Questions tagged [transition-metals]

For questions about the characteristic physical properties, chemical reactions, etc. of d-block elements, group 3-12, or their compounds. Do not use this tag if your questions is about general properties of metals, use [metal] instead. Also see [rare-earth-elements].

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Can we classify all the d-block elements as transition metals?

I thought that properties of d-block elements are transitional between those of s-block and p-block elements, and that is the reason for calling them transition metal. My textbook says that not all d ...
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1answer
111 views

Is it absolutely necessary to use centrifuge to separate ethylene glycol from precipitate?

I've been trying to synthesize intermetallics of $\ce{XY}$ type using transition metal salts and main group element salts. For my system, EG, DEG, and TEG are good solvents. However, because of them ...
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1answer
58 views

Thermal oxidation of gold(I) sulfide

As far as I know the chemistry of $\ce{Ag}$ and $\ce{Au}$ are almost the same; because $\ce{Ag}$ belongs to the 4d series and $\ce{Au}$ belongs to the 5d series, we know the size of 4d and 5d are ...
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0answers
567 views

Why do transition metals make colored compounds despite the remaining d orbitals being hybridized? [closed]

I know that transition metals make colored compounds when they forms a bond with a ligand, as the ligand increases the energy level of $\ce{d_{x^2-y^2}}$ and $\ce{d_{z^2}}$ orbital by repelling these ...
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2answers
505 views

Does titanium(II) oxide conduct electricity? [duplicate]

In my book, it is given that $\ce{TiO(s)}$ is an electrical conductor. But I'd think that since $\ce{TiO(s)}$ is ionic and in solid state, it shouldn't conduct electricity. So, why does it conduct ...
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1answer
534 views

Why does cobalt have no negative charge?

I would like to know why cobalt cannot have a negative charge (or at least why a negative charge for cobalt isn't typical). I am not sure where I have gone wrong in my reasoning. The electronic ...
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2answers
199 views

Is it possible to form an alloy of gold and zinc?

I know you can dissolve gold in mercury, but i do not have access to any. Would it be possible to dissolve it in molten zinc instead mercury.
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123 views

How to rationalize the colour change of the thermochromic bis(diethyl-ammonium) tetrachloridocuprate(II) complex

The colour of the compound changes from deep green/green-blue to yellow upon raising the temperature. I'm trying to rationalise this by using the d-orbital splitting, but I've got myself in a logic ...
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1answer
498 views

Hydrolysis of transition metals' halides?

So, it's a relatively common known solubility rule that any hydroxide with a cation not in the first two groups is basically insoluble. So supposing we have a transition or post-transition metal $M$ ...
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0answers
481 views

How does the hexaaquacopper (II) form? [duplicate]

So the hexaaquacopper (II) ion has an octahedral structure with 6 aqua ligands datively bonded to the central Cu2+ cation: My question is: how is this possible if the electronic configuration of the ...
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183 views

Reversed trends in stability of transition metal ions with respect to oxidation state

Why is titanium more stable with a lower oxidation state, but vanadium more stable with a larger oxidation state? More specifically, why is $\ce{Ti^{+}}$ more stable than $\ce{Ti^{3+}}$, but $\ce{V^{...
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618 views

Why Mn atom show maximum valency of 4 with F atom?

Mn ($3d^5$, $4s^2$) can have maximum 7 unpaired electrons in excited state so it should have formed MnF7 molecule but it can form only MnF4 molecule. Is it because: $d_{xy}, d_{yz}, d_{zx}$ orbitals ...
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1answer
168 views

Why does it yield iron(II) chloride instead of iron when copper meets iron(III) chloride? [closed]

Complete the equation: $$\ce{Cu + FeCl3 -> ? + ?}$$ I wrote $\ce{CuCl2}$ and $\ce{Fe}$, but it turned out to be $\ce{Cu}$ and $\ce{FeCl2}$. I really wonder why.
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661 views

Why does Zinc not have magnetic properties despite it being a transition element?

I know Zinc has a full d-orbital which might contribute to the effect. But it is not ferromagnetic or paramagnetic like other transition element complexes. Why is that?
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Trend in the infrared stretching of molecular hydrogen to group 8 transitions metals?

While going through old notes, in relation to the Dewar-Chatt-Duncanson model, it states that the stretching frequency for $\ce{N2}$ to the group 8 transition metals ($\nu(\ce{NN})$) proceeds as: \...
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1answer
360 views

electron counting for transition metal-oxo ligand compound

Using donor-pair method, how many electrons would an oxo ($O^{2-}$) ligand contribute? I cannot decide if it is 2 or 4.
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280 views

Reduction potential of a complex

I am given the reduction potential of $\ce{Fe^{3+}}$ to $\ce{Fe^{2+}}$ as well as the dissociation constants $\ce{K_D}$ for a $\ce{Fe^{3+}}$ complex and a $\ce{Fe^{2+}}$ complex (effectively, the ...
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39 views

Cytotoxicity of Ru-complexes

I have a basic question: why are Ru(II)-complexes cytotoxic? What I know is that depending on the used ligand some of them interact with the DNA either via DNA-pi-stacking (intercalation) or binding ...
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74 views

Why is the copper in my pan magnetic?

My Momma bought a copper pan made for induction because it was the only one she could find that she wanted and was big enough to pan fry half a chicken. But I noticed something odd about the copper. ...
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0answers
515 views

Rationalising the trend of standard electrode potentials between the +II and +III oxidation state of first-row transition metals

Trends in standard electrode potentials of d block elements: An examination ofthe $E^0 (\ce{M^3+}/\ce{M^2+})$ values (Table 8.2) shows the varying trends. The low value for Sc reflects the ...
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1answer
286 views

Why are aqua ion complexes of transition elements not solid but a solution? [closed]

Water ligands form dative covalent bonds with the central transition metal ion. That would mean a molecule is formed, just like sulfur dioxide or any other. The transition metal ion does not form ...
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0answers
59 views

Why does some compound as given in the image below change from low spin to high spin above a particular transition temperature?

Magnetic moment sudden increase at a particular temperature is explained by CFT. But why does it happen at all?
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1answer
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Why don't ligands affect the oxidation state of the central metal ion?

If $\ce{Fe^3+}$ were complexed with 6 $\ce{H2O}$ ligands, the resulting complex ion would be $\ce{[Fe(H2O)6]^3+}$, and the central metal ion would still have the same oxidation state of +3 as it did ...
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2answers
972 views

Why is the ground state electronic configuration of Group 10 (Ni group) elements so anomalous?

While studying about d block elements I came across this table showing outer shell electronic configuration of group 10 elements $\ce{Ni}$ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $3d^8$ $4s^2$ $\ce{Pd}$ $ $ $ $ $...
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1answer
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Why is hexafluoridocobaltate(III) the only common high-spin cobalt(III) complex?

Almost all $\ce{Co^3+} (\mathrm{d^6})$ complexes are low spin, including $\ce{[Co(H2O)6]^3+, [Co(ox)3]^3–, [Co(NH3)6]^3+}$ and $\ce{[Co(CN)6]^3–}$. The only common high-spin cobalt(III) complex is $\...
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1answer
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What's the configuration of chromium(III) in aqueous medium according to crystal field theory?

It has $\mathrm{3d^3}$ configuration, but how will we decide if they enter $\mathrm{t_{2g}}$ or $\mathrm{e_g}$ orbitals since we don't know which complex will form?
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1answer
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Why does iron have an abnormally high ionization energy?

Along a period the ionization energy should increase because the atomic number is increasing, but there is negligible increase in shielding. However, $\mathrm{IE}_\ce{Mn} < \mathrm{IE}_\ce{Fe} > ...
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1answer
1k views

How is solid titanium(II) oxide an electrical conductor?

Most salts in the solid state are electrical insulators, since the ions are not mobile (e.g. sodium chloride). However, solid titanium(II) oxide, $\ce{TiO (s)}$, is a conductor. How is this so?
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1answer
59 views

Iron-platinum refining

If I have an iron-platinum alloy, can I put this into a solution of $\ce{HCl}$ to dissolve the iron, leaving a $\ce{Pt}$ precipitate? I know that Fe dissolves in $\ce{HCl}$ to form $\ce{FeCl2}$ and $\...
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207 views

Transition Metals that react with Vanillin and their Complexes [closed]

My question is simply whether anyone knows what are the transition metals that the phenol group of the vanillin molecule could react with, and thereby produce discolorations. This question is ...
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1answer
102 views

How to reconcile conflict between assumed oxidation state and the most stable multiplicity from electronic structure calculations?

Consider either of the small, neutral molecules containing two Zn atoms below. If I were to determine the oxidation state of Zn from this molecule, I would formally assume each Zn to be Zn(I) in order ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the nature of the Fe–O2 binding in oxymyoglobin and oxyhemoglobin?

Deoxymyoglobin ($\ce{Mb}$) is known to have iron in the +2 oxidation state; I believe this was deduced from its magnetic moment, which corresponds to four unpaired electrons in high-spin $\mathrm{d^6}$...
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0answers
113 views

Toxicity of vanadium in pottery

I mix and develop glaze recipes for midfire stoneware (fired to 1220°C). The colorants in pottery are mostly iron, copper, cobalt, tin, titanium, chrome, and a few other transition metals. Many of ...
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2answers
9k views

Regular decrease in the atomic radius of 3d series

While comparing atomic radius, two factors are important: A. Decrease in size due to increase in effective nuclear charge B. Increase in size due to increase in shielding effect I was surprised to ...
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401 views

What is the activation energy of iron rust?

Iron rusts to Geothite (FeO(OH)). What is the activation energy for this reaction? Where can I find this information?
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1answer
3k views

Why is the tetraamminecopper(II) ion square planar?

The tetraamminecopper(II) ion is square planar in shape. But why? How can I rationalise this? Can I rationalise this without the concept of hybridization? And even if I take hybridization into ...
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3answers
636 views

Can one turn a nickel blue?

I've heard of artificial coin toning, but haven't been able to find a recipe for creating a blue (or blue-ish) nickel coin. While not a metallurgist, I work with one. She tried nitric acid, which ...
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1answer
111 views

Metals Vapor Pressure [duplicate]

I know metals like copper, silver and gold for example have vapor pressures at high temperature but do their vapor pressures still exist at standard temperatures (290 kelvin) and pressures (100 ...
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105 views

Relative orbital energies of Mn and Ni

In this MO diagram, why are the atomic Mn $3d$ orbitals higher in energy than the Ni $3d$ orbitals?
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325 views

Calculation of Bond/Angle/Dihedral force constant

I am a big fan of Mopac (Though I have a very little knowledge about the tool). I have some queries regarding some calculations in Mopac2016: Problem: How to calculate Bond or Angle or Dihedral ...
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3answers
4k views

Why is it wrong to use the concept of hybridization for transition metal complexes?

I have asked a lot of questions on coordination chemistry here before and I have gone through a lot others here as well. Students, including me, attempt to answer those questions using the concept of ...
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1answer
226 views

What is the systematic name of ammonium bisoxalato cuprate (II)? [closed]

What is the systematic name of ammonium bisoxalato cuprate(II)? I already tried $\ce{(NH4)2[Cu(C2O4)2]^{2+}}$ but i am uncertain if that answer is correct.
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1answer
7k views

Reaction of iron(III) oxide with nitric acid [closed]

I'm currently working in a project in which I have to convert the iron oxides present in iron ore slime into ferric nitrate. Iron ore slime is which has the particle size of below $\pu{0.15 mm}$ is ...
7
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1answer
197 views

Different chemoselectivity of transition metals in catalytic hydrogenation

I am quoting my Clayden et al 2nd edition: Some catalysts are particularly selective towards certain classes of compound – for example, Pt, Rh and Ru will selectively hydrogenate aromatic ...
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1answer
2k views

Do Ligands electrons fill the d-orbitals of the metal ion? [duplicate]

We know that ligands make coordination bonds with d-orbitals of transition metals forming complexes. My question is, if that happened, all d-orbitals will be filled and no electron transition could ...
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1answer
196 views

Is the surface of the planet Mercury made of copper minerals?

I have been looking at photographs of the planet Mercury, and I notices that in most of the pictures I have seen, the rocks on the surface seem to be covered in blue in green. From this, is it correct ...
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2answers
657 views

Number of unpaired electron and total spin angular moment

IIT-JEE advanced 2013 has a question: Give the correct order of the complex ions given below according to their spin-only magnetic moment: A. $\ce{[FeF6]^{3-}}$ B. $\ce{[V(H2O)6]^{2+}}$ C. $\...
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1answer
2k views

Is there an explanation to the atomisation energy trend of transition metals?

I am familiar with the double hump trend for atomisation of transition metals, and I can explain the unusually low atomisation of $\ce{Mn}$ with the exchange principle, specifically that in the solid ...
5
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1answer
419 views

Formation of MnO2 vs [Mn(H2O)6]4+ in aqueous solution

I am looking for reasons why $\ce{Mn(IV)}$ wouldn't be stable as a hydrate. I know that from standard reduction potentials it exists as a ppt of $\ce{MnO2}$, but what is stopping it from being a ...
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0answers
258 views

Are lustre and conductivity directly related?

In a question that I had asked before, Is chromium the shiniest metal?, I received the answer that silver was, in fact the most lustrous metal for visible wavelengths. At the same time, silver is also ...

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