# Questions tagged [ph]

pH (or the potential of hydrogen) is a scale used to measure how acidic or basic an aqueous solution is.

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### Why does p mean −log(x)?

$\mathrm{pH} = -\log[\ce{H+}]$ while $\mathrm{pOH} = -\log[\ce{OH-}]$ Why does $\mathrm p$ represent $-\log$ of something? Is it due to some historical reason or due to some scientific reason?
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### What is the pKa Range for weak acids and bases?

Am I correct in assuming that the following is true? $\mathrm pK_\mathrm a < 3$ is for a strong acid $3 < \mathrm pK_\mathrm a < 7$ is for a weak acid $7 < \mathrm pK_\mathrm a < 11$ ...
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### Impossible pH For Aqueous Weak Acid Solution

An aqueous solution of $\ce{HCl}$ has a $\mathrm{pH}$ of $0.00$ if $[\ce{H+}] = 1.00 \; \mathrm{M}$. I tried to see if an aqueous solution of acetic acid could have a $\mathrm{pH}$ of $0.00$, given ...
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### pH Curves for Titrations

Why does the pH rapidly increase near the equivalence point during--why does the slope of the graph of a pH curve sharply increase around this area?
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### Calculations for making a buffer from a weak base and strong acid

How many moles of $\ce{HCl}$ must be added to $\pu{100 ml}$ of a $\pu{0.100 M}$ solution of methylamine ($\mathrm pK_\mathrm b = 3.36$) to give a buffer having a $\mathrm{pH}$ of $10.00$? (The answer ...
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### Amphoteric amino acid titration

Glycine $(\ce{NH2CH2COOH})$ is an amino acid with two $\mathrm{p}K_a$ values $(\mathrm{p}K_{a,1}=2.0, \ \ce{COOH};\ \mathrm{p}K_{a,2}=10.0, \ \ce{NH2})$. (a) If $0.01~\mathrm{mol}$ of this amino ...
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### Less maintenance-dependent continuous pH testing

I am creating an automated chemical component mixing system (DIY project). One of the features required is continuous monitoring of pH value in my main solution. I do not need it to be very precise, ...
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### What's the difference between isoionic point and isoelectric point?

What's the difference between isoionic point and isoelectric point? My teacher uses them interchangeably, but Wikipedia states that isoionic point is when charges are balanced, while isoelectric point ...
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### Which formula to use to find the pH of a solution? [closed]

I just had my first exam yesterday, and I'm always tripped with this question that combines neutralization with buffer solution. The task is to find the pH. I did try to understand the general concept ...
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### Does gold always become gold chloride when dissolved with HCl and an oxidizer and can it always be precipitated with sodium metabisulfate?

I tried to extract gold from computer parts by STRIPPING the gold using $\ce{HCl}$ and $\ce{H2O2}$ by dissolving the copper & nickel underneath but i added FAR too much $\ce{H2O2}$ by a stupid ...
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### Acid disassociation constant of an acid when pH of a solution is given

Q. A solution contains $\pu{0.09M}~\ce{HCl}, \pu{0.09M}~\ce{CHCl2COOH}$ and $\pu{0.1M}~\ce{CH3COOH}$. The pH of the solution is 1. If $\ce{K_a}$ for acetic acid is $10^{-5}$, then calculate $\ce{K_a}$ ...
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### Can the colour change in litmus paper be explained by conjugated systems?

I have been trying to understand the colour change in litmus paper on a more detailed level than "the chemical identity changes, and therefore also physical properties". I have knowledge of the ...