Questions tagged [oxides]

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Oxidation of different metals

I am trying to understand the Lavoisier and Priestley experiments on oxygen. The last one heated mercury oxide and the merury gained its pure form and reduced. Lavoisier heated mercury and obtained ...
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Voltage required for electrolysis of molten Cu2O feedstock

Would someone mind clarifying the overpotential voltage required for molten Cu2O. Looking at Redox charts all Oxygen reactions use hydrogen or other atoms or molecules. The goal is to calculate the ...
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Hybridization concept applied to each atom in CO2 [duplicate]

In $\ce{CO2}$ we know that the central atom C is $sp$ hybridized and the other two oxygens are $sp^2$ hybridized , my query is regarding if we suppose the $z-axis$ to be the internuclear axis is it ...
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Is sodium superoxide more abundant than sodium oxide?

Reference(NCERT book of India); My professor has taught me that $\ce{Na2O}$ and $\ce{Na2O2}$ are the most common oxides of sodium, but in my reference book it is written that they are $\ce{NaO2}$ and ...
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1 answer
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How can one change the color of Iron Oxide by changing the composition or hydration?

How does the color of rust change depending on its makeup and state, or more to the point, how would one put the rust into that state? For example, Wikipedia shows Iron(III) Oxide as being red in the ...
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1 answer
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What role does ammonium play in the explosion of ammonium nitrate? [duplicate]

I read that ammonium is the "fuel" and nitrate is the "oxidizer". The nitrate oxidizes because it's a nitro group, but what's the mechanism of the ammonium?
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Metal oxide formation minimum temperature?

Is there such thing as minimum temperature for creation of metal oxide? Let's say a highly reactive metal, lithium, comes into contact with solid oxygen at a cryogenic temperature of 20 Kelvin, would ...
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2 answers
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What can be used instead of magnesium to make silicon from sand (in lab)? [closed]

I found this post talking about making silicon from sand. They mixed magnesium with sand and then burn them then it create silicon and magnesium oxide. And my question is what can we use instead of ...
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1 vote
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Why do many p-block dioxide gases dissolve in water to form acids?

I find that many gases of the form $\ce{MO_2}$ like $\ce{SO2}$ , $\ce{CO2}$ and $\ce{NO2}$ dissolve in water to form acids. This observation has many different practical implications, for example, it ...
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1 vote
2 answers
171 views

How can I make cerium(IV) chloride? [closed]

How can I make CeCl4? I have some ideas but am worried I'm going to mess it up since this is the first time I've worked with lanthanides.
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1 answer
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What is the effect of H2O2 on SPIONs?

I have a system contains super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) either Fe3+ or Fe2+. I need to introduce hydrogen peroxide to the system but i am not sure about its effect to the SPIONs ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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What is/was "uraneous oxide"? Was it an accepted name for a compound or mixed oxides of uranium?

In This National Technical Reports Library page for a 1965 report Method for Coating Actinide Particles in the list of keywords both Uranium compounds and Uraneous oxide are listed. But I don't find ...
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Why does radium form a nitride rather than oxide when exposed to air?

The Wikipedia article states: Pure radium is silvery-white, but it readily reacts with nitrogen (rather than oxygen) on exposure to air, forming a black surface layer of radium nitride ($\ce{Ra3N2}$)....
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Oxidising power of oxides of 15th group elements [closed]

In case of oxides of 15th group elements in form of $\ce{M2O3}$ ($\ce{M}$ is the 15th group element), does oxidising power of oxides increase or decrease down the group? I tried to check by comparing ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How thick is the colored oxide layer on heat treated stainless steel? [closed]

When stainless steel is welded, or just heat treated, it will develop a thicker oxide layer, which in some cases is is rainbow colored, but can become so thick as to appear almost black. From the ...
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1 answer
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Explanation of rusting of iron through metallic bonding [closed]

In the diagram , colour representations : [O - oxygen atoms , red dots - electron ] I will explain rusting of iron due to metallic bonding as I have understood from online. Please correct me if I’m ...
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13 votes
1 answer
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Why do only some metals make protective oxide layers?

Almost all Alkali metals and Alkaline Earth metals react with air to form their respective oxides, but why does only Magnesium forms a protective oxide layer? What properties of magnesium oxide allow ...
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Comparison between bond length of platinum and titanium oxides

This question comes from a problem sheet I recently had. It concerns the fact that Pt-O bond lengths are typically longer than Ti-O ones, even though the radii of the two metals are similar. My ...
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Ascorbic acid and aldehydes: Reaction and Influencing Metals

I've researched online and I've read that ascorbic acid can both promote oxidation and reduction depending on the conditions (I've read about trace metals but I've never found which metals affect its ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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MgO as food supplement - solubility in water

A number of magnesium food / sports supplements contain it as MgO - which is practically unsoluble in water. The recommended quantity is somewhere around .3g / day, so not an insignificant amount. How ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Do antimicrobial abilities of copper boilers decrease over time?

As copper boilers age and develop oxide buildup, does this lessen the copper's antimicrobial abilities in killing bacteria? I was thinking since that coating would be on the copper, there would be ...
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1 answer
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Is the lattice point in ZnO crystal structure occupied by the molecule ZnO or the ion O^2-/Zn^2+?

I learnt that ZnO has a hexagonal crystal system. I was expecting that cations or anions would occupy the lattice points in hcp while voids would be occupied by anions or cations respectively. But ...
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When MnO2 acts as a catalyst to speed up the decomposition of H2O2 what does it actually do? [duplicate]

Everywhere I look it just states that $\ce{MnO2}$ acts as a catalyst but I have yet to find a simple explanation for what it actually does. What is the mechanism involved in simple terms?
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1 vote
3 answers
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What does *oxidizing* have to do with *hydrogen*? [closed]

An oxidizing acid is a Brønsted acid that is a strong oxidizing agent. All Brønsted acids can act as oxidizing agents, because the acidic proton can be reduced to hydrogen gas. (source: Wikipedia) ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Molecular structure of iodine nonoxide

A question in an exam was as follows: Iodine reacts with ozone gas to form a dark yellow solid $\ce{X}.$ Let the number of lone pair of electrons in un-ionised form of $\ce{X}$ be $m,$ number of lone ...
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3 votes
2 answers
234 views

Why and how is rust forming on moon?

note: @Mithron's proposed duplicate Why can't rust form without water? does not have anything about the conditions on the Moon, so no, it's not a duplicate. Several popular news articles mention ...
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Reaction (or lack thereof) between oxygen and halogen gas

I understand that oxygen and halogens are both very electronegative elements and it would makes sense that they don't want to associate with each other at all. However, I know that oxides of halogens (...
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3 votes
2 answers
332 views

Lewis structure of dinitrogen trioxide

I have a confusion related to the structure of $\ce{N2O3}.$ I was taught 1 is the correct one, but I believe 2 is better since it has no formal charge on it. Why is 1 correct and 2 wrong?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why is phosphorous pentoxide a dehydrating agent?

$$\ce{HNO3 + P2O5 -> 2HPO3 + N2O5}$$ In this reaction, both nitrogen and phosphorus have the same oxidation number before and after the product is formed. Since the $+5$ oxidation of nitrogen is ...
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Reaction of Silicon Dioxide with Hydrofluoric Acid [duplicate]

I learnt that $\ce{SiO2}$(Silicon dioxide) doesn't react with any acid except $\ce{HF}$. So what is special about $\ce{HF}$? Why does only $\ce{HF}$ reacts with $\ce{SiO2}$ even though $\ce{HF}$ has a ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Liquid storage of transition metal oxides?

Transition metal oxides (TMOs) have a lot of interesting properties, from ferroelectricity to battery applications. Often times you can change the properties with only slight changes of oxygen ...
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1 answer
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Silver "polish" with aluminum foil left a hard yellow coat [closed]

I cleaned my silver teapot with the aluminum foil-baking soda-hot water method. Usually this works well on my silver plated flatware. However, this time it left a hard yellowish coating. I was only ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
446 views

Iron and copper oxide for thermite

I recently successfully made thermite from iron oxide powder and aluminum powder. However, I have a couple of questions about copper and iron oxides. The kind of iron oxide that is made by ...
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3 votes
3 answers
294 views

Effect of magnetization on oxidation (rusting) of iron

Can magenetizing a piece of iron bar slow-down (or speed-up) the oxidation (rusting) process? In other words have any influence on it ? From what I've looked up( wikipedia, quora), it appears that the ...
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2 votes
0 answers
69 views

Why does 'softening' of lead oxidise only elements other than lead?

In a flowchart describing the steps to refine lead obtained after the reduction step, my book1 gives a short note on the process 'Softening of lead' where the crude lead is melted in the presence of ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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The dissociation of hydrogen on UO2 and PuO2 surfaces: Homolytic or heterolytic?

I have seen that $\ce{H2}$ can dissociate on a metal-oxide surface by two methods: Heterolytically, forming a proton-$\ce{O}$ bond ($\ce{OH}$ group) and a hydride-metal bond ($\ce{M-H}$) on a metal-...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Why is Aluminium oxide amphoteric?

I was reading my book, in which it mentioned that aluminium and gallium oxides are amphoteric and and indium and thalium oxide are basic in their properties. But no explanation was given. My main ...
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22 votes
3 answers
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Why are Silicates solid while carbon dioxide is a gas?

I was under the impression that chemistry almost exclusively involves valence electrons because there isn't enough energy to strip off electrons located closer to the nucleus. If that is true, and ...
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