Questions tagged [solubility]

For questions related to the solubility of compounds in various solvents, especially in water. Do not confuse with [solutions] or [aqueous-solution].

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How The solubility of oils (like mustard oil) in organic solvents like carbon tetrachloride can be defined from the molecular force aspect? [closed]

Please Explain why vegetable oil is soluble in $\ce{CCl4}$ (non-polar solvent) . There may be H-Bond , Van Der Waals force or London Dispersion force , which is the main reason of solubility ?
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How to measure the solubility of nylon (or other polymers) in different solvents at different temperatures?

I have to find a suitable solvent for nylon (specifically nylon 6 and nylon 6.6) for reactions and for this purpose I want to measure its solubility in different solvents at different temperatures. ...
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50 views

Can I solubilize lemon essence in water somehow?

I have a water based solution (95% water, the rest are salts) to which I want to add a lemon fragrance. I bought "water based lemon essence", but upon putting a mere drop in about 500 mL, ...
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Concentration of organic acids in lichens/rock substrates/soil (particularly oxalic and citric acid)

I am trying to design an experiment testing the efficacy of lichen acids to solubilize and mobilize nutrients from minerals in a lunar regolith simulant. My research so far indicates that oxalic acid ...
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1H NMR Broad peaks for Ethyl Chloride in benzene d6

Why do we see very broad proton NMR lines for a sample of ethyl chloride in benzene-d6 saturated with oxygen?
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What determines solubility (or miscibility) in organic solvents?

I'm actually quite surprised that this isn't really mentioned anywhere on the internet (or I'm just bad at searching)! Solubility in water is known to be directly related by multiple factors, and for ...
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Are there any “tricks” to mixing two liquids with a magnetic stirrer?

I have two liquids - one that's mostly nonpolar, the other that's mostly polar. I'm trying to get a good mix between the two using a magnetic stirrer. One of the liquids is practically clear, so it's ...
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solubility and solubility product

I am a high school student and I am a little confused in solubility product. My confusion is that when we talk of solubility of salts we say that suppose if any salt have solubility $s$ it means that ...
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Why is benzoic acid less soluble in water than acetanilide?

Why should acetanilide be more soluble in water than benzoic acid when benzoic acid has the same number of h-bonding sites and has an ionizable site, allowing it to form ion-dipole forces while ...
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3answers
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How to verify that ethanol is infinitely soluble in water?

My textbook [Chemistry Live, Declan Kennedy] states that ''Ethanol is said to be infinitely soluble in water''. It then says ''verify this for yourself by mixing some ethanol with water in a test tube'...
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Dielectric constant for gases possessing van der Waals forces [closed]

I've learnt that water can dissolve ionic bonds because it possesses a high dielectric constant. In the cases of covalent compounds (especially the non-polar covalent compounds), where the molecules ...
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1answer
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Find minimum solubilty of AgCN [closed]

i know it has to be solved by writing an equation between CN- conc and solubilty but i am unable to write a non-linear equation,any help is appreciated
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Solubility of Aluminium Fluoride in other other fluorine-containing solvents

I encountered a problem which required me to compare the solubility of $\ce{AlF3}$ in various solvents, namely $\ce{HF}$, $\ce{KF}$ & $\ce{KHF2}$ . Further, this problem neither supplied, nor ...
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1answer
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EDTA sedimentation problem?

I tried to create a suspension of EDTA powder in Glycerin with 1:1 ratio. I keep facing problem of EDTA sedimentation. I've tried other ratios also but this was the only one which formed least amount ...
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Solubility of gases in water in comparison to their liquefiability

My textbook of physical chemistry says ...The following factors affect the solubilities of gases in liquids: (i) Nature of the gas and solvent: Generally, the gases which can be easily liquefied are ...
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MgO as food supplement - solubility in water

A number of magnesium food / sports supplements contain it as MgO - which is practically unsoluble in water. The recommended quantity is somewhere around .3g / day, so not an insignificant amount. How ...
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2answers
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Criterion for gravimetric analysis of silver

If the only criterion for gravimetric analysis of silver is solubility of precipitate, which one of the following two compound are we supposed to choose? $K_\mathrm{s}(\ce{AgCl}) = \pu{1.78E-10}$ and ...
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Does π values vary in Hansch-Fujita equations for a given substituent?

I was reading about Hansch-Fujita equations from Hansch-Fujita paramaters and observed that the $π$ values of substituents (analogous to Hammet $σ$ values) change according to the specific environment ...
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1answer
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How to read mutual solubility curves?

Came across a few graphs that represent the mutual solubility of two compounds, for eg, solubility of KCl, and NaCl with H2O. On these particular graphs, I can see Y axis as gms/100ml of KCl, on X ...
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1answer
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Judging orders in a series of compounds

My teacher frequently gives us questions where we have to arrange the given binary compounds on basis of their melting points or solubilities. He did give us some instructions in order to judge this ...
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1answer
148 views

Order of solubility of sodium halides and potassium iodide

Order the following ionic compounds in decreasing order according to their ease to dissolve in water. a) NaBr; b) KI; c) NaF; d) NaCl. d > a > b > c a > b > c > d b > c > d &...
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2answers
305 views

Do strong acids actually dissociate completely?

Do strong acids actually dissociate completely (every single molecule dissociates), or are they just assumed to do so for the sake of simplicity? That seems odd, considering weak acids, many of which ...
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1answer
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Precipitation of a lead(II) sulfate

Lead (II) sulfate precipitate can be dissolved if: a) We add an acid b) We add EDTA c) None of the above is true. I think EDTA is a ligand, and if you want to dissolve the sulfate, then Pb sticks ...
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Aluminum Monoacetate Solubility in Aqueous Medium?

Does anyone have access to the aqueous solubility value of aluminum monoacetate? I would expect it to be slightly soluble but I've searched the internet and haven't found any solubility values. : /
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Why exactly does high pressure (72 bar) nitrous oxide's pseudocritical¹ temperature drop so far when oxygen is added to make 50%v/v mixture? (Entonox)

This answer to Can precipitation occur in states of matter other than liquids? mentions the unusual case of Entonox. The effects of temperature on nitrous oxide and oxygen mixture homogeneity and ...
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Water solubility of different types of Iron III

For an experiment I require an aqueous solution of Iron(III). My school has the following compounds, which of them are water soluble? I believe that only Iron(III) oxide is insoluble, but I would like ...
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Comparative Solubility of Double Salts

Is there a tendency that could be used to generally forecast how a double salt might dissolve in aqueous medium compared to the simple salts of its constituents? Example: There is metal A, metal B and ...
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1answer
50 views

Effect of mixing acids on solubility

Please help me clarify the title if you come up with a better way to put it (you certainly will). My question is the following: If you make a mix of equal parts of various acids (Bicarbonate, ...
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3answers
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A problem regarding solubility and concentration

A solution is $\pu{0.10 M}$ $\ce{Ba(NO3)2}$ and $\pu{0.10 M}$ $\ce{Sr(NO3)2}$. If solid $\ce{Na2CrO4}$ is added to the solution, what is the $\ce{[Ba+]}$ when $\ce{SrCrO4}$ begins to precipitate? $\...
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Dissolving Polystyrene with D-Limonene

I have a product, which according to the MSDS is mostly D-Limonene. I don't have the means to chemically test it, but I did try dissolving polystyrene with it. Before I come check it again, should I ...
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1answer
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Deposition of saturated solution and affect of evaporated water

20g of water is evaporated from 200g of saturated solution of KNO3(aq) at 60°C by heating and the solution was cooled to 20°C. How many grams of KNO3 were deposited? The solubility of KNO3 in 100g of ...
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Effect of water vaporation on saturated solution

At a high temperature, water is evaporated from the saturated solution by heating. What is the solution losing exactly by the fact that the water left the saturated solution? Does it affect its ...
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Solubility of potassium silicate in water

It is somewhat surprising to me that there is almost no data about solubility of potassium silicate in water under normal conditions. The only thing I was able to find is the following: <0.336 g/L ...
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2answers
57 views

Are all mixtures linear?

I'm writing a computer program to help a factory produce bottles of mixtures. A mixture is usually alcohol, water and some other stuff, like menthol. But could also be water and NaOH and some oils (...
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Does #4 LDPE Plastic Bottle Leach into Water?

I understand that Water Bottles expire due only to the fact that the plastic can degrade over time and leach into the water making the water's taste not as desirable as the manufacturer might intend. ...
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1answer
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Is it possible to make a solution of zinc oxide in a high school chemistry lab?

As part of my IB Chemistry curriculum, we are required to conduct our own experiment researching our own question. I'm in the preliminary research phase and wanted to conduct an experiment looking at ...
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Student Question regarding molecular van der Waals volume and Polarizability

I would like to request a crosscheck of my understandings regarding molecular van der Waals volume and polarizability. Please have a look through my statements about these 2 concepts below and point ...
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68 views

How does chromium behave in a carbonate solution? [closed]

I'm wondering how chromium (as a metal or as a salt) behaves in a concentrated carbonate solution. Will it form any, one or several carbonate specie(s)? Will the metal solubilize? How does it affect ...
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Why does increasing charge density matter more for the hydration enthalpy compared to the lattice energy?

For the solvation of ionic salts, if we look down a group, say Group II, and we keep the anion constant, we find that the solubility decreases going down the group. This is because the hydration ...
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I need help finding several immiscible liquids [closed]

I am trying to fill a vial with as many immiscible liquids as possible so that they form many separate layers. I want to do this as a way to visualise how liquids with different refractive indexes ...
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1answer
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NaHCO3 decomposition dynamics and extent vs Temperature

I'm wondering approximately how fast and to which extent $\ce{NaHCO3}$ will decompose (to $\ce{CO2}$ and $\ce{H2O}$) at $50$, $60$, $70$, $80$, $90$, $100$, $110$, $120$, and $\pu{130 ^\circ C}$. It ...
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1answer
76 views

Are all gases equal in their ability to carry with them lower volatility matter at a given temperature? [closed]

As we all know water is a great solvent in it's liquid form relative to other substances. I wonder however how it performs as a gas relative to other stuff. Does anyone know how well steam carries ...
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How does a shock, such as the snap of the disk in a reusable hand warmer, trigger the re-crystalization of a supersaturated solution?

Reusable handwarmers are made of something dissolved nearly to its saturation point in hot water (Sodium Acetate in the case of HotSnapz) at a high temperature, and then cooled to a temperature at ...
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How can I solubilize fragrance oil into polyvinyl acetate/clear glue?

I'm a high school student who makes slime for fun, using polyvinyl acetate (PVA) glue and borax as my main ingredients. Earlier, I had the idea of adding fragrance oils to clear glue. However, because ...
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Solubility Product, and it's relation to solubility

In order to remove temporary hardness of water, it is boiled. On boiling, while Ca(HCO3)2 gives CaCo3(ppt.) , Mg(HCO3)2 gives Mg(OH)2(ppt.). According to my book precipitation of Mg(OH)2 occurs due to ...
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Is an aqueous solution of potassium bicarbonate acidic or basic in nature?

The following is the definition of an acid salt according to my textbook: The salts formed by the partial replacement of the replaceable hydrogen atoms (H+ ions) of an acid molecule by a metallic or ...
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How long will it takes two miscible liquids to fully mix (homogenize) through diffusion?

This question occurred to me while I was pouring milk into my coffee and was too lazy to stir. Assume you have some volume $V_a$ of liquid A directly on top of another volume $V_b$ of liquid B. The ...
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Comparison of the solubility of lead(II) iodide in water and in lead(II) nitrate solution [closed]

Solubility of $\ce{PbI2}$: Is $\ce{PbI2}$ more soluble in $\ce{H2O}$ or in an aqueous solution of Lead(II) nitrate? $K_\mathrm{sp} (\ce{PbI_{2}})=8.7\times 10^{-9}$ I'm not very good in Chemistry, I ...
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Zinc salt with a very high relative aqueous solubility?

Zinc bromide, iodide, and chloride are highly soluble in water, both in absolute terms, and relative to other metals. I think however that there is a zinc compound with even higher relative aqueous ...
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1answer
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Hydrogen bonding in sugar acids

I recently learnt that the reason for low solubility of mucic acid as compared to glucaric acid was more hydrogen bonding in the crystal state of mucic acid as compared to glucaric acid. I would ...

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