Questions tagged [reaction-mechanism]

The detailed (and as complete as possible) description of plausible or observable pathways leading from reactants to products of a chemical process. This tag should be applied to questions about these processes. It may be applied to hypothetical and/or proposed mechanisms.

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1answer
107 views

How do I synthesise this tertiary amide from these 5 compounds?

So basically I'm at a loss as to how to proceed. I started with the idea of converting the primary alcohol into an aldehyde and that is where I stoped. I understand that each substituent of the ...
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1answer
82 views

What are the consequences of mixing Ferric Chloride Solution, distilled vinegar, baking soda and water? [closed]

I was attempting to etch and blade with a ferric chloride solution. I did not have enough so I filled a glass with vinegar and water (3 parts vinegar to 1 part water) then added 2 oz. of ferric ...
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1answer
461 views

Can Anyone Explain the Mechanism of the Birnbaum-Simonini reaction?

When silver acetate reacts with iodine and $\ce{CCl4}$, it gives esters and 2 moles of $\ce{AgI}$ but when it reacts with iodine and lead acetate, why it gives alkyl halide, $\ce{AgI}$ and $\ce{CO2}$....
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Is a Methoxy group meta directing in this problem?

The following question was given in chemistry today , August 2020 edition , page 47 , problem 9. The answer to this problem is (a). My Attempt In the third step , the carbon electrophile can attack ...
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37 views

Parallel reactions for one product

For me it is clear how I could solved the kinetic of a parallel reaction like this But, how can I solve if this would be the case: Thanks in advance!
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Acyl chlorides addition-elimination reactions bond forming and bond breaking

I've recently read up on Acyl chlorides and the addition-elimination reactions that they can react with. However many questions popped up in my head from reading up on this. During the elimination ...
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1answer
62 views

How can one determine if all reagents will react in the reaction? [closed]

Is it correct that all the reagents above the arrow will participate to form an intermediate product, to which the reagents below the arrow are then added, and they react to form the final product? ...
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40 views

1,5-Pentanediol MS

I'm having troubles assigning the signals m/z = 41 and 56 of the compound 1,5 pentanediol. I tried the basic fragmentations (McLafferty, loss of OH radical, etc.) but I can't figure the structure of ...
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1answer
35 views

What are the reaction products in my dishwasher from a steel colander?

In my dishwasher I noticed that a steel colander and a coffee maker (the Moka Pot) both became discolored after being in the dishwasher. The metal is clearly reacting with something. They aren't made ...
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Are there any silicone like substances that cure far faster?

I was wondering if there are any silicone like substances that cure far faster. Are there any substances that you can mix together to create a fast curing elastic like substance like silicone? Are ...
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1answer
44 views

Reaction of unsaturated lactone and alcohol

Image source I found this equation to turn this compound into an ketoester but I am unsure of the reaction mechanism. I postulate that the alcohol attacks the carboxyl carbon, the O becomes formally ...
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Reaction of Glucose + NaOH + PVP

I'm trying to synthesize of silver particles by using glucose as reducing agent, PVP as dispersant, and NaOH as pH control. Before adding silver nitrate solution, I've produced a solution which is ...
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Reaction of Methyl Cyanide with nitroethane

I want to know the products of reaction of Methyl Cyanide with nitroethane in presence of (Sodium ethoxide + ethanol) and then hydrolysed in concentrated Acidic medium. According to me ,reaction ...
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2answers
79 views

Can a weak acid react to give a stronger acid? [closed]

I was trying to understand why $\ce{AgCl}$ does not dissolve in $\ce{HNO3}$ and the reaction I could think of was something like this: $$\ce{AgCl + HNO3->AgNO3 + HCl}$$ I could not understand why ...
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Halogenation by Phosphorous tribromide vs using HBr

My textbook introduced PBr3 by stating that it leads to an inversion in stereochemistry since it always goes through an SN2 pathway, unlike using HBr. My question is that since Br- is a reasonably ...
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52 views

Effect of mixing acids on solubility

Please help me clarify the title if you come up with a better way to put it (you certainly will). My question is the following: If you make a mix of equal parts of various acids (Bicarbonate, ...
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92 views

What is the mechanism of benzyl ether hydrogenolysis?

The mechanism for the hydrogenation of alkenes or alkynes using Pd/C is fairly well explained to involve the absorption of hydrogen onto a metal's surface followed by the addition of that hydrogen ...
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46 views

Reaction of mixed carbonyl compound with ethylene glycol in acidic medium

I Know that there is cyclic ketal or cyclic acetal is formed when carbonyl compound reacts with ethylene glycol. But I am confused here because I am unable to decide what will be the major product ...
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1answer
120 views

Mechanism of acid-catalyzed Robinson annulation?

My professor posed my organic chemistry class a challenge problem for bonus points and I've been racking my brain over the last three days trying to work it out and I want to know if my solution is ...
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1answer
261 views

How to draw a reaction coordinate diagram for SN1 mechanism?

How would you draw a reaction coordinate diagram for an SN1 mechanism with the following conditions? each step in the mechanism (there are 2 steps) is favorable the second step of the mechanism is ...
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35 views

In what case would water attack the least substituted carbon in an oxymercuration–demercuration reaction? [closed]

I understand that oxymercuration–demercuration is textbook Markovnikov. However, in a case like this, where the $\ce{OH}$ is formed on the least substituted carbon (secondary) rather than the most ...
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28 views

How does the Benedicts Test work? [duplicate]

What exactly is the mechanism by which Benedict’s test works for reducing sugars? As I understand it the free hemiacetal groups on reducing sugars opens up and an aldehyde is formed, this is then ...
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1answer
55 views

Why would the following reaction not proceed through SN2 reaction? [closed]

I made a guess that the OH- group cannot do a backside attack on the carbon because the C double bond with O and the 5 carbon ring may act as steric hindrance and prevent it from forming a bond but I'...
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83 views

How come the reaction with glycerol and formic acid to form glycerol formates is not as probable as with acetic acid to yield glycerol acetates

I come across various literature when searching for the esterification reaction between glycerol and acetic acid to yield three glycerol acetates as in the image below. Essentially, each OH- group of ...
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1answer
166 views

About spontaneous combustion of methane

I heard that spontaneous reaction happens if $\Delta G=\Delta H-T\Delta S$ is negative. For combustion of methane, according to Chemguide: $\Delta H=\pu{-891.1 kJ K^{-1} mol^{-1}}$ $\Delta S=\pu{-0....
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58 views

Resonance involving carbanion

Suppose a carbanion is involved in resonance and thus its electrons conjugate with unhybridised p orbital of the nearby sp2 hybridised carbon and a pi bond is formed. Since carbanions are sp3 ...
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1answer
48 views

Modeling activation energy function

I'm quite new to the field, and actually am a mathematician. I was wondering if there is a way to model (find the equation of) the reaction progress (more specifically, the activation energy functions)...
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Inputting liquid species in chemkin pro

I have been trying to model various species decomposition/combustion in Chemkin Pro. Chemkin only lets you to allow to input gas phase and surface site solid species in your input files, but I have ...
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1answer
71 views

Understanding transition state theory

Let's say we have standard chemical reaction given by $$A-B + C \leftrightharpoons [A\cdot\cdot B\cdot\cdot C]^{\dagger} \rightarrow A +B-C$$ I want to estimate the pre-exponential factor of this ...
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1answer
102 views

Intramolecular Claisen-Condensation [closed]

My task was to do an intramolecular Claisen condensation with this molecule. I already draw the product to the reaction, but I'm not sure, if I did it right. Could anyone help me out or confirm the ...
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2answers
529 views

Why is density of chloroform greater than water?

Hydrocarbons (i.e., molecules containing carbon and hydrogen only) are generally less dense than water. Yet chloroform, which is a halogenated hydrocarbon, is more dense. Why is this? I know water ...
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61 views

Mechanism for oxidative workup of ozonide

Oxidative workup of ozonide produces ketone (in case both the substituents of carbon are alkyl groups) or carboxylic acid (in case one of the substituents is hydrogen), depending on the alkene. I have ...
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86 views

Major product of Crossed-Cannizzaro Reaction between benzaldehyde and formaldehyde [duplicate]

I came across a question: Predict the major product when conc. $\ce{NaOH}$ is added to a mixture of $\ce{PhCHO}$ and $\ce{HCHO}$. According to me, as $\ce{HCHO}$ is less hindered and $\ce{>C=O}$ ...
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2answers
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Oxygen depriving gas/compound

A scene from the movie TENET made me think of a question. In the scene a gas is released into a room that is filled with precious artwork. The gas is used to rid of all oxygen in the room so fire ...
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1answer
92 views

Retrosynthesis suggestion [closed]

Am I even close to solve this problem or it is a complete disaster?
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1answer
45 views

Hydrogen and Hydrogen ion

Is it correct that a hydrogen atom only has 1 electron and 1 proton since the atomic mass is 1? Also, is the hydrogen ion composed of a single proton and no electrons? In an ionization process we know ...
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2answers
896 views

Real life examples of chemical reactions [closed]

For my upcoming lab report, I want to look at exactly how a simple variable, such as heat or surface area, affects a reaction. But I'm having trouble finding a reaction to test this on, as my results ...
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1answer
66 views

Organic chem mechanism [closed]

I don’t understand how the reaction produces this product. In the starting material, there is an $\ce{-OH}$ group attached to carbon 5 but where did the $\ce{-OH}$ group go in the product?
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1answer
84 views

Finding reactants in a azo-coupling reaction whose product is given [closed]

Find the reactants of the following azo-coupling reaction: My solution would look like this: My reason for the above answer The amino Group is more activating than the nitro group and therefore the ...
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648 views

Mechanism of reaction of alcohol with NaBr + H2SO4

My teacher told that the mechanism for reaction of alcohol with $\ce{NaBr + H2SO4}$ follows SN1 when alcohol is 2°/3° and SN2 when it is primary or methanol. He told that the reactivity of alcohol ...
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1answer
180 views

How does Al-Hg react with carbonyl in presence of concentrated HCl?

In Clemmensen reduction, $\ce{Zn-Hg}$/ $\ce{ conc. HCl}$ reduces the carbonyl $\ce{>C=O}$ to $\ce{>CH2}$, by the following mechanism(?): What happens to the carbonyl group if we replace Zinc ...
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1answer
580 views

Mechanism of reaction of benzenediazonium chloride with ethanol to form benzene and acetaldehyde

In my textbook, all that was told was that ethanol is a mild reducing agent and hence reduces BDC while oxidising itself. Is there any mechanism or am I just supposed to remember this like a redox ...
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3answers
318 views

Isomerization reaction involving carboxylic acid derivatives

I have tried searching for what type of organic reaction this is in my textbooks and ended up with nothing. Thus, I could not fully understand and refer to the mechanisms that the solution has ...
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2answers
610 views

Étard Reaction of Ethylbenzene

What is the major product when the following compound undergoes Étard reaction? Is it acetophenone or a terminal aldehyde. The mechanism discussed in Mechanism for an Étard reaction (chromium complex)...
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614 views

The main difference between using AlCl3 and FeCl3 in Friedel-Crafts alkylation

What is the main difference between using $\ce{AlCl3}$ and $\ce{FeCl3}$ in Friedel-Crafts alkylation? Is that $\ce{FeCl3}$ disfavors carbocation rearrangement in Friedel-Crafts alkylation?
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150 views

Meaning of Partial Half-Life for Two Parallel Reactions

Consider two parallel reactions: $$\ce{A -> B }\tag1$$ and $$\ce{A -> C}\tag2$$ What is the meaning of partial half life of the equation $(1)$ and that of equation $(2)$ with respect to ...
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45 views

Aldol Condensation Product selection

It is known that the enol form double bond tends to attack the electrophilic carbon centre in an aldol reaction. But what will be the majour product in this reaction. The latter one may be enol attack ...
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1answer
61 views

How to Choose if a reaction will go elimination of substitution? [closed]

I want to know how to choose if a given reaction will prefer going substitution mechanism or elimination mechanism.Both elimination and substitution reactions have types like Sn1 ,Sn2 ,SnNGP,Sni and ...
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1answer
109 views

Aromatisation of a ring which includes nitrogen

Question Complete the following reaction sequence: Answer My solution I was able to complete all the steps except for the last one. This is what I ended up with: What I'm not getting is how the $\...
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36 views

How is elimination reaction (E1) possible without base and in presence of acid?

When learning about E1 we were taught that three things are important factors to judge if the reaction is E1 or E2 Substrate ( 3,2,1 favours E2 but only 3 favours E1 ) Base ( Stronger Base favours E2 ...

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