Questions tagged [redox]

Redox is the portmanteau of reduction and oxidation. This tag should be used in questions where both the reduction and the oxidation process are under focus. This tag is not limited to inorganic chemistry. If the question is specifically about either reduction or oxidation (not both) of an organic compound, use [organic-reduction] or [organic-oxidation] instead.

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4answers
438 views

If you placed silver metal into silver nitrate, would a reaction occur? [closed]

thinking about oxidation and reduction, what happens to the silver metal and the silver ions?
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Oxidation reduction problem [closed]

For the following reactions, identify the substance oxidized, the substance reduced, the oxidizing agent, and the reducing agent: $\mathrm{(a)}\quad\ce{2HNO3 + 3 H3AsO3 → 2NO + 3H3AsO4 + H2O}$ I ...
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Chemical equilibrum [closed]

An equimolecular mixture of NH3 and O2 is contained in a container. After the oxidation reaction took place to obtain NO, the equilibrium is established: 4NH3 + 5O2 ⇌ 4NO + 6H2O + Q It is found that ...
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2answers
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Writing half equation confusion [closed]

The following is the answer for a question that I am doing: Reduction: $\ce{X^2+(aq) + 2 e- -> X(s)}$ Can I write $\ce{X + 2 e- -> X^2-}?$ Why can't I start with $\ce{X}$ instead of $\ce{X^2+...
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1answer
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Which is a better electrolyte for electroplating copper? [closed]

I need to know which is a better electrolyte to use when electroplating copper: copper sulfate or copper nitrate?
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Thermal reduction of other metal oxides beside Fe2O3

In the firing of ceramic glazes you can make an effect called oil spot. This is done by making two layers of glaze. A bottom layer rich in iron oxide (+15%) and a top white layer that's fairly ...
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2answers
34 views

How do the two half cells of Daniel cell know when they are connected?

I'm currently studying electrochemistry in school, and there is something I don't can't quite understand about Daniel cell. When you put $\ce{Zn}$ solid into $\ce{ZnSO4}$ solution, does the electrode ...
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1answer
14 views

Equation for Galvanization and Electrolysis of Saltwater with Copper and Zinc

I am looking for the chemical equations for both the galvanization and electrolysis of saltwater utilizing copper and zinc. The closest I have gotten was from this site: Explanation for the reactions ...
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3answers
68 views

Balancing redox equations with oxygens in multiple oxidation states

How do you balance this using the ion-electron method; $\ce{CrO5 + H2SO4 -> Cr2(SO4)3 + H2O + O2}$ The oxygen has multiple oxidation states in $\ce{CrO5}$, and none of the sites I looked this up ...
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1answer
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Electrode potentials vs interfacial potential differences

Between an electrode and an electrolyte there exists an interfacial potential difference. Many authors give the electrode potential to be the electric potential of the electrode relative to the ...
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1answer
96 views

Does the order of a written redox couple matter?

My understanding is that a redox couple is an unordered pair of two conjugate species. So we could speak of the redox couple consisting of $Ag$ and $Ag^+$; depending on whether a given redox couple is ...
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1answer
56 views

Most understandable notation for reduction and oxidation potentials

Nowadays a lot of electrochemistry is done using just electrode potentials (i.e. reduction potentials), so if in doubt the notation $E^o$ tends to imply a reduction potential. However, some chemists ...
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1answer
249 views

Why do we write electrode potentials next to chemical reactions? [closed]

We might have a half cell consisting of the redox couple $\ce{Ag+}/\ce{Ag}$, which for example's sake might be fixed to be at the cathode (i.e. undergoing reduction). The reaction at the cathode is ...
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Log(Q) is zero, therefore the effect of temperature change is unaccounted for by Nernst Equation?

I have an internal assessment on Nernst Equation. The experiment is seeing how changing temperature effects cell potential. The solution are zinc and copper sulfate with each having concentration of ...
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SO2 oxidation and Le Chatelier's Principle [duplicate]

From the following textbook by Brown, LeMay, Bursten, et. al., Chemistry the Central Science 14th Edition. I have the following question from Chapter 15 Chemical Equilibrium number 61. The basis of ...
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2answers
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Why ZnS can be seen as making solution alkaline? Explain with reactions [closed]

There is an extract in my book which i am not able to get. It says: Place strip of metallic zinc in aqueous solution of copper nitrate for about one hour. You may notice that the strip becomes coated ...
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0answers
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Blue bottle experiment turning yellow after being left alone

I conducted the blue bottle experiment, mixing glucose, sodium hydroxide and methylene blue and shaking to produce a blue colour, which turns colourless after a while due to the reduction of methylene ...
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2answers
76 views

Equations for the oxidation reactions of tea teaflavins and EGCG with potassium permanganate

For my chemistry investigation, I used Stamm's potassium permanganate method to investigate tea tannins with potassium permanganate to find the tannin content of teas. The method assumes complete ...
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2answers
76 views

Indicators of Cu(I) or Cu(II)

We performed an experiment in class where we placed a piece of copper wire in a solution of silver nitrate, we were tasked with predicted the mass of copper that should react and the mass of silver ...
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1answer
68 views

Nernst Equation for Lithium ion battery

For electrochemical cells we know $$ \Delta G = \Delta G^{\ominus} + RT\ln Q=- RT\ln Keq + RT\ln Q=-nFE $$ So for lithium ion batteries the reactions are Cathode $$ \ce{CoO2 + Li+ + e- <=> ...
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2answers
104 views

What is the oxidation state of Boron in Ammonia Borane? [closed]

So I was searching about the difference between redox reactions and Lewis Acid-Base reactions and came across classical example of latter, $$\ce{NH3 + BH3 \rightarrow NH3BH3}$$ Now in this example ...
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1answer
47 views

How the electrolyte help for oxidation and reduction process?

In a cell, There are two main parts namely : Electrode Anode Cathode Electrolyte We can take the half reaction at the Cathode. When the current flow from Anode to cathode there is a reduction ...
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What is a good substitue for monoethanolamine in creating conductive silver nanoparticles?

In this paper (https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlepdf/2017/ra/c7ra05125e) and a few others, chemists create PAA-coated silver nanoparticles in a colloidal conductive ink. (Mods - I cant seem to ...
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Why does my CA data suggest non-diffusion control but CC suggests diffusion control?

I've run chronoamperometric and chronocoulometric measurements on a ferricyanide/ferrocyanide redox couple in water and KNO3. My graph from CC appears linear which is consistent with the Cottrell ...
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1answer
81 views

How to predict disproportionation products from Frost diagram?

I read that concave points in a Frost diagram disproportionate. But what are the products of the disproportionation? For example, in the Frost diagram for manganese at pH = 0, the species $\ce{HMnO4-}...
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1answer
63 views

Why is the voltage produced by a voltaic cell affected by temperature as described by the Nernst Equation?

I understand why changing the concentrations of the electrolytes in a voltaic cell affects the voltage. Given a zinc-copper cell for example, if I were to increase the concentration of the zinc ...
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1answer
29 views

Predicting directions of redox reactions [closed]

Hello! In this textbook example question, how come the chlorine reaction, which has the greatest reducing power will not react? If it has the greatest E of 1.36 V that means it has most reducing ...
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1answer
30 views

Electrochemistry - Understanding Diffusion Potential

I have a big problem trying to wrap my head around this for several hours and I cannot seem to make sense of it. I have to link this scheme with the 3 colored potential profiles on the bottom of the ...
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2answers
115 views

Is anode actually ever negative?

Disclaimer: This question comes from a physics student. I was studying electrostatics and I was wondering how to charge a conductor at home without any fancy furs etc. So an idea came to me: take a ...
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0answers
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Why does changing the salt of the salt bridge effect the voltage produced in a galvanic cell?

My experiments results showed that the voltage decreases down $\pu{Group 1}$: $\ce{Cl-}$ salts in the salt bridge. All other variables were kept constant. $\ce{Zn}$ and $\ce{Cu}$ rods were used. ...
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0answers
58 views

Colour of VO3^-?

To aquire the yellow colour of vanadium ion, it must be present in a 5+ oxdiation state. This can be acheived (according to my textbook) by adding dilute sulfuric acid to $\ce{NH4VO3}$, then followed ...
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1answer
62 views

Can the 5+ and 4+ oxidation state of Vanadium ion exist independently?

From my class text book: The oxidation states of Vanadium ions 5+ and 4+ are shown in the compounds $\ce{VO2^{+}}$ and $\ce{VO^{2+}}$ respectively, whereas $\ce{V^{3+}}$ and $\ce{V^{2+}}$ are ...
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1answer
48 views

What is the meaning of parentheses in “NAD(P)H”?

If someone writes "NAD(P)H is oxidized by ...", does that mean they are referring to both NADH and NADPH? If so doesn't that lead to confusion when thinking quantitatively since the reactions may ...
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Galvanic Cell Temperature Dependence

I'm currently studying the temperature dependence of the following cell: $\ce{Cu_{(s)} + 2Ag^{+}_{(aq)} <=> 2Ag_{(s)} + Cu^{2+}_{(aq)}}$ ($E^⦵ = \pu{+0.46 V}$) Experimentally, I recorded the ...
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1answer
56 views

Understanding sodium hydroxide drain cleaner's exothermic dissolution of aluminum; does the aluminum need to be oxidized before it dissolves?

I'm not a chemist but I remember that the standard HF/nitric silicon etch used in micro-fabrication supposedly worked in two steps; the HF would dissolve the thin SiO2 oxide layer on the silicon ...
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1answer
2k views

How can AuCl3 exist?

The reduction potential for $\ce{Au^3+ + 3e- -> Au}$ is $1.503 \text{ V}$. The reduction potential of $\ce{Cl2 + 2e- -> 2Cl-}$ is $1.36 \text{ V}$. So, the $E^o$ for $\ce{2Au^3+ + 6Cl- -> 2Au ...
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0answers
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Can Methylene Blue Detect Spoilage in Food?

Initially, there is already a product which is a sensor based on Methylene Blue, which can detect changes in oxygen levels in a packaging. However, as our thesis project, we decided to take on this ...
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0answers
25 views

Carbonyl chloride from stabilized chloroform treated with hydrogen peroxide

In our lab, chloroform contains 0.5–1% ethanol to prevent it from producing carbonyl chloride when exposed to UV light. Will the following reaction occur using such chloroform? $$\ce{CHCl3 + H2O2 -&...
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1answer
24 views

How are cells rechargable?

I have learnt that you can test if a reaction is thermodynamically feasible by testing if the cell voltage $E_\mathrm{cell}$ is greater than $0$. Surely, if a reaction is feasible, then the $E_\mathrm{...
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3answers
65 views

Is acidic character related to reducing power?

My book says that the acidic character of halogen acids increases on going down the group because the bond strength decreases, making it easier to release the $\ce{H+}$. But I also know that $\ce{HI}$...
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1answer
56 views

Finding molecular formula with limited information given

I have recently stumbled upon a question I can't seem to solve : Chlorine can also be used to synthesise a bromine-containing oxoanion that is mainly used in continuous or batch dyeing processes. ...
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13 views

Oxidative phosphorylation analogue

Does the salt bridge in galvanic cells resemble the ATP pump in the inner mitochondrial membrane? And if yes than did someone use this pH difference in harvesting this energy?
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3answers
74 views

Why is this reaction spontaneous in standard conditions?

To study if this reaction is spontaneous I proceed in this way: $$\ce{2H_{3}O^{+} +Fe ->H_{2} +Fe^{2+} + 2H_{2}O}$$ First I write the two semireaction: $$reduction: \ \ \ce{2H_{3}O^{+} +2e^{-} ->...
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1answer
23 views

How does increasing the Hydrogen Concentration of CuSO4 (electrolyte) affect electroplating of copper

I'm trying to find an answer as to how lowering the pH of the CuSO4 solution during electroplating of copper affects the amount of copper deposited onto the cathode. My very basic understanding is ...
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2answers
117 views

How can iodine oxidise hydrogen peroxide?

The following is mentioned in NCERT (government textbook in India used in all schools) under chemical properties of $\ce{H2O2}:$ (iv) Reducing action in basic medium $$\ce{I2 + H2O2 + 2 OH- -&...
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0answers
39 views

What happens when you run house electricity through salt water?

What happens when you run house electricity (120VAC) through salt water? (with standard copper wires!) Well, in https://youtu.be/dcrY59nGxBg , an interesting experiment was conducted to find out! At ...
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1answer
138 views

Redox reaction: Iron(III) and Iodide ion [closed]

I'm a real beginner in chemistry and I'm currently reading about redox reactions. I'm quite confused about this simple redox reaction: ${\text{Iron(III) ion + Iodide ion} \rightleftharpoons \text {...
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1answer
982 views

Which gas is a oxidizing agent as well as a reducing agent?

I think it's Hydrogen, because, $\ce{PbO + H2 -> Pb + H2O}$ Here $\ce{PbO}$ is reduced to $\ce{Pb}$ and $\ce{H2}$ acts as a reducing agent. But, in $\ce{2K + H2 -> 2KH}$, hydrogen gains a ...
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1answer
46 views

Role of phosphoric acid in redox titrations

For redox titrations of $\ce{Fe^2+}$ versus $\ce{KMnO_4}$ or versus $\ce{K_2Cr_2O_7}$ , role of phosphoric acid is quite unclear to me. In dichromometric titration, $\ce{H_3PO_4}$ complexes $\ce{Fe^3+...
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1answer
92 views

What is the role of various additives in a titration of vitamin C with N-bromosuccinimide

In a titration to determine the amount of vitamin C in an orange juice sample, the following were mixed with water: oxalic acid potassium iodide starch acetic acid Then, the mixture was titrated ...

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