The Stack Overflow podcast is back! Listen to an interview with our new CEO.

Questions tagged [optical-properties]

Questions related to color as well as the reflecting and refracting properties of chemicals.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-1
votes
0answers
15 views

Using Fiber Bragg Grating for chemical detection but it is not responding as required.What to do?

I am using the chemicals Nacl, Ethanol and a reference of water and putting it in the Fiber Bragg grating of 1552nm, which is connected to the optical meter and the other end to the light source.I ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

What gas would be suited best to form a density gradient in a long tube? [closed]

I want to set up an aero-optics experiment using a sealed ~5 m length of pipe with a gas inside. The gas must form a density gradient, and must be transparent enough to view a target at the other end ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

When to permute two times to find optical configuration [closed]

I'm learning about S and R configuration, and I know that in case where the 4th substituant is not behind we should permute it with the one which is behind. then we find the new configuration and use ...
16
votes
6answers
5k views

Is there a commercial liquid with refractive index greater than n=2?

For an application I need a commercial, transparent liquid with refractive index $n>2$. Is this kind of liquid available? What's the chemical composition of this? On the web, only $n=1.81$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Conditions for molecular dissymmetry

In my textbook, under the topic "Asymmetric and Dissymmetric Compounds", the following statement is given: A molecule which does not possess plane of symmetry, centre of symmetry, and alternating ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Is methanol optically active?

Strictly on theoretical basis, not based on experimental results. I can very well be wrong, but I think that methanol should be optically inactive because it has a plane of symmetry passing through ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Is there a relationship between loss of electrons and EM wave reflection? [closed]

Is there a relationship between the loss of electrons in a cation and the amount of electromagnetic spectrum, a compound of this cation would subsequently reflect or transmit? For example, any ...
5
votes
0answers
79 views

What would superionic water ice look like?

Phys.org's Giant lasers crystallize water with shockwaves, revealing the atomic structure of superionic ice links to Nature Physics: Experimental evidence for superionic water ice using shock ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

How to detect nM levels of Copper(I) Oxide in blood?

I'm trying to design an experiment to detect nM quantities of Copper(I) Oxide in fish blood. Are there any specific tests for Copper(I) Oxide that can be used to detect trace quantities(~nM)? Any non-...
3
votes
0answers
24 views

A formula for the refractive index of a gas dependent on temperature and pressure

I am in search for a formula that gives me the refractive index of a gas at a given temperature and pressure. Does such a formula exist? Ideally the solution should have this form: $n_g(t, p) = \...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Would Z and E isomers show different optical activity?

Consider this compound, which is in E configuration and that red asterik denotes the chiral carbon. If I were to somehow cause the E-configuration of the alkene part to Z-configuration keeping the ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Synthetic ruby - damaged by heat less than its melting point?

A bit of a jewellery question but chemistry related. I want to encase a synthetic ruby (corundum, Al2O3) in silver by melting the silver around it. Either in a furnace or by casting. The MP of silver ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Optical activity [closed]

I was studying about the optical activity of compounds. And I found , it is written that the chirality of a molecule is the necessary and sufficient condition for a molecule to be optically active. I ...
-1
votes
2answers
554 views

Can we rotate a mirror image by any angle to check if it is superimposable? [closed]

A molecule is chiral when it is different from its mirror image, and achiral if it is identical to its mirror image. To check if the mirror image is identical to the original object, we have to check ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

What is the refractive index of poly(methacrylamide)?

I've been looking for the index of refraction for poly(methacrylamide). I searched several vendors and in https://polymerdatabase.com/ with no success. Is there any database where I can find this ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

How to align povidone-iodine molecules in order to look for optical polarization

In this answer I mention how early polarizing filters (e.g. sunglasses) were made by doping a polymer with iodine atoms and then stretching the film to orient the polymer molecules. Electrons donated ...
5
votes
0answers
142 views

What compound has the strongest optical rotation of polarised light?

A question recently asked here whether compounds know to be chiral can have non-measurable optical rotations: Are there chiral compounds that don't rotate plane-polarized light?. Apparently they ...
6
votes
1answer
557 views

Are there chiral compounds that don't rotate plane-polarized light?

I know that meso compounds have chiral centers but don't rotate plane-polarized light, and I know that there can be non-traditionally chiral compounds (e.g. ones with large substituents that prohibit ...
5
votes
3answers
250 views

Can two lone pairs in different orbitals make a chiral centre?

Is it possible that if the two lone pairs in a molecule occupy different orbitals, then could this make the molecule chiral? What I mean is, suppose a carbon atom is attached to two different atoms ...
-1
votes
2answers
617 views

Why does 1,3-dichloropropane not show stereoisomerism?

It is a multiple choice question: Which compound does not show stereoisomerism? A 1,2-dichloroprop-1-ene B 1,2-dichloropropane C 1,3-dichloroprop-1-ene D 1,3-dichloropropane I ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What happens when (+) 2-iodobutane is treated with NaI in acetone?

After treating the compound with NaI, we should follow SN2 mechanism and the product will follow an optical inversion, giving us (-)2-iodobutane, but the answer is (±)2-iodobutane. After going ...
-1
votes
1answer
697 views

How is Volume an Extensive Property? [closed]

Based on the following definitions, can anyone explain why volume is an extensive property? Extensive Property: Properties that depend on the amount of matter in a sample. Volume: the amount of ...
5
votes
2answers
601 views

Why is FEP transparent and PTFE not?

fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) is close relative of poly(tetra-fluoroethylene) (PTFE), both only contain fluorine and carbon atoms,both have very similiar properties yet FEP is relatively ...
11
votes
1answer
857 views

How is polarization of light measured?

Chiral molecules are classified as dextrorotatory (+) or levorotatory (-) depending on whether they rotate plane-polarized light (ppl) to the right or left. My question is, how is such a measurement ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Does alumina become transparent at high temperatures?

Consider a normal opaque alumina crucible. I've heard that they become transparent at higher temperatures and therefore, are not appropriate for high precision DSC (caloric) measurements. The reason ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

How many stereoisomers can exist for 4,5-bis(3-hydroxyoct-1-en-1-yl)cyclopentane-1,3-diol?

Q.10 For the given compound $\ce{X}$, the total number of optically active stereoisomers is ____. This is from JEE Advanced 2018 second question paper. I thought the answer to be at least 32 ...
0
votes
2answers
626 views

Meso and achiral does both term means the same?

When a molecule has plane of symmetry, or centre of symmetry it is termed as an achiral compound (though it contain some chiral centres). Same goes for the meso compounds due to the internal ...
0
votes
3answers
136 views

When an electron returns to it's ground state does it release the same wavelength of light that promoted it in the first place?

If this is true, I fail to understand why we see colour at all -- wouldn't any wavelengths absorbed by electron promotion be inconsequential to colour because there would an equal amount, and ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

What does it mean if I am unable to write RS configuration for a compound?

We had to write all possible optically active monochloro derivatives of 2-methylbutane. I was unable to write RS configurations for 1 and 3, since they have carbon atoms with more than one same groups ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Intensity of “surface plasmon resonance “ absorption peaks for a nano-rod

The SPR absorption spectrum of a nano-rod is seen to have two peaks with the longer wavelength peak corresponding to the absorption by the longitudinal plasmons and the other to the transverse ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Is it possible to have a fully opaque 'switch glass'?

Current switch glass (smart glass) technology permits for a transparent glass to become semi-transparent, i.e., translucent. For my application, I was wondering if it was possible to make a 'smart ...
-1
votes
1answer
858 views

Conditions for Chirality in optical isomerism [duplicate]

Is it necessary that any atoms which is chiral must have 4 different atoms around the central chiral atom(maybe it can be carbon if it's organic molecule) bonded to it? More specifically: I mean can't ...
6
votes
2answers
920 views

Effect of direct exposure to sunlight on various drugs

Today, we were discussing optical activity in class and our teacher said that some drugs are kept in dark coloured bottles to avoid direct exposure to sunlight. Same is the case with some other drugs ...
0
votes
1answer
396 views

Refractive index of barium sulfate

What is the refractive index of barium respectively where do I find it? I only find values for alpha, beta and x-ray radiation like on https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/barium_sulfate#section=...
5
votes
1answer
104 views

Optical techniques for kinetics studies

What optical methods can be used to measure the concentration of reacting gases in a reactor during an exothermic and fast reaction? I need to monitor and measure the local concentration of my gases (...
23
votes
1answer
866 views

How to think of solvated electrons?

This excellent answer explains at length what's happening in this fascinating video entitled Liquid Electrons - Periodic Table of Videos. In the screenshot below, the metallic-looking solvated ...
5
votes
1answer
182 views

How do I run MP2 and/or CCSD-level hyperpolarizability calculations with GAMESS?

I have used GAMESS before for TDHF (RPA) / TDDFT level first hyperpolarizability ($\beta$) calculations. However, I cannot figure out how to calculate $\beta$ with MP2 and CCSD for comparative ...
1
vote
1answer
267 views

How do chemical bonds increase molecular refractivity?

I see that the molecular refractivity of a compound consists of the refractivity indexes of its composite atoms and chemical bonds, and that the refractive index $n$ of a substance increases with its ...
0
votes
2answers
125 views

Permanent cloudy colloid with water

I need to make a cloudy white liquid where the particles won't eventually settle out. It will be exhibiting the Tyndall effect for a very long time. I'd use milk, but I don't want it to become rancid....
6
votes
1answer
355 views

D-Threose: reduction and optical activity

I've bumped into this exercise: Judging by the mechanism of reaction between D-threose and $\ce{NaBH4}$, do you think the final product will be optically active? To me looks like a reduction, ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Finding a substance which has a continuous gradient in refractive index

I need to find a substance whose refractive index is constantly changing and directly proportional to the square root of the depth. I know I'm looking for a lot, but I'd really appreciate any ideas or ...
5
votes
0answers
39 views

Is there any molecule describable by three-level with mixed parity and transition dipole moments in different directions?

I would like to know if there are molecules described by a three-level system with mixed parity and transition dipole moments in different directions. By mixed parity I mean all three transitions can ...
16
votes
1answer
937 views

What is happening in this video of solvated electrons donated from sodium in ammonia?

I just saw the Periodic Video Liquid Electrons - Periodic Table of Videos where sodium is added to liquid ammonia. The demonstration shows that even if electrons are solvated, if you have a high ...
4
votes
0answers
1k views

Home science optical absorption test for approximate caffeine quantity in coffee?

I started with How can you measure the caffeine content of a liquid at home? in the cooking stackexchange, but the test strips were only qualitative (yes/no) and don't seem to exist anymore, and the ...
8
votes
1answer
231 views

Discovery of optical activity of enantiomers - where did the idea of using polarized light came from?

According to Wikipedia, optical activity was first observed in 1811 in quartz. Louis Pasteur's contribution is also mentioned there and in other sources as a major advancement in establishing optical ...
10
votes
1answer
198 views

Optical activity of starch

I found this beautiful picture of starch granules in this German Wikipedia article about optical activity. Unfortunately, I have no idea what am I looking at. What are these crosses and why are they ...
4
votes
0answers
44 views

Is optical activity of a given compound a statistical picture?

When optical activity is taught it is done in terms of single molecules. But when it is actually measured it is done on a large collection of such molecules. So, how does the asymmetry manifest itself ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

Suggestions for 200-600 nm range transmitting polymers/materials

I am a student of physics who is doing research related to Cherenkov measurements. For that purpose, I need suggestions for some materials that have the following properties: $80\%$ transparency in ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

UV-Transparent Plastic?

I am looking for a type of plastic, preferably in the form of a sheet or film, that is weatherproof, durable, flexible, and both transparent and UV-transparent. Most films I've seen so far are treated ...