Questions tagged [solubility]

For questions related to the solubility of compounds in various solvents, especially in water. Do not confuse with [solutions] or [aqueous-solution].

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Sodium Carbonate saturation curve [closed]

Where can I find the saturation curve for Na2CO3 (Sodium Carbonate) versus temperature? Thanks, ECD40
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630 views

How to choose alcohol solvent for organic extraction?

Assuming I have an organic substance that is known to be "soluble in alcohol" (e.g. capsaicin) I want to extract, which alcohol should/can I use? I know that both ethanol and methanol are commonly ...
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What does pO2 of blood mean and why do we use it?

I understand the basic Dalton's law of partial pressures in gases. Also, Henry's law of diffusion, says, the concentration of gas dissolved in a fluid is proportional to the partial pressure above it. ...
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1answer
76 views

Will the solubility product constant differ in this case? [closed]

I am considering the solubility product of sodium citrate. I need this value, I do not have it. However, I do know that the solubility product of calcium citrate is (7±2)×10^−14. Is it safe to ...
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3answers
966 views

Calculating the density of a saturated salt solution

Is there a way to calculate the density of a saturated salt solution from the solubility limits or does it have to be experimentally determined? First instinct, is to add the mass of the salt to ...
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1answer
363 views

Why are copper salts less soluble than zinc salts?

Compounds with cations having pseudo-inert gas electron configurations have more covalent character than those that don't, therefore they should be less soluble. Here are some solubility products: $$...
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1answer
427 views

Potassium citrate in water

I take potassium as a supplement in the form of potassium citrate. I dissolve a small amount in tap water and I drink it. Usually, I need to stir a lot, and sometimes I warm the water a little to make ...
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How much calcium hydroxide will precipitate after addition of sodium hydroxide into saturated calcium hydroxide solution?

Below was question 34 in the USNCO 2017 exam: If $\pu{0.10 mol}$ of solid $\ce{NaOH}$ is added to $\pu{1.00 L}$ of a saturated solution of $\ce{Ca(OH)2}$ $(K_\mathrm{sp} = \pu{8.0 \times 10^-6})$, ...
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968 views

Polarity of Acetic Acid, Ethanol and 1-Propanol

In order to compare acetic acid, ethanol and 1-propanol in terms of solubility in hexane, I would like to order them in terms of (a)polarity. By looking up the dipole moments, I found that these ...
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206 views

Varying data about solubility of sodium acetate trihydrate

I recently looked up the solubility of sodium acetate trihydrate in water at 20°C and found surprisingly diverse values such as: 613g/l (GESTIS-Stoffdatenbank) 762g/l (TU Freiberg) 1250g/l (applichem, ...
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434 views

What is the logic behind the division into groups of anions and cations in qualitative inorganic analysis? [closed]

I find it very confusing and hard to memorize. Is there a way I can deduce it, like understand how it came or is it just one of a lot of ways you can do it but is the standard one? Also, how does one ...
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How to dissolve white dextrin in water?

Dextrin is labelled as highly soluble in water. I have white dextrin (analytical from Sigma Aldrich). When I mix it in water, no matter how long I stir and how little dextrin I put, I get a suspension....
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How to make pyramid-shaped NaCl salt crystals

I'm attempting to make sea salt pyramids like the one below. I understand this needs to be evaporated at a reasonable speed to stop the crystals forming a cube, as the when formed quickly, the edges ...
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1answer
958 views

Why is magnesium sulfate acidic? Why are my calculations showing that it is basic?

Let's say I was dissolving $\pu{1M}~\ce{MgSO_4}$ into water and I wanted to find the pH. I would go right to the reaction of the dissociation of $\ce{Mg(OH)_2}$: $$\ce{Mg(OH)_2 <=> Mg^2+ + 2OH-}...
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Finding equilibrium constant from solubility product constant

Given $$\ce{CuI(s) <=> Cu+(aq) + I-(aq)}\, ;\qquad K_\mathrm{sp} = 1.2 \cdot 10^{-12}$$ write a reasonable chemical reaction that describes the decomposition of $\ce{CuI2}$ in aqueous ...
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51 views

Can i calculate the solution of the problem in more simple way?

and i got a serious question. During my exercises at home, i found that im struggling a lot while solving simple problem`s like this one: I have an aquatic substance with 0.100 M of $\ce{Mg(NO3)2}$ ...
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951 views

Why is potassium bitartrate so insoluble?

The solubility of potassium bitartrate in water at 20°C is given by Wikipedia as 0.57 g per 100 ml, which is considerably lower than that of sodium bitartrate. Generally, a potassium salt is more ...
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370 views

Solubility of Calcium Oxalate in Aqueous Alcohol?

In searching through the literature for the solubility of calcium oxalate, I came across this post https://www.researchgate.net/post/Are_there_any_organic_inorganic_solvents_for_dissolving_Ca-oxalate ...
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2answers
97 views

Material that changes solubility when electric potential is applied [closed]

I am looking for a material witch is easy to deposit in thin films and which changes its solubility if a electric potential is applied. Do you know of any such materials ? EDIT: This is for what I ...
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1answer
124 views

A problem in solubility of salts with multistep hydrolysis of an ion possible

Calculate the solubility of $\ce{MnS}$ in pure water, $K_\mathrm{sp}(\ce{MnS}) = \pu{2.5e-10}$. Assume hydrolysis of $\ce{S^2-}$ ion. $K_1$ and $K_2$ for $\ce{H2S}$ are $10^{-7}$ and $10^{-14}$, ...
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1answer
117 views

Calculating weight of soluble salt in a solution

I got a solution which density is $\pu{1.035 g mL-1}$ and it contains soluble salt $\ce{Ba(NO3)2}$ at concentration of $\pu{0.250 M}$. The teacher is asking from me to "clear" the solution from the $\...
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499 views

Why would two isomers have different solubilities in water?

I was wondering as to why, e.g. $\ce{CH3CH2CH2CH2OH}$ and $\ce{(CH3)3COH}$, do not have the same solubility in water, considering they both have the same molecular formula.
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Aluminium sulphate solubility as function of the pH

earlier I asked about how to know the aluminium sulfate solubility as function of the ph (see the previous question here). I found this diagram on the page 57 of Rubin, A. J., & Hayden, P. L. (...
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294 views

How to know the aluminium sulfate solubility as function of the pH?

I'm trying to find a diagram or a reference for to know the solubility of aluminium sulfate $\mathrm{Al_{2}(SO_{4})_{3}}$ in differents pH values. Something like:
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1answer
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Order of Solubility [duplicate]

Why solubility of alkaline earth metals decreases down the group? In my book, it is given that solubility of earth metals increases down the group $$\ce{BeSO4 > MgSO4 > CaSO4 > SrSO3 > ...
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301 views

Multi-solvent recrystallization to extract solute from glycerol?

I have compound A contaminated with impurity B. Recrystallization in water would not yield pure compound A since impurity B is less soluble in it. The only solvent in which substances A and B have ...
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242 views

Beryllium iodide and solubility rules [closed]

The beryllium iodide $\ce{BeI2}$ as covalent compound is apolar, and thus, it should be water non-soluble. However, it is. Making a research on the web, I learned it is just in the middle of being ...
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Fajans' Rules Versus Lattice Enthalpy

In analyzing the solubility among $\ce{CaF2, CaCl2, CaBr2}$, I found that $\ce{CaF2}$ is insoluble due to high ionization enthalpy. But comparing among $\ce{AgF, AgCl, AgBr }$, it was said that $\...
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Formulation solubility?

Creatine is a popular sports/fitness supplement, generally sold as a powder to be mixed with water (usually like 5-10g creatine per serving). However, it is not very "soluble" in water -- barely 13.3g/...
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Solid with Boiling Point less than 100 °C [closed]

For an experiment I require a substance which is a solid at room temperature and boils at a temperature lower than 100 °C. Also, this solid should preferably be soluble in water. Are there any such ...
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1answer
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Cheap antifreeze

We bought a house which has an outside boiler that is inoperable due to the tank freezing. I can repair but filling the boiler with 100 gallons of antifreeze is too expensive. Sodium chloride ...
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1answer
310 views

Treating a sample with water, how to deduce present compounds given precipitate and solution parameters?

A sample consists of one or more of the following salts: $\ce{Cu(CH3CO2)2}$ (acetate), $\ce{BaCl2}$, $\ce{(NH4)2SO4}$, $\ce{SrCO3}$, $\ce{KNO3}$. The sample, when treated with water, gives a white ...
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1answer
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Explanation for solubility of group 2 halides [closed]

I understand that the solubility (in terms of moles/volume) of group 2 halides increase with increase in anion size, i.e. $$\ce{MF2 < MCl2 < MBr2 < MI2},$$ where $\ce{M = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba},\...
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Effect on solubility by dissolution of other substance (no common ion)

In one of our recent classes on mass and momentum transfer, we studied qualitatively how blood drug concentrations vary after consuming a tablet containing that drug. We considered the following: ...
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Can someone explain me the difference in boiling point of water when I add: KBr; CaCl2; AlCl3?

I have noticed (during an experiment) that the boiling point of the solutions created by H2O+KBr; H2O+CaCl2 and H2O+AlCl3 see their boiling point increase. During the experiment, I thought that, ...
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1answer
339 views

Reverse reaction of acid dissociation [closed]

Consider an acid HA with Ka 10^-10 dissociating into its ions as HA⇌H+ +A- My question is-if we introduce solution of pH=3(let's say any weak acid or a buffer) and put ions of A- of 0.1M into it (...
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Solubility of Alkali Metal Chlorides

Why does Potassium Chloride less soluble than Sodium Chloride in water, isn't it supposed to be other way round? Since Potassium Chloride would be more ionic than Sodium Chloride?
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Why does like dissolve like?

Polar solvents love polar solutes to be dissolved in it and non polar with non polar. Often said as like dissolves like. Okay, polar loving polar can be understood with help of the facts: same polar ...
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chemical possibility in oil - 8th graders have questions for a project

I have a team of kids (8th graders) that are doing the First Lego League competition this year. As part of that they have to come up with a possible solution to a problem that relates to the human ...
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1answer
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Solubility experiment of different organic compounds [closed]

Chemistry lab note says that:1) Aromatic acids like benzoic acid and salicylic acid are NOT soluble in water. But they are soluble in 5% NaOH, and 5% NaHCO3. Due to having a large hydrcarbon part (...
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Simultaneous solubility of CaF2 and SrF2

Solubility of two electrolytes having common ion when they are dissolved in solution is called simultaneous solubility. How do I calculate the simultaneous solubility of the above mentioned salts ...
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How do salts of a weak acid + weak base behave in solution?

Say you have Ammonium Formate in solution, the salt formed by the reaction of Formic Acid and Ammonia. Would both the Formate ion and Ammonium ion protonate and deprotonate, respectively, to form ...
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Other liquids for collecting gas by displacement method for SO2

I am looking for a low cost method of quantifying gases evolved from a reaction. The gas mixture is expected to have $\ce{H2}$, $\ce{SO2}$ and $\ce{CO2}$ but likely others too. I am considering using ...
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646 views

Why does lead(II) acetate does not ionize appreciably?

As this page in this book says, lead(II) acetate is soluble, but does not ionize appreciably. It seems contradictory to me, since, to call a substance soluble means it has high $K_\mathrm{sp}$ (when ...
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Why is chitin ordinarily insoluble in water, but soluble after deacetylation? [closed]

Chitin is usually insoluble in water. How does its chemical structure explain this? Furthermore, when chitin undergoes deacetylation, it becomes soluble and forms hydrogen bonds with water. How is ...
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155 views

How can I decrease the Krafft temperature of an hexadecyl sulfate surfactant?

I need to prepare an anionic surfactant from a treatment of cetyl alcohol (hexadecanol) and $\ce{H2SO4}$, and then neutralize it using $\ce{NaOH}$ or $\ce{NH3}$; but sodium hexadecyl sulfate has a ...
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How can it be determined that a liquid is saturated with a gas?

How can it be determined if a liquid is saturated with a gas? For example, if I am introducing carbon dioxide to water at 40 PSI at 35F in a sealed container, how would I know at what point the water ...
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4answers
4k views

Are there any sodium salts that are insoluble in water?

Are there any sodium salts (e.g. NaCl) that are insoluble in water? If so, what are their approximate $K_\mathrm{sp}$ values?
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379 views

Which is more likely to form: silver chloride or silver phosphate?

If silver nitrate is added to an aqueous solution (such as tap water) that contains both chloride ions and phosphate ions, which precipitate is more likely to form: silver chloride, silver phosphate ...
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231 views

Solubitity of FeS

I have some questions related to a problem of multiple equilibria and solubility. I have to calculate the solubility of FeS in pure water considering that the second stage of hydrolisis of $\ce{S^2-}$,...