Questions tagged [units]

For questions about the definition and usage of units of measurement.

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Is the negative excess volume of ethanol/water the cause of my math error?

I have a binary mixture, say ethanol at $90\%wt$ ethanol, $10\%wt$ water. According to Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook 9th Ed., that mixture has a density of $0.81797g/cc$ (at $20^{\circ}C$). ...
263 views

Regarding units of water potential and chemical potential

If water potential is nothing but the chemical potential of a given solution, then why do their units differ? If the unit for the latter is taken as 'Energy per molecule' (which makes sense to me ...
68 views

Would 10.0 mL of water at 10 °C have the same mass as 10.0 mL of water at 25 °C? [closed]

I am reading a book and it gives the following answer: No, the density of water changes with temperature. 10.0 mL of water at 10 °C would have a higher mass than 10.0 mL of water at 25 °C because the ...
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How to convert ppm to g/m3?

I'm not very comfortable with chemistry and I need to convert $\ce{CH4}$ concentration values in $\pu{ppm}$ to $\pu{g/m3}$. Is that possible? I've already researched a bit and realised that for water ...
170 views

Why are these two methods of converting from ppm to g/m3 equivalent?

I've found two methods to convert from $ppm$ to $g/m^3$. They both appear to give equivalent results, but I don't understand why. Can anyone join the dots for me and explain why they are equivalent ...
3k views

How much is 1 mμg?

So I stumbled on a research paper by Okuda and Takedatsu [1] that uses mμg as a symbol for the mass unit. I couldn't find anything about this measure unit anywhere except a recommendation not to use ...
54 views

Is 1% m/m the same as 1% w/w?

Hydrocortisone cream seems to be sold as 1% w/w, but my cream is 1% m/m, which is confusing. Are they the same units or the same concentrations?
65 views

What is the 'electronic energy', in units of 'negative' hartrees, of a molecule?

On a NIST (National Institute for Standards and Technology) page on the molecular details of water and it's various isotopologues, I came across this: Electronic energy: -76.4089547246 hartree There ...
714 views

Why do the units of rate constants change, and what does that physically mean?

Just to be clear, I do understand that the units of the rate constant k is selected to make the equation dimensionally consistent. That is not what I am asking. It should be the case that k 'means' ...
79 views

Why does osmolarity take into account both penetrating and non-penetrating solutes?

According to Wikipedia: … osmolarity takes into account the total concentration of penetrating solutes and non-penetrating solutes, whereas tonicity takes into account the total concentration of non-...
93 views

What is the difference in mosM and mOsm units, if there is any at all?

I'm reading Agre's paper on aquaporins [1] and he uses a unit called "mosM" throughout the paper, for example: … ocytes were transferred from 200 mosM to 70 mosM modified Barth's buffer. I ...
27 views

When multiple sources give the content of an ingredient my an unqualified percentage, can I safely assume this is by weight? Or; it's not a wart

I am trying to make a simple scented shampoo and body soap for my own use and for Christmas gifts. I statr with a base of 32 oz – (a bit under a kg) of a mild commercial castille soap (Dr. Bronner’s ...
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53k views

How to convert g/L to mol/L

I know I should divide $\pu{g L-1}$ by the molar mass of the substance, but I don't seem to find the specific answer on Google. So just to be sure: If I have $10^{-5}~\pu{g L-1}~\ce{Cu^2+}$ solution, ...
3k views

Atomic Mass of ¹²C before 1961

Question: Prior to 1961, the atomic mass unit was defined as 1/16 the mass of the atomic mass of oxygen; that is, the atomic mass of oxygen was defined as exactly $\pu{16 amu}$. What was the ...
31 views

Should I relate the number of moles between substances when converting weight units?

Good day! I graduated from an undergrad degree of chemistry almost 3 years ago but I'm frustrated that I fail to reconcile these things: In gravimetric analysis, to get the correct amount for the ...
393 views

Why is gas pressure measured in mmHg?

Pressure can be measured in $\pu{mmHg}$ which is equal to the pressure exerted by a “column of mercury” of a height expressed in $\pu{mm},$ at $\pu{0 °C}$ under Earth’s normal gravity. Does the ...