Questions tagged [transition-metals]

For questions about the characteristic physical properties, chemical reactions, etc. of d-block elements, group 3-12, or their compounds. Do not use this tag if your questions is about general properties of metals, use [metal] instead. Also see [rare-earth-elements].

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515 views

The number of transition elements

I searched in the internet but most of them said that there are 38 transition metals. But our text book says that group 12 or the group of zinc CAN'T BE COUNTED as transition metals. Which already ...
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Dehalogenation of vicinal dihalides

Why, among different metals, only zinc is favourable for the dehalogenation of vicinal dihalides?
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40 views

Transition metals with closed shells

From wiki page about valence electrons: An atom with a closed shell of valence electrons (corresponding to an electron configuration $s^2p^6$ for main group elements or $d^{10}s^2p^6$ for transition ...
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1answer
35 views

Do antimicrobial abilities of copper boilers decrease over time?

As copper boilers age and develop oxide buildup, does this lessen the copper's antimicrobial abilities in killing bacteria? I was thinking since that coating would be on the copper, there would be ...
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Why does my drierite turn bright bright blue, instead of pink?

Drierite a brand name of a commonly-used, calcium sulfate-based dessicant in many chemistry labs. The lab I work in has a dessicator box we use to store hygroscopic materials. It isn't a a true dry ...
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1answer
1k views

Compare stability of transition metal cations in aqueous solution

I have to compare the stability of the following transition metal cations: $\ce{Co^3+, Fe^3+, Cr^3+, Sc^3+}$ in aqueous solution. (Source: Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) 2013 Mains India) The first thing ...
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2answers
311 views

How to refine manganese metal from manganese(IV) oxide found in batteries? [closed]

I opened up some lantern batteries, and inside there's $\ce{MnO2}$ powder, carbon rods, and zinc casings, and other stuff that I don't know what it is exactly. I scraped out $\ce{MnO2}$-containing ...
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0answers
54 views

Wittig reagent with metal–oxo bonds

Could you use the Wittig reagent to attack a metal–oxo bond and replace the oxygen with a carbene? Specifically, is it possible for the Wittig reagent to do σ-bond metathesis with an electrophilic ...
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1answer
159 views

precipitation reaction - cellulose in schweizer reagent reacts with acid

In the regeneration of dissolved cellulose (in a cuprammonium solution) in an acid bath, say sulphuric acid, what is the chemical reaction? There is a lot about the chemistry of the production of the ...
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1answer
50 views

In metal complex electron counting, is the neutral or ionic formalism more correct?

I have been practicing finding total valence electron counts by both methods, and a few points have arisen that have confused me. 1) Which method gives the true d-electron count? From what I ...
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133 views

How is the UV-visible spectra of carbonatotetraamminecobalt(III) nitrate interpreted?

In a laboratory practice I have done a characterization of the $\ce{[Co(NH3)4CO3]NO3}$ and obtained the following spectra: I don't know if the band between 300 nm and 400 nm can be due to the effect ...
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1answer
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Determination of spinel structure by CFSE

$\ce{CuFe2O4}$ has inverse spinel structure, but $\ce{ZnFe2O4}$ has normal spinel structure. Explain. I know that normal spinels have a structure like $\ce{(A^{II})^{tet}(B^{III})^{oct}_2O_4}$-like ...
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1answer
72 views

Can copper sulfate react with terpenes (such as limonene and terpinenes) at room temperature?

I am just wondering, can I make a metalorganic or organometallic complex of copper and limonene/terpinene/phellandrene in the form of lime oil? If so, what is the formula of the complex formed? I ...
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Why does bonding in T.M complexes get stronger down the group but bonding in p-block elements gets weaker?

In the p-block, it’s a well-known general trend that down the group, the homonuclear diatomic bond dissociation energies decrease (generally). E.g in group 14: C-C —> 607 kJ/mol Si-Si —> 327 kJ/...
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27 views

Tetrahedral complex and vibronic coupling or different rule for d-d transition?

I'm currently preparing a few slides for an upcoming talk in our group. I would like to mention some of the very basics regarding crystal field and ligand field theory as well, though this will not be ...
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97 views

Why is HgI2 a colored complex?

Why is $\ce{HgI2}$ a colored complex it has fully filled d-orbits. According to the book, one which has fully filled d-orbital has no color in transition elements. So, why is this compound colored?
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1answer
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Geometry of the transition metal complex in solid dipotassium bis(oxalato) copper(II) tetrahydrate

I was thinking of the geometry of the transition metal complex in solid $\ce{K2[Cu(ox)2] · 4 H2O}$ solid around the $\ce{Cu(II)}$ ion. At first I thought square planar, but is it possible or is there ...
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1answer
38 views

KMno4 is the strongest oxidizing agent. So why does it tend do have +2 oxidation state with reaction with acids? [closed]

Manganese has an oxidation state of +7 in potassium permanganate. When reacted with sulphuric acid, how does it tend to have +2 oxidation state by forming $\ce{MnSO4}$ along other products ? In acid, ...
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1answer
32 views

Bonding in d10 metals such as Zn

I recently learned about the MO bonding model in metals, where many metal atoms form lots of orbitals close in energy that form bands. However, I can't understand the bonding in d10 metals. It seems ...
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0answers
35 views

Molecular orbital diagram for carbene-metal and carbodiphosphorane-metal interaction

I am interested in understanding how carbenes and carbodiphosphoranes interact differently with a transition metals. I would like to use qualitative molecular orbital theory arguments (with an ...
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1answer
5k views

What type of bonding is there among d-block metals?

Metallic bond strength in $\mathrm{d}$-block elements increases up to the middle and then decreases. Why does pairing decrease the strength of metallic bond? What does pairing have to do with metallic ...
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2answers
3k views

Density of d-block elements

Something that confuses me slightly is the trends in density when comparing periods 4, 5, and 6 in the d-block. Looking at periods 5 and 6, the density peaks at group 8, with ruthenium and osmium, ...
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1answer
1k views

What happens when ferric chloride is dissolved in water?

Ferric chloride can be prepared by dissolving hematite in hydrochloric acid: $$\ce{Fe2O3 + 6HCl -> 2FeCl3 + 3H2O }\tag{1}$$ But the resulting ferric chloride will be exposed from its formation to ...
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2answers
111 views

Understanding the Jahn–Teller elongation and compression for octahedral complexes (stabilisation/destabilisation of d orbitals)

I am currently learning about Jahn–Teller effect. For elongation I wondered why the d orbitals with $z$ component are stabilised when the metal–ligand bonds are getting longer? I thought a longer bond ...
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27 views

Beer Lambert law when complex is tetragonal (Jahn-Teller elongated)

I wondered what modifications there would be to the Beer Lambert law to find the molar extinction coefficients for the solution if the solvent contained the ligands which bind to the metal centre of a ...
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2answers
93 views

Can the 5+ and 4+ oxidation state of Vanadium ion exist independently?

From my class text book: The oxidation states of Vanadium ions 5+ and 4+ are shown in the compounds $\ce{VO2^{+}}$ and $\ce{VO^{2+}}$ respectively, whereas $\ce{V^{3+}}$ and $\ce{V^{2+}}$ are ...
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1answer
58 views

How does chromium behave in a carbonate solution? [closed]

I'm wondering how chromium (as a metal or as a salt) behaves in a concentrated carbonate solution. Will it form any, one or several carbonate specie(s)? Will the metal solubilize? How does it affect ...
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3answers
2k views

Does copper(III) nitrate exist?

I was balancing this reaction when I found an unusual compound had been formed. $$\ce{Cu(s) + HNO3(aq)-> Cu^{3+}(aq) + NO(g)}$$ My attempt: Balancing oxidation number: $$\ce{Cu -> Cu^{3+} +3e^-...
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1answer
39 views

How to make anhydrous or monohydrate FeSO4 from heptahydrate form?

I need the anhydrous form of $\ce{FeSO4}$ (7720-78-7). I have $\ce{FeSO4.7H2O}$, is there anyway it can be converted to anhydrous form, or at least to monohydrate? Do you know where I can purchase it? ...
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1answer
1k views

Why can mercury(I) exist, but not zinc(I)?

Mercury shows variable valency while zinc does not. Its electronic configuration is $\ce{[Xe]\:4f^14 5d^10 6s^2}$. So it can donate the $\ce{6s^2}$ electrons and should only be able to form $\ce{Hg^2+}...
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64 views

What compounds given can oxidize Mn(2+) to MnO4(-)? [closed]

$$\ce{Mn^2+ Solution ->[reagent 'A'] MnO4^-}$$ The reagent '$\ce{A}$' can be (A) $\ce{Pb2O3 + \text{conc.} HNO3}$ (B) $\ce{K2S2O8}$. (C) $\ce{(NH4)2S2O8}$ (D) $\ce{K2SO4}$ All of the options can ...
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0answers
34 views

Ionic radius for tetrahedral metal–ligand complexes

The ionic radii for metal–ligand complexes that are in an octahedral coordination are easy to find. I understand that when the $\mathrm{e_g}$ orbital is filled, the ionic radius increases because the ...
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2answers
80 views

Transition metal chalcogenides

According to wikipedia, a chalcogenide is a chemical compound consisting of at least one chalcogen anion and at least one more electropositive element. In the same sense does transition metal ...
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3answers
6k views

Why is it wrong to use the concept of hybridization for transition metal complexes?

I have asked a lot of questions on coordination chemistry here before and I have gone through a lot others here as well. Students, including me, attempt to answer those questions using the concept of ...
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4answers
963 views

Can one turn a nickel blue?

I've heard of artificial coin toning, but haven't been able to find a recipe for creating a blue (or blue-ish) nickel coin. While not a metallurgist, I work with one. She tried nitric acid, which ...
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2answers
884 views

Why are palladium and platinum carbonyls unstable at room temperature?

By palladium and platinum carbonyls, I mean the mononuclear, homoleptic, charge-neutral, binary carbonyl complexes of the form $\ce{M(CO)_n}$ and not any heteroleptic complexes like $\ce{Pd(CO)(PPh3)3}...
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The quartic electronic state of octahedral Fe(III): How make crystal field splitting diagram?

Using simple arguments from crystal field theory, how do I rationalize the quartic state of octahedral Fe(III)? I am not able to in a logical way distribute the 5 d electrons in such a a way as to end ...
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6answers
2k views

Colour of Nickel thiocyanate

What is the colour of $\ce{C2N2NiS2}$ (Nickel thiocyanate)? In most of the web sites it only molecular weight,formula and other specifications but its colour is missing every where.
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121 views

How can an element have two outermost shells incomplete? [closed]

As I read my book, I saw its written that the Transition metals have two outermost shells incomplete. But , as I had read earlier, that shells are filled in stepwise manner. So how is this possible? ...
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2answers
976 views

Is palladium on carbon acting as an oxidising or reducing agent?

In the conversion of piperidine to pyridine, palladium on carbon (Pd/C) is used. But it is reducing agent. Clear the confusion, please.
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1answer
82 views

Why aren't solid pure transition metals colourful?

I understand that the compounds of transition metal are colourful because of the appropriate energy gap between different d orbitals. But why aren't they also colourful in their solid pure state? For ...
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1answer
2k views

Is scandium considered a transition metal?

I have seen so many conflicting answers to this question in various places so I wanted to ask it again. IUPAC defines a transition element as an element whose atom has a partially filled d sub-...
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3answers
309 views

Mixing cobalt(III) hydroxide and thallium(III) hydroxide

A simple question on solutions is driving me crazy. At this point, I think the textbook's wrong. Here's the question: A saturated solution of cobalt(III) hydroxide $(K_\mathrm{sp} = \pu{1.6e-44})$ ...
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1answer
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Can metals have a net negative charge

Normal metals like sodium or Calcium have a positive charge as $\ce{Na}^+$ or $\ce{Ca}^{2+}$. Transition metals have a loot of variable oxidation states. Yesterday I read about Iridium in Wikipedia ...
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52 views

How can t2g orbital account for extra stability in absence of ligands?

I have read in a book that t2g orbitals sometimes account for stability in 3d block transition elements. For example, Chromium in 2+ oxidation state shows reducing properties because Chromium in 3+ ...
2
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1answer
13k views

Regular decrease in the atomic radius of 3d series

While comparing atomic radius, two factors are important: A. Decrease in size due to increase in effective nuclear charge B. Increase in size due to increase in shielding effect I was surprised to ...
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1answer
83 views

Why does this ligand form 6-coordinate complexes with Transition elements and 8-coordinate complexes with Inner transition elements? [closed]

What change takes place in the denticity of this ligand if it is an inner-transition metal ion vs a common transition metal? Primarily, why does the ligand behaves differently with the two situations ...
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0answers
40 views

Liquid storage of transition metal oxides?

Transition metal oxides (TMOs) have a lot of interesting properties, from ferroelectricity to battery applications. Often times you can change the properties with only slight changes of oxygen ...
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104 views

Manganese oxide reacts with tin(IV) hydroxide?

I have a problem on my chemistry summer homework in which it asks me to predict the product of “solid Manganese-Oxide when it reacts with tin(IV)-hydroxide in aqueous solution”. My issue is that there ...
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3answers
9k views

Why isn't the American nickel magnetic?

I never thought that modern American nickels actually contained nickel anymore. However, according to this wiki article, the coins actually do contain 25% nickel, the rest being copper. And yet, no US ...

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