Questions tagged [reference-request]

This tag is for questions looking for a single specific, or a small number of (citable) references.

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5
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2answers
63 views

Where can I find ranges of isotope abundances?

I'd like to know how much stable isotopes like $\ce{^{13}C}$, $\ce{^2H}$, $\ce{^{17}O}$ and $\ce{^{18}O}$ deviate from their natural abundances in the earth's crust among all possible compounds we may ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

Quotable Literature for the Enthalpy of a Proton

A proton obviously has no electronic energy, no vibrational and no rotational degrees of freedom. Therefore I think it is fair to assume, that $$H(\ce{H+})=\frac32\cdot \mathcal{R}\cdot T$$ holds for ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

A “Bible” for molecular orbital theory?

Linus Pauling wrote the famous "Nature of the Chemical Bond" which is a Bible of sorts for valence bond theory. However, VB theory was combined with crystal field theory to form molecular orbital ...
5
votes
1answer
300 views

What is the physical state of vitamin E acetate at room temperature and normal pressure

Vitamin E acetate ((+)-alpha-tocopherol acetate) is sold as semi-solid/liquid by Sigma and their safety data sheet gives the melting point as 25 °C. On the other hand, internet databases such as ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Bond angles of OCl2 and OBr2

I have looked around and most of the sites suggest that bond angle of $\ce{OBr2}$ is greater than $\ce{OCl2}$ and it is explained by stating the electronegativity difference and looking at electron ...
5
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1answer
180 views

Introduction to modeling chemical reactions

I am looking for introduction to modeling of chemical reactions. I think there is the base approach, where concentrations of chemical species are given, plus ratios of each possible reaction / outcome....
5
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1answer
6k views

What are some good research topics for a high school student?

I absolutely love chemistry and I really want to take part in science fairs. I am also taking an AP chemistry class. Cleaner fuel and energy sources and air pollution (especially due to smog and ...
5
votes
1answer
80 views

How to recover C18 column after prolonged exposure to phosphate buffer?

A colleague of mine who occasionally does HPLC in a biochemistry lab discovered that a C18 column was not properly flushed after the previous experiment. It appears that the column was stored for ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Rate constants for water exchange

Are rate constants for water exchange of transition metal aqua-complexes tabulated anywhere ? I haven't been able to find a resource which is anywhere near comprehensive.
5
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2answers
185 views

Derivation of time probability distributions for single molecule kinetics

If we have a protein $\ce{A}$ that can bind to protein $\ce{B}$: $$\ce{A + B <=>[$k_\mathrm{fwd,1}$][$k_\mathrm{rev,1}$] AB}$$ and the bound complex $\ce{AB}$ can be converted into $\ce{C}$: $...
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0answers
559 views

Reaction rate constants for methane combustion

I can't find a rate constant or activation energy for the methane combustion reaction given by: $$\ce{ CH4 + 2O2 -> CO2 + 2H2O}$$ Do all reactions have a rate constant? The NIST web site lists ...
5
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0answers
89 views

Advanced Quantum Chemistry Reference for Reactivity Phenomena

I'm currently in organic synthesis seeking to develop quantitative "physical" (that of a physicist), rather than "chemical", intuition for areas where traditional VSEPR/ MO models cannot fully ...
5
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0answers
66 views

Where can I obtain research material on the synthesis of polypyrrole?

I'm studying Chemistry at A-level and a large part of the course is a researcher paper that takes most of the year. Conductive polymers interest me. I'm struggling to find any surfeited researcher on ...
5
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0answers
59 views

Reference request for the number of solvents around a solute [closed]

I want to know if there is a way to find number of solvent molecules that are directly embracing a solute molecule (something like a reference or table that shows waters of hydration). Particularly I ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Has a non-carbon-based form of life been discovered since 2010?

In 2010 NASA announced the discovery of microorganisms that, after being treated in laboratory, could keep growing only using arsenic, instead of the (though very small amount of) phosphate they also ...
4
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3answers
260 views

What are some books, websites, etc. where I can find the detailed protocol for standardization of sodium thiosulfate with dichromate?

I am looking for a book or website such as "Vogel's Textbook of Quantitative Chemical Analysis" where I can find methods for analyzing/standardizing a particular species easily. I am not looking for ...
4
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3answers
161 views

Open data in chemistry?

I am a student in computer science, which is a field where sharing research data and source code is very very much recommended. I am looking for sites where data from chemistry experiments could be ...
4
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1answer
244 views

Where can I get potential energy surface for simple molecules?

I'm looking for potential energy functions for simple molecules, such as water or hydrogen sulfide. I only need the region around the equilibrium geometry, preferably as a Taylor series expanded in ...
4
votes
1answer
750 views

Carbohydrate configurations

I want to study several carbohydrates that includes but not limited to the following molecules: Glucose Galactose Mannose Fructose Tagatose Sorbose I know that for any carbohydrate, possible list of ...
4
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1answer
87 views

How to show a band structure for water?

This question is generated by my attempt to answer this one. I thought I could demonstrate that electronic conduction in water is possible because of the impact of an electric field on the band ...
4
votes
2answers
128 views

Solubility curve for uranium hexafluoride (in any solvent)

I am doing a project and need a solubility curve or at least solubility data for uranium hexafluoride in any substance. It is impossible for water because $\ce{UF6}$ reacts violently with $\ce{H2O}$. ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

Suggestions for simulating transport through membranes with Molecular Dynamics (MD) and Monte Carlo (MC)?

I'm intending to perform a simulation of the transport of simple ions or water through perm-selective membranes, using Molecular Dynamics (MD) and/or Monte Carlo (MC). I've read around that, in ...
4
votes
1answer
312 views

Is there a pressure dependent function for freezing points of water and carbon dioxide?

I'm trying to determine whether or not certain compounds form solid ice at certain atmospheric pressures. These pressures vary significantly, from 0.001 atm to 800 atm. I understand that there is no ...
4
votes
1answer
357 views

Could you suggest me a good coupling method for amide synthesis between tetrahydroisoquinoline and a carboxylic acid?

I want to synthesize an amide using tetrahydroisoquinoline and an unsaturated carboxylic acid which is light sensitive. I tried using DCC as a coupling agent and DCM as the solvent at room temperature,...
4
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1answer
2k views

Can someone recommend me a book ( preferably written long ago) that includes all the details of high school chemistry?

The textbook I got from my teacher is shown to be too general. Part of the fun of learning chemistry, for me, comes from knowing the derivation of equations. But most of the derivations are missing ...
4
votes
1answer
464 views

What exactly does the “per mole” unit of heat of atomization mean?

I am facing a confusion in the definition of the standard enthalpy of atomization. The confusion arises because of the "per mole" in its units ($\pu{kJ mol^-1}$). My question: When I say "per mole", ...
4
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1answer
55 views

Refrigeration for Cryochemistry −35 °C

I need to cool a tube containing liquid to −35 °C for a cold chemical experiment that will last about a week. The glass vessel I need cooled is 500 mL in volume and will be giving off $\ce{H2S}$ gas. ...
4
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2answers
612 views

How can the thermal conductivity of a binary gas mixture be estimated?

Recently, I am seeking for a simple but relatively accurate method to estimate the thermal conductivity of a binary gas mixture, say ethanol vapor + nitrogen. I assume the mixture as ideal gas. The ...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

What chemical could dissolve low-density polyethylene?

What chemical could dissolve plastic aside from acetone? Preferably, low-cost and environmentally friendly. Any suggestions would be helpful. I'm targeting for thin plastic (low-density polyethylene)....
4
votes
1answer
453 views

What are good books about MO theory that don't require a lot of math background?

Are there any books about MO theory that explain the theory to a certain detail but don't rely on a lot of math background or explain the math within the book?
4
votes
1answer
490 views

Is oil shinier than water? Why?

The physics part: The part that talks about being shiny, I agree, is mainly physics. But proceed in my question, and you'll see how it's a chemistry one. We know things are shiny if they either ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there an open Chemical database that includes GHS/CLP classifications?

I'm looking for a Chemical database that is up to date (via a firm, experts or crowdsourcing) is open and free to use (best via an API) contains the CLP/GHS classifications for chemicals I have not ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Timescales in Chemical Analysis

Has anyone seen a comparative list of typical run times of the techniques used in analytical chemistry? I am making a list of rough timescales of analytical techniques (for a slide). Assume that the ...
4
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0answers
57 views

Calculating the energy of a molecule using probability distributions

I wish to calculate the energy for a protein where the position of all the C-alpha atoms is known. One way is to calculate the pairwise distances between the atoms and then look up a probability ...
4
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0answers
155 views

How to get the second electron affinity of tellurium?

I need the value of the second electron affinity of Te, i.e. the energy change associated with the attachment of an electron to a $\ce{Te-}$ anion $$\ce{Te- + e- -> Te^{2-}}$$ In the books (e.g. J. ...
4
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0answers
81 views

Book for understanding synthetic techniques and apparatus(with pictures) [closed]

Is there a standard textbook to understand numerous laboratory apparatus and the assembly techniques that can be used for carrying out different processes (with pictures)? I have been cleaning my lab ...
4
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0answers
118 views

Approximate magnetic susceptibility of these liquid propellants?

This question asks if the comparatively large paramagnetic susceptibility of liquid oxygen (LOX) is considered when designing rocket tank and engine systems. This comment suggests fuels such as RP-1 (...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

Is there an authoritative list of chemical reactions/transformations? [closed]

Is there somewhere where I can find an authoritative list of chemical reactions, energy requirements, known catalysts, etc.? If not, how do you know if and how to transform substance A to substance B? ...
4
votes
0answers
144 views

Consumer Report for Lab Equipment

I'm just wondering if anybody here knows of a Consumer-Report-like publication for lab equipment. Something that would give the specifics, as, for example, the flow rate of a distilling condenser, etc....
3
votes
2answers
483 views

IUPAC nomenclature of coordination complexes

Where can I get the latest rules on IUPAC nomenclature of coordination complexes? I have J D Lee book which is also assumed to have outdated rules.
3
votes
2answers
227 views

Reference request on potassium cyanide production method

I kindly ask for a reference for the following claim about potassium cyanide, found at potassium.atomistry.com: It is also obtained by the action of a mixture of steam and nitrogen on potassium ...
3
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2answers
652 views

A basic question about tetramethylammonium hydroxide --strong or weak?

This is a follow-up to the question here. There is an answer claiming that tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) is a suitable strong base that can be used instead of the usual alkalies to reach pH 14....
3
votes
2answers
256 views

How to name the tautomers of hexane-2,4-dione correctly according to IUPAC rules?

Today I was considering to answer the question "Which tautomer of hexane-2,4-dione is more stable?" I wanted to run a few calculations and while preparing a directory structure I wanted to make sure ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Are ther known compounds of Argon? What is their molecular geometry and hybridisation?

Can Argon hybridize orbitals and/or form covalent-like/ionic-like compounds? Is there any study of that? I would be happy to read concrete references. What kind of molecular geometries for argon ...
3
votes
5answers
241 views

How to Find Each Element in Nature [closed]

I tried to google this but 'element' as a programming term complicated the search. I'm looking for a site or article that covers how one would find each element in nature, in its most abundant form. ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Energy cost of C−N rotation in hydroxamate group

I am looking for a literature reference on the energetic cost of C−N rotation in hydroxamate group such in LC5 in water. I have been googling for a while.
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Is there a “Comprehensive Solid State” book?

We have Comprehensive Coordination Chemistry, Comprehensive Organometallics, Comprehensive Organic Synthesis and probably few other similar works that aim to do a wide review of recent works at the ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Do companies recover carbon dioxide and water from the purification step of cryogenic air separation, and how?

In the 3rd step of cryogenic air separation, filtered air is purified to remove water, $\ce{CO2},$ and hydrocarbons from the $\ce{N2}$-$\ce{O2}$-$\ce{Ar}$ stream. Im interested in knowing what happens ...
3
votes
2answers
369 views

Proof of the chemical potential formula

My textbook as well as Wikipedia both state the formula $\mu_A = \mu_A^0 + RT\ln\{A\}$ which gives the chemical potential $\mu_A$ of a chemical species $A$ as function of the standard chemical ...
3
votes
1answer
648 views

What is a topological isomer?

I'm working on a project where I have to understand the concept of topological isomer. I found a review or two containing the idea but I couldn't find a book or a detailed description of what a ...

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