...
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Help with Forster distance conversion for FRET

For my project on Fluorescence, I'm trying to simplify the equation for the Forster distance (I obtained this from the Lakowicz book). To keep track, the units are in square brackets. $$R_0 = \left(\...
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66 views

Are the units of mole of oxygen molecules the same with the units of mole of nitrogen molecules?

Suppose we have in a box $3 \,{\rm mol}$ $\ce{O}$ and $3 \,{\rm mol}$ $\ce{N}$. Is the addition of these two quantities meaningfull? We do it all the time when we want to find the molar fraction. I ...
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87 views

Is it accurate to describe these radiation measurement units in terms of where-it's-measured and relationship-to-time?

I'm reading about measuring radiation and trying to come up with a more intuitive retelling for an audience familiar with math but not necessarily chemistry or any physical science. Is any or all of ...
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501 views

Is it possible for me to derive Avogadro's number?

To my understanding the mole is the unit used to translate between mass on the atomic level and mass in the macro level, defined as the number of atoms in $12$ grams of Carbon-$12$, which apparently ...
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2k views

What is the intuition behind 'mol' as a unit 'symbol'

Why are moles written with 'mol' as opposed to something which is easier to write with one character, or even two?
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154 views

Why is the units of rate constant dependent on the order of the reaction?

In many textbooks, it is written that For order (m + n), the rate constant, k has units of mol1−(m+n)·L(m+n)−1·s−1 However, by the Arrhenius equation, k can be expressed as k = PZexp(-Ea/RT) and ...
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1answer
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Calculate concentration of 10 µM to ng/ml Cannabidol [closed]

I would like to calculate the concentration of 10 µM unit in vitro to blood plasma unit ng/ml? What formula do I need to use? Do I need to use molecular weight? In my case, it is 314,47 g/mol for ...
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154 views

Dealing with different units (psi) in ideal gas equation

My assignment is as follows: A sample of air is trapped in a container at $\pu{16.2 psi}$. If the initial temperature is increased from $\pu{10 ^\circ C}$ to $\pu{32 ^\circ C}$, what is the final ...
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3answers
306 views

Is the amount of cubic inches in a cubic foot exact up to infinite significant figures?

I know we are supposed to use SI units and I know they are defined very well. But does that mean that Imperial units of length/volume aren't exact? Don't they have infinite significant figures in the ...
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Thermochemistry: On Units of Enthalpy Change and Implicit Given of Initial Temperature of Calorimeter

I would like to ask two separate questions. But first, so that we are on the same page, the experiment used a constant-pressure calorimeter, and it is a neutralization reaction of 1M of HCl and 1M of ...
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Can Rydberg constant be in joules?

In my textbook (Chemistry Part - I for Class XI published by NCERT), there is an equation for the energy of an electron in an energy state: $$E_n = -R_\mathrm H\left(\frac{1}{n^2}\right)$$ and there ...
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4k views

Unit conversion of Molar Conductivity

I know this might be a silly question but I am confused with different answers of internet. My question is: Molar conductivity is given as: Molar conductivity = $\frac{\kappa}{M}$. S.I. unit of : $...
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Why a specific temperature for value of 1 calorie?

Everything in chemistry often comes with a strong reason and facts behind it, but I stuck in definition of $1$ calorie. My reference book define one calorie as amount of heat required to raise the ...
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3k views

Freundlich Equation's dimensions

So, we have the Freundlich's Isotherm equation as $\frac{x}{m} = kp^{\frac{1}n}$, where the LHS measures the extent of adsorption with the corresponding pressure $p$ in the RHS with the two constants, ...
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1k views

What is a Herzberg?

Whatman lists the flow rates for their filters in a unit called a 'Herzberg': What is this? I've been searching around and I did find information about Herzberg flow rate testers, for example this ...
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483 views

What is the dimension of Avogadro's constant?

What is the dimension of Avogadro's constant ($N_\mathrm{A}$). On Wikipedia it says it is dimensionless, but in Nigel Wheatley's article (pdf) On the dimensionality of the Avogadro constant and the ...
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1answer
858 views

What is the unit of Z effective?

Z effective is the net positive charge experienced by an electron. But what is the unit of this net charge: coulomb (C) or microcoulomb (μC), or something else?
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665 views

Which unit should I use for m/z?

I've written m/z 300 - 1100 Thomson in my paper, but the reviewer said that the Th is already deprecated. So in this case, should I write m/z 300 - 1100 Da? or something else?
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818 views

Are atomic mass unit (amu), unified mass unit (u) and Dalton (Da) the same unit but with different names? [duplicate]

I recently read up on some chemistry and found these units of mass: atomic mass unit (amu) unified atomic mass unit (u) Dalton (Da) Are they all the same unit but just with different names or are ...
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146 views

Heat Transfer Coefficient Problem

The Problem An unusual reference gives the formula below for the heat transfer coefficient of an emulsion. $$H = 0.0061\left(X^{0.6} + 0.038T\right)\cdot V^{0.35}$$ In the formula $T$ is the ...
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Calculating the molar volume of a perfect gas under standard ambient temperature and pressure [duplicate]

I am trying to calculate the molar volume of a perfect gas under standard ambient temperature and pressure, but I'm having problems with the units. $$\begin{align} V_m = \dfrac{RT}{p} &= \dfrac{(8....
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55k views

How to convert g/L to mol/L

I know I should divide $\pu{g L-1}$ by the molar mass of the substance, but I don't seem to find the specific answer on Google. So just to be sure: If I have $10^{-5}~\pu{g L-1}~\ce{Cu^2+}$ solution, ...
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Atomic Mass of ¹²C before 1961

Question: Prior to 1961, the atomic mass unit was defined as 1/16 the mass of the atomic mass of oxygen; that is, the atomic mass of oxygen was defined as exactly $\pu{16 amu}$. What was the ...
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Should I relate the number of moles between substances when converting weight units?

Good day! I graduated from an undergrad degree of chemistry almost 3 years ago but I'm frustrated that I fail to reconcile these things: In gravimetric analysis, to get the correct amount for the ...
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474 views

Why is gas pressure measured in mmHg?

Pressure can be measured in $\pu{mmHg}$ which is equal to the pressure exerted by a “column of mercury” of a height expressed in $\pu{mm},$ at $\pu{0 °C}$ under Earth’s normal gravity. Does the ...
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314 views

About the use of pascal or atmosphere in chemistry

I was wondering if there are specific formulae in chemistry for which it is "compulsory" or convenient to use atmosphere (atm) rather than pascal (or even mmHg) as a unit of measurement. Of course, ...
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40 views

Question on notation

Here, when they write $v/(\mathrm{mol\ s^{-1}\ (kg\ \text{protein})^{-1}})$ is $0.30$ for the first row first column, do they mean that the value is $0.30\ \mathrm{mol\ s^{-1}\ (kg\ \text{protein})^{-...
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1answer
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Problem with determining the mass value of a soil sample for gravimetric calculations [closed]

I'm having some trouble with how to determine the representative mass value of a prepared soil sample for calculating its $\ce{Cl-}$ concentration in ppm (mg/kg). Recently I carried out a gravimetric ...
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Can someone intuitively explain the reason for the units of entropy (J/K )? [duplicate]

If entropy is just a measure of the "randomness" or "chaos" of a system, then why does it have specific units. What is the reason behind the units of entropy being J/K?
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Difference between “physical quantities” and “units”?

My textbook, Atkins' Physical Chemistry, 11th edition, by Atkins, de Paula, and Keeler, says the following: Although it is good practice to use only SI units, there will be occasions where accepted ...
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1k views

How to find the units of the rate constant?

Consider the reaction $$\ce{2A + B -> Products},$$ when the concentration of $\ce{B}$ alone was doubled, the half-life did not change. When the concentration of $\ce{A}$ alone was doubled, the rate ...
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1answer
511 views

Units of the rate constant for reactions whose order is greater than 1

In many textbooks, it is written that: The value of rate constant depends on the nature of the reactants, temperature and catalyst. It is independent of the concentration of the reactants. However,...
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3k views

Do all conversion factors have an infinite number of significant figures?

I believe conversion factors have an infinite number of significant figures. They should be exact values; but not all of them are, are they? I looked at a pdf document (via the Internet Archive) and ...
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1k views

How many mg caffeine is 1mM caffeine?

I am finding some articles about caffeine consumption confusing, because they test in units of mM instead of mg. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/25342885/ Wikipedia says that the molar mass ...
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1answer
79 views

What is the equivalence of 40 ppt to pg/mL? [closed]

Please help me converting 40 ppt to pg/mL. I have tried an online calculator and done it manually and there are differences. I`m aware that ppt can be used as parts per trillion or per thousand but I ...
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128 views

Up to which dilution can one assume that 1 mg/l = 1 ppm?

For aqueous solutions it is often assumed that 1 milligram per liter equals 1 ppm. Are there any guidelines up to which concentration this shortcut is admissible? Are there any formulas which ...