Questions tagged [reactivity]

Applied to a chemical species, the term expresses a kinetic property in reference to another species. The tag should be applied to questions seeking answers with respect to the reactivity (or unreactivity) of a certain chemical compound, species, molecular entity and/or functional groups. It must not be applied to questions about the stability of certain chemical species.

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Does aluminum oxide react with rubidium?

I have rubidium vapor inside of the vacuum chamber. Inside the vacuum chamber, there are two flat stainless steel coated with aluminum oxide at temperature ~100 °C. Since rubidium is active, I am ...
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Determination of products in reactions involving carbocation rearrangement?

How do you determine the migratory "aptitude" of various groups during carbocation rearrangements? Is there a experimentally determined order? For example, what will be the product in case of the ...
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81 views

Reactivity of magnetized materials

Does the magnetisation process affects the reactivity of a magnetic material? Does the electronegativity change if a metal is magnetised?
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Is methoxide a better nucleophile than hydroxide?

What is more nucleophilic, $\ce{OH-}$ or $\ce{CH3O-}$? When I look it from the viewpoint of steric hindrance, the answer seems to be $\ce{OH-}$, but when I see it from the viewpoint of extra electron ...
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Grignard reagents react with epoxides but dissolve in THF, what happens in oxetane (four membered ether ring)?

Ring strain causes the epoxides to react and THF does not react because the ring strain is not large enough. Does the four membered ring react or not? Does it favor reaction with the harder or softer ...
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746 views

Why are fluoride ions (and ions in general) reactive?

Please bear with me—-I have a pretty meager background in chemistry but am trying to learn some! My question is about ion reactivity—-specifically of the reactivity of $\ce{F-}$. I often hear that ...
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474 views

What typically happens to H2 molecules released into atmosphere (with no spark source)?

I'm wondering what happens when $\ce{H2}$ leaks from say a transmission pipe in an unenclosed area. No immediate source of ignition, I know it rises more quickly than helium (x2 I believe) and ...
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665 views

HOMO/LUMO and charge distribution

I am a little bit confused between charge distribution and HOMO/LUMO site in determining chemical reactivity. In charge distribution, the sites which are deficient and abundant in electrons are ...
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How to compare the oxidizing power of perhalate ions

In my book the oxidizing power in descending order of the following is given as: $\ce{BrO4-} > \ce{IO4-} > \ce{ClO4-}$ My doubt is regarding their order of oxidizing tendency. I thought that ...
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Why doesn't 1-cyclopropylethyne give a positive reaction in the bromine-water unsaturation test?

1-cyclopropylethyne has a triple bond: Hence it seems like it should yield a positive unsaturation test with bromine water. But, my book states that the opposite is true. I guess this may be due to ...
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Why is oxygen an oxidizing agent?

Why are diatomic oxygen molecules STILL reactive especially with metallic elements like sodium and copper even at room temperature? You would think that since the two oxygen atoms already have the ...
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Reactivity of alkyl halides

I am unable to understand how to decide reactivity of alkyl halides based on inductive effect in a nucleophilic substitution reaction. I have 2 explanation for deciding. Consider 2 alkyl halides: (A)...
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Electrophilic substitution on Borazole

As Borazole ($\ce{B3N3H6}$) is aromatic, it shows electrophilic aromatic substitution. Now, my question is when borazole undergoes electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction, on which atom does the ...
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Which is the most reactive metal: Caesium or Francium? [duplicate]

I searched on Wikipedia for reactivity series but it showed me Caesium as the most reactive metal. I know and have studied that reactivity increases as we go down the first group. Then shouldn’t it be ...
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How is fluorine gas contained and transported, why aren't the metal cylinder and tube in this video attacked?

I included the GIF below as part of an answer to Can paper burn without oxygen or air?. It was made from the video Fluorine - Periodic Table of Videos. I noticed that the cylinder containing the ...
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Reaction between Copper nitrate and ascorbic acid

I am confused on the products of reaction between copper nitrate and ascorbic acid. When I searched this online, one of the reactions I got was: $$\ce{2Cu(NO3)2 + C6H8O6 <=> 2CuO + 4H2O + CO2}$$ ...
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151 views

Why do bubbles form when a reactive metal is placed in a less reactive metal's salt solution?

What is the gas that if formed when a reactive metal is placed in a salt solution of a less reactive metal? Theoretically, it should just be a simple displacement. I know that this question has been ...
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How to turn acetaldehyde into acetic acid using one of the five chemicals on the list?

From the Russian State Chemistry Test: It's easy to see $X$ is $\ce{H2O}$: water turns acetylene into acetaldehyde. But what can turn acetaldehyde into acetic acid? I checked: $\ce{NaOH}$ ...
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Are there stronger oxidizing agents than fluorine gas?

Are there stronger oxidizing agents than fluorine gas, so it could oxidize fluoride to fluorine? Also, in case of oxygen, fluorine gas can oxidize oxygen gas to the exotic dioxygenyl ion. Can ...
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Does pressure affect non-gaseous reactions?

Pressure holds a great significance when it comes to reactions involving gaseous species. Changing pressure can affect the kinetics and even mechanisms of such reactions. However, does pressure hold ...
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104 views

When aluminium is ignited in atmosphere, will it form only aluminium oxide or also aluminium nitride?

We know when lithium is burnt in air, it forms lithium nitride and lithium oxide. I am wondering if this applies to aluminium (other metals) also?
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217 views

Why cobalt reacts favorably with nitrogen?

I used also iron, nickel, zinc, copper. However, cobalt gives the easiest and straight forward yield of nitrides (XPS and SAED verified). It is so easy to get cobalt nitride that I don't even have to ...
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187 views

How do I decide whether ring will expand in this reaction or not?

Attempt: After forming the carbocation adjacent to the cyclopropyl ring I had two options, $\ce{Cl-}$ then and there without any changes Expand ring, form a new carbocation and add $\ce{Cl-}$ ...
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503 views

What changes does zinc chloride undergo when ‘fusing’ on an atomic level? How does this influence reactivity?

I have been using a reaction with an organozincate starting material. This zincate is freshly prepared from zinc chloride and a Grignard reagent. The experimental procedure ‘handed down’ from more ...
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291 views

Alkenes v/s Alkynes in two different reactions

Alkynes are less reactive towards electrophylic addition than alkenes. However, in case of catalytic hydrogenation, alkynes are said to be more reactive. Why? Also, if I want to add H+ as an ...
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Why is chlorine and not fluorine labelled as the most reactive halogen for halogenation?

The reactivity of halogenation in sunlight is as follows: $$\ce{F2}>\ce{Cl2}>\ce{Br2}>\ce{I2}$$ So why does we often label chlorine as most reactive halogen towards halogenation reaction?
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Why are free radicals so reactive?

Why are free radicals are so reactive? They can break almost any bond, including $\ce{C-H}$ bonds, which are fairly stable. Don’t they have an activation energy or something? Do they not also ...
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Does anisole react with concentrated nitric or sulfuric acid

Can we add concentrated $\ce{H2SO4}$ and concentrated $\ce{HNO3}$ to anisole? I heard that we can't add acids into phenol and aniline which make them blast.
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Beckmann rearrangement v/s dehydration of Oximes

In the above question, A is an oxime, which is then reacted with phosphorus pentoxide. Now, phosphorus pentoxide is both a dehydrating reagent and a reagent used for Beckmenn rearrangement, but which ...
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What noble metal is most oxidation resistant? [closed]

To clarify, by noble metals in this case I mean all platinum metals + gold, no copper, silver or rhenium. These noble metals are described as having low reactivity, but which one is least reactive or ...
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841 views

Formation of halohydrin vs alkyl dihalide

For the electrophilic addition of $\ce{X2}$ to alkene in $\ce{CCl4}$ solvent, a dihaloalkane is formed. This is a halogen addition reaction, with the intermediate being a halonium ion. However, if ...
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1answer
75 views

Why does the rusting process start from the bent/squeezed portion of iron?

I have noticed that the rusting of iron starts from the squeezed or bent parts of iron piece. I want to know what is the peculiar reason for the observation that rusting starts from bent or irregular ...
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464 views

What is the Chemical Compound that has a NFPA 704 (Fire Diamond) of 2-2-1-ox?

I recently saw this fire diamond configuration of: 2 - Flammability; 2 - Health; 1 - Reactivity; OX - Extra Information I have been attempting to find a database of terms, but after turning up with ...
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Deprotection of carboxybenzyl (Cbz) in the presence of Methyl ester?

Deprotection of carboxybenzyl and methyl ester can easily be achieved by using ammonium formate followed by addition of 10% Pd/C and LiOH/MeOH respectively. But how we can achieve deprotection of ...
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2k views

How to determine the reactivity of a set of compounds that may undergo nucleophilic substitution?

Which of the following compounds is most reactive under $\mathrm{S_N1}$ conditions? Arrange the following compounds in order of decreasing rate of $\mathrm{S_N1}$ hydrolysis: ...
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143 views

Why does only one reaction occur when so many are possible?

Why does only one reaction take place, although so many would be possible? I'm more of a physics and math guy, so simply "accepting" it without a proper explanation is kind of hard for me. For example:...
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114 views

Rationalising the reactivity of phosphoryl chloride

$\ce {POCl3}$ is a reagent well-known for enacting various functions in organic synthesis. For example, together with pyridine, it is able to dehydrate alcohols to give alkenes. Also, reacting it with ...
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Reactivity of Aluminium Oxide

I know that Aluminium Oxide is an amphoteric substance meaning that it reacts with both acids and bases. I recently learned that Aluminium has very good corrosion resistance due to the "Aluminium ...
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Metalation of thiophene

So lately I've been studying the concerted metalation-deprotonation of thiophene and I came to the conclusion that the alpha positions of thiophene are the most reactive, which is why one of those ...
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Why are “diene” structures in the C-ring of anthocyanins singled out for their singlet-oxygen quenching ability?

Anthocyanins are a class of water-soluble vacuolar pigments. They are sensitive to pH, and can undergo a series of structural changes according to a pH-dependent equilibrium as illustrated in Figure 1....
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Why is the silver nitrate chemical test more favorable than that of sodium iodide?

Two tests to determine the presence of alkyl chlorides are the silver nitrate in 1% ethanol and sodium iodide in 15% acetone tests. These two tests both produce a precipitate when added to chloride ...
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Constructing a reactivity series, magnesium more reactive than sodium?

I reacted about $0.25 \,\mathrm{g}$ of magnesium, sodium and lithium in $20 \,\mathrm{ml}$ of $2 \,\mathrm{M} \,\ce{HCl}$ at room temperature. This was all done in a $100 \,\mathrm{mL}$ beaker. I ...
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Could any constituent of normal human urine produce a false positive in a Kastle-Meyer test for presence of blood?

From my understanding, one forensic test for the presence of traces of blood at a crime scene is (or was) the Kastle-Meyer test. Doing some research, I understand that in the test, hemoglobin reacts ...
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84 views

Grignard reaction - exchange of groups

Why is this reaction successful: Why doesn't metal-halide exchange occur easily to get Ar-MgCl and R-Br?
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Reaction of aqueous sodium carbonate with aluminum foil

Aqueous sodium hydroxide is known to react with aluminum foil in an exothermic, hydrogen-gas releasing reaction like $$\ce{2NaOH(aq) + 2Al(s) + 2H2O(\ell) → 2NaAlO2(aq) + 3H2(g)}$$ However, on ...
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Reactivity order of electrophilic addition

Find the order of the ease of electrophilic addition of the following: $\ce{H3C-O-CH=CH2}$ $\ce{ F-CH=CH2}$ $\ce{Cl-CH=CH2}$ $\ce{NO2-CH=CH2}$ According to me, it should be 1 > 4 > ...
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97 views

Priority order of attack of grignard reagents on functional groups

Recently I was solving carbonyl compounds and I came across this. Is there some priority order, or logic behind why alcohol reacts first with Grignard reagent and then ketone. Whereas ester could've ...
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1answer
595 views

Selectivity of diazo-coupling with p-amino phenol

I came across this question and I've been thinking about it since, without being able to find a convincing major product. This question is related to one I found on this site, Diazo Coupling reaction ...
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1answer
167 views

How can nucleophilicity be estimated accurately?

Given the following: $\ce{CN-,OH-,SH-,I-}$. Determine the relative order of nucleophilicity in a protic solvent. I know that, more the nucleophile is solvated by hydrogen bonding in a protic solvent,...
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1answer
83 views

Why does nose grease knock down the head on beer and soda?

Freshman year, my first semester, I was taught many things. One important trick I learned was when I was passed a beer in a 12 oz. plastic cup, I could eliminate the fresh foamy head by wiping my ...

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