Questions tagged [solubility]

For questions related to the solubility of compounds in various solvents, especially in water. Do not confuse with [solutions] or [aqueous-solution].

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
30 votes
2 answers
5k views

Is honey really a supersaturated solution? Does heating to un-crystalize redissolve it or melt it?

In the SciShow video Honey: Bacteria's Worst Enemy after about 00:30 the narrator says: Honey is only about 17% water. Most, but not all of what remains is sugar. ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 5,788
30 votes
3 answers
30k views

Why do salts such as NaCl dissolve?

If we look at solubility of salts in water, we are told that they disassociate, because the positive $\ce{Na}$ ion is attracted to the partially negative oxygen in water and the negative $\ce{Cl}$ is ...
Gerard's user avatar
  • 3,451
29 votes
1 answer
30k views

Are all NO3- salts soluble in water? If so, why?

All the examples of $\ce{NO3-}$ salts are soluble in water (all that I know about). Is it always so or there is some salt which doesn't dissolve in water? If so what is the reason behind it?
YAHB's user avatar
  • 897
28 votes
7 answers
21k views

Why is silver chloride less soluble than silver nitrate?

Related: Reaction between silver nitrate and aluminum chloride Experimentally, $\ce{AgCl}$ is insoluble in water, but $\ce{AgNO3}$ is soluble. They're pretty common in a lab (well, $\ce{AgCl}$ is a ...
ManishEarth's user avatar
  • 15.2k
27 votes
3 answers
27k views

Why does ice cream make soda fizz?

I've noticed that adding a chunk of ice cream to soda makes the soda fizz slightly near the soda-ice cream interface. I thought it was a physical effect due to the temperature, but adding ice has no ...
ManishEarth's user avatar
  • 15.2k
25 votes
4 answers
30k views

How does oil on the surface of water prevent rust?

I distinctly remember a side-by-side comparison from a book where there are two nails submerged in water, in two beakers: one nail had a layer of oil on top of the water, and that nail didn't rust; ...
Zubo's user avatar
  • 1,210
25 votes
1 answer
935 views

Why is Diiron nonacarbonyl so exceptional?

My textbook(NCERT) says: With exception of $\ce{Fe2(CO)9}$, all other metal carbonyls are soluble in hydrocarbon solvents. Weller, M.; Overton, T.; Rourke, J.; Armstrong, F. Inorganic Chemistry, ...
Nilay Ghosh's user avatar
  • 25.7k
24 votes
4 answers
18k views

Can other substances be dissolved in a saturated solution?

If I have a liter of water fully saturated with sucrose would it be possible to dissolve something like salt or any other substance in the water? Or when the solution is saturated, is it impossible to ...
Samantha Clark's user avatar
21 votes
2 answers
28k views

Why does solubility of solids sometimes decrease with temperature increase?

Recently I was researching $\ce{Ca(OH)_2}$, and I found this on Wikipedia: \begin{array}{|c|l|}\hline {\rm \color{blue}{Solubility~in~water}} & {\mathrm{0.189\,g/100\,mL}\ (0\,^\circ\mathrm{...
ParaH2's user avatar
  • 4,197
21 votes
2 answers
14k views

If capsaicin is insoluble in water, what makes chilli water taste spicy?

I have always been told that the 'heat' from chillies came from capsaicin which is oil based. Recently I began wondering how environmentally friendly chilli based insecticide/repellent sprays could ...
Bella's user avatar
  • 311
21 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is it possible for a compound to be soluble in a mixture of solvents but not the individual solvents?

Some weeks ago one of my friend needed to use turpentine. As a good but ignorant chemist on that point I did some research about it. I found (at the beginning) in the French wikipedia page of ...
ParaH2's user avatar
  • 4,197
19 votes
2 answers
112k views

Why does the solubility of group II hydroxides increase and the solubility of sulfates decrease down the group?

I know that solubility of alkaline earth metal hydroxides increases down the group and solubility of alkaline earth metal sulfates decreases down the group. What is the reason for these trends?
Yomal Amarathunge's user avatar
19 votes
5 answers
55k views

Why is the melting point of p-dichlorobenzene higher than those of o-dichlorobenzene and m-dichlorobenzene?

I was going through alkyl and aryl halides and noted the following statement in my textbook: p-dichlorobenzene has higher melting point and solubility than those of o-dichlorobenzene and m-...
Apurv's user avatar
  • 1,141
19 votes
3 answers
19k views

Why is heating increasing the solubility of sodium hydroxide?

\begin{align} \ce{NaOH &-> Na+ + OH-} & \Delta H^\circ &= \pu{-44.51 kJ/mol} \end{align} The dissolution of sodium hydroxide in water is an exothermic process, and so, according to Le ...
LanguagesNamedAfterCofee's user avatar
18 votes
5 answers
194k views

How to dissolve candle wax (paraffin)?

Wikipedia states that waxes can be dissolved by non-polar organic solvents. I failed to dissolve candle wax in both acetone and ethanol, which are the only organic solvents I have at home. I have ...
Tomáš Zato's user avatar
  • 2,478
17 votes
2 answers
13k views

Is Mg(OH)2 more insoluble than MgCO3?

In removing temporary hardness by boiling, $\ce{Mg(HCO3)}$ is converted to $\ce{Mg(OH)2}$ but not $\ce{Mg(CO3)}$. The answer that I found in our coursebook was that it has a higher solubility product, ...
Nehal Garg's user avatar
17 votes
2 answers
26k views

Why does like dissolve like?

Polar solvents love polar solutes to be dissolved in it and non polar with non polar. Often said as like dissolves like. Okay, polar loving polar can be understood with help of the facts: same polar ...
Pranjal Rana's user avatar
16 votes
2 answers
4k views

Liquid which neither dissolves in water nor oil

I am looking for a liquid which is not miscible (or very close) with water or vegetable oil. Ideally, I want to have a container which shows three layers (the three liquids) with clear boundary ...
Greg Austic's user avatar
16 votes
1 answer
857 views

Why are copper salts less soluble than zinc salts?

Compounds with cations having pseudo-inert gas electron configurations have more covalent character than those that don't, therefore they should be less soluble. Here are some solubility products: $$...
Aditya Shrivastava's user avatar
16 votes
1 answer
1k views

Byproducts in Indigo Synthesis?

I have been messing around with making Indigo dye while waiting for bacteria to grow. I have been following the Baeyer-Drewson method. Basically, you mix nitrobenzaldehyde with an acetone water mix ...
user137's user avatar
  • 2,228
15 votes
1 answer
3k views

What happens if you carbonate ethanol?

The electronics youtuber bigclivedotcom has an on-and-off-again series where he carbonates various types of alcohol and comments on the taste. One thing he's noticed is that the stronger the alcohol, ...
David Given's user avatar
14 votes
4 answers
28k views

Why is sand that insoluble?

Why is sand that insoluble? Sand is a polar molecule but does not dissolve in water. Is it because of the big structure that sand makes?
Adam's user avatar
  • 849
14 votes
2 answers
20k views

Why CCl4 does not dissolve in water while SiCl4 does?

Why $\ce{CCl4}$ does not dissolve in water while $\ce{SiCl4}$ does? Does it have to do with d-orbitals? If yes, then how are they related?
Abmon98's user avatar
  • 517
14 votes
2 answers
8k views

Are lithium bicarbonate and magnesium bicarbonate both soluble in water?

Are lithium bicarbonate and​ magnesium bicarbonate both soluble in water? Source: JEE Mains 2017 (National Level Examination of India) Please do cite a reputed source along with your answer. ...
iBoy's user avatar
  • 317
14 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is it possible to make a drug that liquefies heart plaque to treat heart disease?

Is it possible to make a drug that liquefies heart plaque to treat heart disease without damaging other parts of the body? If so, would the liquefied plaque be eliminated as regular fluid is through ...
Jonathan's user avatar
  • 377
14 votes
1 answer
486 views

Old sample of sodium tetraphenylborate—why it is red?

I have a really old sample of sodium tetraphenylborate. It should be white, but it is red. Does anyone know what was formed and how it influences precipitation of cations in water?
BalticMusicFan's user avatar
13 votes
5 answers
105k views

Why doesn't calcium carbonate dissolve in water even though it is an ionic compound?

I studied the solubility of compounds in water. I have found that calcium carbonate doesn't dissolve in water. The teacher stated that the ionic compounds dissolve in water except some carbonates. ...
Paul Janson's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is anything other than metals soluble in molten metals/alloys?

The question stems from my search on staining metals; in particular I commonly encountered "Can you dye a molten metal" questions, with the usual, simple answer of "any pigment will ...
SF.'s user avatar
  • 621
13 votes
3 answers
147k views

What is the carbon dioxide content of a soda can or bottle?

I sort of know how carbonated beverages are carbonated: a lot of $\ce{CO2}$ gets pushed into the liquid, and the container is sealed. There are at least two things I don't know. First, how much carbon ...
Colin McFaul's user avatar
  • 1,811
13 votes
3 answers
8k views

Calculating the pH of a saturated calcium fluoride solution

How can I calculate the pH of a saturated solution of calcium fluoride ($\ce{CaF2}$)? I am given the following values: $$\begin{align} K_\mathrm{sp}(\ce{CaF2}) &= 3.9 \cdot 10^{-11} \\ K_\mathrm{...
làntèrn's user avatar
  • 639
13 votes
2 answers
2k views

How do I predict the solubility of a compound in a mixture of water and an organic co-solvent?

I'm trying to predict the solubility of long alcohols (e.g. 1-octanol, 1-decanol or 1-dodecanol) in a mixture of water and an organic co-solvent such as DMSO, acetonitrile or ethyl acetate. For ...
Johan Svantesson Sjöberg's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
8k views

How to make pyramid-shaped NaCl salt crystals

I'm attempting to make sea salt pyramids like the one below. I understand this needs to be evaporated at a reasonable speed to stop the crystals forming a cube, as the when formed quickly, the edges ...
user57230's user avatar
  • 131
13 votes
2 answers
377 views

Predicting relative solubilites of salts without Ksp values

Is there a way of comparing which salt is more soluble without knowing their $ K_{sp}$ data or performing experiments? For example, comparing $\ce{Hg2Cl2}$ and $\ce{Cr2(SO4)3}$. I am not sure ...
user223679's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
38k views

Differentiation between zinc, aluminium, and magnesium ions in solution

If I have three aqueous ionic solutions in which I know that the cation is $\ce{Al^3+}$, $\ce{Mg^2+}$, or $\ce{Zn^2+}$, how do I find out which is which? I was thinking to add $\ce{OH-}$ in the form ...
dma1324's user avatar
  • 223
12 votes
3 answers
23k views

Reaction between silver nitrate and aluminum chloride

I googled a bit about what $\ce{AgNO3 + AlCl3}$ will yield and found out the following: $\ce{3AgNO3 + AlCl3 -> Al(NO3)3 + 3AgCl}$ Why is that? I know that $\ce{Ag}$ is higher up in the reactivity ...
Mattias's user avatar
  • 239
12 votes
2 answers
17k views

Which has a greater dominance: hydration enthalpy or lattice energy?

When I was reading my notes I came up with a problem. I read that for the s block element salts, when checking the solubility, we consider the hydration enthalpy so we decide their stability in water. ...
Logan's user avatar
  • 228
12 votes
1 answer
897 views

Why do biphasic systems of fluorous and organic solvents form?

It's possible to select a perfluorinated hydrocarbon that is immiscible in another organic solvent, forming a distinct phase boundary. Such systems may become miscible at elevated temperature which is ...
Richard Terrett's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
4k views

Fajans' Rules Versus Lattice Enthalpy

In analyzing the solubility among $\ce{CaF2, CaCl2, CaBr2}$, I found that $\ce{CaF2}$ is insoluble due to high ionization enthalpy. But comparing among $\ce{AgF, AgCl, AgBr }$, it was said that $\...
Hasin Punno's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
4k views

Why is DMSO more polar than other solvents, yet it dissolves ionic compounds worse?

I'm working right now in the solvent importance in ionic character, and I noticed how a binary salt ($\ce{CuCl2}$) dissolved better in methanol than in dimethylsulfoxide, and in contrast, a ...
Farad's user avatar
  • 186
12 votes
4 answers
9k views

Why do solutions become saturated?

Why can a solvent dissolve only a particular amount of solute? If we add more solute to the solution, the number of solute particles in contact with water increases. So rate of dissolution should ...
nilanjana's user avatar
  • 873
11 votes
1 answer
3k views

Why don't beryllium and magnesium dissolve in ammonia?

From my textbook: The [alkali and] alkaline earth metals dissolve in liquid ammonia to give deep blue solutions forming ammoniated ions. $$\text{M}+(x+y)\text{NH}_3 \rightarrow [\text{M}(\text{NH}_3)...
Ray Bradbury's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
18k views

Why does sodium sulfate have an unusual solubility-temperature curve?

For many salts there are solubility curves as a function of temperature that are smooth (don't have any kinks). Sodium sulfate, however, has a kink in the solubility-T curve at 30 degrees as shown ...
lambda23's user avatar
  • 2,510
11 votes
1 answer
8k views

Why is phenol soluble in sodium carbonate but not in sodium bicarbonate?

The original question was basically to predict which of sodium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate can be used to distinguish between phenol and benzene. I was sure that phenol neither reacts nor ...
Pink's user avatar
  • 2,143
11 votes
1 answer
2k views

What substance has the lowest solubility product?

What substance has the lowest $K_\mathrm{sp}$ and what is its value? The lowest I could find is $2.6\cdot 10^{-124}$ for cobalt(III) sulfide $\ce{Co2S3}$.
EJC's user avatar
  • 14.3k
10 votes
4 answers
2k views

Ionic compound having highest solubility in water

Which ionic compound has highest solubility in water? I can find CsBr having highest solubility with 1230 g/L at 25 °C. Note: compounds like ethanol are soluble to any extent in water, but they are ...
Harsh jain's user avatar
  • 1,693
10 votes
3 answers
4k views

Experimental calculation of solubility product constant

In order to calculate the $K_\mathrm{sp}$ of lead(II) iodide, I mixed $\pu{6.0 mL}$ of $\pu{0.01 M}$ $\ce{Pb(NO3)2}$, $\pu{6.0 mL}$ of $\pu{0.02 M}$ $\ce{KI}$, and $\pu{8.0 mL}$ of water, and a ...
Henry's user avatar
  • 219
10 votes
2 answers
15k views

Solubility of Calcium Fluoride in water

$\ce{CaF2}$ is insoluble in water, but $\ce{CaCl2}$, $\ce{CaBr2}$, $\ce{CaI2}$ are soluble. Why is this so?
tahsin rahman's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
623 views

How to derive the conductivity titration curve which accounts for salt formation

I derived an equation that gave me the volume of base required to get a certain $\mathrm{pH}$: In a titration between a weak acid $\ce{HA}$ and weak base $\ce{B}$ (adding base into acid solution) the ...
sab hoque's user avatar
  • 247
10 votes
1 answer
7k views

Why aren't the copper(II) ions in CuSO4 precipitated by hydroxide ions from water?

From my own experience and literature, I know that $\ce{CuSO4}$ is well soluble in water and dissociates into $\ce{Cu^2+}$ and $\ce{SO4^2-}$. $\ce{Cu(OH)2}$, however, is not: $K_\mathrm{sp} = 2 \cdot ...
PrussianBlack's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
3k views

Solubility of gold salt solution?

I was wondering what salts of gold are soluble and which are insoluble. From what I understand, silver is soluble as silver nitrate but insoluble as most other common salts like chlorides and ...
Meep's user avatar
  • 1,687

1
2 3 4 5
22