# Questions tagged [ph]

pH (or the potential of hydrogen) is a scale used to measure how acidic or basic an aqueous solution is.

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### How can I choose an indicator for determining the concentration of a base using its pKb values?

I have a base $\ce{M(OH)_{3}}$ having 3 $\mathrm{p}K_{\mathrm{b}}$ values as, $$\mathrm{p}K_{\mathrm{b}_{1}} = 0.5\\ \mathrm{p}K_{\mathrm{b}_{2}} = 3.7\\ \mathrm{p}K_{\mathrm{b}_{3}} = 7.7\\$$ If a ...
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### Which pH indicator will give a dramatic color change with small changes in the amount of carbon dioxide dissolved in water?

I want to do a demonstration for students where they take a capped syringe and change the volume above a solution of seltzer water. The amount of carbon dioxide dissolved will vary, hopefully ...
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### Calculating pH for titration of weak base with strong acid

Calculate the pH at the equivalence point for the titration of $\pu{0.130 M}$ methylamine ($\ce{CH3NH2}$) with $\pu{0.130 M}$ $\ce{HCl}$. The $K_\mathrm{b}$ of methylamine is ${5.0 \cdot 10^{–4}}$. ...
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### Why is ionic strength (mu) calculated differently for these 2 examples?

In the following examples; I don't understand why $\ce{Na_3PO_4}$ is a much more complicated process when calculating $\mu$ compared to $\ce{NaH_2PO_4}$ and $\ce{Na_2HPO_4}$. Specifically, I don't ...
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### Is this problem about acid-base titration wrong?

I wouldn't post mere 'problems' here normally, but I will hopefully be starting to give chemistry education to some 10-11-12th graders and I want to make sure that it is not I that has a problem but ...
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### Investigating a factor affecting buffer capacity

I'm preparing for an experiment to investigate some factor affecting buffer capacity. At the moment, I'm looking at using a $\ce{NH_3}$ ($2\,\mathrm{M}$) $+$ $\ce{NH_4Cl}$ buffer, but I'm not sure ...
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### How can pKas differ across similar protons of the same atom?

For example, citric acid has three acidic protons, all of which are carboxylic acids. Despite being part of the same functional groups, they all have very different pKas. Why (and how?) is this?
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### How to calculate the pH of a buffer after HCl was added?

A buffer is made from $50~\mathrm{mL}$ of $1.0~\mathrm{M}$ benzoic acid, $K_a = 6.3\cdot10^{-5}$, and $50~\mathrm{mL}$ of $1.0~\mathrm{M}$ sodium benzoate. a) Calculate the pH of this buffer For this ...
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### What is the pH of kvass?

I know that it is less than 7.0, but would be nice to know exact value of pH of natural fermented kvass (not soda-like counterfeit). Another aspect is to know if kvass is more gentle than Cola (pH=2.5)...
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### Why does hydrogen phosphate act as a base?

Let's look at question c: a) Write a balanced equation for the reaction. $$\ce{2 NaOH + H3PO4 -> Na2HPO4 + 2 H2O (l)}$$ b) When some crystals of $\ce{Na2HPO4}$ were dissolved in water, ...
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### pH of sodium metasilicate anhydrous vs pentahydrate when dissolved in water

I'm not a chemist and don't remember much chemistry from school, so please forgive a naive question (I've read the Wikipedia article on sodium silicate though). I'm researching this topic to make ...
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### The safety of homemade slime

Disclaimer: I am not a chemist, but I figured this may be the place to ask. So, recently, there has been a lot of news going around about the homemade slime burning a child's hands and I got curious ...