# Questions tagged [units]

For questions about the definition and usage of units of measurement.

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### About the use of Pascal or atmosphere in chemistry

I was wondering if there are specific formulae in chemistry for which it is "compulsory" or convenient to use atmosphere (atm) rather than Pascal (or even mmHg) as a unit of measurement. Of course ...
29 views

### What is the use of both mol and mass representing the same thing i.e. amount of something? [closed]

A mol is a unit but also has a magnitude. How can a unit have a magnitude? And if mole is used to measure an amount of substance than what does mass measure?
69 views

### Meaning of mass concentration “units” % m/v [closed]

In a saline solution that is 5.750% (m/v) potassium iodide $(\ce{KI}),$ there are: a) 5.750 mL $\ce{KI}$ per 100.0 mL $\ce{H2O}$ b) 575.0 mg $\ce{KI}$ per 10.00 mL of $\ce{KI}$ solution c) 5....
17 views

### Interlayer binding energy: how to convert to meV/Å²?

I've noticed that in most papers the interlayer binding energy is given in units of meV/Å². But how do I get these units? Do I divide the interlayer binding energy I get by the area of my unit cell?
65 views

In my syllabus we only study about rate laws under the topic "Rates of reactions", but as I was interested in it, I started to search about that topic. And then I found the Arrhenius equation $$\ln k ... 1answer 195 views ### Why the term 'unified' in “unified mass unit”? [closed] Why different unit symbols - amu, u and dalton are used for representing atomic mass? And what does the term 'unified' mean in "unified mass unit"? Thank you. 2answers 224 views ### Why is the equilibrium constant unitless? I read that the equilibrium constant is unitless because the molar activities of each of the species are used in the equilibrium expression, not the actual concentrations themselves. I understand that.... 0answers 59 views ### What does “at%” mean and how it differs from “mol%”? Sorry if my question is a bit obvious, but for some reason I'm getting confused with the percentages in this question: Concentration of \ce{A} is \pu{80 at\%} and concentration of \ce{B} is ... 3answers 58 views ### Soil conductivity: How do I get a near equivalent between meq/100 g to mS/cm? I have two soil reports, one that reports CEC as 45 meq/100 g and another that reports 6 mS/cm using 1:1 water soil. I can see that the two are, if not apples and oranges, they are at best tangerines ... 3answers 2k views ### Can Rydberg constant be in joules? In my textbook (Chemistry Part - I for Class XI published by NCERT), there is an equation for the energy of an electron in an energy state:$$E_n = -R_\mathrm H\left(\frac{1}{n^2}\right)$$and there ... 2answers 119 views ### How do I convert salinity measured in mg/L Cl into parts per thousand as NaCl? I have collected water data using a refractometer that records salinity in ‰ (parts per thousand) as \ce{NaCl}. I want to compare my data to other data but every journal article I read has the ... 2answers 127 views ### How will the periodic table change due to redefinition of the kilogram (May 2019)? The definition of a kilogram has recently been changed. What effect, if any, will this change have on data on the periodic table? 1answer 348 views ### Barron states that 4.18×10⁸ joules equal 1 kcal, is this correct? Here is a paragraph in Barron's SAT chemistry prep book: Work itself is measured in Joules, and so is energy. In some problems, however, energy may be expressed in kilocalories. The relationship ... 2answers 235 views ### How are lowercase k and uppercase K used in general chemistry courses? [closed] Where do lowercase k and uppercase K make appearances in general chemistry, and what do they signify? 2answers 673 views ### How are lowercase m and uppercase M used in general chemistry courses? [closed] Where do lowercase m and uppercase M make appearances in general chemistry, and what do they signify? 1answer 121 views ### IUPAC Recommendations for Concentration Units (ppb, ppm) In a recent interesting post, (Is 1 ppb equal to 1 μg/kg?) it was pointed out that IUPAC advises to abandon parts per million, parts per billion quantities and instead it suggests to employ micromole/ ... 1answer 2k views ### Is 1 ppb equal to 1 μg/kg? In an article I recently submitted, a reviewer asked that I provide a concentration in μg/kg instead of ppb (parts per billion), and mentions that the later is not correct. I am not a chemist, and I ... 2answers 530 views ### How to determine omitted units in a publication I have found a 1954 paper in J. Am. Chem. Soc. which gives various temperatures in degrees but does not specify units. A snippet of the introduction is: Titanium reacts appreciably with fluorine ... 2answers 72 views ### Does the prefix of an inverted unit also get inverted? What is the energy of radiation that has a frequency of \pu{2.51 \times 10^11 ms-1}? (a) \pu{1.66 \times 10^-19 J} (supposedly correct) (b) \pu{1.66 \times 10^-22 J} (c) \pu{7.92 \... 1answer 303 views ### Standard litres to kg conversion for Hydrogen [closed] When looking at hydrogen fuel tanks, they often give the capacity in terms of "standard litres". However, I can't find a definition of what this is. I assumed this may mean a litre of hydrogen gas ... 2answers 41 views ### Unit analysis for neutralization reaction What volume of \pu{0.500 mol L-1} \ce{HCl} (in \pu{mL}) is required to neutralize \pu{2.02 g} of solid \ce{NaOH} pellets? So far I have tried regular unit analysis: 2.02 g NaOH * 1mol ... 1answer 90 views ### Types of concentration units I would like to ask about a concentration unit. What does it exactly mean when stock concentration of something is, for example, 5X? Thank you in advance! 2answers 172 views ### What will be unit of volume in V=nRT/p if p is in Torr instead of atm? [closed] V=nRT/p, where n is amount of gas in \mathrm{mol}, R is gas constant, V is volume in \pu{dm3}, and p is pressure in \pu{atm}. What happens to R if p is in \pu{Torr} instead of ... 1answer 98 views ### How to actually calculate work from force times distance? I understand that work = force \cdot distance, but I'm not sure of the units and conversions to use. What I know is that I have a piston head of area \pu{28cm^2} (~\pu{4.4in^2}) traveling a ... 3answers 455 views ### Conversion from a PPB value to µg/m3 of Isobutylene I have a quite simple problem, found a lot of information about it, but I am not sure anymore if I do my calculations right. I own a sensor, which reports measurements in isobutylene units as PPB. So ... 1answer 29 views ### Combination of several unit symbols when finding new pressure from ideal gas law As a car is driven, the tires heat up and the volume and the pressure change. Calculate the new pressure of a 35.0 L tire initially at 235 kPa that expands to 36.5 L when it heats up from 15.0 °C to ... 0answers 54 views ### Is the negative excess volume of ethanol/water the cause of my math error? I have a binary mixture, say ethanol at 90\%wt ethanol, 10\%wt water. According to Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook 9th Ed., that mixture has a density of 0.81797g/cc (at 20^{\circ}C). ... 3answers 3k views ### What are the units of Kc and Kp? They are both equilibrium constants as far as I know. Kc is in terms of molarity and Kp is in terms of pressure. Also both of them are ratios of respective quantities [ ratio of molarity(s) in Kc and ... 1answer 55 views ### Confusion between moles and molarity units I am a total newbie in the field and i would like some kind of guidance. So, I have been recently given 2 datasets with measurements regarding several phospholipid fatty acids of plasma HDL. Both ... 1answer 22 views ### Rate constant converion [closed] I need to calculate the half life for a first order reaction for which I need the rate constant k. From literature I observed that for a very closely simulated experiment I obtained the numerical ... 1answer 57 views ### Converting pounds to grams [closed] I wanted to figure out how many grams were to a lb and instead of looking it up I used my textbook and found 1 kg = 1000 g and 1 kg = 2.205 lb. I set up a cross multiplication equation to solve for x. ... 1answer 835 views ### What does atm•L mean? [closed] In my chemistry book I always see a dot for units. For example, atm•L. Does this mean “1 atm per Liter?” By Atm I mean atmospheric pressure, not atom. 1answer 66 views ### Is the kilogram still consistent with the old definition? My old understanding was that a gram is the amount of mass in a cubic centimeter of water. But then I recently learned that the second was redefined to be some 9 billion cycles of a Caesium atom. ... 1answer 136 views ### Is it possible for me to derive Avogadro's number? To my understanding the mole is the unit used to translate between mass on the atomic level and mass in the macro level, defined as the number of atoms in 12 grams of Carbon-12, which apparently ... 5answers 7k views ### Why do we still need to know about the Rankine temperature scale? I am learning process principles in chemical engineering and I was taught various temperature units like Fahrenheit, Celsius, Kelvin, and Rankine. I see the first three being used quite commonly, but ... 0answers 97 views ### Why was the unit micrometers spelled backwards in old research papers? I have recently been doing a literature research project on polymers and have been reading a lot of papers from the 1950s and 1960s (mostly in American journals from American authors). I saw this ... 1answer 69 views ### Units for density in nanorod image I am counting the number of nanorods contained in a sample (see picture below). The length scale is 1 µm. What units does the density have? Is it µm-2? 0answers 96 views ### How to convert from ppm to ug/m3 in case of PMx? For \text{PM}_{10}, \text{PM}_{2.5} sensors, sensitivity, minimum and maximum recordable concentrations are generally expressed in \pu{ppm} (parts per million) while legislation uses \pu{\mu g /... 0answers 995 views ### Conversion of a permeability value from barrer to SI unit I have done a permeability experiment on LDPE in the presence of air. At \pu{30^\circ C}, the permeability was found to be 1.846 barrer. Now I am trying to apply this permeability value to a ... 0answers 90 views ### is rydberg constant and rydberg unit are same? [closed] i want to ask a question that.is rydberg constant and rydberg unit are same. UNIT OF RYDBERG CONSTANT IS m^-1, right? Then what is rydberg unit. 0answers 2k views ### What really are the units of enthalpy change? [duplicate] A reasonable definition of standard enthalpy change of formation would be: 'The enthalpy change when one mole of a compound is formed from its constituent elements under standard conditions' ... 1answer 123 views ### Calculate pressure equilibrium constant from concentration equilibrium constant$$\ce{N2(g) + 3H2 (g) -> 2NH3(g)}$$Calculate K_\mathrm p from K_\mathrm c, given that K_\mathrm c = \pu{4.2 M^-2} and that there is 0.2 moles of \ce{N2}, 0.6 moles of \ce{H2} and 0.... 2answers 380 views ### What are the units that measure free energy? Is it \pu{kJ/mol}? I have done problems and I always end up with these units, but is this correct? 1answer 92 views ### How isotopes atomic mass was defined? So we say that 1 Amu (u) = 1/12 of the mass of a Carbon 12 atom. Im not sure about this, but I believe that first we measured the mass of 1 carbon 12 atom (This includes the mass defects that occur ... 1answer 48 views ### Convert the lowest IR wavelength to energy in J, frequency in Hz, and wavenumbers in cm-1 Look up the range of wavelengths in nm in the IR region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Convert the lowest IR wavelength to energy in J, frequency in Hz, and wavenumbers in cm-1. I think I’m going ... 2answers 255 views ### In biochemistry, when do rate constant units matter in calculating free energy changes? In my experience, it is always been the ratio of products to reactants that mattered, so as long as your units are consistent; what they are doesn't matter. However, an in-class problem today required ... 1answer 2k views ### What pressure units should be used when calculating electrode potential with Nernst equation? Example 17: Calculate the electrode potential of given electrode$$\ce{Pt,Cl2 (\pu{1.5 bar}) | 2 Cl- (\pu{0.01 M})}\,; \quad E^\circ_\ce{Cl2/2Cl-} = \pu{1.36 V}$$Solution: The reaction of ... 1answer 137 views ### Order of the reaction between hemoglobin and oxygen I have the reaction:$$\ce{Hb + O2 <=>[$k$][$k'$] HbO2} where $\ce{Hb}$ is hemoglobin, $k$ is the rate constant of the forward reaction, $k'$ is the rate constant of the inverse reaction. On ...
If $\pu{2.54 mg}$ of ammonium phosphate is dissolved in enough water to make $\pu{300 mL}$ of the solution, what is the molar concentration of the solution? The answer is $\pu{5.68e-5 mol L-1}$. ...
Symptoms of mercury poisoning become apparent after a person has accumulated $\pu{20 mg}$ of mercury. If a person ingested $\pu{30 mg}$ of mercury, what concentration of mercury in parts per million, ...