Questions tagged [solvents]

A liquid, solid, or gas that dissolves another solid, liquid, or gaseous solute, resulting in a solution that is soluble in a certain volume of solvent at a specified temperature.

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250 views

Why does adding PBS to a lipid+propylene glycol solution cause the lipid to precipitate?

I am trying to create an aqueous phospholipid suspension using ~50 mg of 1,2-dibehenoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DBPC), 13 mL of propylene glycol (PG), and 72 mL of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)....
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Production of acetone from egg shells and vinegar

I learned from these wiki pages that acetone can be produced from calcium acetate, which can be produced by the reaction of eggshells and vinegar. However, I couldn't find the required temperature. ...
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Trifluoroacetic acid, Formic acid and dichloromethane

I am working in a small lab (in a small company) with very poor conditions, which I have to improve (for example: no sink , I have to wash the glassware in the bathroom). My organic chemistry is very ...
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Separate toluene from acetone and isopropyl alcohol

I found a cellulose thinner that is made of toluene 60-80%, acetone 10-20%, and 2-propanol 5-10%. As acetone and 2-propanol are water soluble, but toluene isn't, would it be possible to just add a lot ...
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Does dissolving a solute lowers the activation energy of a reaction of that solute?

I'm formulating a reason why the use of solvents in some reactants are preferred rather then mixing just the pure components together. My gut feeling tells me that it lowers the activation energy of ...
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What solvents work on aloe vera?

I'm looking for a solvent which can fully dissolve dried aloe vera gel. I assume the main problem is the constituent polysaccharides.
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Remove aceton from denatured alcohol

I have bought a bottle of denatured alcohol. On the web I've found these solutions typically contain the following: $85\%$ ethanol $10\%$ water $3\%$ methanol $1\%$ aceton $1\%$ pyridine I would ...
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Solvent for Norland Optical Adhesive

I'd like to know if there is any solvent that dissolves Norland Optical Adhesive 65 (and Rhodamine 6G), but does not dissolve PMMA that is used in e-beam lithography. I've tried acetone, methanol, ...
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Does adding mass to a liquid (not water) increase the volume

The Question sounds stupid but i have a legit problem I mixed 1000 mL coconut water and 225 g of agar-agar to make a coconut water [CW] agar. It gave me more than 1000 ml. the medium went beyond the ...
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What are the advantages of eutectic solvents over aqueous solutions for electroplating?

I'm trying to electrically strip lead contamination from aluminum. This answer suggests using a deep eutectic solvent (DES) as the conducting liquid for plating the lead onto a copper cathode. But ...
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exchanging H2O in buffer for D2O - pH vs pD?

I have TBS pH 7.4 buffer that I am exchanging all the water out for $\ce{D2O}$. How do I find out what the pD is after all the water is gone? I understand that pH meters don't work for deuterium, and ...
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Why did my deep eutectic solvent solidify?

I'm finally getting around to beginning to test this deep eutectic electrolyte. I mixed choline chloride with urea in a 1:2 mole ratio in a glass container. It formed a sludge. I sealed the ...
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Non-destructive solvents for cyan-salts

What dissolves cyan-salts (NaCN and KCN) without destroying them the way water does via hydrolysis? I have to make my own cyan-salts, so they're somewhat precious to me. Every time I have to ...
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How to dissolve the build-up from a paraffin based oil?

I have a CNC lathes that use "oil" for cutting fluid during the machining of mostly metal materials. Typically a heavy paraffinic based cutting oil (petroleum distillate) is used during machining. ...
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Why aren't people pouring ethanol my unskinned chicken to remove excessive fat?

I see a lot of people putting cooked chicken thighs on paper towels to absorb the excessive fat. This gave me an idea: if you don't care about taste, why can't we rinse cooked chicken with ethanol and ...
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Which chemical should I use to wash soot precipitate from cast iron?

The soot deposition is quite strong (almost like graphite) and my iron object has a complicated shape with many grooves. Which chemical would dissolve the carbon without oxidizing the iron?
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The amount of the DMF in the Sonogashira coupling - why it is of importance?

I was looking for some protocols for Sonogashira coupling and have found that in many papers the amount of the DMF used is exactly 2 ml per mole of the substrate. Is there any reason for that? ...
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Understanding observations of dissolving surfactants in methanol, water and hexane combinations

I added various solvents to a shower gel product to see what would happen. The main surfactant ingredients in it are Methyl Gluceth 20, Sodium Laureth Sulfate, and Lauryl Glucoside. First I diluted ...
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972 views

Troubles with cinnemaldehyde extraction - A few general questions

I'm trying to do a cinnemaldehyde extraction. I've tried both a simple and a steam distillation. I'm using the video: [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bDoaPIKT_Xg] - as a guide. One of the main ...
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1answer
929 views

Does storing a hygroscopic reagent in a bottle makes it prone to absorb humidity from the air trapped inside?

I've got a full bottle of 99,5% acetone, which I'd really like to keep it as dry as possible, though without using molecular sieves or other dessicants. Once I open the bottle for the first time, use ...
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How does the solvent determine whether mono- or tribromination of phenol occurs?

In phenol, the $-\ce{OH}$ group activates the benzene ring towards electrophilic substitution. But why is it that the electrophilic bromination of phenol gives trisubstitution (forming 2,4,6-...
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Why anhydrous acetic acid is differentiating solvent?

Anhydrous acetic acid is differentiating solvent in which strong acids show different strength but water isn't. Why anhydrous acetic acid shows the strength of acids clearly, but water solvent cannot ...
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Does adsorption occur between liquids?

While reading a paper in a field other than chemistry, the author mentions a phenomena that he labelled "adsorption" and describes it as follows: ...I am told (though I do not know which liquids ...
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551 views

Are Organic Solvents used in Addition Reactions catalysts?

Say for example you are performing a halogenation reaction with dichloromethane (DCM) as the solvent: ethylene + chlorine $\stackrel{DCM}\longrightarrow$ 1,2-dichloroethane I have 2 questions: Is ...
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how to store solvent in laboratory? [closed]

I am organising chemicals and solvents in laboratory... being less specific ( as it would a big list of chemicals to provide here in my questions)... I wanted to know... how can we arrange solvents in ...
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Replacement for cyclohexane

I am attempting to isolate pure iodine from kelp using the method described here but I do not have any way of possibly obtaining cyclohexane. I was wondering if any easier to obtain solvents would ...
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Which are the appropriate washing solvents for gas chromatography equipment? [closed]

I work in a laboratory where gas chromatography is used extensively. We handle terpenes and terpenoids (alcohols, ketones, and acetates derived from terpenes), organic solvents (acetone, acetonitrile, ...
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290 views

Is a supersaturated solution still a solution?

Given that a solution must be a homogenous mixture, and having crystallized solids at the bottom of a solution is most definitely not homogenous, can a supersaturated solution still be technically ...
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Alternative to water as solvent for lithium metaborate?

I want to prepare a sample of lithium metaborate ($\ce{LiBO2}$) and need to dissolve it for this purpose. The only solvents I found so far are water and ethanol. In ethanol, one cannot dissolve ...
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1answer
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What are the non-aqueous solvents for sodium polyacrylate?

I am attempting to use sodium polyacrylate as a sodium transport mechanism in a sulfur-bromine cell. I can upset the sodium balance with sodium salts, but the contamination introduced by the non-...
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How to reverse damage done by nail polish remover without acetone to a laptop keyboard?

Today I was trying to clean my laptop with a nail polish remover (ingredients: ethyl acetate, peg-40, hydrogenated castor oil, panthenol, parfum, d-limonene, geraniol, ci 26100, ci 60725). Not only it ...
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Dissolving ability of octane vs nonane on neoprene

I have been working with straight chain octane and nonane. The neoprene seals in some parts of the apparatus are allegedly far more vulnerable to the deleterious effects of octane than nonane - why? [...
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difference between solving and dissolving something

What is the difference between the terms 'solve' and 'dissolve'? Up until now I have used the two terms interchangeably, not having any sound scientific definitions for each. I have thought them both ...
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Why do soft drinks fizz?

I know it has something to do with carbon dioxide, but what exactly happens and causes the characteristic sound we hear (especially after we shake the bottle)? How do we manage to dissolve a non-polar ...
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1answer
380 views

How to perform solvent extraction of a solid

Suppose I have a solid compound from which I want to extract a target chemical I know is soluble in acetone. So I crush and mix the compound in acetone, dissolving the target and suspending the ...
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1answer
959 views

Solubility in homogenous mixtures of solvents [duplicate]

Alcohol and water are miscible. I am coming across some chemicals that are soluble in alcohol and insoluble in water. If I know solubility in two solvents separately, is solubility in a mixture of ...
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How to dissolve a strong resin in difficult situation?

The resin is made up from two components: Component A: silicic acid, sodium salt (less than 10% sodium silicate) Component B: Diphenylmethane-4,4'-Diisocyanate, isomers and homologs (MDI,Polymer-MDI)...
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2answers
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Alkylation of 1-naphthol in trifluoroethanol versus in DMSO

I am supposed to work out which product is formed in which solvent when naphthalen-1-olate is treated with benzyl iodide. DMSO is a polar aprotic solvent, as it does not possess an acidic hydrogen. ...
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Why do some solvents bubble more than others when boiling?

This question about boiling milk reminded me of my everyday lab work at the rotavap: Some solvents and solutes are feared for the intense bubbling they create while the solution is boiling — be it at ...
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Solubilizing ability of dichlorobenzenes

I am trying to understand why 1,2- and 1,3-dichlorobenzenes are such good solvents, able to solvate many organic compounds known to be hard to get dissolved. Any precise answer? It has something to ...
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How do I predict the solubility of a compound in a mixture of water and an organic co-solvent?

I'm trying to predict the solubility of long alcohols (e.g. 1-octanol, 1-decanol or 1-dodecanol) in a mixture of water and an organic co-solvent such as DMSO, acetonitrile or ethyl acetate. For ...
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Electrical conductivity of organic solvents

Do organic solvents such as pure ethanol and pure methanol conduct electricity? why is this so? I have done some research and have not been able to find anything conclusive. I would think it would ...
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Why is fresh ice sticky?

Fresh ice cubes are almost instantly sticky and easily cling on to fabric and other similarly rough surfaces. A few minutes later, however, the effect almost completely disappears. What is the cause ...
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1answer
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Mixing solvents and other compounds - safety issues

I would like to know if it is safe to mix organic solvents together or organic solvents with some compounds listed below. In a mixture with random ratios (greater than zero - all chemicals present) ...
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What solvents can get rid of oil stains?

What kind of solvent would you use to remove an oil based stain? I need help for a chemistry lab report and I tried to look it up but nothing seems to be helping me
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1answer
828 views

Reactivate dried up ink of ballpoint pens

According to this question, ballpoint pens start writing intermittently when the ink is drying up. In other words, the ink is becoming more viscous and does not flow any more. Are there ways to make ...
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How do I calculate the viscosity of a mixture of toluene and isopropanol?

I am trying to understand why my nanoparticles will only electrophoretically deposit in a non-polar solvent and a non-polar/polar solvent mix but not in the polar solvent. I am hoping to use zeta ...
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Reference request for the number of solvents around a solute [closed]

I want to know if there is a way to find number of solvent molecules that are directly embracing a solute molecule (something like a reference or table that shows waters of hydration). Particularly I ...
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119 views

Name for analog of salt hydrate with non-water solvents?

Salts can bind with some water to form hydrates. For example, we can call $\ce{CoCl_2\cdot 6H_2O}$ cobalt chloride hexahydrate. There is no reason that water should be the only solvent that can bind ...
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Why do exothermic dissolution reactions occur?

I've always been taught that an exothermic dissolution means that the forming of solute-solvent bonds releases more energy than the energy consumed to break solute-solute bonds and solvent-solvent ...

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