Questions tagged [solubility]

For questions related to the solubility of compounds in various solvents, especially in water. Do not confuse with [solutions] or [aqueous-solution].

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85 views

How to predict which complex is formed and which are soluble?

How does one come to know (in this table) which metal cations form ammonia complexes and which ones form hydroxy complexes on reaction with $\ce{NH4OH}$ Reference: J.D Lee - Concise Inorganic ...
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The Solubility of Tyrosine

I find very little data on the solubility of tyrosine, other than that it has a very low solubility at room temperature for an AA. (1) Does anyone know different ways to dissolve fair amounts of it in ...
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Free Energy vs. Common Ion Effect in Ultrapurification

I'm wondering which of the two phenomenae grows in importance and which one becomes irrelevant when the proportion of impurities in a product being purified become increasingly small: The common ion ...
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487 views

Predicting Ka/Kb values using values for solubility in water

Given that $K_\mathrm{a}$ values are determined by the position of equilibrium for a species such as $\ce{HCl}$ where $K_\mathrm{a} = \ce{\frac{{[H^{+}]}{[Cl^{-}]}}{[HCl]}}$, I was wondering whether ...
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Why can’t I use solubility product for normally soluble compounds?

Solubility product only applies to sparing soluble ionic compounds (chemguide) I read this in a website. But I don’t see what this should be the case. Taking $\ce{NaCl}$ for example, there’s an ...
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Insoluble Group I/ammonium salts

Most solubility references (e.g. this one) say that there are "few" insoluble salts of alkali metals. Are there any exceptions?
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Why is sodium carbonate less soluble in water than sodium bicarbonate?

Why is sodium carbonate less soluble in water than sodium bicarbonate? If you think about their structures, the only thing that is different is that sodium carbonate has two sodium atoms, while sodium ...
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Does K2CO3 react in minute amounts with glassware at higher temperatures?

At a temperature of $\pu{750 ^\circ C}$, $\ce{K2CO3}$ and $\ce{SiO2}$ react with each other in substantial proportions, forming $\ce{K2SiO3}$ and $\ce{CO2}$ in the process$\ce{^{[1]}}$. We all know as ...
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Why does barium sulphate not dissolve in HCl while barium sulphite does?

Intuition tells me that the ionic bond in the sulphate must be stronger than that in the sulphite. Is this true? If it is then why? The charge on the barium ion is 2+ in both cases and the charge on ...
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Why does p-nitrophenol give sodium bicarbonate test, but o-nitrophenol does not?

Both ortho- and para-nitrophenol are less acidic than carbonic acid. But still paranitrophenol reacts with sodium bicarbonate to give carbonic acid and sodium paranitrophenoxide. However, this is not ...
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What limits supersaturation in the absence of nucleation sites? [closed]

Imagine a scenario where we have a chamber with air that is supersaturated with water vapour. In this ideal scenario there are no nucleation sites (e.g no suspended particles or nucleation on the ...
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The most convenient process to purify Oxalic Acid up to a high level of purity

I am set out to purify a batch of commercial oxalic acid with the aim in mind to end up with a highly pure product (starting from $\pu{4,000 ppm}$ total impurities and doing so with basic lab ...
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Why is the water solubility of CO worse than that of CO2?

I tried my best to ask SciFinder, Google, and Google Scholar the wrong questions ... I found many paper on the fitting of the solubility to some equations to be able to calculate the amount of $\ce{CO}...
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Why is dichloromethane immiscible in water?

We know that like dissolves like. And dichloromethane is a polar solvent and water is also a polar solvent. Also there ought to be a strong hydrogen bonding between the chlorine and hydrogen atoms. So ...
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Solubility of Organic Compound confusion

My teacher wrote the following on the board today: A solute will only dissolve if the energy required to break the bonds in the solute and solvent is less than the energy released from the ...
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Solubility of Aluminium Halides by Fajans rule

According to Fajan's rule polarizability of anion is directly related to the size and hence the covalent character would be more. Now going by this definition aluminium chloride having greater ...
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Using solubility product to determine the mass of the precipitate of a reaction

I mix together $\pu{100 mL}$ of an aqueous $\ce{NaCl}$ solution at $\pu{0.5 M}$ and $\pu{100 mL}$ of an aqueous $\ce{AgNO3}$ solution at $\pu{0.3 M}$. Assuming that the solubility of $\ce{NaCl}$ in ...
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Why does solubility of Carbonate salts of Alkali metals in water increase down the group?

Carbonate salts have a very large anion so hydration energy should dominate over lattice energy. Since hydration energy is inversely proportional to radius of ion, I would expect Lithium to release ...
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Can ionic compounds dissolved in organic solvent conduct electricity?

Ionic compounds dissolved in water, as an aqueous solution, can conduct electricity. Can they conduct electricity if they are dissolved in organic solvent?
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Does CO2 dissolve in water?

First of all not a homework question, but one day it suddenly popped into my head while opening a bottle of soda and accidentally leaving a glass out for a while. I get that $\ce{CO2}$ in water is not ...
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Understanding the solubility of Ca(HCO3)2

According to wikipedia $\ce{Ca(HCO3)2}$ has the following solubility values: $\pu{16.1 g/100 mL} \,(\pu{0^\circ C)}$ $\pu{16.6 g/100 mL} \,(\pu{20^\circ C)}$ $\pu{18.4 g/100 mL} \,(\pu{100^\circ C)}...
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Solubility Product and Buffers

The ionization constant of benzoic acid is $6.46 \times 10^{-5}$ and solubility product for silver benzoate is $2.5 \times 10^{-13}$. How many times silver benzoate is more soluble in a buffer of $\...
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Chemical that will dissolve the oils left over from broken down coffee grounds?

When coffee grounds breakdown in pipes there is a black sludge residue as a result. Is there a chemical that would dissolve this residue?
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How to calculate mass of calcium fluoride that will dissolve in sodium fluoride solution?

The solubility product of calcium fluoride, $\ce{CaF2},$ is $\pu{1.46E-10 mol^3 dm^{-9}.}$ What mass of calcium fluoride will dissolve in $\pu{500 cm^3}$ of $\pu{0.10 mol dm^{-3}}$ sodium fluoride ...
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What is the reason for the different solubility of silver halides in ammonia?

According to my knowledge, I know that $\ce{AgCl}$ dissolves in dilute ammonia, $\ce{AgBr}$ dissolves in concentrated ammonia and $\ce{AgI}$ does not dissolve even with concentrated ammonia. What is ...
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Qualitative Analysis- Distinguishing between two ions or two salts [duplicate]

I know my question is going to be quite below the level of this site but I am 1st grade in university and I can't understand anything. I am going to give an example from the book: distinguish ...
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Contradictory Properties of Mercuric Cyanide [closed]

It is said that mercuric cyanide [$\ce{Hg(CN)_2}$] is water soluble and also is a non-electrolyte. How is this possible?
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Why does like dissolve like?

Polar solvents love polar solutes to be dissolved in it and non polar with non polar. Often said as like dissolves like. Okay, polar loving polar can be understood with help of the facts: same polar ...
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Fajans' Rules Versus Lattice Enthalpy

In analyzing the solubility among $\ce{CaF2, CaCl2, CaBr2}$, I found that $\ce{CaF2}$ is insoluble due to high ionization enthalpy. But comparing among $\ce{AgF, AgCl, AgBr }$, it was said that $\...
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How to test for and remove lead(II) sulfate from a sample of 1 M sulfuric acid?

If you had a clear, colourless sample of dilute sulfuric acid and suspected lead contamination, probably lead sulfate, how would you test for this? It's solubility is low in sulfuric acid solutions, ...
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Problem with the solubility and Ksp of zinc hydroxide [closed]

My book gave me that solubility (g/L) is $4.2\times 10^{-4}$, so solubility (mol/L) is $4.2\times10^{-6}$. Then, using the chemical formula $\ce{Zn(OH)2}$, I know that the solubility product is $K_\...
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How to measure saturated salinity and mineral levels for flaked sea salt?

I am a sea salt enthusiast looking to make the perfect flakey sea salt. I start with sea water and boil it down to a thick brine. Then with less heat I reduce the brine more slowly and inverted salt ...
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Dissociation of benzoic acid

Benzoic acid is a weak acid, so it does not completely dissociate in water. I know that the dissociation equation of benzoic acid is: $$\ce{C6H5CO2H <=> H+ + C6H5CO2-}$$ The question I'm ...
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Cross checking the fact that gas solubility decreases with temperature increase and Henry's law's validity

It is known that the solubility of gas decreases with increase in temperature which is due to the kinetic energy freeing the solute particles into the vapor phase. Henry's law states that the partial ...
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Why is the solubility of calcium sulfate so low even though it is a salt? [duplicate]

What is the reason the solubility of calcium sulfate in water is so low? Compared to other salts like potassium sulfate (110 g/L) or calcium nitrate (1470 g/L) the solubility of calcium sulfate seems ...
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Why does pouring carbonated beverages onto fruit cause them to fizz? [closed]

I have noticed that making mimosas, the champagne fizzes more than just pouring it into a flute. Likewise, pouring beer onto citrus fruit or strawberries fizzes a lot. My theory is that the pH drop ...
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Variations in solubility of total dissolved salts in water with temperature [closed]

I want to know the solubility of "total dissolved salts" or mainly Calcium Chloride and Magnesium Chloride causing hardness of water. Is this data published anywhere at different temperatures?
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How is Raoult's law a special case of Henry's law and not vice versa?

I know that Raoult's law can be a special case of Henry's law when the value of the Henry's constant becomes equal to the vapour pressure of the pure state of the liquid. Why can't we say the opposite,...
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Why does the amount of CO2 produced decrease with more baking soda?

I'm in chemistry class and we have an assignment and they gave us a video and I took down the data they gave us. They fist measured out 10mL of vinegar for each trial and used different amounts of ...
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Why is a gas less soluble in an aqueous solution of electrolytes than pure water? [closed]

Please help me out! This was given as a fact in my textbook but I don't understand the logic behind it.
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What are practical examples of simultaneous measuring of quantities?

I am a maths teacher and I'm looking for practical examples of measuring quantities simultaneously, so that mathematically one needs to construct and solve a system of equations. I thought that in the ...
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Seeing solubility in various cases

[![enter image description here][1]][1] Question is in the image 'match' each option having multiple answers. I have invested a considerable time over this but couldn't solve it. Anyone explaining how ...
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Two salts in mutual saturation, which one will precipitate first? [closed]

Let's say I have a satuated solution of two salts with a common ion e.g. KCl and KI, and they're at mutual saturation (let's say there are 75% by weight KCl/ 25% KI). If I slowly evaporate some water, ...
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XlogP of octanol and water itself

According to Pubchem, the XLogP of octanol is 3 and that of water is -0.5. Why aren't they both 0 or 1 which seems to make more sense to me?
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Why zinc sulphate solubility is higher in ethylene glycol than water?

I'm trying to find saturation point for dissolved zinc sulphate in water and ethylene glycol. Based on my knowledge, water is more polar than ethylene glycol as reflected in its higher dielectric ...
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How can I dissolve a precipitate when stuck to the side of a boiling flask

I’ve been experimenting with producing Iron Acetates and I’ve run into a snag. Here’s my process so far: I started by adding white vinegar and ~50% Hydrogen Peroxide to a reaction vessel with steel ...
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Reaction between silver nitrate and aluminum chloride

I googled a bit about what $\ce{AgNO3 + AlCl3}$ will yield and found out the following: $\ce{3AgNO3 + AlCl3 -> Al(NO3)3 + 3AgCl}$ Why is that? I know that $\ce{Ag}$ is higher up in the reactivity ...
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Why is the boiling point of homologous primary > secondary > tertiary alcohols whilst their solubility in water is the reverse?

From my understanding, for homologous alcohols, primary alcohols have the highest boiling points, because the OH group is the most accessible for other molecules to hydrogen bond to, therefore ...
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Does solubility matter when measuring density with displacement method?

Can the volume of a solid (specifically a granular crystal or powder) be accurately determined using the displacement method with a liquid in which the solid is soluble? Originally I thought by ...
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Reactions of Depressants

In the froth flotation process, the concentration of a sulphide ore takes place using $\ce{NaCN/KCN}$ as a depressant. It forms a soluble complex with the impurity sulphide. Taking the particular ...

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